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Outlining his strategy for nursing the troubled conglomerate back to

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New post 06 Apr 2014, 15:03
1
Coming from the UK, I believe my colleagues would wonder if I had a pint had I wrote such a sentence. :lol:


10kentoo wrote:
It's strange for this sentence to work without the preposition 'on'. In British English this sentence would never make sense, but I guess it's an American exam though so I will need to adapt
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New post 16 Mar 2015, 03:32
pls give me a kudos if the following is help ful.

in the pattern main clause+to do, to do shows a hypothetical, so, we do not need "are to do"

"that are" in E can not jump "wedndays " to modiy "plans" because wednsday is not modifier of "plans".

"to do" in D modifies/refer to the previous main clause, not to "plans" because the adverb "wednsday", which modifies the whole clause separate "to do" from "plan"

from my explanation above, you see, I hope, the nice quality of offiical questions.
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New post 20 May 2015, 23:32
even if someone else talking about Executives plan then that someone has to be there after comma.Also the modifier can not be like 'outlining his strategy'. 'his' should be changed to 'executive plans'..



Naina1 wrote:
I have a doubt here. Couldn't some other person announce the executive's plans?
Then in that case, C looks good to me.
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New post 21 May 2015, 13:16
Outlining his strategy for nursing the troubled conglomerate back to health,the chief executive's plans were announced on Wednesday for cutting the company's huge debt by selling nearly $12billion in assets over the next 18 months.
1. Eliminate A, B, and C - a verb should follow "chief"
2. Eliminate E. "plans that are to cut" is less direct than "plans to cut"


A executive's plans were announced on Wednesday for cutting the company's huge debt by selling nearly $12billion in assets over the next 18 months
B executive's plans, which are to cut the company's huge debt by selling nearly $12 billion in assets over the next 18 months were announced on Wednesday.
C executive's plans for cutting the company's huge debt by selling nearly $12 billion in assets over the next 18 months were announced on Wednesday.
D executive announced plans Wednesday to cut the company's huge debt by selling nearly $12billion in assets over the next 18 months
E executive announced plans Wednesday that are to cut the company's huge debt by selling nearly $12billion in assets over the next 18 months
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New post 03 Jun 2015, 01:49
two important point
which can not jump adverb
noun to do
is correct
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New post 10 Nov 2015, 03:19
macjas wrote:
Outlining his strategy for nursing the troubled conglomerate back to health,the chief executive's plans were announced on Wednesday for cutting the company's huge debt by selling nearly $12billion in assets over the next 18 months


A executive's plans were announced on Wednesday for cutting the company's huge debt by selling nearly $12billion in assets over the next 18 months
B executive's plans, which are to cut the company's huge debt by selling nearly $12 billion in assets over the next 18 months were announced on Wednesday.
C executive's plans for cutting the company's huge debt by selling nearly $12 billion in assets over the next 18 months were announced on Wednesday.
D executive announced plans Wednesday to cut the company's huge debt by selling nearly $12billion in assets over the next 18 months
E executive announced plans Wednesday that are to cut the company's huge debt by selling nearly $12billion in assets over the next 18 months

The OA is intriguing... can someone shed some light?

Eg. I usually go grocery shopping Sunday = correct?


No need to talk why A,B and C are wrong. Here we have a battle between D and E.
And here's why D is the correct answer - Just read the text below (text from SC Manhattan GMAT)

You should also recognize the subtle differences between using a present participle (or a relative clause)
and using an infinitive to modify a noun. Consider the following correct examples and their meaning:

Present Participle: A technique ALLEVIATING pain is growing popular.
Relative Clause: A technique THAT ALLEVIATES pain is growing popular.

Both of these examples indicate that the technique itself alleviates pain. In other words, technique is
meant to be the subject of the action alleviate. Now consider the following example, which is also correct
but slightly different.

Infinitive: A technique TO ALLEVIATE pain is growing popular.

