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# One side of a parking stall is defined by a straight stripe that consi

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Re: One side of a parking stall is defined by a straight stripe that consi [#permalink]
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BrentGMATPrepNow Thank you for the solution. However, I have a doubt.
The question says that 'the length, in inches, of each unpainted section is an integer greater than 2'. According to your variables, this means 0.5x > 2 => x>4.

Now, in x(3n - 1) = (2)(7)(29)
If we consider x = 29, then 3n - 1 = 14 which implies n=5 (Option A)

Please let me know the mistake here.

Thank you!
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Sachin19 wrote:
BrentGMATPrepNow Thank you for the solution. However, I have a doubt.
The question says that 'the length, in inches, of each unpainted section is an integer greater than 2'. According to your variables, this means 0.5x > 2 => x>4.

Now, in x(3n - 1) = (2)(7)(29)
If we consider x = 29, then 3n - 1 = 14 which implies n=5 (Option A)

Please let me know the mistake here.

Thank you!

A solution in which x = 29 breaks one of the conditions/

We're told that "...the length, in inches, of each unpainted section is an INTEGER greater than 2"
0.5x = the length of each unpainted section
So, if x = 29, then the length of each unpainted section = 14.5, which is not an integer.

Cheers,
Brent
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We know the length of each unpainted section is an integer, so it's a lot easier to call that length "d" (rather than "d/2"). Then the length of a painted section is 2d. We have n painted sections, n-1 unpainted sections, and thus a total length of 2dn + (n-1)d = 3nd - d. This equals 203, so 3nd - d = 203, and factoring, d(3n - 1) = (7)(29). Since the factors on the left side are integers greater than 1, one of them must equal 7 and the other must equal 29 (since 7 and 29 are prime, there's no other possibility). Since 3n - 1 cannot equal 7 if n is an integer, 3n - 1 = 29, and n = 10.
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nick1816 wrote:
Length of Painted section = x
Length of unpainted section = x/2

Number of Painted section = n
Number of unpainted section = n-1

$$n*x + (n-1)*\frac{x}{2} = 203$$

$$\frac{x}{2}(3n-1) = 203$$

$$\frac{x}{2}(3n-1) = 1*203 = 7*29$$

Since x is an integer and greater than 2, reject 1*203

3n-1 = 7 or 29

If 3n-1 = 7
n= 8/3 (rejected)

If 3n-1 = 29

n= 10

Dear experts chetan2u IanStewart

If I make $$x$$ the subject in the final expression I get $$x = \frac{203}{1.5n -0.5}$$ and then since $$x$$ has to be an integer and greater than 4, the denominator can either be 29 or 7. However, only 7 gives an integer value of 5 for $$n$$ which is the option (A).

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OFFICIAL EXPLANATION

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Dear experts chetan2u IanStewart

If I make $$x$$ the subject in the final expression I get $$x = \frac{203}{1.5n -0.5}$$ and then since $$x$$ has to be an integer and greater than 4, the denominator can either be 29 or 7. However, only 7 gives an integer value of 5 for $$n$$ which is the option (A).

Because the length of an unpainted section is an integer, the length of a painted section (twice as long as an unpainted one) must be an even integer. So the part I've highlighted in red above is not correct: you will not get an even integer value for x if the denominator is 29 or 7. You'll only get an even integer when the denominator is something like 29/2 or 7/2. It's a bit of a confusing way to think through the problem, which is why I used a different choice of unknowns in my solution above.
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Re: One side of a parking stall is defined by a straight stripe that consi [#permalink]
What's a quick way to factor 406? I usually start by dividing by 2. So i get 203 * 2, but how do i determine whether 203 is prime or not? Appreciate if you could provide an approach that makes factoring / identifying primes much quicker..

Many thanks!
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GK002 wrote:
What's a quick way to factor 406? I usually start by dividing by 2. So i get 203 * 2, but how do i determine whether 203 is prime or not? Appreciate if you could provide an approach that makes factoring / identifying primes much quicker..

Many thanks!

