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winterschool wrote:
Q1. Anchoring the organelles in place, the tasks that are performed by the cytoskeleton within a cell’s structure are crucial, and composed of microfilaments, intermediate filaments and microtubules, it maintains cell polarity. A. the tasks that are performed by the cytoskeleton within a cell’s structure are crucial, and composed of microfilaments, intermediate filaments and B. the cytoskeleton performs crucial tasks in a cell’s structure, and composed of microfilaments, intermediate filaments and containing C. the cytoskeleton performs crucial tasks within the structure of a cell, and composed of microfilaments, intermediate filaments and D. the tasks being performed within a cell’s structure by the cytoskeleton are crucial, and composed of microfilaments, intermediate filaments and E. the cytoskeleton performs crucial tasks within a cell’s structure, and it is composed of microfilaments, intermediate filaments and Difficulty - Hard



winterschool wrote:
Q2. Just before the test began, Alexander asked his classmate if he might be borrowing an extra sheet of paper. (A) if he might be borrowing an extra sheet of paper (B) if he would be borrowing an extra sheet of paper (C) if he might be able to borrow an extra sheet of paper (D) if an extra sheet of paper might be borrowed (E) perhaps if he could borrow an additional piece of paper Difficulty - Hard



SC Questions June - 13 :

Q1. Firmly established by the 12th century, the various pilgrimage routes to Santiago de Compostela created a European-wide network of trade, people, and religious and cultural exchange, exemplified in the spread of the Romanesque style of cathedral architecture.


A. Firmly established by the 12th century, the various pilgrimage routes to Santiago de Compostela created a European-wide network of trade, people, and religious and cultural exchange, exemplified in the spread of the Romanesque style of cathedral architecture.

B. The various pilgrimage routes to Santiago de Compostela, firmly established by the 12th century, created a European-wide network of trade, people, and religious and cultural exchange, was exemplified in the spread of the Romanesque style of cathedral architecture.

C. The spread of the Romanesque style of cathedral architecture, exemplifying the religious and cultural exchange created by the European-wide network of trading people on the various pilgrimage routes to Santiago de Compostela, was firmly established by the 12th century.

D. Exemplified in the spread of the Romanesque style of cathedral architecture, the various pilgrimage routes to Santiago de Compostela were firmly established by the 12th century, creating a European-wide network of trade, people, and religious and cultural exchange.

E. Firmly established by the 12th century and exemplified in the spread of the Romanesque style of cathedral architecture, the various pilgrimage routes to Santiago de Compostela created a European-wide network of trade and people, religious, and cultural exchange.




Difficulty - Hard

Q2. The word monster originates from the ancient Latin word monstrum, but it had probably scared thousands of small children even before the existence of Latin.


A. but it had probably scared thousands of small children even before

B. yet it had probably scared thousands of small children even before

C. but monsters had probably scared thousands of small children even prior to

D. but had probably scared thousands of small children even before

E. but monsters had probably scared thousands of small children even before

winterschool wrote:
Q1. Antoine: The alarming fact is that among children aged 19 years and younger, the number taking antipsychotic medicines soared 73 percent in the last four years. That is greater than the increase in the number of adults taking antipsychotic medicines during the same period. Lucy: But the use of antipsychotic drugs by adults is considered normal at the current rate of 11 adults per 1,000 taking the drugs. In contrast, the number of children on antipsychotic medication last year was 6.6 per 1,000 children. Lucy’s argument relies on the assumption that ______. (A) normal levels of antipsychotic drug use are rarely exceeded. (B) the percentage of adults taking antipsychotic medication is always higher than the percentage of children on such medication. (C) the use of antipsychotic medication in children is no different from the use of such medications in adults. (D) Antoine is not consciously distorting the statistics he presents. (E) a rapid increase in the number of children taking antipsychotic drugs generates more fear of random violence by adolescents than does knowledge of the absolute number of children on such medications. Difficulty - Hard



