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Inequality and absolute value questions from my collection [#permalink]
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Guys I didn't forget your request, just was collecting good questions to post. So here are some inequality and absolute value questions from my collection. Not every problem below is hard, but there are a few, which are quite tricky. Please provide your explanations along with the answers. 1. If \(6*x*y = x^2*y + 9*y\), what is the value of xy? (1) \(y – x = 3\) (2) \(x^3< 0\) Solution: http://gmatclub.com/forum/inequalityan ... ml#p6536902. If y is an integer and \(y = x + x\), is \(y = 0\)? (1) \(x < 0\) (2) \(y < 1\) Solution: http://gmatclub.com/forum/inequalityan ... ml#p6536953. Is \(x^2 + y^2 > 4a\)?(1) \((x + y)^2 = 9a\) (2) \((x – y)^2 = a\) Solution: http://gmatclub.com/forum/inequalityan ... ml#p6536974. Are x and y both positive?(1) \(2x2y=1\) (2) \(\frac{x}{y}>1\) Solution: http://gmatclub.com/forum/inequalityan ... ml#p653709 Graphic approach: https://gmatclub.com/forum/inequalitya ... l#p12698025. What is the value of y?(1) \(3x^2 4 = y  2\) (2) \(3  y = 11\) Solution: http://gmatclub.com/forum/inequalityan ... ml#p6537316. If x and y are integer, is y > 0? (1) \(x +1 > 0\) (2) \(xy > 0\) Solution: http://gmatclub.com/forum/inequalityan ... ml#p6537407. \(x+2=y+2\) what is the value of x+y?(1) \(xy<0\) (2) \(x>2\), \(y<2\) Solution: http://gmatclub.com/forum/inequalityan ... ml#p653783 AND https://gmatclub.com/forum/inequalitya ... l#p11117478. \(a*b \neq 0\). Is \(\frac{a}{b}=\frac{a}{b}\)?(1) \(a*b=a*b\) (2) \(\frac{a}{b}=\frac{a}{b}\) Solution: http://gmatclub.com/forum/inequalityan ... ml#p6537899. Is n<0?(1) \(n=n\) (2) \(n^2=16\) Solution: http://gmatclub.com/forum/inequalityan ... ml#p65379210. If n is not equal to 0, is n < 4 ?(1) \(n^2 > 16\) (2) \(\frac{1}{n} > n\) Solution: http://gmatclub.com/forum/inequalityan ... ml#p65379611. Is \(x+y>xy\)?(1) \(x > y\) (2) \(xy < x\) Solution: http://gmatclub.com/forum/inequalityan ... ml#p65385312. Is r=s?(1) \(s \leq r \leq s\) (2) \(r \geq s\) Solution: http://gmatclub.com/forum/inequalityan ... ml#p65387013. Is \(x1 < 1\)?(1) \((x1)^2 \leq 1\) (2) \(x^2  1 > 0\) Solution: http://gmatclub.com/forum/inequalityan ... ml#p653886Official answers (OA's) and detailed solutions are in my posts on pages 2 and 3.PLEASE READ THE WHOLE DISCUSSION BEFORE POSTING A QUESTION.
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Re: Inequality and absolute value questions from my collection [#permalink]
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03 Oct 2012, 07:13
liarish wrote: Hi Bunuel, I have read all the responses to Q4. But I am still confused why C is the answer. Here is how I solved it.
4. Are x and y both positive? (1) 2x2y=1 (2) x/y>1
1) Insufficient . First reduced equation to xy=0.5 . Plugged in 2 positive and 2 negative values. I chose x=3, y=2.5 => 32.5=0.5 works.. then chose x= 1, y=1.5 => 1  (1.5)= 0.5. works again. So x and y can be both +ve and ve. So 1) is Insufficient. 2) x/y>1. Just tells us that both x and y have same sign. both are ve or both are +ve. So Insufficient.
Now Combining, Picking the same values used in 1) x=3, y=2.5. both signs positive and xy=0.5. works then chose x= 1, y=1.5 => 1  (1.5)= 0.5 both signes negative. works as well. So we still don't know if both signs are +ve or ve. So my answer is E.