This sentence means that you (or someone else) can alleviate pain by means of this technique. In other
words, technique is not meant to be the subject of the action alleviate. Often, when you modify a noun
with an infinitive, that noun is not the implied subject of the infinitive
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Re: Outlining his strategy for nursing the troubled conglomerate back to  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Mar 2017, 16:08
daagh wrote:
If the problem is about using Wednesday barely without the preposition on, then I would say tht it is an accepted version all over American journalism and composition to use timelines without the proposition on. This choice also proves GMAT has taken it. Otherwise, D is the correct choice for reasons given by gmatdog


Outlining his strategy for nursing the troubled conglomerate back to health, the chief executive's plans were announced on Wednesday for cutting the company's huge debt by selling nearly $12 billion in assets over the next 18 months.
(A) executive's plans were announced on Wednesday for cutting the company's huge debt by selling nearly $12 billion in assets over the next 18 months
(B) executive's plans, which are to cut the company's huge debt by selling nearly $12 billion in assets over the next 18 months, were announced on Wednesday
(C) executive's plans for cutting the company's huge debt by selling nearly $12 billion in assets over the next 18 months were announced on Wednesday
(D) executive announced plans Wednesday to cut the company's huge debt by selling nearly $12 billion in assets over the next 18 months
(E) executive announced plans Wednesday that are to cut the company's huge debt by selling nearly $12 billion in assets over the next 18 months

Hi daagh,
In this question the correct choice is D. We can easily eliminate choice A, B, and C for the wrong use of antecedent for pronoun 'his'. Here, 'executive's plans' and 'his' can't be the same thing-''executive's plans'' indicates the person's 'plans' and 'his' indicates the 'person himself'.

If this is the case, then how ''his'' is ok for ''Ryunosuke Akutagawa‘s knowledge'' in the following link?
The link is here:

https://gmatclub.com/forum/ryunosuke-ak ... 35722.html
In this question, there is no antecedent of "his", i think.
Thank you daagh...
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Re: Outlining his strategy for nursing the troubled conglomerate back to  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Mar 2017, 04:58
iMyself wrote:
daagh wrote:
If the problem is about using Wednesday barely without the preposition on, then I would say tht it is an accepted version all over American journalism and composition to use timelines without the proposition on. This choice also proves GMAT has taken it. Otherwise, D is the correct choice for reasons given by gmatdog


Outlining his strategy for nursing the troubled conglomerate back to health, the chief executive's plans were announced on Wednesday for cutting the company's huge debt by selling nearly $12 billion in assets over the next 18 months.
(A) executive's plans were announced on Wednesday for cutting the company's huge debt by selling nearly $12 billion in assets over the next 18 months
(B) executive's plans, which are to cut the company's huge debt by selling nearly $12 billion in assets over the next 18 months, were announced on Wednesday
(C) executive's plans for cutting the company's huge debt by selling nearly $12 billion in assets over the next 18 months were announced on Wednesday
(D) executive announced plans Wednesday to cut the company's huge debt by selling nearly $12 billion in assets over the next 18 months
(E) executive announced plans Wednesday that are to cut the company's huge debt by selling nearly $12 billion in assets over the next 18 months

Hi daagh,
In this question the correct choice is D. We can easily eliminate choice A, B, and C for the wrong use of antecedent for pronoun 'his'. Here, 'executive's plans' and 'his' can't be the same thing-''executive's plans'' indicates the person's 'plans' and 'his' indicates the 'person himself'.

If this is the case, then how ''his'' is ok for ''Ryunosuke Akutagawa‘s knowledge'' in the following link?
The link is here:

https://gmatclub.com/forum/ryunosuke-ak ... 35722.html
In this question, there is no antecedent of "his", i think.
Thank you daagh...


Notice there are two things in this question.
1. His Usage
2. Modifier usage.

As per the meaning of the sentence, we are told that someone is outlining something. Now, Plans could not outline anything. It MUST be the chief who is outlining his strategy via those plans. Hence, D is correct here.

In the question you mentioned, his is correctly used to refer to a Possessive case.

So, this questions is actually using a modifier to denote an action while the other question is using a possessive pronoun to refer to a possessive case.

P.S.: Meaning should be a deciding factor in case of such confusions.
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New post 23 Mar 2017, 09:18
Outlining his strategy for nursing the troubled conglomerate back to health,the chief executive's plans were announced on Wednesday for cutting the company's huge debt by selling nearly $12billion in assets over the next 18 months


A executive's plans were announced on Wednesday for cutting the company's huge debt by selling nearly $12billion in assets over the next 18 months
B executive's plans, which are to cut the company's huge debt by selling nearly $12 billion in assets over the next 18 months were announced on Wednesday.
C executive's plans for cutting the company's huge debt by selling nearly $12 billion in assets over the next 18 months were announced on Wednesday.