winterschool wrote:
Q2. When people today recall Hannibal Barca, the Carthaginian general who lived from 247 to circa 181 BCE, they typically focus on the one fact that is commonly taught in history classes: during the Second Punic War against Rome, Hannibal marched across the Alps with a team of war elephants, nearly all of which were lost due to the harsh conditions of the region. Historians and students of history alike regard this decision as a blunder. Of course, were this the only notable event in Hannibal’s military career, it would be correct to look upon him with disfavor. No one would disagree that Hannibal underestimated the number of souls that would be lost on the perilous march through France and incorrectly believed that the elephants would be hardier than they turned out to be for the trek. Nonetheless, it is abundantly clear from historical accounts that he was aware of the danger and planned well ahead of time to reinforce his numbers by using both his charisma and his military might to convince the Gauls and other tribes native to the Alpine foothills to join him in fighting the Romans, and was largely successful in doing so. He was also a master tactician, able to take advantage of the diversity of his fighting forces, the local terrain, and the single-minded regimentation of the Roman forces to win skirmishes in which his own troops were vastly outnumbered. The two highlighted sentences play which of the following roles in the passage? ​ A​ The first states the main thesis of the passage; the second is a fact that seems at odds with this thesis. ​ B​ The first is a position that the author intends to refute; the second is a justification for this refutation. ​ C​ The first is a position the author regards as legitimate but incomplete; the second is support for the author’s thesis. ​ D​ The first provides a reason for doubting the position maintained by the author; the second is the author’s main conclusion. ​ E​ The first states an outside position that the author reluctantly concedes; the second is part of an explanation for this reluctance. Difficulty - Hard



CR Questions June - 13 :

Q1. Farm animals have certain behavioral tendencies that result from the evolutionary history of these species. By imposing on these animals a type of organization that conflicts with their behavioral tendencies, current farm-management practices cause the animals more pain and distress than do practices that more closely conform to the animals’ behavioral tendencies. Because the animals tend to resist this type of organization, current practices can also be less efficient than those other farm-management practices.

If the statements above are true, which one of the following can be properly inferred from them?


A. Some of the behavorial tendencies of farm animals can be altered by efficient farm management practices

B. In order to implement efficient farm management practices,it is necessary to be familiar with the evolutionary history of farm animals.

C. In order to create farm management practices that cause less pain and distress to farm animals ,a significant loss of efficiency will be required.

D. Farm Management Practices that cause the least amount of pain and distress to farm animals are also the most efficient management practices.

E. Some changes in farm management practices that lessen the pain and distress experienced by farm animals can result in gains in efficiency.




Difficulty - Hard

Q2. Gasoline driven power plants in Belvia utilize one consumable unit of gasoline to generate three consumable units of electricity. As Belvia’s GDP grows, more and more people opt for air conditioners in their houses. Clearly Belvia will need to either build new power plants or start importing electricity from neighbouring countries in the next few years because adding air conditioners can easily double the power consumption of a household. Moreover, Belvia’s power plants are already running at peak capacity.

In which of the following statements must be author believe while making his claim in the above argument?

A. The usage of evaporative room coolers, which use less electricity than air conditioners, is not expected to decline as more people purchase air conditioners for their houses.

B. Increase in price of electricity is not likely to reduce the amount of money people spend on purchasing new air conditioners.

C. The amount of gasoline required to produce one unit of electricity will not come down in the near future.

D. The new air conditioners being installed in homes today are not more efficient than the air conditioners installed previously.

E. The investments that Belvia had been doing in alternate sources of energy such as solar and hydrogen driven power plants will not start providing significant amount of electricity in the near future.




Difficulty - Hard

Originally posted by winterschool on 13 Jun 2023, 13:57.
Last edited by winterschool on 13 Jun 2023, 14:03, edited 5 times in total.
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Re: Verbal Question of the Day Chat Group [#permalink]
winterschool wrote:
Q1. Firmly established by the 12th century, the various pilgrimage routes to Santiago de Compostela created a European-wide network of trade, people, and religious and cultural exchange, exemplified in the spread of the Romanesque style of cathedral architecture. A. Firmly established by the 12th century, the various pilgrimage routes to Santiago de Compostela created a European-wide network of trade, people, and religious and cultural exchange, exemplified in the spread of the Romanesque style of cathedral architecture. B. The various pilgrimage routes to Santiago de Compostela, firmly established by the 12th century, created a European-wide network of trade, people, and religious and cultural exchange, was exemplified in the spread of the Romanesque style of cathedral architecture. C. The spread of the Romanesque style of cathedral architecture, exemplifying the religious and cultural exchange created by the European-wide network of trading people on the various pilgrimage routes to Santiago de Compostela, was firmly established by the 12th century. D. Exemplified in the spread of the Romanesque style of cathedral architecture, the various pilgrimage routes to Santiago de Compostela were firmly established by the 12th century, creating a European-wide network of trade, people, and religious and cultural exchange. E. Firmly established by the 12th century and exemplified in the spread of the Romanesque style of cathedral architecture, the various pilgrimage routes to Santiago de Compostela created a European-wide network of trade and people, religious, and cultural exchange. Difficulty - Hard



winterschool wrote:
Q2. The word monster originates from the ancient Latin word monstrum, but it had probably scared thousands of small children even before the existence of Latin. A. but it had probably scared thousands of small children even before B. yet it had probably scared thousands of small children even before C. but monsters had probably scared thousands of small children even prior to D. but had probably scared thousands of small children even before E. but monsters had probably scared thousands of small children even before



SC Questions June - 14 :

Q1. Whereas the nostrils of old world monkeys always turn downwards and their tails are never prehensile, in new world monkeys nostrils face sideways and most species have tails that can grasp objects.