Could you please take a look at my solution and tell me where I am going wrong? That would be a big help. Thanks a ton! If x= 1 and y=1.5, then x/y=2/3<1, so these values don't satisfy the second statement. This question is also discussed here: arexandybothpositive12x2y12xy93964.htmlHope it helps.
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Re: Inequality and absolute value questions from my collection [#permalink]
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03 Oct 2012, 12:26
Quote: liarish wrote: Hi Bunuel, I have read all the responses to Q4. But I am still confused why C is the answer. Here is how I solved it.
4. Are x and y both positive? (1) 2x2y=1 (2) x/y>1
1) Insufficient . First reduced equation to xy=0.5 . Plugged in 2 positive and 2 negative values. I chose x=3, y=2.5 => 32.5=0.5 works.. then chose x= 1, y=1.5 => 1  (1.5)= 0.5. works again. So x and y can be both +ve and ve. So 1) is Insufficient. 2) x/y>1. Just tells us that both x and y have same sign. both are ve or both are +ve. So Insufficient.
Now Combining, Picking the same values used in 1) x=3, y=2.5. both signs positive and xy=0.5. works then chose x= 1, y=1.5 => 1  (1.5)= 0.5 both signes negative. works as well. So we still don't know if both signs are +ve or ve. So my answer is E.
Could you please take a look at my solution and tell me where I am going wrong? That would be a big help. Thanks a ton!
If x= 1 and y=1.5, then x/y=2/3<1, so these values don't satisfy the second statement.
This question is also discussed here: arexandybothpositive12x2y12xy93964.html
Hope it helps. Great.. I get it now.. Thanks Bunuel. I am also stuck at Q10 : 10. If n is not equal to 0, is n < 4 ? (1) n^2 > 16 (2) 1/n > n We need to see if n<4 (this means 4<n<4) 1) n^2>16 => n<4 and n>4 So from n<4, n<4 = n<4 (works) But n>4 does not work. Doesn't that make 1) Insufficient? Could you please tell me what I am doing wrong here ??



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Re: Inequality and absolute value questions from my collection [#permalink]
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04 Oct 2012, 03:39
liarish wrote: Quote: liarish wrote: Hi Bunuel, I have read all the responses to Q4. But I am still confused why C is the answer. Here is how I solved it.
4. Are x and y both positive? (1) 2x2y=1 (2) x/y>1
1) Insufficient . First reduced equation to xy=0.5 . Plugged in 2 positive and 2 negative values. I chose x=3, y=2.5 => 32.5=0.5 works.. then chose x= 1, y=1.5 => 1  (1.5)= 0.5. works again. So x and y can be both +ve and ve. So 1) is Insufficient. 2) x/y>1. Just tells us that both x and y have same sign. both are ve or both are +ve. So Insufficient.
Now Combining, Picking the same values used in 1) x=3, y=2.5. both signs positive and xy=0.5. works then chose x= 1, y=1.5 => 1  (1.5)= 0.5 both signes negative. works as well. So we still don't know if both signs are +ve or ve. So my answer is E.
Could you please take a look at my solution and tell me where I am going wrong? That would be a big help. Thanks a ton!
If x= 1 and y=1.5, then x/y=2/3<1, so these values don't satisfy the second statement.
This question is also discussed here: arexandybothpositive12x2y12xy93964.html
Hope it helps. Great.. I get it now.. Thanks Bunuel. I am also stuck at Q10 : 10. If n is not equal to 0, is n < 4 ? (1) n^2 > 16 (2) 1/n > n We need to see if n<4 (this means 4<n<4) 1) n^2>16 => n<4 and n>4 So from n<4, n<4 = n<4 (works)But n>4 does not work. Doesn't that make 1) Insufficient? Could you please tell me what I am doing wrong here ?? If n<4, then n, for example can be 4.5 > 4.5=4.5>4, so n<4 doesn't hold true. If n is not equal to 0, is n < 4 ?Question basically asks whether \(4<n<4\), so whether \(n\) is some number from this range. (1) n^2>16. This implies that either \(n>4\) or \(n<4\). No number from these ranges is between 4 and 4, thus the answer to the question whether \(4<n<4\) is NO. Since we have a definite answer then this statement is sufficient. Hope it's clear.
