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# In contrast to the symphonies of Haydn, a much freer use of

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In contrast to the symphonies of Haydn, a much freer use of  [#permalink]

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25 Sep 2012, 00:07
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55% (hard)

Question Stats:

50% (01:12) correct 50% (01:14) wrong based on 563 sessions

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In contrast to the symphonies of Haydn, a much freer use of dissonance is evident in the symphonies of Mahler.

(A) In contrast to the symphonies of Haydn, a much freer use of dissonance is evident in the symphonies of Mahler.
(B) In contrast with Haydn's symphonies, Mahler uses dissonance much more freely.
(C) In contrast to those of Haydn, the symphonies of Mahler demonstrate a much more free use of dissonance.
(D) In contrast to Haydn's symphonies, Mahler's demonstrate a much freer use of dissonance.
(E) In contrast with Haydn's symphonies, those of Mahler use dissonance much more freely.
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Re: Sentence Correction (Comparisons and Active-passive voices)  [#permalink]

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25 Sep 2012, 02:13
1
Hi Yashii9,

The problem in the original sentence is that the comparison is wrong. So, we eliminate the options A and B. Now, we are left with C, D and E. In E, there is idiomatic error in "In Contrast with". So we are left with C and D. Now in C, the phrase "a much more free" is wordier and clumsy(Also changing the original wording in the sentence above) than the original one "a much freer use". Hence, eliminating C. The correct option is D.

Cheers,
Vinayak
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Re: Sentence Correction (Comparisons and Active-passive voices)  [#permalink]

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25 Sep 2012, 02:17
1
vinayakv wrote:
Hi Yashii9,

The problem in the original sentence is that the comparison is wrong. So, we eliminate the options A and B. Now, we are left with C, D and E. In E, there is idiomatic error in "In Contrast with". So we are left with C and D. Now in C, the phrase "a much more free" is wordier and clumsy(Also changing the original wording in the sentence above) than the original one "a much freer use". Hence, eliminating C. The correct option is D.

Cheers,
Vinayak

not too comfortable with " In contrast to Haydn's symphonies, Mahler's " just sounds incomplete to me.
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Re: Sentence Correction (Comparisons and Active-passive voices)  [#permalink]

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25 Sep 2012, 02:19
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Comparison is correct in both C and D. The problem is with the change i posted in the earlier reply.
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Re: In contrast to the symphonies of Haydn, a much freer use of  [#permalink]

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06 Oct 2012, 12:36
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not too comfortable with " In contrast to Haydn's symphonies, Mahler's " just sounds incomplete to me.

It is clear from the first part that we are comparing (contrasting) haydn's symphonies with someone else's .. In the second part it is clearly mentioned that hayden's symphonies are being contrasted with those of mahler (mahler's ..) .. We need not mention the word symphony again , or resort to writing a larger sentence such as ... In contrast to haydn's symphonies, the symphonies of Mayhler .....

example

Version 1 . In contrast to Ralph's jumpshot, the jumpshot of kobe is better..

Version 2. In contrast to ralph's jump shot, kobe's is better....

Version 2 sounds better, conveys the meaning and is shorter ..
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Re: In contrast to the symphonies of Haydn, a much freer use of  [#permalink]

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30 Nov 2014, 23:27
Option D & E are grammatically correct. Since we are emphasizing the differences between the two musicians' symphonies, shouldn't the correct option be E?
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Re: In contrast to the symphonies of Haydn, a much freer use of  [#permalink]

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02 Dec 2014, 17:47
1
vinayakv wrote:
Hi Yashii9,

The problem in the original sentence is that the comparison is wrong. So, we eliminate the options A and B. Now, we are left with C, D and E. In E, there is idiomatic error in "In Contrast with". So we are left with C and D. Now in C, the phrase "a much more free" is wordier and clumsy(Also changing the original wording in the sentence above) than the original one "a much freer use". Hence, eliminating C. The correct option is D.

Cheers,
Vinayak

According to Platinum GMAT, "In contrast with X, Y" and "In contrast to X, Y" are both idiomatically correct. Is there another reason we would eliminate E?
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In contrast to the symphonies of Haydn, a much freer use of  [#permalink]

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18 Aug 2016, 03:41
2
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In contrast to the symphonies of Haydn, a much freer use of dissonance is evident in the symphonies of Mahler.