A. Whereas the nostrils of old world monkeys always turn downwards and their tails are never prehensile, in new world monkeys nostrils face sideways

B. Unlike old world monkeys, having nostrils that always turn downwards and tails that are never prehensile, the nostrils of new world monkeys face sidewards

C. Unlike old world monkeys, in whom nostrils always turn downwards and tails are never prehensile, new world monkeys have nostrils that face sideways

D. Unlike the downward-facing nostrils and non-prehensile tails of old world monkeys, in new world monkeys nostrils are sideward-facing

E. Whereas in old world monkeys nostrils always turn downwards and tails are never prehensile, in new world monkeys nostrils face sideways



Difficulty - Hard

Q2. The local government announced that it was mandating that people must carry identification at all times.

(A) it was mandating that people must carry identification at all times.

(B) it was mandating that people constantly carry identification at all times.

(C) it was mandating that people should constantly carry identification.

(D) they were mandating that people carry identification at all times.

(E) it was mandating that people constantly carry identification.

Originally posted by winterschool on 14 Jun 2023, 06:19.
Last edited by winterschool on 14 Jun 2023, 06:21, edited 2 times in total.
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Re: Verbal Question of the Day Chat Group [#permalink]
winterschool wrote:
Q2. The local government announced that it was mandating that people must carry identification at all times. (A) it was mandating that people must carry identification at all times. (B) it was mandating that people constantly carry identification at all times. (C) it was mandating that people should constantly carry identification. (D) they were mandating that people carry identification at all times. (E) it was mandating that people constantly carry identification.

A
Why does it matter if we refer government as "it"
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Re: Verbal Question of the Day Chat Group [#permalink]
winterschool wrote:
Q2. The local government announced that it was mandating that people must carry identification at all times. (A) it was mandating that people must carry identification at all times. (B) it was mandating that people constantly carry identification at all times. (C) it was mandating that people should constantly carry identification. (D) they were mandating that people carry identification at all times. (E) it was mandating that people constantly carry identification.

IMO, the answer should be E. Because "at all times" and "constantly" have similar intended meaning, therefore using both of them in a single clause will be redundant. Hence, we can eliminate B. Also "was mandating" and "must/should" usage is redundant because when a government is mandating something then that means it is a "must" condition for everyone. With this logic we can eliminate A & C. Between D & E, E is more precise with the usage of "constantly". Also in D, "they" can refer back to "people" which will make its meaning illogical, or it can also refer back to the local government (I know local government will be singular for like 99% of the time, but collective nouns such as team, family, etc. can be treated as plural depending on the context), this leads to pronoun ambiguity in D. We don’t have such issues in E.
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Re: Verbal Question of the Day Chat Group [#permalink]
BottomJee wrote:
IMO, the answer should be E. Because "at all times" and "constantly" have similar intended meaning, therefore using both of them in a single clause will be redundant. Hence, we can eliminate B. Also "was mandating" and "must/should" usage is redundant because when a government is mandating something then that means it is a "must" condition for everyone. With this logic we can eliminate A & C. Between D & E, E is more precise with the usage of "constantly". Also in D, "they" can refer back to "people" which will make its meaning illogical, or it can also refer back to the local government (I know local government will be singular for like 99% of the time, but collective nouns such as team, family, etc. can be treated as plural depending on the context), this leads to pronoun ambiguity in D. We don’t have such issues in E.

Good catch! I picked A originally, but missed the redundancy with must and mandate
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winterschool wrote:
Q1. Whereas the nostrils of old world monkeys always turn downwards and their tails are never prehensile, in new world monkeys nostrils face sideways and most species have tails that can grasp objects. A. Whereas the nostrils of old world monkeys always turn downwards and their tails are never prehensile, in new world monkeys nostrils face sideways B. Unlike old world monkeys, having nostrils that always turn downwards and tails that are never prehensile, the nostrils of new world monkeys face sidewards C. Unlike old world monkeys, in whom nostrils always turn downwards and tails are never prehensile, new world monkeys have nostrils that face sideways D. Unlike the downward-facing nostrils and non-prehensile tails of old world monkeys, in new world monkeys nostrils are sideward-facing E. Whereas in old world monkeys nostrils always turn downwards and tails are never prehensile, in new world monkeys nostrils face sideways Difficulty - Hard

