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Many teenagers undergo stress, but results of a recent study

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Many teenagers undergo stress, but results of a recent study [#permalink]

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23 Mar 2011, 00:26
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Many teenagers undergo stress, but results of a recent study indicate that the patterns of stress that girls experience are more likely to result in depression than are those that boys experience.
A are those that boys experience
B what boys experience
C boys’ experience would
D boys’ stress patterns do
E stress patterns of boys
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by WaterFlowsUp on 27 Dec 2014, 06:40, edited 1 time in total.

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Re: Many teenagers undergo stress, but results of a recent study [#permalink]

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23 Mar 2011, 00:37
Isn't "those that" awkward? Take B

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Re: Many teenagers undergo stress, but results of a recent study [#permalink]

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23 Mar 2011, 02:02
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I think the answer is A

comparison is between:
Patterns of stress that girls experience and
Patterns of stress that boys exoerience.

also, patterns are more likely or less likely to result in depression
and, stress is what boys and girls experience.

In B and C patterns are being compared to stress, hence rejected
D introduces the word 'do'

A is most parallel in contruction.. so I think i will choose A

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Re: Many teenagers undergo stress, but results of a recent study [#permalink]

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10 May 2011, 10:13
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Onell wrote:
Many teenagers undergo stress, but results of a recent study indicate that the patterns of stress that girls experience are more likely to result in depression than are those that boys experience.
A are those that boys experience
B what boys experience
C boys’ experience would
D boys’ stress patterns do
E stress patterns of boys

The Answer should be E , here we are comparing "Stress pattern of Girls" to "Stress Pattern of Boys"

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Re: Many teenagers undergo stress, but results of a recent study [#permalink]

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10 May 2011, 10:44
virupaksh2010 wrote:
Onell wrote:
Many teenagers undergo stress, but results of a recent study indicate that the patterns of stress that girls experience are more likely to result in depression than are those that boys experience.
A are those that boys experience
B what boys experience
C boys’ experience would
D boys’ stress patterns do
E stress patterns of boys

The Answer should be E , here we are comparing "Stress pattern of Girls" to "Stress Pattern of Boys"

I doubt if its E. Has to be A.
Need a verb to compare . only A and D have that.
A is more parallel. Uses the same tense'are' as the non underlined part while D introduces'do'
A is a better answer

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Re: Many teenagers undergo stress, but results of a recent study [#permalink]

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10 May 2011, 11:03
its a clear A,

than are those (patterns) that boys experience -- states the clear comparison.
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Many teenagers undergo stress, but results of a recent study [#permalink]

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06 Nov 2011, 00:15
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Many teenagers undergo stress, but results of a recent study indicate that the patterns of stress that girls experience are more likely to result in depression than are those that boys experience.
A are those that boys experience
B what boys experience
C boys’ experience would
D boys’ stress patterns do
E stress patterns of boys

[Reveal] Spoiler:
why not B?

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Re: Many teenagers undergo stress, but results of a recent study [#permalink]

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06 Nov 2011, 00:46
2
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Hi

Please find the explanation below:

The sentence aims to compare the 'patterns of stress that girls experience' to 'the patterns of stress that boys experience' and make a conclusion that the former can most likely result in depression.
Note that the structures being compared should always be parallel and at the same level.

For this reason, 'patterns of stress that girls experience' should be compared to 'those that boys experience'. And option A clearly mentions that the boys experience is less likely to result in depression. Hence option A is the correct answer.

We cannot choose option B because it does not provide a clear comparison between the 'patterns of stress that girls experience' and the 'patterns of stress that boys experience'. It just tends to ignore the fact that the boys experience is less likely to result in depression by omitting the word 'are' before 'what'.

Hope this helps.

Cheers!
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Re: Many teenagers undergo stress, but results of a recent study [#permalink]

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06 Nov 2011, 00:46
The issue is parallelism..... that clasue than that clause.
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Re: Many teenagers undergo stress, but results of a recent study [#permalink]

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07 Nov 2011, 01:05
Straight A, parallelism issue, compare logical things. B compares patterns of stress to Boys.