A) In contrast to the symphonies of Haydn, a much freer use of dissonance is evident in the symphonies of Mahler.
The comparison between "the symphonies of Haydn" and a "use of dissonance" is illogical.
B) In contrast with Haydn's symphonies, Mahler uses dissonance much more freely.
The comparison between "Haydn's symphonies" and "Mahler" is illogical.
C) In contrast to those of Haydn, the symphonies of Mahler demonstrate a much more free use of dissonance.
What does "those of" refer to? When put at the beginning of the sentence, it leaves the reader thinking what does it refer to until it reads the second part of the sentence.
"much more free use" is wordier than "much freer use"

D) In contrast to Haydn's symphonies, Mahler's demonstrate a much freer use of dissonance.
E) In contrast with Haydn's symphonies, those of Mahler use dissonance much more freely.
The second part of the sentence implies that the symphonies of Mahler use dissonance, but a symphony cannot use anything. It is rather people who can use or not use something. This error is mitigated in option D, where the construction "Mahler's demonstrate a much freer use..." allows for someone else to use dissonance.

The clear candidates are options D and E. If you can provide additional reasons for discarding option E, they will be very welcome.
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Re: In contrast to the symphonies of Haydn, a much freer use of  [#permalink]

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26 Aug 2016, 06:40
In contrast to the symphonies of Haydn, a much freer use of dissonance is evident in the symphonies of Mahler.

the comparison is b/w Symphonies of Haydn and Symphonies of Mahler . In ans .choice we can expect the comparision b/w Haydn and Mahler but the intended meaning should not change .

Also note that in GMAT noun's noun and can not be parallel to noun of noun as in- Ram's book can not be parallel to Book of ram

(A) In contrast to the symphonies of Haydn, a much freer use of dissonance is evident in the symphonies of Mahler. - wrong construction the better idiom is In contrast to X,Y
(B) In contrast with Haydn's symphonies, Mahler uses dissonance much more freely.-wrong comparison -Haydn's symphonies is contrasted to Mahler
(C) In contrast to those of Haydn, the symphonies of Mahler demonstrate a much more free use of dissonance.-- here the comparison is corrected but intended meaning is changed by introducing much more free use of dissonance - more then what???? -more should be followed by than what????
(D) In contrast to Haydn's symphonies, Mahler's demonstrate a much freer use of dissonance.---correct comparison
(E) In contrast with Haydn's symphonies, those of Mahler use dissonance much more freely.---noun's noun can not be parallel to noun of noun
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In contrast to the symphonies of Haydn, a much freer use of  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 24 Nov 2016, 11:46
IMO ,Grammatically both D and E are correct . Those can create a copy of the noun it is referring to , but there is a meaning error in E.
E suggests that Symphonies themselves use dissonance . It is the composer who has used dissonance not the symphonies.
@sayantanc2k,@chetan2u - experts Any thoughts?

Originally posted by goforgmat on 07 Sep 2016, 05:27.
Last edited by goforgmat on 24 Nov 2016, 11:46, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: In contrast to the symphonies of Haydn, a much freer use of  [#permalink]

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27 Sep 2016, 17:52
E is missing the evidence or (demonstration) of use

the meaning is slightly altered.Hence wrong
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Re: In contrast to the symphonies of Haydn, a much freer use of  [#permalink]

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02 Oct 2016, 00:21
Hi Experts,

Is "those of" in the beginning incorrect? Or choice C is incorrect because of wordiness. Thanks
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In contrast to the symphonies of Haydn, a much freer use of  [#permalink]

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02 Oct 2016, 01:11
Navinder wrote:
Hi Experts,

Is "those of" in the beginning incorrect? Or choice C is incorrect because of wordiness. Thanks

Choice C is incorrect because of wordiness. Had d been wrong, we would have chosen C the correct answer.
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Re: In contrast to the symphonies of Haydn, a much freer use of  [#permalink]

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04 Feb 2018, 20:42
Kaplan advanced has confirmed that D is OA.
This is official explanation from Kaplan.
Lesson: in contrast to is a correct idiom.
Also, the object in D can be implied.
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Re: In contrast to the symphonies of Haydn, a much freer use of  [#permalink]

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02 Aug 2018, 04:35
vinayakv wrote:
In contrast to the symphonies of Haydn, a much freer use of dissonance is evident in the symphonies of Mahler.