A- Wrong, Comparison is btw "nostrils of OM" and "in new WMs" & "their" can be termed here as ambiguous ; B- Wrong, Comparison is btw "OWMs" and "the nostrils of NWMs" ; C- Wrong, "whom" is always used to refer to human beings in GMAT ; D- Wrong, Comparison is btw "nostrils and tails" and "NWMs" ; At last, we are left with E.
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Re: Verbal Question of the Day Chat Group [#permalink]
winterschool wrote:
Q1. Whereas the nostrils of old world monkeys always turn downwards and their tails are never prehensile, in new world monkeys nostrils face sideways and most species have tails that can grasp objects. A. Whereas the nostrils of old world monkeys always turn downwards and their tails are never prehensile, in new world monkeys nostrils face sideways B. Unlike old world monkeys, having nostrils that always turn downwards and tails that are never prehensile, the nostrils of new world monkeys face sidewards C. Unlike old world monkeys, in whom nostrils always turn downwards and tails are never prehensile, new world monkeys have nostrils that face sideways D. Unlike the downward-facing nostrils and non-prehensile tails of old world monkeys, in new world monkeys nostrils are sideward-facing E. Whereas in old world monkeys nostrils always turn downwards and tails are never prehensile, in new world monkeys nostrils face sideways Difficulty - Hard



winterschool wrote:
Q2. The local government announced that it was mandating that people must carry identification at all times. (A) it was mandating that people must carry identification at all times. (B) it was mandating that people constantly carry identification at all times. (C) it was mandating that people should constantly carry identification. (D) they were mandating that people carry identification at all times. (E) it was mandating that people constantly carry identification.



SC Questions June - 15 :

Q1. While New York-born Tomlinson is widely recognized as the inventor of email, Mumbai-born Ayyadurai, who immigrated to the US with his family when he was only seven, had to fight an epic battle to be recognized as the primary inventor of email.


A. had to fight

B. fought

C. has been fighting

D. had been fighting

E. needed to fight



Difficulty - Hard

Q2. After the Great Depression’s exceptionally high unemployment rates, job prospects did improve in the late 1930’s, but as late as 1941 nearly 1 in 6 people were still out of work.

(A) After the Great Depression’s exceptionally high unemployment rates, job prospects did improve in the late 1930’s, but

(B) Although job prospects did improve in the late 1930’s after the Great Depression, a period in which unemployment rates were exceptionally high,

(C) Following the Great Depression’s exceptionally high unemployment rates, job prospects did improve in the late 1930’s, and

(D) While job prospects did improve in the late 1930’s after the Great Depression’s exceptionally high unemployment rates,

(E) Despite the fact that job prospects did improve in the 1930’s after the Great Depression and its exceptionally high unemployment rates,


Difficulty - Hard

winterschool wrote:
Q1. Farm animals have certain behavioral tendencies that result from the evolutionary history of these species. By imposing on these animals a type of organization that conflicts with their behavioral tendencies, current farm-management practices cause the animals more pain and distress than do practices that more closely conform to the animals’ behavioral tendencies. Because the animals tend to resist this type of organization, current practices can also be less efficient than those other farm-management practices. If the statements above are true, which one of the following can be properly inferred from them? A. Some of the behavorial tendencies of farm animals can be altered by efficient farm management practices B. In order to implement efficient farm management practices,it is necessary to be familiar with the evolutionary history of farm animals. C. In order to create farm management practices that cause less pain and distress to farm animals ,a significant loss of efficiency will be required. D. Farm Management Practices that cause the least amount of pain and distress to farm animals are also the most efficient management practices. E. Some changes in farm management practices that lessen the pain and distress experienced by farm animals can result in gains in efficiency. Difficulty - Hard



winterschool wrote:
Q2. Gasoline driven power plants in Belvia utilize one consumable unit of gasoline to generate three consumable units of electricity. As Belvia’s GDP grows, more and more people opt for air conditioners in their houses. Clearly Belvia will need to either build new power plants or start importing electricity from neighbouring countries in the next few years because adding air conditioners can easily double the power consumption of a household. Moreover, Belvia’s power plants are already running at peak capacity. In which of the following statements must be author believe while making his claim in the above argument? A. The usage of evaporative room coolers, which use less electricity than air conditioners, is not expected to decline as more people purchase air conditioners for their houses. B. Increase in price of electricity is not likely to reduce the amount of money people spend on purchasing new air conditioners. C. The amount of gasoline required to produce one unit of electricity will not come down in the near future. D. The new air conditioners being installed in homes today are not more efficient than the air conditioners installed previously. E. The investments that Belvia had been doing in alternate sources of energy such as solar and hydrogen driven power plants will not start providing significant amount of electricity in the near future. Difficulty - Hard



CR Questions June - 15 :

Q1. By dating fossils of pollen and beetles, which returned after an Ice Age glacier left an area, it is possible to establish an approximate date when a warmer climate developed. In one glacial area, it appears from the insect record that a warm climate developed immediately after the melting of the glacier. From the pollen record, however, it appears that the warm climate did not develop until long after the glacier disappeared.

