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# OG 2016 - Companies are relying more and more on networked computers

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OG 2016 - Companies are relying more and more on networked computers [#permalink]

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23 Aug 2015, 09:33
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75% (01:18) correct 25% (01:18) wrong based on 1256 sessions

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Companies are relying more and more on networked computers for such critical tasks as inventory management, electronic funds transfer, and electronic data interchange, in which standard business transactions are handled via computer rather than on paper.

A. in which standard business transactions are handled via computer rather than on paper
B. where computers handle standard business transactions rather than on paper
C. in which computers handle standard business transactions instead of on paper
D. where standard business transactions are handled, not with paper, but instead via computer
E. in which standard business transactions are being handled via computer, in place of on paper
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by thanhmaitran on 23 Aug 2015, 20:48, edited 1 time in total.

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Re: OG 2016 - Companies are relying more and more on networked computers [#permalink]

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23 Aug 2015, 20:41
Can someone help me.

At the first sight, I choose A over C. But I notice that "standard business transaction are handled" It should be "is"

In choice C, the word "instead of" is not preferred in GMAT and it breaks parallelism.

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Re: OG 2016 - Companies are relying more and more on networked computers [#permalink]

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23 Aug 2015, 20:49
applebus wrote:
Can someone help me.

At the first sight, I choose A over C. But I notice that "standard business transaction are handled" It should be "is"

In choice C, the word "instead of" is not preferred in GMAT and it breaks parallelism.

Sorry for my typing mistake...

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Re: OG 2016 - Companies are relying more and more on networked computers [#permalink]

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24 Aug 2015, 05:48
Option A looks clear and concise but I think there is some ambiguity over the usage of 'in which' . what is it referring to?

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Re: OG 2016 - Companies are relying more and more on networked computers [#permalink]

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24 Aug 2015, 05:52
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Re: OG 2016 - Companies are relying more and more on networked computers [#permalink]

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24 Aug 2015, 06:24
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raj44 wrote:

Instead of is very much used on GMAT sentences.

But you must remember that -

instead of CAN NEVER be followed by a preposition such as on, at etc. instead of is generally followed by a noun or a noun phrase.-( Instead is followed by of , which is preposition )

Generally, Instead of is almost same as rather than BUT rather than can be followed by a preposition such as on, at etc.

Hope the above helps !!

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Re: OG 2016 - Companies are relying more and more on networked computers [#permalink]

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24 Aug 2015, 06:30
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Companies are relying more and more on networked computers for such critical tasks as inventory management, electronic funds transfer, and electronic data interchange, in which standard business transactions are handled via computer rather than on paper.

A. in which standard business transactions are handled via computer rather than on paper
X (via computer) rather than Y( on paper)
In first look it does not look parellel but both noun phrase. (replace via with by)
Correct

B. where computers handle standard business transactions rather than on paper
Where - should modify place, but it is not the case here.
here X rather than Y,
Y = On paper
Both cannot be compared loggically.

C. in which computers handle standard business transactions instead of on paper
here X rather than Y,
Y = On paper
Both cannot be compared loggically.

D. where standard business transactions are handled, not with paper, but instead via computer
Where - should modify place, but it is not the case here.

E. in which standard business transactions are being handled via computer, in place of on paper
"are being " is not appropriate , there is no going action happening rt now.
hadled via computer in place of on paper - "Of On paper" is way too awkward .

Although A look inappropriate (because of in which), still is best out of five. Option A is correct.

Note :
Instead of not incorrect on Gmat, Just that we need to make sure, instead of compare noun or noun phrase . It is mainly becuase "of" in insted of is preposition and clause cannot follow of.

Instead of and Rather than, function similarly
Instead of has less power, and work with noun
Rather than is more powerful and can work with noun, verb, clause.

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OG 2016 - Companies are relying more and more on networked computers [#permalink]

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24 Aug 2015, 08:33
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gmatguy16 wrote:
Option A looks clear and concise but I think there is some ambiguity over the usage of 'in which' . what is it referring to?

In which refers to critical tasks.

Companies are relying more and more on networked computers for such critical tasks as [...], in which standard business transactions are handled via computer rather than on paper.

The comma after the "and electronic data interchange, " is the key. Without a comma, the in which would modify electronic data interchange. With the comma, the in which modifies the noun before the list.

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Re: OG 2016 - Companies are relying more and more on networked computers [#permalink]

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06 Sep 2015, 20:35
Split 1 : "In which" Vs "where"
Where is incorrect - Option B,D incorrect

Option E is way to wordy and incorrect.

Option C " Computers handle - clause" is compared (instead of) "on paper" (noun phrase)v- incorrect

option A is correct

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Re: OG 2016 - Companies are relying more and more on networked computers [#permalink]

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19 Nov 2015, 12:18
samichange wrote:
raj44 wrote:

Instead of is very much used on GMAT sentences.

But you must remember that -

instead of CAN NEVER be followed by a preposition such as on, at etc. instead of is generally followed by a noun or a noun phrase.-( Instead is followed by of , which is preposition )

Generally, Instead of is almost same as rather than BUT rather than can be followed by a preposition such as on, at etc.