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Re: Inequality and absolute value questions from my collection [#permalink]
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Updated on: 04 Oct 2012, 04:03
Originally posted by carcass on 04 Oct 2012, 03:53.
Last edited by carcass on 04 Oct 2012, 04:03, edited 2 times in total.



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04 Oct 2012, 04:13
Correct me if I'm wrong because the concepts are always the same but the gmat blonds them and as consequence blow your mind. in other words, you are saying 1/n > n 2 cases 1/n > n > n^2 > 1 this implies that any squared number is positive and therefore greater than 1, all negative n values work as solutions. your n < 0 1/n > n > 1 > n^2 > n^ 2 < 1 > 1 < n < 1 . your second range. so in the end we have all those information and we are not sure of course of  4 < n < 4. Correct ??? Thanks
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Re: Inequality and absolute value questions from my collection [#permalink]
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04 Oct 2012, 04:20
carcass wrote: Correct me if I'm wrong because the concepts are always the same but the gmat blonds them and as consequence blow your mind.
in other words, you are saying
1/n > n 2 cases
1/n > n > n^2 > 1 this implies that any squared number is positive and therefore greater than 1, all negative n values work as solutions. your n < 0
1/n > n > 1 > n^2 > n^ 2 < 1 > 1 < n < 1 . your second range. so in the end we have all this information and we are not sure of course of  4 < n < 4.
Correct ???
Thanks 1/n > n > 2 cases: If n<0, then n=n, so we'll have that 1/n>n > multiply by n and flip the sign (since we consider negative n): 1<n^2 > which holds true for any n from this range, so for any negative n. If n>0, then n=n, so we'll have that 1/n>n > multiply by positive n, this time: 1>n^2 > 1<n<1, since we consider n>0, then finally we'll get 0<n<1. So, 1/n > n holds true for n<0 and 0<n<1. Hope it's clear.
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Re: Inequality and absolute value questions from my collection [#permalink]
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23 Dec 2012, 04:40
Bunuel wrote: 2. If y is an integer and y = x + x, is y = 0? (1) x < 0 (2) y < 1
Note: as \(y=x+x\) then \(y\) is never negative. For \(x>{0}\) then \(y=x+x=2x\) and for \(x\leq{0}\) then (when x is negative or zero) then \(y=x+x=0\).
(1) \(x<0\) > \(y=x+x=x+x=0\). Sufficient.
(2) \(y<1\), as we concluded y is never negative, and we are given that \(y\) is an integer, hence \(y=0\). Sufficient.
Answer: D. Hi Bunuel, Thanks for the explanation to the above Q. Regarding st 1 i.e X less than zero then [m]y=x+x = x+x=0, 1. we know any value in modulus is positive then ideally the above should be interpreted as [m]y=x+x> [m]y=xx=0. 2.Also if from St 1 if we x<0 then [m]y=x+x= xx=2x 3. Where as we also know that x= x for X<0 and x= x for X>/ 0 So can you please tell me where am I going wrong with the concept. Thanks Mridul
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Re: Inequality and absolute value questions from my collection [#permalink]
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23 Dec 2012, 05:29
Bunuel wrote: 9. Is n<0? (1) n=n (2) n^2=16
(1) n=n, means that either n is negative OR n equals to zero. We are asked whether n is negative so we can not be sure. Not sufficient.
(2) n^2=16 > n=4 or n=4. Not sufficient.
(1)+(2) n is negative OR n equals to zero from (1), n is 4 or 4 from (2). > n=4, hence it's negative, sufficient.
Answer: C. Hello Bunuel, I got A as the answer to the Q. From St1, we have n=n> n=n (As Mod value is +ve)> we have 2n=0 or 2n=0. In both case we can say that n=0 and hence Ans should be A. From your explanation, it is very clear that either n<0 or n=0. Could you tell me what was your approach to this Question. I mean did you assume values of 1. n as less than zero, 2. ngreater than zero and 3. n equal to zero and check under which condition the St1 holds true. If so, would this be a standard way of doing a modulus Question because clearly I just considered only 1 of the above conditions here. Your inputs please Thanks Mridul
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23 Dec 2012, 05:37
mridulparashar1 wrote: Bunuel wrote: 2. If y is an integer and y = x + x, is y = 0? (1) x < 0 (2) y < 1
Note: as \(y=x+x\) then \(y\) is never negative. For \(x>{0}\) then \(y=x+x=2x\) and for \(x\leq{0}\) then (when x is negative or zero) then \(y=x+x=0\).