(A) In contrast to the symphonies of Haydn, a much freer use of dissonance is evident in the symphonies of Mahler.
(B) In contrast with Haydn's symphonies, Mahler uses dissonance much more freely.
(C) In contrast to those of Haydn, the symphonies of Mahler demonstrate a much more free use of dissonance.
(D) In contrast to Haydn's symphonies, Mahler's demonstrate a much freer use of dissonance.
(E) In contrast with Haydn's symphonies, those of Mahler use dissonance much more freely.

KAPLAN OFFICIAL EXPLANATION:

This sentence compares the use of dissonance in the symphonies of Mahler and Haydn. The original sentence compares Haydn's symphonies to a freer use of dissonance, but comparisons must compare like objects (symphonies to symphonies, dissonance to dissonance). Eliminate (A) and (B) for breaking that rule. Focus on the different endings in the three remaining choices: Is a much more free use of dissonance, a much freer use of dissonance, or using dissonance much more freely correct? The first wrongly replaces freer with more free, so eliminate it, but the remaining options are both acceptable. (D) and (E) differ with respect to the initial phrase, so should it be in contrast to or in contrast with? The first is the correct idiom, so (D) is the right answer. Notice that the object of the comparison can be implied as long as the structure is parallel (Mahler's in (D) equals Mahler's symphonies).
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Re: In contrast to the symphonies of Haydn, a much freer use of  [#permalink]

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04 Aug 2018, 03:11
Bunuel wrote:
vinayakv wrote:
In contrast to the symphonies of Haydn, a much freer use of dissonance is evident in the symphonies of Mahler.

(A) In contrast to the symphonies of Haydn, a much freer use of dissonance is evident in the symphonies of Mahler.
(B) In contrast with Haydn's symphonies, Mahler uses dissonance much more freely.
(C) In contrast to those of Haydn, the symphonies of Mahler demonstrate a much more free use of dissonance.
(D) In contrast to Haydn's symphonies, Mahler's demonstrate a much freer use of dissonance.
(E) In contrast with Haydn's symphonies, those of Mahler use dissonance much more freely.

KAPLAN OFFICIAL EXPLANATION:

This sentence compares the use of dissonance in the symphonies of Mahler and Haydn. The original sentence compares Haydn's symphonies to a freer use of dissonance, but comparisons must compare like objects (symphonies to symphonies, dissonance to dissonance). Eliminate (A) and (B) for breaking that rule. Focus on the different endings in the three remaining choices: Is a much more free use of dissonance, a much freer use of dissonance, or using dissonance much more freely correct? The first wrongly replaces freer with more free, so eliminate it, but the remaining options are both acceptable. (D) and (E) differ with respect to the initial phrase, so should it be in contrast to or in contrast with? The first is the correct idiom, so (D) is the right answer. Notice that the object of the comparison can be implied as long as the structure is parallel (Mahler's in (D) equals Mahler's symphonies).

magoosh. com /gmat/2013/gmat-idioms-of-comparison

It is clearly mentioned in the article above that both in contrast to and in contrast with are correct idiom. Could it be that D uses similar construction and hence is correct

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Re: In contrast to the symphonies of Haydn, a much freer use of  [#permalink]

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04 Aug 2018, 03:24
Ay macarena, I think this prolblem was quite a challenge.

I was able to eliminate some points due to wrong idoms as wrong comparisions. In the end I chose the shorter of my two remaining choices and got lucky.
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Re: In contrast to the symphonies of Haydn, a much freer use of  [#permalink]

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10 Mar 2019, 05:19
A and B have comparison issues. A compares ‘’the symphonies of Haydn’’ to “use of dissonance”.
B compares “Haydn’s symphonies” to “Mahler”
C is poorly constructed, as is leaves “those” ambiguous, until later in the sentence.
E is incorrect because it implies that the symphonies use dissonance. Symphonies cannot use something, the person who wrote the symphony will use dissonance.

So D is the correct answer
Re: In contrast to the symphonies of Haydn, a much freer use of   [#permalink] 10 Mar 2019, 05:19
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