It is currently 23 Feb 2018, 10:21

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel

Events & Promotions

Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

Opponents of peat harvesting in this country argue

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

1 KUDOS received
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
User avatar
G
Joined: 02 Mar 2017
Posts: 271
Location: India
Concentration: Finance, Marketing
Opponents of peat harvesting in this country argue [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 24 Apr 2017, 23:52
1
This post received
KUDOS
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  5% (low)

Question Stats:

83% (01:20) correct 17% (01:50) wrong based on 155 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics

Opponents of peat harvesting in this country argue that it would alter the ecological balance of our peat-rich wetlands and that, as a direct consequence of this, much of the country’s water supply would be threatened with contamination. But this cannot be true, for in Ireland, where peat has been harvested for centuries, the water supply is not contaminated. We can safely proceed with the harvesting of peat.

Which one of the following, if true, most strengthens the argument?

(A) Over hundreds of years, the ecological balance of all areas changes slowly but significantly, sometimes to the advantage of certain flora and fauna.
(B) The original ecology of the peat-harvesting areas of Ireland was virtually identical to that of the undisturbed wetlands of this country.
(C) The activities of the other industries in coming years are likely to have adverse effects on the water supply of this country.
(D) The peat resources of this country are far larger than those of some countries that successfully harvest peat.
(E) The peat-harvesting industry of Ireland has been able to supply most of that country’s fuel for generations.

Source: LSAT PrepTest 30 Q#3
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

_________________

Kudos-----> If my post was Helpful

SC Moderator
User avatar
P
Joined: 13 Apr 2015
Posts: 1584
Location: India
Concentration: Strategy, General Management
WE: Analyst (Retail)
GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member CAT Tests
Re: Opponents of peat harvesting in this country argue [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 25 Apr 2017, 07:25
Question Type: Strengthen

Main Point: PH in Ireland is not detrimental to the environment. So PH is safe
Assumption: Effects seen in Ireland holds good in all regions

(A) Over hundreds of years, the ecological balance of all areas changes slowly but significantly, sometimes to the advantage of certain flora
and fauna. - Incorrect. Opposite.

(B) The original ecology of the peat-harvesting areas of Ireland was virtually identical to that of the undisturbed wetlands of this country. - Correct.

(C) The activities of the other industries in coming years are likely to have adverse effects on the water supply of this country. - Incorrect. Out of context.

(D) The peat resources of this country are far larger than those of some countries that successfully harvest peat. - Incorrect. Irrelevant.

(E) The peat-harvesting industry of Ireland has been able to supply most of that country’s fuel for generations. - Incorrect. Irrelevant.

Answer: B
1 KUDOS received
Senior SC Moderator
User avatar
D
Joined: 14 Nov 2016
Posts: 1277
Location: Malaysia
GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member CAT Tests
Re: Opponents of peat harvesting in this country argue [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 29 Apr 2017, 23:03
1
This post received
KUDOS
VyshakhR1995 wrote:
Opponents of peat harvesting in this country argue that it would alter the ecological balance of our peat-rich wetlands and that, as a direct consequence of this, much of the country’s water supply would be threatened with contamination. But this cannot be true, for in Ireland, where peat has been harvested for centuries, the water supply is not contaminated. We can safely proceed with the harvesting of peat.

Which one of the following, if true, most strengthens the argument?

(A) Over hundreds of years, the ecological balance of all areas changes slowly but significantly, sometimes to the advantage of certain flora and fauna.
(B) The original ecology of the peat-harvesting areas of Ireland was virtually identical to that of the undisturbed wetlands of this country.
(C) The activities of the other industries in coming years are likely to have adverse effects on the water supply of this country.
(D) The peat resources of this country are far larger than those of some countries that successfully harvest peat.
(E) The peat-harvesting industry of Ireland has been able to supply most of that country’s fuel for generations.


Source: LSAT PrepTest 30 Q#3

The author’s conclusion is that we can safely proceed with the harvesting of peat. How do we know that, contrary to opponents’ claims, such harvesting will not threaten our water supply? Easy, according to the author: because in Ireland they have been harvesting peat for centuries and the water supply is not contaminated. Do you see what’s going on here? It’s simple: The author is reasoning by analogy—harvesting peat in this country will be safe because harvesting peat in Ireland is safe. Once you identified that the author argues by analogy, you should have been able to predict that the correct answer would tell you something about how Ireland and this country are similar. And that’s exactly what (B) does, telling you that the ecology of peat harvesting areas in Ireland is identical to the ecology of wetlands in this country.

(A) tells us that environments change, but that tells us nothing about the similarity between Ireland and this country that’s necessary for this argument by analogy to work.

(C) is outside the scope because we aren’t concerned with the effect of other industries on the water supply. We only want to know what effect peat harvesting will have.

(D) is irrelevant, since it doesn’t compare this country to Ireland, which is after all the relevant “other country.” If any- thing, (D) might be a weakener, since it points out a potentially relevant difference between this country and other countries. In any case, (D) is no strengthener.

(E) is irrelevant. We’re not concerned with peat harvesting as a source of fuel; we want to know about its effects on the water supply.

In arguments by analogy, the classic way to strengthen the argument is by showing how the two things that are being compared are similar to each other; the classic way to weaken these arguments is by showing how the two entities are different from each other.
_________________

"Be challenged at EVERY MOMENT."

“Strength doesn’t come from what you can do. It comes from overcoming the things you once thought you couldn’t.”

"Each stage of the journey is crucial to attaining new heights of knowledge."

Rules for posting in verbal forum | Please DO NOT post short answer in your post!

Director
Director
User avatar
P
Joined: 29 Jun 2017
Posts: 511
GMAT 1: 570 Q49 V19
GPA: 4
WE: Engineering (Transportation)
GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member Reviews Badge CAT Tests
Re: Opponents of peat harvesting in this country argue [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 27 Aug 2017, 11:59
Clearly the ans is B
You have to mind the gap and relate the ecology of your place to ireland.
Then only you can compare 2 areas.

Posted from my mobile device

Posted from my mobile device
_________________

Give Kudos for correct answer and/or if you like the solution.

Re: Opponents of peat harvesting in this country argue   [#permalink] 27 Aug 2017, 11:59
Display posts from previous: Sort by

Opponents of peat harvesting in this country argue

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  


GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Terms and Conditions| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.