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# In mid-February 1917, a women's movement independent of

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Updated on: 13 Aug 2016, 06:29
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In mid-February 1917 a women’s movement independent of political affiliation erupted in New York City, the stronghold of the Socialist Party in the United States. Protesting against the high cost of living, thousands of women refused to buy chickens, fish, and vegetables. The boycott shut down much of the City’s foodstuffs marketing for two weeks, riveting public attention on the issue of food prices, which had increased partly as a result of increased exports of food to Europe that had been occurring since the outbreak of the First World War.

By early 1917 the Socialist party had established itself as a major political presence in New York City. New York Socialists, whose customary spheres of struggle were electoral work and trade union organizing, seized the opportunity and quickly organized an extensive series of cost-of-living protests designed to direct the women’s movement toward Socialist goals. Underneath the Socialists’ brief commitment to cost-of-living organizing lay a basic indifference to the issue itself. While some Socialists did view price protests as a direct step toward socialism, most Socialists ultimately sought to divert the cost-of-living movement into alternative channels of protest. Union organizing, they argued, was the best method through which to combat the high cost of living. For others, cost-of-living or organizing was valuable insofar as it led women into the struggle for suffrage, and similarly, the suffrage struggle was valuable insofar as it moved United States society one step closer to socialism.

Although New York’s Socialists saw the cost-of-living issue as, at best, secondary or tertiary to the real task at hand, the boycotters, by sharp contrast, joined the price protest movement out of an urgent and deeply felt commitment to the cost-of-living issue. A shared experience of swiftly declining living standards caused by rising food prices drove these women to protest. Consumer organizing spoke directly to their daily lives and concerns; they saw cheaper food as a valuable end in itself. Food price protests were these women’s way of organizing at their own workplace, as workers whose occupation was shopping and preparing food for their families.
1 .The author suggests which of the following about New York Socialists?commitment to the cost-of-living movement?

A. It lasted for a relatively short period of time

B. It was stronger than their commitment to the suffrage struggle.

C. It predated the cost-of-living protest that erupted in 1917.

D. It coincided with their attempts to bring more women into union organizing.

E. It explained the popularity of the Socialist party in NYC.

2.It can be inferred from the passage that the goal of the boycotting women was the

A. achievement of an immediate economic outcome

B. development of a more socialistic society

C. concentration of a widespread consumer protest on the more narrow issue of food prices.

D . development of one among a number of different approaches that the women wished to employ in combating the high cost of price.

E. attraction of more public interest to issues that the women and the socialist considered important.

3.Which of the following best states the function of the passage as a whole?

A. To contrast the views held by the Socialist party and the boycotting women in the cost-of-living issue.

B. To analyze the assumption underlying opposing viewpoints with the NY socialist party of 1917

C. To provide a historical perspective on different approaches to the resolution of cost-of-living issue.

D. To chronicle the sequence of events that lead to the NY socialist party's emergency as a political power.

E. To analyze the motivations behind the socialist party's involvement in the women's suffrage movement.

4.According to the passage, most New York Socialists believed which of the following about the cost-of-living movement?

A. It was primarily a way to interest women in joining the Socialist Party.

B. It was an expedient that was useful only insofar as it furthered other goals.

C. It would indirectly result in an increase in the number of women who belonged to labor unions.

D. It required a long-term commitment but inevitably represented a direct step toward socialism.

E. It served as an effective complement to union organizing.

Originally posted by withme on 24 Sep 2006, 01:15.
Last edited by Skywalker18 on 13 Aug 2016, 06:29, edited 2 times in total.
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24 Sep 2006, 02:05
A, B and A

will explain if correct or questioned
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24 Sep 2006, 09:21
Highlight below for OAs
OAs: D, C, C (These answers may be incorrect so we need to come up with right answers through discussion)

I selected: B , B, A
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24 Sep 2006, 10:54
1
Since we agree on second one B... I will try to explain first and third

The author suggests which of the following about New York Socialists?commitment to the cost-of-living movement?
A. It lasted for a relatively short period of time
B. It was stronger than their commitment to the suffrage struggle.
Not mentioned
C. It predated the cost-of-living protest that erupted in 1917.
the time period was not pre 1917
D. It coincided with their attempts to bring more women into union organizing.
no mention of bringing more women into union
E. It explained the popularity of the Socialist party in NYC.
irrelevant