(1) \(x<0\) > \(y=x+x=x+x=0\). Sufficient.
(2) \(y<1\), as we concluded y is never negative, and we are given that \(y\) is an integer, hence \(y=0\). Sufficient.
Answer: D. Hi Bunuel, Thanks for the explanation to the above Q. Regarding st 1 i.e X less than zero then y=x+x = x+x=0, 1. we know any value in modulus is positive then ideally the above should be interpreted as y=x+x> y=xx=0. 2.Also if from St 1 if we x<0 then y=x+x= xx=2x
3. Where as we also know that x= x for X<0 and x= x for X>/ 0So can you please tell me where am I going wrong with the concept. Thanks Mridul Absolute value properties:When \(x\leq{0}\) then \(x=x\), or more generally when \(some \ expression\leq{0}\) then \(some \ expression={(some \ expression)}\). For example: \(5=5=(5)\); When \(x\geq{0}\) then \(x=x\), or more generally when \(some \ expression\geq{0}\) then \(some \ expression={some \ expression}\). For example: \(5=5\); So, if \(x<0\), then \(x=x\) and \(y=x+x=x+x=0\). For more check here: mathabsolutevaluemodulus86462.html
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23 Dec 2012, 05:40
mridulparashar1 wrote: Bunuel wrote: 9. Is n<0? (1) n=n (2) n^2=16
(1) n=n, means that either n is negative OR n equals to zero. We are asked whether n is negative so we can not be sure. Not sufficient.
(2) n^2=16 > n=4 or n=4. Not sufficient.
(1)+(2) n is negative OR n equals to zero from (1), n is 4 or 4 from (2). > n=4, hence it's negative, sufficient.
Answer: C. Hello Bunuel, I got A as the answer to the Q. From St1, we have n=n> n=n (As Mod value is +ve)> we have 2n=0 or 2n=0. In both case we can say that n=0 and hence Ans should be A. First of all: \(n=n\), so \(n=n\) is the same as \(n=n\), which means that \(n\leq{0}\).
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Re: Inequality and absolute value questions from my collection [#permalink]
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21 Feb 2013, 21:23
Bunuel wrote: 5. What is the value of y? (1) 3x^2 4 = y  2 (2) 3  y = 11
(1) As we are asked to find the value of y, from this statement we can conclude only that y>=2, as LHS is absolute value which is never negative, hence RHS als can not be negative. Not sufficient.
(2) 3  y = 11:
y<3 > 3y=11 > y=8 y>=3 > 3+y=11 > y=14
Two values for y. Not sufficient.
(1)+(2) y>=2, hence y=14. Sufficient.
Answer: C. Bunuel, I think I need some conceptual help. Why should we not solve statement 1 by rewriting the two statements and then adding them together? (Besides the fact that it's time consuming....) I rewrote them and found 3x^2 10 = y for the positive absolute vlaue, and 3x^2+14=y for the negative abs value. From this, I added them together and got y=4.. Can you please explain what I'm getting wrong conceptually? Thanks so much!!!! I appreciate your kindness.
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22 Feb 2013, 01:27
JJ2014 wrote: Bunuel wrote: 5. What is the value of y? (1) 3x^2 4 = y  2 (2) 3  y = 11
(1) As we are asked to find the value of y, from this statement we can conclude only that y>=2, as LHS is absolute value which is never negative, hence RHS als can not be negative. Not sufficient.
(2) 3  y = 11:
y<3 > 3y=11 > y=8 y>=3 > 3+y=11 > y=14
Two values for y. Not sufficient.
(1)+(2) y>=2, hence y=14. Sufficient.