Each one of the following, if true, helps to explain the apparent discrepancy EXCEPT:

(A) Cold-weather beetle fossils can be mistaken for those of beetles that live in warm climates.

(B) Warm-weather plants cannot establish themselves as quickly as can beetles in a new environment.

(C) Beetles can survive in a relatively barren postglacial area by scavenging.

(D) Since planes spread unevenly in a new climate, researchers can mistake gaps in the pollen record as evidence of no new overall growth.

(E) Beetles are among the oldest insect species and are much older than many warm-weather plants.


Difficulty - Hard

Q2. In the decade from the mid-1980s to the mid-1990s, large corporations were rocked by mergers, reengineering, and downsizing. These events significantly undermined employees’ job security. Surprisingly, however, employees’ perception of their own job security hardly changed over that period. Fifty-eight percent of employees surveyed in 1984 and 55 percent surveyed in 1994 stated that their own jobs were very secure.

Each of the following contributes to an explanation of the surprising survey results described above EXCEPT:

A. A large number of the people in both surveys work in small companies that were not affected by mergers, reengineering, and downsizing.

B. Employees who feel secure in their jobs tend to think that the jobs of others are secure.

C. The corporate downsizing that took place during this period had been widely anticipated for several years before the mid-1980s.

D. Most of the major downsizing during this period was completed within a year after the first survey.

E. In the mid-1990s, people were generally more optimistic about their lives, even in the face of hardship, than they were a decade before.



Difficulty - Hard

Originally posted by winterschool on 15 Jun 2023, 13:20.
Last edited by winterschool on 15 Jun 2023, 13:24, edited 4 times in total.
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Re: Verbal Question of the Day Chat Group [#permalink]
winterschool wrote:
Q2. In the decade from the mid-1980s to the mid-1990s, large corporations were rocked by mergers, reengineering, and downsizing. These events significantly undermined employees’ job security. Surprisingly, however, employees’ perception of their own job security hardly changed over that period. Fifty-eight percent of employees surveyed in 1984 and 55 percent surveyed in 1994 stated that their own jobs were very secure. Each of the following contributes to an explanation of the surprising survey results described above EXCEPT: A. A large number of the people in both surveys work in small companies that were not affected by mergers, reengineering, and downsizing. B. Employees who feel secure in their jobs tend to think that the jobs of others are secure. C. The corporate downsizing that took place during this period had been widely anticipated for several years before the mid-1980s. D. Most of the major downsizing during this period was completed within a year after the first survey. E. In the mid-1990s, people were generally more optimistic about their lives, even in the face of hardship, than they were a decade before. Difficulty - Hard

IMO answer should be B, because conclusion is that the "Perception of their OWN job security hardly changed" whereas Option B is stating that "People think OTHERS Jobs are secure". Since it is an EXCEPT question, will choose B.
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winterschool wrote:
Q1. By dating fossils of pollen and beetles, which returned after an Ice Age glacier left an area, it is possible to establish an approximate date when a warmer climate developed. In one glacial area, it appears from the insect record that a warm climate developed immediately after the melting of the glacier. From the pollen record, however, it appears that the warm climate did not develop until long after the glacier disappeared. Each one of the following, if true, helps to explain the apparent discrepancy EXCEPT: (A) Cold-weather beetle fossils can be mistaken for those of beetles that live in warm climates. (B) Warm-weather plants cannot establish themselves as quickly as can beetles in a new environment. (C) Beetles can survive in a relatively barren postglacial area by scavenging. (D) Since planes spread unevenly in a new climate, researchers can mistake gaps in the pollen record as evidence of no new overall growth. (E) Beetles are among the oldest insect species and are much older than many warm-weather plants. Difficulty - Hard

