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# Nursing schools cannot attract a greater number

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Nursing schools cannot attract a greater number  [#permalink]

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02 Apr 2015, 08:14
1
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Difficulty:

85% (hard)

Question Stats:

55% (02:43) correct 45% (02:40) wrong based on 713 sessions

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Nursing schools cannot attract a greater number of able applicants than they currently do unless the problems of low wages and high-stress working conditions in the nursing profession are solved. If the pool of able applicants to nursing school does not increase beyond the current level, either the profession will have to lower its entrance standards, or there will soon be an acute shortage of nurses. It is not certain, however, that lowering entrance standards will avert a shortage. It is clear that with either a shortage of nurses or lowered entrance standards of the profession, the current high quality of health care cannot be maintained.

Which one of the following can be properly inferred from the passage?

(A) If the nursing profession solves the problems of low wages and high-stress working conditions, it will attract able applicants in greater numbers than it currently does.

(B) The nursing profession will have to lower its entrance standards if the pool of able applicants to nursing school does not increase beyond the current level.

(C) If the nursing profession solves the problems of low wages and high-stress working conditions, high quality health care will be maintained.

(D) If the nursing profession fails to solve the problems of low wages and high stress working conditions, there will soon be an acute shortage of nurses.

(E) The current high quality of health care will not be maintained if the problems of low wages and high-stress working conditions in the nursing profession are no solved.

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Re: Nursing schools cannot attract a greater number  [#permalink]

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02 Apr 2015, 10:53
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Nursing schools cannot attract a greater number of able applicants than they currently do unless the problems of low wages and high-stress working conditions in the nursing profession are solved. If the pool of able applicants to nursing school does not increase beyond the current level, either the profession will have to lower its entrance standards, or there will soon be an acute shortage of nurses. It is not certain, however, that lowering entrance standards will avert a shortage. It is clear that with either a shortage of nurses or lowered entrance standards of the profession, the current high quality of health care cannot be maintained.

Which one of the following can be properly inferred from the passage?

(A) If the nursing profession solves the problems of low wages and high-stress working conditions, it will attract able applicants in greater numbers than it currently does."will be able to" too strong

(B) The nursing profession will have to lower its entrance standards if the pool of able applicants to nursing school does not increase beyond the current level. Not necessarily true. They might just do fine with fewer nurses.

(C) If the nursing profession solves the problems of low wages and high-stress working conditions, high quality health care will be maintained.A big jump in conclusion.

(D) If the nursing profession fails to solve the problems of low wages and high stress working conditions, there will soon be an acute shortage of nurses."will soon"-too strong

(E) The current high quality of health care will not be maintained if the problems of low wages and high-stress working conditions in the nursing profession are no solved.What we do know from the strong wording of the argument that there will be atleast some lowering of quality of healthcare if these issues are not solved.
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Re: Nursing schools cannot attract a greater number  [#permalink]

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25 May 2015, 00:18
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Inference is basically something which is not directly stated in pargraph . You should derive it with help of premises.
so any option which directly states something which is already present in paragraph would be incorrect.

(A) If the nursing profession solves the problems of low wages and high-stress working conditions, it will attract able applicants in greater numbers than it currently does. - Restates what its there in premises - so incorrect

(B) The nursing profession will have to lower its entrance standards if the pool of able applicants to nursing school does not increase beyond the current level. - Again restates info for premises - so incorrect

(C) If the nursing profession solves the problems of low wages and high-stress working conditions, high quality health care will be maintained - Fine keep this on hold

(D) If the nursing profession fails to solve the problems of low wages and high stress working conditions, there will soon be an acute shortage of nurses - incorrect , they can lower standards and increase greater number of admits

(E) The current high quality of health care will not be maintained if the problems of low wages and high-stress working conditions in the nursing profession are no solved. - Fine keep this on hold

Now between C and E ,

C states , if X happnes Y will happen
E States , Y will happen is X does not happen

Read last statement in premises , It clearly supports Option E and hence E is correct answer
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Re: Nursing schools cannot attract a greater number  [#permalink]

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25 May 2015, 02:10
souvik101990 wrote:
Nursing schools cannot attract a greater number of able applicants than they currently do unless the problems of low wages and high-stress working conditions in the nursing profession are solved. If the pool of able applicants to nursing school does not increase beyond the current level, either the profession will have to lower its entrance standards, or there will soon be an acute shortage of nurses. It is not certain, however, that lowering entrance standards will avert a shortage. It is clear that with either a shortage of nurses or lowered entrance standards of the profession, the current high quality of health care cannot be maintained.

