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# One pervasive theory explains the introduction of breakfast

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VP
Joined: 04 May 2006
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One pervasive theory explains the introduction of breakfast  [#permalink]

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05 Apr 2008, 03:29
4
One pervasive theory explains the introduction of breakfast cereals in the early 1900s as a result of the growing number of automobiles, which led to a decline in horse ownership and a subsequent grain glut; by persuading people to eat what had previously been horse feed, market equilibrium was restored.

(A) by persuading people to eat what had previously been horse feed, market equilibrium was restored
(B) persuading people to eat what had previously been horse feed restored market equilibrium
(C) by persuading people to eat what had previously been horse feed, it restored market equilibrium
(D) the persuasion of people to eat what had previously been horse feed restored market equilibrium
(E) market equilibrium was restored when people were persuaded to eat former horse feed

This question is permanently retired. It is of poor quality and the OA is not clear.
Senior Manager
Joined: 29 Jan 2007
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Re: One pervasive theory explains the introduction of breakfast  [#permalink]

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05 Apr 2008, 06:56
Boy this is ugly.

Is it B.

Rule - When a semicolon is used then both clauses should stand by themselves.

But I do see lot of close calls. Not sure if I got it.
Intern
Joined: 03 Apr 2008
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Re: One pervasive theory explains the introduction of breakfast  [#permalink]

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05 Apr 2008, 08:45
Is it D.....

Goes with the beginning of the sentence...

introduction........restored market equillibrium....
VP
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Re: One pervasive theory explains the introduction of breakfast  [#permalink]

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05 Apr 2008, 14:59
man, this one kick my butt, and I picked E.
I guessed.
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Re: One pervasive theory explains the introduction of breakfast  [#permalink]

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05 Apr 2008, 17:42
When so many answers are flying around (B,D,E), that indicates one hell of a question
Why not B?
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Re: One pervasive theory explains the introduction of breakfast  [#permalink]

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05 Apr 2008, 23:15
sondenso wrote:
561.One pervasive theory explains the introduction of breakfast cereals in the early 1900s as a result of the growing number of automobiles, which led to a decline in horse ownership and a subsequent grain glut; by persuading people to eat what had previously been horse feed, market equilibrium was restored.

(A) by persuading people to eat what had previously been horse feed, market equilibrium was restored
(B) persuading people to eat what had previously been horse feed restored market equilibrium
(C) by persuading people to eat what had previously been horse feed, it restored market equilibrium
(D) the persuasion of people to eat what had previously been horse feed restored market equilibrium
(E) market equilibrium was restored when people were persuaded to eat former horse feed

B should be it and the use of semi-colon (;) is required here to join 2 independent clauses.

(A) passive
(B) correct
(C) poor construction.
(D) changes the meaning.
(E) passive
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Re: One pervasive theory explains the introduction of breakfast  [#permalink]

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18 Jul 2008, 00:22
Can you please elaborate on the answer choices. I picked E but B seems to be the OA
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Re: One pervasive theory explains the introduction of breakfast  [#permalink]

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17 Apr 2011, 02:00
1
561.One pervasive theory explains the introduction of breakfast cereals in the early 1900s as a result of the growing number of automobiles, which led to a decline in horse ownership and a subsequent grain glut; by persuading people to eat what had previously been horse feed, market equilibrium was restored.

(A) by persuading people to eat what had previously been horse feed, market equilibrium was restored
passive form so eliminated
(B) persuading people to eat what had previously been horse feed restored market equilibrium Correct
(C) by persuading people to eat what had previously been horse feed, it restored market equilibrium
passive form so eliminated
(D) the persuasion of people to eat what had previously been horse feed restored market equilibrium
The persuasion of people depicts the wrong meaning the sentence
(E) market equilibrium was restored when people were persuaded to eat former horse feed
weired sentence
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Re: One pervasive theory explains the introduction of breakfast  [#permalink]

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23 Mar 2012, 15:34
Guys I still dont get it

To me sounds as if the main point of the sentence is to test the use of Complex Gerunds (The persuation) Vs Simple Gerunds (Persuading), but I still can't really spot the difference between both (in this case B and D). I agree that the first split comes after the semicolon requires an independent clause.

Now according to Manhattan GMAT, Simple gerund phrases are "Nouns on the outside, Verbs on the Inside" and Simple Gerund Phrases can be easily be made part of a working verb phrase (the verb that we will need for the independent clause after the semicolon) EG. Persuading people blah blah... I AM persuading people blah blah.

Now, to me D could work if instead of "restored market equilibrium." it stated "was what restored market equilibrium", refering to the persuation to bla bla..