E, because if Beetles are older than warm-weather plants then those (Beetles) could be present in the Ice-age too and hence we will not come to know the time when warm climate developed.
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winterschool wrote:
Q1. By dating fossils of pollen and beetles, which returned after an Ice Age glacier left an area, it is possible to establish an approximate date when a warmer climate developed. In one glacial area, it appears from the insect record that a warm climate developed immediately after the melting of the glacier. From the pollen record, however, it appears that the warm climate did not develop until long after the glacier disappeared. Each one of the following, if true, helps to explain the apparent discrepancy EXCEPT: (A) Cold-weather beetle fossils can be mistaken for those of beetles that live in warm climates. (B) Warm-weather plants cannot establish themselves as quickly as can beetles in a new environment. (C) Beetles can survive in a relatively barren postglacial area by scavenging. (D) Since planes spread unevenly in a new climate, researchers can mistake gaps in the pollen record as evidence of no new overall growth. (E) Beetles are among the oldest insect species and are much older than many warm-weather plants. Difficulty - Hard



winterschool wrote:
Q2. In the decade from the mid-1980s to the mid-1990s, large corporations were rocked by mergers, reengineering, and downsizing. These events significantly undermined employees’ job security. Surprisingly, however, employees’ perception of their own job security hardly changed over that period. Fifty-eight percent of employees surveyed in 1984 and 55 percent surveyed in 1994 stated that their own jobs were very secure. Each of the following contributes to an explanation of the surprising survey results described above EXCEPT: A. A large number of the people in both surveys work in small companies that were not affected by mergers, reengineering, and downsizing. B. Employees who feel secure in their jobs tend to think that the jobs of others are secure. C. The corporate downsizing that took place during this period had been widely anticipated for several years before the mid-1980s. D. Most of the major downsizing during this period was completed within a year after the first survey. E. In the mid-1990s, people were generally more optimistic about their lives, even in the face of hardship, than they were a decade before. Difficulty - Hard



CR Questions June - 16 :

Q1. Legislator: Recently, the state’s small-business association proposed a plan to allow small (as defined by law) retail establishments to deduct the cost of unsold inventory from their tax liability. The association’s spokesperson emphasized that, since smaller businesses have less money with which to purchase inventory, the proposed measure would help those smaller retailers remain competitive with their larger counterparts. Nevertheless, in practical terms, fair enforcement of the plan would be infeasible, because ________.

(A) several new state employees would have to be hired to audit the new deductions

(B) it is not possible to distinguish unsold inventory from the store proprietors’ personal purchases

(C) stores would have to repay the deducted amount of tax if they sold the inventory in question at a later date

(D) the threshold of sales below which a business legally qualifies legally as "small" was set by the state legislature in response to a different proposal

(E) small businesses are less likely than their larger counterparts to have computerized or otherwise automated inventory systems



Difficulty - Hard

Q2. People with a certain eye disorder are virtually unable to see in moderately bright light, which seems to them unbearably intense, since the cells of their retinas are overwhelmed by moderately bright light. These people do, however, show normal sensitivity to most components of dim light. Their retinal cells are also not excessively sensitive to red components of moderately bright light.

The information above best supports which of the following hypotheses about people who have the disorder described and who have no other serious visual problems?

A. They typically see more acutely at night and in dim light than do people who do not have the disorder.

B. They react to extremely bright light in much the same way that people without the disorder do.

C. In an otherwise darkened concert hall, they will see a dimly illuminated red exit sign more clearly than people without the disorder will.

D. The biological mechanism by which they perceive the color red is different from the mechanism of people who do not have the disorder.

E. Eyeglasses that are transparent to red components of light but filter out other components of light will help them see in moderately bright light.

Originally posted by winterschool on 16 Jun 2023, 13:08.
Last edited by winterschool on 16 Jun 2023, 13:10, edited 2 times in total.
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everyone, please quote or add question for better understanding. place the cursor on the bottom of the questions and click on arrow sign
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winterschool wrote:
Q1. Legislator: Recently, the state’s small-business association proposed a plan to allow small (as defined by law) retail establishments to deduct the cost of unsold inventory from their tax liability. The association’s spokesperson emphasized that, since smaller businesses have less money with which to purchase inventory, the proposed measure would help those smaller retailers remain competitive with their larger counterparts. Nevertheless, in practical terms, fair enforcement of the plan would be infeasible, because ________. (A) several new state employees would have to be hired to audit the new deductions (B) it is not possible to distinguish unsold inventory from the store proprietors’ personal purchases (C) stores would have to repay the deducted amount of tax if they sold the inventory in question at a later date (D) the threshold of sales below which a business legally qualifies legally as "small" was set by the state legislature in response to a different proposal (E) small businesses are less likely than their larger counterparts to have computerized or otherwise automated inventory systems Difficulty - Hard

TYPE- PLAN & GOAL
PLAN- Allow Smal RBs to deduct cost of unsold inventory from their Taxes.
GOAL-To help keep Small RBs competitive with the Large RBs
Conclusion- "Fair" enforcement is not feasible.

A- It could be difficult to hire so many new employees but is this option taking about how fairness will be impacted while enforcing the law? I don’t believe so, ELMINATE.

