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Outlining his strategy for nursing the troubled conglomerate back to

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Re: Outlining his strategy for nursing the troubled conglomerate back to  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Mar 2017, 03:58
iMyself wrote:
daagh wrote:
If the problem is about using Wednesday barely without the preposition on, then I would say tht it is an accepted version all over American journalism and composition to use timelines without the proposition on. This choice also proves GMAT has taken it. Otherwise, D is the correct choice for reasons given by gmatdog


Outlining his strategy for nursing the troubled conglomerate back to health, the chief executive's plans were announced on Wednesday for cutting the company's huge debt by selling nearly $12 billion in assets over the next 18 months.
(A) executive's plans were announced on Wednesday for cutting the company's huge debt by selling nearly $12 billion in assets over the next 18 months
(B) executive's plans, which are to cut the company's huge debt by selling nearly $12 billion in assets over the next 18 months, were announced on Wednesday
(C) executive's plans for cutting the company's huge debt by selling nearly $12 billion in assets over the next 18 months were announced on Wednesday
(D) executive announced plans Wednesday to cut the company's huge debt by selling nearly $12 billion in assets over the next 18 months
(E) executive announced plans Wednesday that are to cut the company's huge debt by selling nearly $12 billion in assets over the next 18 months

Hi daagh,
In this question the correct choice is D. We can easily eliminate choice A, B, and C for the wrong use of antecedent for pronoun 'his'. Here, 'executive's plans' and 'his' can't be the same thing-''executive's plans'' indicates the person's 'plans' and 'his' indicates the 'person himself'.

If this is the case, then how ''his'' is ok for ''Ryunosuke Akutagawa‘s knowledge'' in the following link?
The link is here:

https://gmatclub.com/forum/ryunosuke-ak ... 35722.html
In this question, there is no antecedent of "his", i think.
Thank you daagh...


Notice there are two things in this question.
1. His Usage
2. Modifier usage.

As per the meaning of the sentence, we are told that someone is outlining something. Now, Plans could not outline anything. It MUST be the chief who is outlining his strategy via those plans. Hence, D is correct here.

In the question you mentioned, his is correctly used to refer to a Possessive case.

So, this questions is actually using a modifier to denote an action while the other question is using a possessive pronoun to refer to a possessive case.

P.S.: Meaning should be a deciding factor in case of such confusions.
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Re: Outlining his strategy for nursing the troubled conglomerate back to  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Mar 2017, 08:18
Outlining his strategy for nursing the troubled conglomerate back to health,the chief executive's plans were announced on Wednesday for cutting the company's huge debt by selling nearly $12billion in assets over the next 18 months


A executive's plans were announced on Wednesday for cutting the company's huge debt by selling nearly $12billion in assets over the next 18 months
B executive's plans, which are to cut the company's huge debt by selling nearly $12 billion in assets over the next 18 months were announced on Wednesday.
C executive's plans for cutting the company's huge debt by selling nearly $12 billion in assets over the next 18 months were announced on Wednesday.

D executive announced plans Wednesday to cut the company's huge debt by selling nearly $12billion in assets over the next 18 months
E executive announced plans Wednesday that are to cut the company's huge debt by selling nearly $12billion in assets over the next 18 months

The pronoun 'his' can refer to a person and not to action or plans. Clearly A,B, and C are out.
Option D is the correct answer.
Option E is using 'that are to cut' although it conveys the same meaning but is excessive.
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Re: Outlining his strategy for nursing the troubled conglomerate back to  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Sep 2017, 11:35
Outlining his strategy for nursing the troubled conglomerate back to health,the chief executive's plans were announced on Wednesday for cutting the company's huge debt by selling nearly $12billion in assets over the next 18 months


A executive's plans were announced on Wednesday for cutting the company's huge debt by selling nearly $12billion in assets over the next 18 months
B executive's plans, which are to cut the company's huge debt by selling nearly $12 billion in assets over the next 18 months were announced on Wednesday.
C executive's plans for cutting the company's huge debt by selling nearly $12 billion in assets over the next 18 months were announced on Wednesday.
D executive announced plans Wednesday to cut the company's huge debt by selling nearly $12billion in assets over the next 18 months
E executive announced plans Wednesday that are to cut the company's huge debt by selling nearly $12billion in assets over the next 18 months

Hence - D
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Re: Outlining his strategy for nursing the troubled conglomerate back to  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Apr 2018, 07:05
Would anyone please tell me why in the option d 'announce is not followed by that' ? (only for that reason I have chosen E rather than taking D.) Please clarify ..
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Outlining his strategy for nursing the troubled conglomerate back to  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Apr 2018, 09:21
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soumya170293 wrote:
Would anyone please tell me why in the option d 'announce is not followed by that' ?