Answer: C. Bunuel, I think I need some conceptual help. Why should we not solve statement 1 by rewriting the two statements and then adding them together? (Besides the fact that it's time consuming....) I rewrote them and found 3x^2 10 = y for the positive absolute vlaue, and 3x^2+14=y for the negative abs value. From this, I added them together and got y=4.. Can you please explain what I'm getting wrong conceptually? Thanks so much!!!! I appreciate your kindness. x^24=x^24 when x^24>0; x^24=(x^24) when x^24<=0. So, the two equations you'll get from the original are relevant for different ranges of x. Hence, you cannot consider them as two separate equations and solve. To put it simply: we cannot get the single value of y from 3x^2 4 = y  2. Consider y=2 and x=2 OR y=11 and x=1. Hope it's clear.
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Re: Inequality and absolute value questions from my collection [#permalink]
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24 Apr 2013, 05:04
Bunuel wrote: 3. Is x^2 + y^2 > 4a? (1) (x + y)^2 = 9a (2) (x – y)^2 = a
(1) (x + y)^2 = 9a > x^2+2xy+y^2=9a. Clearly insufficient.
(2) (x – y)^2 = a > x^22xy+y^2=a. Clearly insufficient.
(1)+(2) Add them up 2(x^2+y^2)=10a > x^2+y^2=5a. Also insufficient as x,y, and a could be 0 and x^2 + y^2 > 4a won't be true, as LHS and RHS would be in that case equal to zero. Not sufficient.
Answer: E. hi Bunuel, Thank you very much for all the explanations. I have a query on this one Combining both we get x^2+y^2=5a or x,y,a = 0 aren't those sufficient to answer the question is x^2+y^2>4a Is the first case where x^2+y^2=5a, the answer is yes Second case where x,y,a=0, the answer is no Kindly do elaborate. Thanks
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Re: Inequality and absolute value questions from my collection [#permalink]
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24 Apr 2013, 05:26
Transcendentalist wrote: Bunuel wrote: 3. Is x^2 + y^2 > 4a? (1) (x + y)^2 = 9a (2) (x – y)^2 = a
(1) (x + y)^2 = 9a > x^2+2xy+y^2=9a. Clearly insufficient.
(2) (x – y)^2 = a > x^22xy+y^2=a. Clearly insufficient.
(1)+(2) Add them up 2(x^2+y^2)=10a > x^2+y^2=5a. Also insufficient as x,y, and a could be 0 and x^2 + y^2 > 4a won't be true, as LHS and RHS would be in that case equal to zero. Not sufficient.
Answer: E. hi Bunuel, Thank you very much for all the explanations. I have a query on this one Combining both we get x^2+y^2=5a or x,y,a = 0 aren't those sufficient to answer the question is x^2+y^2>4a Is the first case where x^2+y^2=5a, the answer is yes Second case where x,y,a=0, the answer is no Kindly do elaborate. Thanks First of all when we combine we get that x^2+y^2=5a. If \(xya\neq{0}\), then the answer is YES but if \(xya={0}\), then the answer is NO. Next, it's a YES/NO DS question. In a Yes/No Data Sufficiency question, statement(s) is sufficient if the answer is “always yes” or “always no” while a statement(s) is insufficient if the answer is "sometimes yes" and "sometimes no".Hope it's clear.
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Re: Inequality and absolute value questions from my collection [#permalink]
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21 Sep 2013, 22:21
Bunuel wrote: 4. Are x and y both positive? (1) 2x2y=1 (2) x/y>1
(1) 2x2y=1. Well this one is clearly insufficient. You can do it with number plugging OR consider the following: x and y both positive means that point (x,y) is in the I quadrant. 2x2y=1 > y=x1/2, we know it's an equation of a line and basically question asks whether this line (all (x,y) points of this line) is only in I quadrant. It's just not possible. Not sufficient.
(2) x/y>1 > x and y have the same sign. But we don't know whether they are both positive or both negative. Not sufficient.
(1)+(2) Again it can be done with different approaches. You should just find the one which is the less timeconsuming and comfortable for you personally.
One of the approaches: \(2x2y=1\) > \(x=y+\frac{1}{2}\) \(\frac{x}{y}>1\) > \(\frac{xy}{y}>0\) > substitute x > \(\frac{1}{y}>0\) > \(y\) is positive, and as \(x=y+\frac{1}{2}\), \(x\) is positive too. Sufficient.
Answer: C. Bunuel , Can you please show how we can reach to C using graphical approach ?