B- If it is not possible to distinguish between unsold and what a store purchased for its own consumption, then this will impact the "fairness" aspect during the implementation of the proposed plan because a store can cheat and report its’ personal consumption inventory as an unsold one in order to maximize Tax deductions. HOLD.

C- Ya so what? This additional step may lead to a little inconvenience to the store owners or may delay the tax collection drive, but this option is not talking about our concern i.e. Can the proposed plan be implemented fairly? ELMINATE.

D- The legality of a Small RBs is not our pain point. ELMINATE.

E- Our point of concern is not how quickly one can manage the inventory. ELMINATE.

Left with Option B.
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winterschool wrote:
Q2. People with a certain eye disorder are virtually unable to see in moderately bright light, which seems to them unbearably intense, since the cells of their retinas are overwhelmed by moderately bright light. These people do, however, show normal sensitivity to most components of dim light. Their retinal cells are also not excessively sensitive to red components of moderately bright light. The information above best supports which of the following hypotheses about people who have the disorder described and who have no other serious visual problems? A. They typically see more acutely at night and in dim light than do people who do not have the disorder. B. They react to extremely bright light in much the same way that people without the disorder do. C. In an otherwise darkened concert hall, they will see a dimly illuminated red exit sign more clearly than people without the disorder will. D. The biological mechanism by which they perceive the color red is different from the mechanism of people who do not have the disorder. E. Eyeglasses that are transparent to red components of light but filter out other components of light will help them see in moderately bright light.

A- We cannot hypothesize for people who do not have the disorder because argument is only concerned with people having this disorder. EIMINATE
B- Again we know nothing about people who do not have this disorder. EIMINATE
C- Same as A & B. EIMINATE
D- Same as A, B & C (We know nothing about the mechanism of people who do not have this disorder). EIMINATE
E- This choice focuses only on People having this disorder (It is exactly what we want) and how blocking other components of light could help them see in mod. bright light. Correct Answer
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winterschool wrote:
Q1. While New York-born Tomlinson is widely recognized as the inventor of email, Mumbai-born Ayyadurai, who immigrated to the US with his family when he was only seven, had to fight an epic battle to be recognized as the primary inventor of email. A. had to fight B. fought C. has been fighting D. had been fighting E. needed to fight Difficulty - Hard



winterschool wrote:
Q2. After the Great Depression’s exceptionally high unemployment rates, job prospects did improve in the late 1930’s, but as late as 1941 nearly 1 in 6 people were still out of work. (A) After the Great Depression’s exceptionally high unemployment rates, job prospects did improve in the late 1930’s, but (B) Although job prospects did improve in the late 1930’s after the Great Depression, a period in which unemployment rates were exceptionally high, (C) Following the Great Depression’s exceptionally high unemployment rates, job prospects did improve in the late 1930’s, and (D) While job prospects did improve in the late 1930’s after the Great Depression’s exceptionally high unemployment rates, (E) Despite the fact that job prospects did improve in the 1930’s after the Great Depression and its exceptionally high unemployment rates, Difficulty - Hard



SC Questions June - 17 :

Q1. In 2004, Burger Buster’s revenue was estimated at nearly $17.4 million, accounting for 0.6 percent of total revenue for domestic fast food eateries, triple the figure for 1999.

(A) triple the figure for 1999

(B) three times more than 1999

(C) three times as much as 1999

(D) triple the number that it was in 1999

(E) a number triple that which occurred in 1999



Difficulty - Hard

Q2. It is the relationship of Hemingway with his mother, Grace, which is probably the most enigmatic of all the women in his life.

(A) which is probably the most enigmatic of all the women in his life

(B) who is probably the most enigmatic of all the women in his life

(C) which is probably the most enigmatic of all his relationships with women

(D) who, of all the relationships eh had with women, is probably the most enigmatic

(E) which, of all the women in his life, is probably the most enigmatic relationship he had



Difficulty - Hard

Originally posted by winterschool on 17 Jun 2023, 05:01.
Last edited by winterschool on 17 Jun 2023, 05:04, edited 3 times in total.
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winterschool wrote:
Q2. It is the relationship of Hemingway with his mother, Grace, which is probably the most enigmatic of all the women in his life. (A) which is probably the most enigmatic of all the women in his life (B) who is probably the most enigmatic of all the women in his life (C) which is probably the most enigmatic of all his relationships with women (D) who, of all the relationships eh had with women, is probably the most enigmatic (E) which, of all the women in his life, is probably the most enigmatic relationship he had Difficulty - Hard