(B) persuading people to eat what had previously been horse feed restored market equilibrium
(D) the persuasion of people to eat what had previously been horse feed restored market equilibrium

Regards
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Re: One pervasive theory explains the introduction of breakfast  [#permalink]

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23 Mar 2012, 15:58
Not convinced with the elimination of option E.
Intern
Joined: 13 Sep 2015
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Re: One pervasive theory explains the introduction of breakfast  [#permalink]

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11 Oct 2015, 15:02
my OA B
B seems true rather than other choices
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Re: One pervasive theory explains the introduction of breakfast  [#permalink]

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11 Oct 2015, 21:59
Spoiler: :: OA
B

Is option A grammatically wrong or we are eliminating it just because of passive construction?
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Re: One pervasive theory explains the introduction of breakfast  [#permalink]

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11 Oct 2015, 22:33
This is NOT a good question. I suggest to skip this and move on

Here's a well reasoned post by Ron

Quote:
(b) is indicated as the correct answer, but it's definitely problematic -- you can't just use the gerund "persuading", in this sort of construction, without a subject.
for instance, you could say "persuading merchants to lower their prices gives John a feeling of accomplishment" -- in which we specify that John is the one doing the persuading -- but you can't just leave it headless, as is done in choice (b).

there are two ways in which you can write this sort of thing without the subject:

(1) you could write "the persuading of..."
--> this is one way to introduce gerunds without their subjects.
for instance, if you starting a sentence with Killing gang members is..., then you would have to include the subject/agent (whoever does the killing), BUT, if you started the sentence with The killing of gang members is..., then you would not have to include such an agent.
similarly,
persuading merchants to lower their prices is a standard component of shopping in colombia --> incorrect (in this construction you'd have to say who is doing the persuading)
the persuading of merchants to lower their prices is a standard component of shopping in colombia --> correct, though more than a bit awkward.

the problem with option (1) in the case above is that it would be horribly awkward.

(2) you could use the passive voice.

choice (e) does this.
in fact, choice (e) is perfect, if you just make one change -- take out "former horse feed" and replace it with "what had previously been horse feed", as in the other four choices.
(the current phrasing "former horse feed" suggests that people are eating food that was actually eaten by horses previously -- i.e., eating horse excrement.)

--

in any case, none of the choices to this problem is totally correct.
the only one of the five that is GRAMMATICALLY correct is (e), not (b).

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Re: One pervasive theory explains the introduction of breakfast  [#permalink]

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31 Jan 2017, 00:02
no wonder i don't see any reason to choose B
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Re: One pervasive theory explains the introduction of breakfast  [#permalink]

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16 Jan 2018, 07:46
jagdeepsingh1983 wrote:
561.One pervasive theory explains the introduction of breakfast cereals in the early 1900s as a result of the growing number of automobiles, which led to a decline in horse ownership and a subsequent grain glut; by persuading people to eat what had previously been horse feed, market equilibrium was restored.

(A) by persuading people to eat what had previously been horse feed, market equilibrium was restored
passive form so eliminated
(B) persuading people to eat what had previously been horse feed restored market equilibrium Correct
(C) by persuading people to eat what had previously been horse feed, it restored market equilibrium
passive form so eliminated
(D) the persuasion of people to eat what had previously been horse feed restored market equilibrium
The persuasion of people depicts the wrong meaning the sentence
(E) market equilibrium was restored when people were persuaded to eat former horse feed
weired sentence
:snipersmile: :2gunfire: :2gunfire:

Does B not make it sound like it was the act of persuading restored market equilibrium (which doesn't sound right logically)? Between A and B, I chose A because it seemed to make better sense (despite the passive voice)
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Re: One pervasive theory explains the introduction of breakfast  [#permalink]

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14 Aug 2019, 17:10
sondenso wrote:
One pervasive theory explains the introduction of breakfast cereals in the early 1900s as a result of the growing number of automobiles, which led to a decline in horse ownership and a subsequent grain glut; by persuading people to eat what had previously been horse feed, market equilibrium was restored.

(A) by persuading people to eat what had previously been horse feed, market equilibrium was restored
(B) persuading people to eat what had previously been horse feed restored market equilibrium
(C) by persuading people to eat what had previously been horse feed, it restored market equilibrium
(D) the persuasion of people to eat what had previously been horse feed restored market equilibrium
(E) market equilibrium was restored when people were persuaded to eat former horse feed

This question is permanently retired. It is of poor quality and the OA is not clear.

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Re: One pervasive theory explains the introduction of breakfast   [#permalink] 14 Aug 2019, 17:10
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