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Re: Inequality and absolute value questions from my collection [#permalink]
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21 Sep 2013, 23:30
Bunuel wrote: 10. If n is not equal to 0, is n < 4 ? (1) n^2 > 16 (2) 1/n > n
Question basically asks is 4<n<4 true.
(1) n^2>16 > n>4 or n<4, the answer to the question is NO. Sufficient.
(2) 1/n > n, this is true for all negative values of n, hence we can not answer the question. Not sufficient.
Answer: A. Hi Bunuel , I know saying (1/n) < n will be true for all n<0 is quite clear logically. Still I want to reach this conclusion mathematically. I got swayed solving for nn < 1 .
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Re: Inequality and absolute value questions from my collection [#permalink]
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22 Sep 2013, 05:27
StormedBrain wrote: Bunuel wrote: 4. Are x and y both positive? (1) 2x2y=1 (2) x/y>1
(1) 2x2y=1. Well this one is clearly insufficient. You can do it with number plugging OR consider the following: x and y both positive means that point (x,y) is in the I quadrant. 2x2y=1 > y=x1/2, we know it's an equation of a line and basically question asks whether this line (all (x,y) points of this line) is only in I quadrant. It's just not possible. Not sufficient.
(2) x/y>1 > x and y have the same sign. But we don't know whether they are both positive or both negative.Not sufficient.
(1)+(2) Again it can be done with different approaches. You should just find the one which is the less timeconsuming and comfortable for you personally.
One of the approaches: \(2x2y=1\) > \(x=y+\frac{1}{2}\) \(\frac{x}{y}>1\) > \(\frac{xy}{y}>0\) > substitute x > \(\frac{1}{y}>0\) > \(y\) is positive, and as \(x=y+\frac{1}{2}\), \(x\) is positive too. Sufficient.
Answer: C. Bunuel , Can you please show how we can reach to C using graphical approach ? 4. Are x and y both positive? The question asks whether point (x, y) is in the first quadrant. (1) 2x2y=1 > draw line y=x1/2: Attachment:
graph.png [ 6.13 KiB  Viewed 1293 times ]
Not sufficient. (2) x/y>1 > Draf line x/y=1. The solutions is the green region: Attachment:
graph (2).png [ 5.95 KiB  Viewed 1272 times ]
Not sufficient. (1)+(2) Intersection is the portion of the blue line which lies in the first quadrant. Sufficient. Answer: C. Hope it helps.
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Re: Inequality and absolute value questions from my collection [#permalink]
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22 Sep 2013, 06:00
StormedBrain wrote: Bunuel wrote: 10. If n is not equal to 0, is n < 4 ? (1) n^2 > 16 (2) 1/n > n
Question basically asks is 4<n<4 true.
(1) n^2>16 > n>4 or n<4, the answer to the question is NO. Sufficient.
(2) 1/n > n, this is true for all negative values of n, hence we can not answer the question. Not sufficient.
Answer: A. Hi Bunuel , I know saying (1/n) < n will be true for all n<0 is quite clear logically. Still I want to reach this conclusion mathematically. I got swayed solving for nn < 1 . n*n < 1. If n<0, then we'll have n^2<1 > n^2>1. Which is true. So, n*n < 1 holds true for any negative value of n. If n>0, then we'll have n^2<1 > 1<n<1. So, n*n < 1 also holds true for 0<n<1. Thus 1/n > n holds true if n<0 and 0<n<1. Does this make sense?
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Re: Inequality and absolute value questions from my collection [#permalink]
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13 Oct 2013, 23:13
3. Is x^2 + y^2 > 4a? (1) (x + y)^2 = 9a (2) (x – y)^2 = a
(1) (x + y)^2 = 9a > x^2+2xy+y^2=9a. Clearly insufficient.
(2) (x – y)^2 = a > x^22xy+y^2=a. Clearly insufficient.
(1)+(2) Add them up 2(x^2+y^2)=10a > x^2+y^2=5a. Also insufficient as x,y, and a could be 0 and x^2 + y^2 > 4a won't be true, as LHS and RHS would be in that case equal to zero. Not sufficient.
Answer: E.
Also insufficient as x,y, and a could be 0 Why did you assume that ALL COULD be zero.




Re: Inequality and absolute value questions from my collection
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