D executive announced plans Wednesday to cut the company's huge debt by selling nearly $12billion in assets over the next 18 months
E executive announced plans Wednesday that are to cut the company's huge debt by selling nearly $12billion in assets over the next 18 months

The pronoun 'his' can refer to a person and not to action or plans. Clearly A,B, and C are out.
Option D is the correct answer.
Option E is using 'that are to cut' although it conveys the same meaning but is excessive.
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New post 10 Sep 2017, 12:35
Outlining his strategy for nursing the troubled conglomerate back to health,the chief executive's plans were announced on Wednesday for cutting the company's huge debt by selling nearly $12billion in assets over the next 18 months


A executive's plans were announced on Wednesday for cutting the company's huge debt by selling nearly $12billion in assets over the next 18 months
B executive's plans, which are to cut the company's huge debt by selling nearly $12 billion in assets over the next 18 months were announced on Wednesday.
C executive's plans for cutting the company's huge debt by selling nearly $12 billion in assets over the next 18 months were announced on Wednesday.
D executive announced plans Wednesday to cut the company's huge debt by selling nearly $12billion in assets over the next 18 months
E executive announced plans Wednesday that are to cut the company's huge debt by selling nearly $12billion in assets over the next 18 months

Hence - D
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New post 07 Nov 2017, 17:56
gmatdog wrote:
A, B, C can be elimniated as 'his' can only refer to the chief executive and not to his plans.
Between D and E, 'plans to cut' is much better than 'plans that are to cut'.
D is the correct answer.



I have seen some questions where usage of possessive to refer back to his/her is correct and the understanding was that gmat is now more flexible in this usage/acceptance.
Is there any other problem in A other that possessive reference in comparison?
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New post 18 Feb 2018, 08:18
His can only refer to chief executive. So, option A, B & C are out.
Option (E) = We are already talking about plans. So, wordy.
Option D is correct.
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New post 10 Mar 2018, 12:03
This one gem of a question blending pronoun and modifier together in a single question. Though After reading the all the justifications for the errors, there is one doubt in my mind pinching me.

It makes sense that the Modifier Outlining his strategy...... (Modifier) --> have to modifier Cheif Executive- There is no doubt about it.But I feel that his, in this sentence, perfectly refers to Cheif executive.

I'm I right?
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New post 30 Mar 2018, 00:23
daagh wrote:
If the problem is about using Wednesday barely without the preposition on, then I would say tht it is an accepted version all over American journalism and composition to use timelines without the proposition on. This choice also proves GMAT has taken it. Otherwise, D is the correct choice for reasons given by gmatdog


Interesting. I was sure of option D as correct answer but direct use of "Wednesday" confused me. To be honest it still does not make logical to me after reading.
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New post 11 Apr 2018, 08:05
Would anyone please tell me why in the option d 'announce is not followed by that' ? (only for that reason I have chosen E rather than taking D.) Please clarify ..
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New post 11 Apr 2018, 10:21
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soumya170293 wrote:
Would anyone please tell me why in the option d 'announce is not followed by that' ?

Hi Soumya, the object of announced is not really a clause, but the noun plans.

The usage is similar to:

Government announced incentives to reduce unemployment.

Again here, the object of announced is the noun incentives.

If you think about it, there is no graceful way to introduce that immediately after announced here. One could perhaps rephrase the above sentence as:

Government announced incentives that would reduce unemployment.

However, in the above sentence, that doesn't follow announced; that follows the noun incentives. So, that is used as a relative pronoun.

Quote:
(only for that reason I have chosen E rather than taking D.) Please clarify ..

Hopefully it is clear by my comments above that in E, that is not really following announced (in which case, that would have acted as a conjunction); that actually follows plans, thereby acting as a relative pronoun.