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Re: Many teenagers undergo stress, but results of a recent study [#permalink]

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17 Nov 2011, 21:27
'those' is clearer than 'what' to repeat 'the patterns' in parallelism
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Re: Many teenagers undergo stress, but results of a recent study [#permalink]

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23 Nov 2011, 22:48
could anyone explain what is the problem with d ?
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Re: Many teenagers undergo stress, but results of a recent study [#permalink]

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04 Jan 2014, 07:02
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Re: Many teenagers undergo stress, but results of a recent study [#permalink]

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15 Oct 2014, 13:08
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: Many teenagers undergo stress, but results of a recent study [#permalink]

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15 Oct 2014, 16:55
Shouldn't it be:

"Many teenagers undergo stress, but results of a recent study indicate that the patterns of stress that girls experience are more likely to result in depression than those that boys experience."

without (are) repeated? It makes me confused since those refer back to "the patterns of stress". I don't think we need to repeat the verb (are) here, do we?

Thank you

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Re: Many teenagers undergo stress, but results of a recent study [#permalink]

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16 Oct 2014, 08:17
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ThuP wrote:
Shouldn't it be:

"Many teenagers undergo stress, but results of a recent study indicate that the patterns of stress that girls experience are more likely to result in depression than those that boys experience."

without (are) repeated? It makes me confused since those refer back to "the patterns of stress". I don't think we need to repeat the verb (are) here, do we?

You ask a good question. The repetition of a verb (are in this case) is optional in comparison sentences. However, if not repeating the verb creates an ambiguous sentence, then we have to repeat the verb.

Example when not repeating the verb is ok

Plants are more efficient than fungi at acquiring carbon, in the form of carbon dioxide, and converting it to energy-rich sugars.

Here, we don’t have to repeat are, since there is no ambiguity. So, we don’t need to say:

Plants are more efficient than are fungi at acquiring carbon, in the form of carbon dioxide, and converting it to energy-rich sugars.

Example when not repeating the verb is not ok

Many teenagers undergo stress, but results of a recent study indicate that the patterns of stress that girls experience are more likely to result in depression than are those that boys experience.

Let us expand the sentence:

Many teenagers undergo stress, but results of a recent study indicate that the patterns of stress that girls experience are more likely to result in depression than are patters of stress that boys experience.

Or

Many teenagers undergo stress, but results of a recent study indicate that the patterns of stress that girls experience are more likely to result in depression than patters of stress that boys experience are (likely to result in depression).

If we omit the verb, then the sentence would be:

Many teenagers undergo stress, but results of a recent study indicate that the patterns of stress that girls experience are more likely to result in depression than those that boys experience.

Or

Many teenagers undergo stress, but results of a recent study indicate that the patterns of stress that girls experience are more likely to result in depression than patterns of stress that boys experience.

This sentence can be misinterpreted as:

Many teenagers undergo stress, but results of a recent study indicate that the patterns of stress that girls experience are more likely to result in depression than (in) patterns of stress that boys experience.

In other words, the patterns of stress that girls experience are more likely to result

i) in depression than
ii) (in) patterns of stress that boys experience.

So, the patterns of stress that girls experience are more likely to result in depression; the patterns of stress that girls experience are less likely to result in patterns of stress that boys experience. However, this is clearly not the intended meaning.

The repetition of the verb are ensures that the sentence cannot be interpreted this way.

p.s. Our book EducationAisle Sentence Correction Nirvana discusses comparison ambiguity, its applications and examples in significant detail. If you can PM you email-id, I can send you the corresponding section.
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Re: Many teenagers undergo stress, but results of a recent study [#permalink]

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16 Oct 2014, 18:44
Wow.!!! Thank you so much EducationAisle. I wish I could give you 100 kudos for this post.

Thank you for sharing !!!

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Re: Many teenagers undergo stress, but results of a recent study [#permalink]

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17 Oct 2014, 05:34
ThuP wrote:
Wow.!!! Thank you so much EducationAisle. I wish I could give you 100 kudos for this post.

Thank you for sharing !!!

Thanks for your kind words.

Have mailed you the section on Comparisons.

Hope it helps.
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Re: Many teenagers undergo stress, but results of a recent study [#permalink]

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27 Dec 2014, 06:41
@e-gmat
Please tell us what is denoted by "what"
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Re: Many teenagers undergo stress, but results of a recent study [#permalink]

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28 Dec 2014, 16:46
I could understand the difference between A and D... Both are gramatically correct.
However I think there is nothing wrong in D... In fact D is more concise..
D: boys’ stress patterns do

This means that the stress patterns of girls more likely leading to depression than stress patterns of boys do(leading to depression)..

But please help me why A is recommended to D? For the sake of parallelism?

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Re: Many teenagers undergo stress, but results of a recent study   [#permalink] 28 Dec 2014, 16:46

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