tonebeeze wrote:
Hello All,
I got this problem correct. I just would like to see a technical explanation of how to arrive at both occasions of sufficiency.
Thanks!
"If the average (arithmetic mean) of n consecutive odd integers is 10, what is the least of the integers?
(1) The range of the n integers is 14
(2) The greatest of the n integers is 17"
If mean of consecutive odd integers is 10, the sequence of numbers will be something like this:
9, 11 or
7, 9, 11, 13 or
5, 7, 9, 11, 13, 15 or
3, 5, 7, 9, 11, 13, 15, 17 or
1, 3, 5, 7, 9, 11, 13, 15, 17, 19
etc
Every time you add a number to the left, you need to add one to the right to keep the mean 10. The smallest sequence will have 2 numbers 9 and 11, the largest will have infinite numbers.
Stmnt 1: Only one possible sequence: 3, 5, 7, 9, 11, 13, 15, 17 will have range 14. Least of the integers is 3. Sufficient.
Stmnt 2: Only one possible sequence:3, 5, 7, 9, 11, 13, 15, 17
Least of the integers is 3. Sufficient.
Answer (D).
Note: You don't actually have to do all this. All such sequences will have distinct number of elements, greatest number, smallest number and range. So each statement alone will be sufficient.
_________________
Karishma
Veritas Prep GMAT Instructor
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