So, your impression that announced should be followed by that, actually doesn't apply to any of the options and hence, cannot be used as an elimination criterion here.

p.s. Our book EducationAisle Sentence Correction Nirvana discusses these various avatars of that (as a conjunction and as a relative pronoun), their application and examples in significant detail. If someone is interested, PM me your email-id; I can mail the corresponding section.
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New post 30 Aug 2018, 23:44
egmat wrote:
Hi there,

Outlining his strategy for nursing the troubled conglomerate back to health, the chief executive's plans were announced on Wednesday for cutting the company's huge debt by selling nearly 512 billion in assets over the next 18 months.

We certainly have modifier issue in this sentence. The opening verb-ing modifier “outlining…” is in the non-underlined portion of the sentence. Now this modifier denotes some action. It denotes the action of someone outlining “his” strategy for something. Hence, it needs a doer. The context of the sentence clearly tells us that it was the chief executive who outlined his plans by announcing.

Let’s take a simple example here:

1. Riding a bicycle, Joe crossed the bridge.

The opening modifier “riding” denotes an action. It needs a doer for that action. Hence, this modifier associates with the subject of the following clause “Joe”. This makes perfect sense because Joe rode the bicycle and that’s how he crossed the bridge. Here the verb-ing modifier “riding” makes sense with the subject “Joe”. Also notice that here the opening modifier is modifying the entire following clause and not just the subject “Joe”.

2. Presenting detail of his project, Joe’s plans were announced to start the production within thirty days.

Now in this sentence, you might argue “Joe’s plan”, the subject, can very well be associated with “presenting” as plans can present details. OK. However, “presenting” needs doer and “Joe’s plan” cannot be a doer because someone else announced the plan. Also notice that the opening modifier is not only modifying the subject of the main clause. It is modifying the entire main clause. It is talking about the detail that was presented, that is the production date. Hence the above mentioned sentence is incorrect.

The official question suffers from the same flaw. The opening modifier needs a doer and “chief executive’s plans” cannot be that doer. Also the opening modifier should modify the entire main clause because the main clause talks about the strategy outlined by the executive.

Now let’s come to the example that you have cited:

So dogged were Frances Perkins’ investigations of the garment industry, and her lobbying for wage and hour reform was persistent, Alfred E. Smith and Franklin D. Roosevelt recruited Perkins to work within the government, rather than as a social worker.

Here the sentence structure is very different from the “chief executive’s plan” sentence. Here we have an opening dependent clause that is the cause followed by the main clause that is the effect. The correct answer follows the construction of “so X that Y”. This construction correctly and clearly presents the cause-effect relationship between the two clauses.

In the question at hand, this is not the scenario. Here we have an opening verb-ing modifier that needs a doer as well as it must modify the following clause as well. Hence, choice D is the correct answer.

PS: To know in detail about the function of the verb-ing modifier when it appears in the ebginning of the sentence, view more examples, and practise quiz, log on to e-gmat.com, register for free and go thorugh the concept "Modifiers - Verb-ing" listed in the preview level concepts that are free.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
Shraddha


Hey egmat,

Kindly help me clear one confusion i have with the OG question- presence of 'his' in the modifier is troubling me.. Is it a possessive pronoun or a Possessive adjective?
If it is a possesive pronoun, then why can't 'his' refer to to 'chief executive's plan'?
I agree with your explanation that 'Outlining..' modifier should have a doer. If so, then can 'his' refer to Chief executive.

Please help me. :-)
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Re: Outlining his strategy for nursing the troubled conglomerate back to  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Aug 2018, 23:47
shra1raju wrote:
This one gem of a question blending pronoun and modifier together in a single question. Though After reading the all the justifications for the errors, there is one doubt in my mind pinching me.

It makes sense that the Modifier Outlining his strategy...... (Modifier) --> have to modifier Cheif Executive- There is no doubt about it.But I feel that his, in this sentence, perfectly refers to Cheif executive.

I'm I right?

I have same doubt buddy.

i have similar confusion with the OG question- presence of 'his' in the modifier is troubling me.. Is it a possessive pronoun or a Possessive adjective?
If it is a possesive pronoun, then why can't 'his' refer to to 'chief executive's plan'?
I agree with explanation that 'Outlining..' modifier should have a doer. If so, then can 'his' refer to Chief executive.
Re: Outlining his strategy for nursing the troubled conglomerate back to &nbs [#permalink] 30 Aug 2018, 23:47

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