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Many people choose listening to a particular kind of music that

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Many people choose listening to a particular kind of music that  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 17 Apr 2019, 20:57
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A
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D
E

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  75% (hard)

Question Stats:

51% (02:36) correct 49% (02:51) wrong based on 79 sessions

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Many people choose listening to a particular kind of music that is compatible with the mental state they are in. However, studies have shown that people can report feeling happier and calm after listening to sad music. Nevertheless, it is uncalled for to conclude that sad music actually makes people happy. The studies also found that the people only felt positive emotions after listening to sad music when the purpose of listening to it was to release emotions. Contrarily, when the purpose of listening to such music was to recall memories, people felt even more morose after listening to sad music.

In the above argument, the two boldface portions play which of the following roles?

    A) The first is an observation that the argument accepts as true; the second is a belief that forms part of the support for the main conclusion of the argument.
    B) The first is evidence against the main conclusion of the argument; the second is an intermediate conclusion used to support the main conclusion of the argument.
    C) The first is evidence that is used to support a conclusion drawn in the argument; the second is part of the reasoning used to support another conclusion drawn in the argument.
    D) The first is an observation, an implication of which is disputed in the argument; the second is part of the reasoning used to support the position taken by the argument as a whole.
    E) The first is a belief that the argument does not dispute; the second is an observation that forms part of the support for the main conclusion of the argument

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Originally posted by themindful on 17 Apr 2019, 11:58.
Last edited by themindful on 17 Apr 2019, 20:57, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Many people choose listening to a particular kind of music that  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Apr 2019, 18:49
Can you bold the (BL1 and BL2) lines in the question ?
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Re: Many people choose listening to a particular kind of music that  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Apr 2019, 05:44
Isnt the first Bf an evidence ( “studies have shown”)
Option D says .. it is an observation.. how is it an observation and not an evidence ?

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Re: Many people choose listening to a particular kind of music that  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Apr 2019, 06:14
Quote:
Many people choose listening to a particular kind of music that is compatible with the mental state they are in. However, studies have shown that people can report feeling happier and calm after listening to sad music. Nevertheless, it is uncalled for to conclude that sad music actually makes people happy. The studies also found that the people only felt positive emotions after listening to sad music when the purpose of listening to it was to release emotions. Contrarily, when the purpose of listening to such music was to recall memories, people felt even more morose after listening to sad music.


Hi,
D is the best among all and I am going to use the option statement to explain how.

Quote:
D) The first is an observation, an implication of which is disputed in the argument; the second is part of the reasoning used to support the position taken by the argument as a whole.


studies have shown...... reflects that it is an observation. "Nevertheless, it is uncalled.....", which is also author's conclusion opposes the study in BF1.
Then author presents another study which justifies the middle part of the choice D (an implication of which is disputed in the argument).
BF2 is sort of a strengthener for author's conclusion because it presents an idea that is just opposite to the study presented in BF1. but aligns with author's idea/reasoning.
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Re: Many people choose listening to a particular kind of music that  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Apr 2019, 07:27
Quote:
Many people choose listening to a particular kind of music that is compatible with the mental state they are in. However, studies have shown that people can report feeling happier and calm after listening to sad music. Nevertheless, it is uncalled for to conclude that sad music actually makes people happy. The studies also found that the people only felt positive emotions after listening to sad music when the purpose of listening to it was to release emotions. Contrarily, when the purpose of listening to such music was to recall memories, people felt even more morose after listening to sad music.


Main Conclusion = Many people choose listening to a particular kind of music that is compatible with the mental state they are in.


Quote:
A) The first is an observation that the argument accepts as true; the second is a belief that forms part of the support for the main conclusion of the argument.


First part of option A can be true but second part (BF2) doesn't support the main conclusion. When People wanted to be happy/ just recall memories ( read were not sad) they felt more morose after listening to sad music. This doesn't support the main conclusion. Option A is out.

Quote:
B) The first is evidence against the main conclusion of the argument; the second is an intermediate conclusion used to support the main conclusion of the argument


First part can be true but second part is incorrect as BF2 is not intermediate conclusion. BF2 is study which can be a observation/evidence. Option B is out.

Quote:
C) The first is evidence that is used to support a conclusion drawn in the argument; the second is part of the reasoning used to support another conclusion drawn in the argument.


First part is incorrect. In the stem after the BF1 , "however" shows a contrast. Option C is out.

Quote:
D) The first is an observation, an implication of which is disputed in the argument; the second is part of the reasoning used to support the position taken by the argument as a whole.


First part can be true as the conclusion is disputed in BF1. Second part is also correct as BF2 is used as a reasoning to dispute the main conclusion.
Correct.

Quote:
E) The first is a belief that the argument does not dispute; the second is an observation that forms part of the support for the main conclusion of the argument


First part is wrong as the BF1 disputes the main conclusion. Option E is wrong.
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Re: Many people choose listening to a particular kind of music that   [#permalink] 18 Apr 2019, 07:27
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