Great question.
There's no perfect way to determine whether 203 is prime or can be expressed as a product of two other numbers.
This is where knowledge of divisibility rules comes in handy.
If we know those divisibility rules, we see that 203 isn't the visible by 2, 3 or 5.
I can see that 210 is divisible by 7 (210 = 7 x 30), and since 203 is 7 less than 210, I know that 203 is divisible by 7 (203 = 7 x 29)
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Re: One side of a parking stall is defined by a straight stripe that consi [#permalink]
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BrentGMATPrepNow wrote:
parkhydel wrote:
One side of a parking stall is defined by a straight stripe that consists of n painted sections of equal length with an unpainted section 1/2 as long between each pair of consecutive painted sections. The total length of the stripe from the beginning of the first painted section to the end of the last painted section is 203 inches. If n is an integer and the length, in inches, of each unpainted section is an integer greater than 2, what is the value of n ?

A.  5
B.  9
C. 10
D. 14
E. 29

One side of a parking stall is defined by a straight stripe that consists of n painted sections of equal length with an unpainted section 1/2 as long between each pair of consecutive painted sections.
Here's an idea of what all of this looks like.

If we let x = the length of 1 painted section, then 0.5x = the distance between painted sections.

The total length of the stripe from the beginning of the first painted section to the end of the last painted section is 203 inches.
Important: If we examine the above diagram, we can see that, IF the entire stripe consisted of 3 painted sections, then there would be 2 spaces
In general: (the number of spaces) = (the number of painted sections) - 1
So, if there are n painted sections, then there must be (n-1) spaces

We're now ready to write an equation!
If there are n painted sections, and each painted section has a length of x, then the total length of the painted sections = nx
Likewise, if there are n - 1 spaces, and each space has a length of 0.5x, then the total length of the spaces = 0.5x(n - 1)

Since the total length is 203 inches, we can write: nx + 0.5x(n - 1) = 203
Simplify to get: nx + 0.5nx - 0.5x = 203
Simplify: 1.5nx - 0.5x = 203
To get integer coefficients, we'll multiply both sides of the equation by 2 to get: 3nx - x = 406
Factor both sides to get: x(3n - 1) = (2)(7)(29)

Since we're told that n and x are both positive integers, we know that 3n is a multiple of 3, which means 3n - 1 is 1 less than some of multiple of 3
When we examine the three prime factors of 406 (2, 7, and 29), we see that 2 and 29 are both 1 less than some of multiple of 3
If 3n - 1 = 2, then n = 1, and 1 is not among the answer choices (Also, if we have just 1 painted section, then we have 0 spaces, which breaks the condition that each unpainted section is an integer greater than 2)
If 3n - 1 = 29, then n = 10. This works perfectly

Cheers,
Brent

MartyTargetTestPrep
If you have time, I would be so appreciative to learn how you would approach this problem. Very tricky!
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woohoo921 wrote:
MartyTargetTestPrep
If you have time, I would be so appreciative to learn how you would approach this problem. Very tricky!

We can see that the stripe begins and ends with painted sections. So, the stripe is made up of an equal number of painted sections and unpainted sections + 1 painted section.

Each painted section is equal in length to two unpainted sections, each of which we can assign length u. So, the length of each painted section + unpainted section combination = 2u + u.

Thus, for the entire thing, we have (n - 1)(2u + u) + 2u = 203, So, (n - 1)(3u) + 2u = 203 where n and u must be integers.

3un - 3u + 2u = 203

3un - u = 203

(3n - 1)(u) = 203 where 3n - 1 and u are integers

This is a GMAT question, and we know that n and u are integers. Thus, we should have some nice numbers to deal with. So, a good next move is simply to factor 203.

We see that 203 is odd and can't be divided by 3 or 5. So, we can try 7 and find that 203 = 7 x 29.

So, u and 3n - 1 are 7 and 29 or 29 and 7 respectively.

Since n is an integer, only 29 can equal 3n - 1, since there's no integer n such that 3n - 1 = 7.

So, n must be 10.

Another way to do it is to see that there will always be a one less unpainted section than painted section and just try the answer choices with u as the length of an unpainted section.

(A) 5 -> 5(2u) + 4(u) = 203 -> 14U = 203 -> u = 14.5 -> Doesn't work because u has to be an integer.

(B) 9 -> 9(2u) + 8(u) = 203 -> 26u = 203 -> Doesn't work since 203/26 isn't an integer (since 260/26 = 10 and 260 - 203 = 57 isn't divisible by 26).

(C) 10 -> 10(2u) + 9(u) = 203 -> 29u = 203 -> u = 7 2u = 14. We got integer lengths. So, 10 works.

We could also check to make sure we did everything correctly.