Which one of the following can be properly inferred from the passage?

(A) If the nursing profession solves the problems of low wages and high-stress working conditions, it will attract able applicants in greater numbers than it currently does. Quoting the argument again.

(B) The nursing profession will have to lower its entrance standards if the pool of able applicants to nursing school does not increase beyond the current level. Quoting the argument again

(C) If the nursing profession solves the problems of low wages and high-stress working conditions, high quality health care will be maintained.Quoting a future state which can be due to many reasons. When comparing with Option E, it is a weak one.

(D) If the nursing profession fails to solve the problems of low wages and high stress working conditions, there will soon be an acute shortage of nurses. Quoting the argument again

(E) The current high quality of health care will not be maintained if the problems of low wages and high-stress working conditions in the nursing profession are no solved. Quoting the outcome of an event(low wages and high stress).

Inference aka Conclusion is the outcome of the passage. I chose Option E.
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Re: Nursing schools cannot attract a greater number  [#permalink]

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04 Dec 2016, 12:26
Hello,

Why the option D is incorrect ?

Is it because option D has strong phrasing acute shortage ?

If the wording were only shortage, would the choice have been correct ?

Thanks
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Re: Nursing schools cannot attract a greater number  [#permalink]

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07 Dec 2016, 23:22
karant wrote:
Hello,

Why the option D is incorrect ?

Is it because option D has strong phrasing acute shortage ?

If the wording were only shortage, would the choice have been correct ?

Thanks

Hi Karant,

The argument states that the nursing school has an option of lowering its standard of entrance exam. This could help it avoid the 'acute shortage' as mentioned. So even if the problems of low wages and high-stress environments are not addressed, it will not necessarily mean that there will shortage in labor (although there might be shortage in high-quality nurses, but option D is not that much specific)
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Re: Nursing schools cannot attract a greater number  [#permalink]

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08 Dec 2016, 01:59
1
IMO : E
Explanation

(A) If the nursing profession solves the problems of low wages and high-stress working conditions, it will attract able applicants in greater numbers than it currently does. ------- greater number of applicants than current (Incorrect)

(B) The nursing profession will have to lower its entrance standards if the pool of able applicants to nursing school does not increase beyond the current level.-------- it is one of the possibility, will have to is not correct (Incorrect)

(C) If the nursing profession solves the problems of low wages and high-stress working conditions, high quality health care will be maintained. -------high quality health care will be maintained cannot be justified, other reasons might deteriorate the quality (Incorrect)

(D) If the nursing profession fails to solve the problems of low wages and high stress working conditions, there will soon be an acute shortage of nurses. ------- too strong to say acute shortage of nurses as quality of health care is talked about (Incorrect)

(E) The current high quality of health care will not be maintained if the problems of low wages and high-stress working conditions in the nursing profession are no solved. ------Can be inferred (Correct)
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Nursing schools cannot attract a greater number  [#permalink]

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28 Mar 2017, 09:04
karant wrote:
Hello,

Why the option D is incorrect ?

Is it because option D has strong phrasing acute shortage ?

If the wording were only shortage, would the choice have been correct ?

Thanks

Hi karant let me explain in the simplest mannner.
argument says
1) nursing not able to attact many due to LW & HS.
2) However this shortage lead to lowering entrance stds.
3) but it is clear that shortage or lower std would lead to difficutly in maintaining standards.
What does this imply?

Easy : LW & HS lead to low standard.

And what con be concluded?