Which of the following best states the function of the passage as a whole?
A. To contrast the views hold by the Socialist party and the boycotting women in the cost-of-living issue.
Yeah. passage suggest kind of ignorance/tertiary priority by social party vs prime importance by boycotting women
B. To analyze the assumption underlying opposing viewpoints with the NY socialist party of 1917
socialist party is not central idea
C. To provide a historical perspective on different approaches to the resolution of cost-of-living issue.
passage discusses only one approach. too broad a choice
D. To chronicle the sequence of events that lead to the NY socialist party's emergency as a political power.
socialist party is not central idea
E. To analyze the motivations behind the socialist party's involvement in the women's suffrage movement.
socialist party is not central idea
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24 Sep 2006, 12:09
I agree with choices 2 and 3 however for question 1, I think the right answer is D..there's no mention of the time period..on the other hand the passage does hint that the underlying motive of socialists was union organizing though it does not explicitly refer to women
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Re: In mid-February 1917, a women's movement independent of  [#permalink]

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06 Dec 2012, 18:40
1
1
In mid-February 1917 a
women’s movement independent
of political affiliation erupted in
Line New York City, the stronghold of
(5) the Socialist party in the United
states. Protesting against the high
cost of living, thousands of women
refused to buy chickens, fish, and
vegetables. The boycott shut.
(10) down much of the City’s foodstuffs
marketing for two weeks, riveting
public attention on the issue of
partly as a result of increased
(15) exports of food to Europe that had
been occurring since the outbreak
of the First World War.
By early 1917 the Socialist
party had established itself as a
(20) major political presence in New
York City. New York Socialists,
whose customary spheres of
struggle were electoral work and
(25) opportunity and quickly organized
an extensive series of cost-ofliving
protests designed to direct
the women’s movement toward
Socialist goals. Underneath the
(30) Socialists’ brief commitment to
cost-of-living organizing lay a
basic indifference to the issue
itself. While some Socialists did
view price protests as a direct
(35) step toward socialism, most
Socialists ultimately sought to
divert the cost-of-living movement
into alternative channels of protest.
Union organizing, they argued,
(40) was the best method through which
to combat the high cost of living.
For others, cost-of-living or oganizing
was valuable insofar as it led
women into the struggle for suf-
(45) frage, and similarly, the suffrage
struggle was valuable insofar as
it moved United States society
one step closer to socialism.
Although New York’s Social-
(50) ists saw the cost-of-living issue
as, at best ,secondary or tertiary
to the real task at hand, the boycotters,
by sharp contrast, joined
the price protest movement out of
(55) an urgent and deeply felt commitment
to the cost-of-living issue.
A shared experience of swiftly
declining living standards caused
by rising food prices drove these
(60) women to protest. Consumer
organizing spoke directly to their
daily lives and concerns; they
saw cheaper food as a valuable
end in itself. Food price protests
(65) were these women’s way of organizing
at their own workplace, as
workers whose occupation was
shopping and preparing food for
their families.

(Q1)

The author suggests which of the following about
the New York Socialists’ commitment to the costof-
living movement?
A. It lasted for a relatively short period of time.
B. It was stronger than their commitment to the
Suffrage struggle.
C. It predated the cost-of-living protests that
Erupted in 1917.
D. It coincided with their attempts to bring more
Women into union organizing.
E. It explained the popularity of the Socialist
party in New York City.

(Q2)
It can be inferred from the passage that the goal
of the boycotting women was the
A. achievement of an immediate economic
outcome
B. development of a more socialistic society
protests on the more narrow issue of
food prices
D. development of one among a number of
different approaches that the women
wished to employ in combating the high
cost of living.
E. attraction of more public interest to issues
that the women and the New York Socialists
considered important.