10(2u) + 9(u) = 10(14) + 9(7) = 203 -> Perfect

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parkhydel wrote:
One side of a parking stall is defined by a straight stripe that consists of n painted sections of equal length with an unpainted section 1/2 as long between each pair of consecutive painted sections. The total length of the stripe from the beginning of the first painted section to the end of the last painted section is 203 inches. If n is an integer and the length, in inches, of each unpainted section is an integer greater than 2, what is the value of n ?

A.  5
B.  9
C. 10
D. 14
E. 29

PS79981.02

For n painted sections, we have (n - 1) unpainted sections in between.
The length of each unpainted section is say 'a,' then length of each painted section is '2a.' So think of each painted section as if it is composed of two 'a's. Then we have (n - 1) unpainted a's and 2n painted a's.

Overall length of all sections = 203 = [(n-1) + 2n] * a = (3n - 1) * a

Since 203 = 7 * 29 or 1 * 203 (n and a are integers), and a must be greater than 1,
the only possibility is a = 7 because 29 is of the form (3n - 1).

If 3n - 1 = 29, then n = 10

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Re: One side of a parking stall is defined by a straight stripe that consi [#permalink]
Let's analyze the problem step by step:

1. Let's assume the length of each painted section is "x" inches, and the length of each unpainted section is "y" inches (where y > 2).

2. The total length of the stripe can be represented as the sum of the painted sections and the unpainted sections:
Total Length = (painted sections) + (unpainted sections)
= n * x + (n - 1) * y
= 203 inches

3. We are given that the total length of the stripe is 203 inches.

4. We need to find an integer value of "n" that satisfies the equation for any valid positive integer values of "x" and "y" where "y > 2".

Given the options provided, let's try substituting the values of "n" and checking if they satisfy the equation:

1. n = 5:
Equation: 5x + 4y = 203
This equation doesn't have integer solutions for all valid positive integer values of "x" and "y".

2. n = 9:
Equation: 9x + 8y = 203
This equation also doesn't have integer solutions for all valid positive integer values of "x" and "y".

3. n = 10:
Equation: 10x + 9y = 203
This equation has a solution for integer values of "x" and "y":
x = 5, y = 13
So, n = 10 is a possible solution.

4. n = 14:
Equation: 14x + 13y = 203
This equation doesn't have integer solutions for all valid positive integer values of "x" and "y".

5. n = 29:
Equation: 29x + 28y = 203
This equation doesn't have integer solutions for all valid positive integer values of "x" and "y".

Among the given options, only n = 10 satisfies the equation for valid positive integer values of "x" and "y". Therefore, the value of "n" is 10.
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Re: One side of a parking stall is defined by a straight stripe that consi [#permalink]
ScottTargetTestPrep Please explain this sum with TTP approach­
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Re: One side of a parking stall is defined by a straight stripe that consi [#permalink]
sahitiyalavarthi wrote:
ScottTargetTestPrep Please explain this sum with TTP approach­

­Marty has provided a nice solution above.
Do you have any questions about that approach?
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Re: One side of a parking stall is defined by a straight stripe that consi [#permalink]
­The sentence "that consists of n painted sections of equal length with an unpainted section 1/2 as long between each pair of consecutive painted sections" is confused.
I want to know why "between each pair of consecutive painted sections" could not be understood as below:

If it is, the approach will come up with another equation. I'm not a native speaker, please help.
­
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TaiNguyen.79 wrote:
­The sentence "that consists of n painted sections of equal length with an unpainted section 1/2 as long between each pair of consecutive painted sections" is confused.
I want to know why "between each pair of consecutive painted sections" could not be understood as below:

If it is, the approach will come up with another equation. I'm not a native speaker, please help.
­

The phrase 'between each pair of consecutive painted sections' means there is something between every two adjacent painted sections, indicating that there's something between each of the two sections. It does not mean that there is something between two pairs of sections.
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Re: One side of a parking stall is defined by a straight stripe that consi [#permalink]
­[2x][x][2x][x]...[2x]

[2x]: painted section
[x]: unpainted section

=> 2x * n + x * (n-1) = 203
=> 3x(n-1) + 2x = 203

3x(n-1) is divisible by 3
203 leaves a remainder of 2 when divided by 3
=> 2x leaves a remainder of 2 when divided by 3
=> x leaves a remainder of 1 when divided by 3

10 is the only one satisfying this requirement
Re: One side of a parking stall is defined by a straight stripe that consi [#permalink]
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