This can be avoided by improving wages and removing stress as stated in option "E"

kudos if helped
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Re: Nursing schools cannot attract a greater number  [#permalink]

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08 Oct 2017, 03:06
E

Took laughable 4 mins; so, safe to say i'd get it wrong in the test. Inference questions are my Achilles heel

how long did you guys take?
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Re: Nursing schools cannot attract a greater number  [#permalink]

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09 Oct 2017, 06:30
AmoyV wrote:
Nursing schools cannot attract a greater number of able applicants than they currently do unless the problems of low wages and high-stress working conditions in the nursing profession are solved. If the pool of able applicants to nursing school does not increase beyond the current level, either the profession will have to lower its entrance standards, or there will soon be an acute shortage of nurses. It is not certain, however, that lowering entrance standards will avert a shortage. It is clear that with either a shortage of nurses or lowered entrance standards of the profession, the current high quality of health care cannot be maintained.

Which one of the following can be properly inferred from the passage?

(A) If the nursing profession solves the problems of low wages and high-stress working conditions, it will attract able applicants in greater numbers than it currently does."will be able to" too strong

(B) The nursing profession will have to lower its entrance standards if the pool of able applicants to nursing school does not increase beyond the current level. Not necessarily true. They might just do fine with fewer nurses.

(C) If the nursing profession solves the problems of low wages and high-stress working conditions, high quality health care will be maintained.A big jump in conclusion.

(D) If the nursing profession fails to solve the problems of low wages and high stress working conditions, there will soon be an acute shortage of nurses."will soon"-too strong

(E) The current high quality of health care will not be maintained if the problems of low wages and high-stress working conditions in the nursing profession are no solved.What we do know from the strong wording of the argument that there will be atleast some lowering of quality of healthcare if these issues are not solved.

what if i say NURSING PROFFESION can not do things,but Nursing professionals can..

E makes more sense because of IN [color=#ffffff]Nursing profession[/color]
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Re: Nursing schools cannot attract a greater number  [#permalink]

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15 Dec 2017, 21:48
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souvik101990 wrote:
Nursing schools cannot attract a greater number of able applicants than they currently do unless the problems of low wages and high-stress working conditions in the nursing profession are solved. If the pool of able applicants to nursing school does not increase beyond the current level, either the profession will have to lower its entrance standards, or there will soon be an acute shortage of nurses. It is not certain, however, that lowering entrance standards will avert a shortage. It is clear that with either a shortage of nurses or lowered entrance standards of the profession, the current high quality of health care cannot be maintained.

Which one of the following can be properly inferred from the passage?

(A) If the nursing profession solves the problems of low wages and high-stress working conditions, it will attract able applicants in greater numbers than it currently does.

(B) The nursing profession will have to lower its entrance standards if the pool of able applicants to nursing school does not increase beyond the current level.

(C) If the nursing profession solves the problems of low wages and high-stress working conditions, high quality health care will be maintained.

(D) If the nursing profession fails to solve the problems of low wages and high stress working conditions, there will soon be an acute shortage of nurses.

(E) The current high quality of health care will not be maintained if the problems of low wages and high-stress working conditions in the nursing profession are no solved.

GNA ---> SP
~GNA ---> LS or AS
LS or AS ---> ~MHQ

Notation Key: GNA = greater number of nurses, SP = solve the problems of low wages and high stress, LS = lower standards, AS = acute shortage of nurses, MHQ = maintain high quality

We can take the contrapositive of the first conditional and then link them all through so

~SP --> ~MHQ
perfectly expressed in answer choice (E)

Let's look at the incorrect answers.

(A) SP --> GNA ... represents a reversal of the first premise
(B) ~GNA --> LS ... does not have to be true because there could be an acute shortage of nurses instead
(C) SP ---> MHQ ... represents a negation of what could be inferred from the three premises
(D) ~SP ---> AS ... does not have to be true because they could just lower their standards

(A) and (C) represent either reversals or negations and (B) and (D) play off the fact that an "or" statement does not guarantee that either one will actually occur, but rather that at least one will occur.
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Re: Nursing schools cannot attract a greater number  [#permalink]

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28 Apr 2019, 03:15
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