(Q3)
Which of the following best states the function of the
passage as a whole?
A. To contrast the views held by the Socialist party
and by the boycotting women of New York City
on the cost-of-living issue
B. To analyze the assumptions underlying opposing
viewpoints within the New York Socialist
party of 1917
C. To provide a historical perspective on different
approaches to the resolution of the cost-ofliving
issue.
D. To chronicle the sequence of events that led
to the New York Socialist party’s emergence
as a political power
E. To analyze the motivations behind the Socialist
party’s involvement in the women’s suffrage
movement

(Q4)
According to the passage ,most New York
Socialists believed which of the following about
the cost-of-living movement?
A. It was primarily a way to interest women
in joining the Socialist party.
B. It was an expedient that was useful only
insofar as it furthered other goals.
C. It would indirectly result in an increase in
the number of women who belonged to
labor unions.
D. It required a long-term commitment but
Inevitably represented a direct step
Toward socialism.
E. It served as an effective complement to
union organizing

Official Answers A A E B.

Can someone please explain OA for Q1 & Q3?
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03 Jan 2013, 14:59
1. The author explicitly mentions this near (30). He says the commitment was brief, meaning that it only lasted a short time.

3. A is incorrect because the author mentions how the New York Socialist Party used the women to further their own goals. This can be seen in (25). B is incorrect because the author never mentions any opposing viewpoints. C is incorrect because the author never mentions any other perspectives. D is incorrect because the author never goes into any detail about the Party's history. The author simply mentions that they were a power.

I hope that helps
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Re: In mid-February 1917, a women's movement independent of  [#permalink]

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03 Jan 2015, 12:57
1
fantastic passage. Tricked on the first one
Again this is an official passge
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12 Jun 2015, 08:12
1
oa for last question is E.

I have chosen C .Can anyone explain why E?
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04 Aug 2016, 21:45
3
-The author talks about the emergence of a women’s movement in New York in 1917
-The author then talks about the motives held by the socialist party to support the women’s movement

1 . “Underneath the Socialists’ brief commitment to cost-of-living organizing lay a basic indifference to the issue itself"
The word brief in the excerpt above suggests that it lasted for a relatively short period of time . Answer A

2. “the boycotters, by sharp contrast, joined the price protest movement out of an urgent and deeply felt commitment to the cost-of-living issue"
The word urgent in the above excerpt suggests that option (A) is the right answer choice.

3. The passage’s basic function is to analyze the motives held by the socialist party in supporting the women’s movement that erupted in New York in 1917. Hence option (E) is the correct answer choice.

4. “most Socialists ultimately sought to divert the cost-of-living movement into alternative channels of protest"
Option (B) is a word justification of the above and is hence correct.
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Re: In mid-February 1917, a women's movement independent of  [#permalink]

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16 Apr 2017, 08:18
D A A B .
Please explain why D is wrong in 1 and A is wrong in 3 . ty
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16 May 2017, 04:34
1
Nightmare007 wrote:
D A A B .
Please explain why D is wrong in 1 and A is wrong in 3 . ty

The following are some of my thoughts. Hope that helps.

1 .The author suggests which of the following about New York Socialists' commitment to the cost-of-living movement?

As per (D) It coincided with their attempts to bring more women into union organizing.
=> In no line attempts to bring more women into union organizing is mentioned.

From the passage: "Underneath the Socialists’ brief commitment to cost of-living organizing lay a basic indifference to the issue
itself".
A. It lasted for a relatively short period of time => "brief commitment" meaning is expressed in option (A). So (A) is correct.

3.Which of the following best states the function of the passage as a whole?

A. To contrast the views hold by the Socialist party and the boycotting women in the cost-of-living issue.
=> This option is too narrow, because the contrary is only mentioned in the 3rd paragraph.

There is still a bigger picture regarding main idea of the passage. And the main point is correctly expressed in option (E), as mentioned in the ending of the 2nd paragraph.
(E) To analyze the motivations behind the socialist party's involvement in the women's suffrage movement.
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Re: In mid-February 1917, a women's movement independent of  [#permalink]

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18 May 2017, 07:55
mahesh004 wrote:
Since we agree on second one B... I will try to explain first and third

The author suggests which of the following about New York Socialists?commitment to the cost-of-living movement?
A. It lasted for a relatively short period of time
B. It was stronger than their commitment to the suffrage struggle.
Not mentioned
C. It predated the cost-of-living protest that erupted in 1917.
the time period was not pre 1917
D. It coincided with their attempts to bring more women into union organizing.
no mention of bringing more women into union
E. It explained the popularity of the Socialist party in NYC.
irrelevant