C

winterschool wrote:
Q2. It is the relationship of Hemingway with his mother, Grace, which is probably the most enigmatic of all the women in his life. (A) which is probably the most enigmatic of all the women in his life (B) who is probably the most enigmatic of all the women in his life (C) which is probably the most enigmatic of all his relationships with women (D) who, of all the relationships eh had with women, is probably the most enigmatic (E) which, of all the women in his life, is probably the most enigmatic relationship he had Difficulty - Hard

Was about to choose A, but then I saw Women = enigmatic :shh: :)

Originally posted by BottomJee on 17 Jun 2023, 07:01.
Last edited by BottomJee on 17 Jun 2023, 07:04, edited 1 time in total.
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winterschool wrote:
Q1. Legislator: Recently, the state’s small-business association proposed a plan to allow small (as defined by law) retail establishments to deduct the cost of unsold inventory from their tax liability. The association’s spokesperson emphasized that, since smaller businesses have less money with which to purchase inventory, the proposed measure would help those smaller retailers remain competitive with their larger counterparts. Nevertheless, in practical terms, fair enforcement of the plan would be infeasible, because ________. (A) several new state employees would have to be hired to audit the new deductions (B) it is not possible to distinguish unsold inventory from the store proprietors’ personal purchases (C) stores would have to repay the deducted amount of tax if they sold the inventory in question at a later date (D) the threshold of sales below which a business legally qualifies legally as "small" was set by the state legislature in response to a different proposal (E) small businesses are less likely than their larger counterparts to have computerized or otherwise automated inventory systems Difficulty - Hard



winterschool wrote:
Q2. People with a certain eye disorder are virtually unable to see in moderately bright light, which seems to them unbearably intense, since the cells of their retinas are overwhelmed by moderately bright light. These people do, however, show normal sensitivity to most components of dim light. Their retinal cells are also not excessively sensitive to red components of moderately bright light. The information above best supports which of the following hypotheses about people who have the disorder described and who have no other serious visual problems? A. They typically see more acutely at night and in dim light than do people who do not have the disorder. B. They react to extremely bright light in much the same way that people without the disorder do. C. In an otherwise darkened concert hall, they will see a dimly illuminated red exit sign more clearly than people without the disorder will. D. The biological mechanism by which they perceive the color red is different from the mechanism of people who do not have the disorder. E. Eyeglasses that are transparent to red components of light but filter out other components of light will help them see in moderately bright light.



CR Questions June - 17 :

Q1. X: When a rare but serious industrial accident occurs, people respond by believing that such accidents are becoming more frequent. This belief is irrational. After all, being dealt four aces in a hand of poker, a rare event, hardly increases one’s chances of being dealt four aces in a future hand.
 
Y: To the contrary, the belief is rational because it results in people’s sensing a danger to themselves not previously sensed and taking precautionary actions to prevent similar accidents in the future.
 
Y’s attempt to counter X’s claim is best described by which of the following?

(A) It questions the aptness of the analogy drawn by X.

(B) It makes apparent X’s failure to consider how people vary in their responses to a serious accident.

(C) It shifts the basis for judging rationality to considerations of utility.

(D) It offers an alternative explanation of why people form incorrect beliefs.

(E) It challenges X’s assumption that the occurrence of a single event is sufficient to change a belief.




Difficulty - Hard

Q2. The main goal of “risk communication” is for experts to inform laypeople of the potential dangers of new technologies and ecological phenomenon. In order for experts to effectively communicate risk, they must understand the extent of the knowledge base of those whom they hope to guide. Research has found that canned messages, which make no concessions to a person’s knowledge, are likely to leave those who hear or read the message feeling befuddled or indifferent.

Which of the following scenarios best captures the principle regarding effective “risk communication” elucidated in the passage?

A. The West Nile virus is a waterborne disease that infects very few in the United States, yet many Americans, after watching news reports about the disease, have an unwarranted fear that they will come down with the illness.

B. Some consumer advocates claim that constant use of cell-phones can cause brain tumors, especially in young children, though research has yet to reveal any such connection.

C. In an effort to combat the spike in skin cancer cases in the Southern part of the United States, the government has hired a team of health experts to design the labeling for a popular brand of skin creams.

D. A group of patients who were using a new pharmaceutical drug to reduce the risk of anxiety attacks has sued the manufacturer, claiming that neither physicians nor the drug’s packaging sufficiently warned against potential side effects.

E. Researchers hoping to inform the public about the risks of radon in the home devised a brochure based on the results from questionnaire that had been used to gauge the public’s understanding on the subject.



Difficulty - Hard

Originally posted by winterschool on 17 Jun 2023, 13:22.
Last edited by winterschool on 17 Jun 2023, 13:24, edited 2 times in total.
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