Hope the above helps !!

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- Instead of – suggests a substitute
- Rather – shows preference
I will take tea instead of coffee today (Coffee makes a substitute for tea)
I will rather watch a movie at home than go out in the snow
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Re: OG 2016 - Companies are relying more and more on networked computers [#permalink]

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10 Feb 2016, 22:40
I m not sure if i hv come across a sentence where the difference you pointed out has been used to weed out the incorrect answer choice on the official gmat
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Re: OG 2016 - Companies are relying more and more on networked computers [#permalink]

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06 May 2016, 13:30
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thanhmaitran wrote:
Companies are relying more and more on networked computers for such critical tasks as inventory management, electronic funds transfer, and electronic data interchange, in which standard business transactions are handled via computer rather than on paper.

A. in which standard business transactions are handled via computer rather than on paper
B. where computers handle standard business transactions rather than on paper
C. in which computers handle standard business transactions instead of on paper
D. where standard business transactions are handled, not with paper, but instead via computer
E. in which standard business transactions are being handled via computer, in place of on paper
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Re: OG 2016 - Companies are relying more and more on networked computers [#permalink]

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19 Sep 2016, 00:54
hi instructors/experts

anyone can help to clarify "but instead" in D?
is it redundant if put "but" and "instead" together?
can "instead" be followed preposition "via" ? or it only can be follow preposition "of", or no any preposition?

have a nice day
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Re: OG 2016 - Companies are relying more and more on networked computers [#permalink]

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21 Jan 2017, 08:16
I am unable figure out, if "in which" modifies "electronic data interchange" or "critical tasks".

From the position of "in which", it appears that, it is modifying "electronic data interchange". Please suggest.
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Re: OG 2016 - Companies are relying more and more on networked computers [#permalink]

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22 Jan 2017, 07:34
thanhmaitran wrote:
Companies are relying more and more on networked computers for such critical tasks as inventory management, electronic funds transfer, and electronic data interchange, in which standard business transactions are handled via computer rather than on paper.

A. in which standard business transactions are handled via computer rather than on paper
B. where computers handle standard business transactions rather than on paper
C. in which computers handle standard business transactions instead of on paper
D. where standard business transactions are handled, not with paper, but instead via computer
E. in which standard business transactions are being handled via computer, in place of on paper

this is an example, in which a relative pronoun "which" can be far away from its noun. so , the touching rule in modification is a preference not an absolute rule. "in which..." refers to "computers".

we have no reason to use present continuous in e. there is no idea that something is happenning for a limitted time, so, we can not use present continuous.
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Re: OG 2016 - Companies are relying more and more on networked computers [#permalink]

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22 Jan 2017, 15:07
RMD007 wrote:
I am unable figure out, if "in which" modifies "electronic data interchange" or "critical tasks".

From the position of "in which", it appears that, it is modifying "electronic data interchange". Please suggest.

The modifier "in which...." refers to "critical tasks" (i.e. all the three tasks including "electronic data exchange"). In general the modifier touch rule is a strictly followed rule in GMAT, but there are certain exceptions that are acceptable. Manhattan SC Guide summarizes these exceptions. Following is an acceptable exception corresponding to the above:

A short non-essential modifier (e.g.,examples) may come in between a modifier and the noun it refers to.

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Re: OG 2016 - Companies are relying more and more on networked computers [#permalink]

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23 Jan 2017, 07:12
Can anyone help me with option C.
Company is substituting paper for Computer, shouldn't we use instead of? i.e C

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Re: OG 2016 - Companies are relying more and more on networked computers [#permalink]

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23 Jan 2017, 09:55
sayantanc2k wrote:
RMD007 wrote:
I am unable figure out, if "in which" modifies "electronic data interchange" or "critical tasks".

From the position of "in which", it appears that, it is modifying "electronic data interchange". Please suggest.

The modifier "in which...." refers to "critical tasks" (i.e. all the three tasks including "electronic data exchange"). In general the modifier touch rule is a strictly followed rule in GMAT, but there are certain exceptions that are acceptable. Manhattan SC Guide summarizes these exceptions. Following is an acceptable exception corresponding to the above:

A short non-essential modifier (e.g.,examples) may come in between a modifier and the noun it refers to.

Thank you so much for the explanation.
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Re: OG 2016 - Companies are relying more and more on networked computers [#permalink]

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24 Jan 2017, 10:49
mayankjain wrote:
Can anyone help me with option C.
Company is substituting paper for Computer, shouldn't we use instead of? i.e C

C has two major errors:

1. Parallelism error: X instead of Y - X = computers handle standard business transactions (clause), Y = on paper (prepositional phrase). Faulkty parallelism.

2. Wrong use of "instead of" - can only be used for noun / noun phrase.

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Re: OG 2016 - Companies are relying more and more on networked computers [#permalink]

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24 Jan 2017, 11:40
Choice C,D,and E are out because of idioms...in this sentence rather than is preferable to Instead of.B ha modifier issue generally Where refers to place.
Thus OA:A.

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Re: OG 2016 - Companies are relying more and more on networked computers   [#permalink] 24 Jan 2017, 11:40

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