Which of the following best states the function of the passage as a whole?
A. To contrast the views hold by the Socialist party and the boycotting women in the cost-of-living issue.
Yeah. passage suggest kind of ignorance/tertiary priority by social party vs prime importance by boycotting women
B. To analyze the assumption underlying opposing viewpoints with the NY socialist party of 1917
socialist party is not central idea
C. To provide a historical perspective on different approaches to the resolution of cost-of-living issue.
passage discusses only one approach. too broad a choice
D. To chronicle the sequence of events that lead to the NY socialist party's emergency as a political power.
socialist party is not central idea
E. To analyze the motivations behind the socialist party's involvement in the women's suffrage movement.
socialist party is not central idea

Hi, I understand your process of elimination for question 1. But, can you please explain why option A is correct for question 1? I eliminated the option A because I found nothing mentioned in the passage regarding 'relatively short period of time'. And I guess for question 3 OA is E not A.
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Re: In mid-February 1917, a women's movement independent of  [#permalink]

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18 May 2017, 08:21
arunavamunshi1988 wrote:
mahesh004 wrote:
Since we agree on second one B... I will try to explain first and third

The author suggests which of the following about New York Socialists?commitment to the cost-of-living movement?
A. It lasted for a relatively short period of time
B. It was stronger than their commitment to the suffrage struggle.
Not mentioned
C. It predated the cost-of-living protest that erupted in 1917.
the time period was not pre 1917
D. It coincided with their attempts to bring more women into union organizing.
no mention of bringing more women into union
E. It explained the popularity of the Socialist party in NYC.
irrelevant

Which of the following best states the function of the passage as a whole?
A. To contrast the views hold by the Socialist party and the boycotting women in the cost-of-living issue.
Yeah. passage suggest kind of ignorance/tertiary priority by social party vs prime importance by boycotting women
B. To analyze the assumption underlying opposing viewpoints with the NY socialist party of 1917
socialist party is not central idea
C. To provide a historical perspective on different approaches to the resolution of cost-of-living issue.
passage discusses only one approach. too broad a choice
D. To chronicle the sequence of events that lead to the NY socialist party's emergency as a political power.
socialist party is not central idea
E. To analyze the motivations behind the socialist party's involvement in the women's suffrage movement.
socialist party is not central idea

Hi, I understand your process of elimination for question 1. But, can you please explain why option A is correct for question 1? I eliminated the option A because I found nothing mentioned in the passage regarding 'relatively short period of time'. And I guess for question 3 OA is E not A.

As mentioned from the passage: "Underneath the Socialists’ brief commitment to cost of-living organizing lay a basic indifference to the issue
itself".

Just read option (A) and you can see that (A) matches with brief commitment.
(brief = short)
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Re: In mid-February 1917, a women's movement independent of  [#permalink]

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07 Jul 2017, 00:40
Hi, I have been quite confused because of the many versions of OAs everywhere... So is the OA: "ACCB", as the moderator suggested, and the ones embedded below the passage are wrong? Thanks for any help!
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14 Oct 2017, 02:46
3.Which of the following best states the function of the passage as a whole?

A. To contrast the views hold by the Socialist party and the boycotting women in the cost-of-living issue.

B. To analyze the assumption underlying opposing viewpoints with the NY socialist party of 1917

C. To provide a historical perspective on different approaches to the resolution of cost-of-living issue.

D. To chronicle the sequence of events that lead to the NY socialist party's emergency as a political power.

E. To analyze the motivations behind the socialist party's involvement in the women's suffrage movement.

OA given E, the scope of which seems little narrow.
while Suffrage is mentioned briefly, E completely ignores "a women’s movement independent of political affiliation" aspect of the passage.

in the 3rd para, it mentions,

"Although New York’s Socialists saw the cost-of-living issue as, at best, secondary or tertiary to the real task at hand, the boycotters, by sharp contrast, joined the price protest movement out of an urgent and deeply felt commitment to the cost-of-living issue. A shared experience of swiftly declining living standards caused by rising food prices drove these women to protest.'

This part s more in line with A.

An input is greatly appreciated

Cheers
RzS
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14 Oct 2017, 02:48
OA given E, the scope of which seems little narrow. Although Suffrage is mentioned briefly, E completely ignores "a women???s movement independent of political affiliation" aspect of the passage.

in the 3rd para, it mentions,

"Although New York???s Socialists saw the cost-of-living issue as, at best, secondary or tertiary to the real task at hand, the boycotters, by sharp contrast, joined the price protest movement out of an urgent and deeply felt commitment to the cost-of-living issue. A shared experience of swiftly declining living standards caused by rising food prices drove these women to protest.'

This part s more in line with A. An input is greatly appreciated

Cheers
RzS
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Re: In mid-February 1917, a women's movement independent of  [#permalink]

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19 Oct 2017, 21:14
3
TheRzS wrote:
OA given E, the scope of which seems little narrow. Although Suffrage is mentioned briefly, E completely ignores "a women???s movement independent of political affiliation" aspect of the passage.

in the 3rd para, it mentions,

"Although New York???s Socialists saw the cost-of-living issue as, at best, secondary or tertiary to the real task at hand, the boycotters, by sharp contrast, joined the price protest movement out of an urgent and deeply felt commitment to the cost-of-living issue. A shared experience of swiftly declining living standards caused by rising food prices drove these women to protest.'

This part s more in line with A. An input is greatly appreciated

Cheers
RzS

Quote:
3.Which of the following best states the function of the passage as a whole?

A. To contrast the views hold by the Socialist party and the boycotting women in the cost-of-living issue.

B. To analyze the assumption underlying opposing viewpoints with the NY socialist party of 1917

C. To provide a historical perspective on different approaches to the resolution of cost-of-living issue.

D. To chronicle the sequence of events that lead to the NY socialist party's emergency as a political power.

E. To analyze the motivations behind the socialist party's involvement in the women's suffrage movement.

The passage certainly contrasts the motivations of the socialists and the women involved in the cost-of-living movement. But the passage doesn't describe differences between the views held by the socialists in the women. In other words, the women may have in fact shared the same views as the socialists. Regardless, those women were protesting mainly to address the cost-of-living issue, while the socialists were protesting mainly to promote Socialism.
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Re: In mid-February 1917, a women's movement independent of  [#permalink]

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23 Oct 2017, 02:06
GMATNinja wrote:
TheRzS wrote:
OA given E, the scope of which seems little narrow. Although Suffrage is mentioned briefly, E completely ignores "a women???s movement independent of political affiliation" aspect of the passage.

in the 3rd para, it mentions,

"Although New York???s Socialists saw the cost-of-living issue as, at best, secondary or tertiary to the real task at hand, the boycotters, by sharp contrast, joined the price protest movement out of an urgent and deeply felt commitment to the cost-of-living issue. A shared experience of swiftly declining living standards caused by rising food prices drove these women to protest.'

This part s more in line with A. An input is greatly appreciated

Cheers
RzS

Quote:
3.Which of the following best states the function of the passage as a whole?

A. To contrast the views hold by the Socialist party and the boycotting women in the cost-of-living issue.

B. To analyze the assumption underlying opposing viewpoints with the NY socialist party of 1917

C. To provide a historical perspective on different approaches to the resolution of cost-of-living issue.

D. To chronicle the sequence of events that lead to the NY socialist party's emergency as a political power.

E. To analyze the motivations behind the socialist party's involvement in the women's suffrage movement.

The passage certainly contrasts the motivations of the socialists and the women involved in the cost-of-living movement. But the passage doesn't describe differences between the views held by the socialists in the women. In other words, the women may have in fact shared the same views as the socialists. Regardless, those women were protesting mainly to address the cost-of-living issue, while the socialists were protesting mainly to promote Socialism.

Hi GMATNinja,

I still have problems with Q3 regarding the function of the passage.
I chose A.
My problem with E is to do with the term "suffrage movement". As has been mentioned in the passage that women boycotted goods, it would be alright to go with "boycott movement". But the term "suffrage movement" doesn't really sound relevant to the passage. The term "suffrage" has only been mentioned once in the passage.
I usually face problems with particularly these types of questions in dense passages. Can you suggest anything that would help?
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08 Jan 2018, 22:03
One of the toughest passage, I came across.. 8 minutes...all wrong...wow
Re: In mid-February 1917, a women's movement independent of &nbs [#permalink] 08 Jan 2018, 22:03

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# In mid-February 1917, a women's movement independent of

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