Hi Soumya, the object of announced is not really a clause, but the noun plans.

The usage is similar to:

Government announced incentives to reduce unemployment.

Again here, the object of announced is the noun incentives.

If you think about it, there is no graceful way to introduce that immediately after announced here. One could perhaps rephrase the above sentence as:

Government announced incentives that would reduce unemployment.

However, in the above sentence, that doesn't follow announced; that follows the noun incentives. So, that is used as a relative pronoun.

Quote:
(only for that reason I have chosen E rather than taking D.) Please clarify ..

Hopefully it is clear by my comments above that in E, that is not really following announced (in which case, that would have acted as a conjunction); that actually follows plans, thereby acting as a relative pronoun.

So, your impression that announced should be followed by that, actually doesn't apply to any of the options and hence, cannot be used as an elimination criterion here.

p.s. Our book EducationAisle Sentence Correction Nirvana discusses these various avatars of that (as a conjunction and as a relative pronoun), their application and examples in significant detail. If someone is interested, PM me your email-id; I can mail the corresponding section.
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Re: Outlining his strategy for nursing the troubled conglomerate back to  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Oct 2018, 10:03
Hello Everyone!

This is a great example of a GMAT question that focuses on active voice and wordiness! Let's take a closer look at the options, and highlight any major difference in orange:

Outlining his strategy for nursing the troubled conglomerate back to health, the chief executive's plans were announced on Wednesday for cutting the company's huge debt by selling nearly $12 billion in assets over the next 18 months.

(A) executive's plans were announced on Wednesday for cutting the company's huge debt by selling nearly $12billion in assets over the next 18 months
(B) executive's plans, which are to cut the company's huge debt by selling nearly $12 billion in assets over the next 18 months were announced on Wednesday
(C) executive's plans for cutting the company's huge debt by selling nearly $12 billion in assets over the next 18 months were announced on Wednesday
(D) executive announced plans Wednesday to cut the company's huge debt by selling nearly $12billion in assets over the next 18 months
(E) executive announced plans Wednesday that are to cut the company's huge debt by selling nearly $12billion in assets over the next 18 months

After a quick glance over the options, we have 2 key items to focus on:

1. executive's plans were announced / executive announced = Passive vs. Active Voice
2. for cutting / which are to cut / for cutting / to cut / that are to cut = Clarity & Wordiness


Let's start with #1 on our list because it will remove 2-3 options right away. Any time you're asked to choose between active or passive voice on the GMAT exam, you should always choose ACTIVE voice. Here is a short example to remind you about the difference:

The children put away their toys. --> ACTIVE VOICE (places the focus on the person doing the action)
The toys were put away by the children. --> PASSIVE VOICE (places the focus on the action being done by the person)

Let's check each option and rule out any that use passive voice:

(A) executive's plans were announced on Wednesday for cutting the company's huge debt by selling nearly $12billion in assets over the next 18 months
(B) executive's plans, which are to cut the company's huge debt by selling nearly $12 billion in assets over the next 18 months were announced on Wednesday
(C) executive's plans for cutting the company's huge debt by selling nearly $12 billion in assets over the next 18 months were announced on Wednesday
(D) executive announced plans Wednesday to cut the company's huge debt by selling nearly $12billion in assets over the next 18 months
(E) executive announced plans Wednesday that are to cut the company's huge debt by selling nearly $12billion in assets over the next 18 months

We can rule out options A, B, and C because they all use passive voice. They all place the focus on the action being done, rather than the person doing the action. They also cause confusion because they say that the executive's plans were announced, but it's not clear if he/she announced their own plans, or if someone else announced the plans on his/her behalf!

Now that we only have 2 options left to choose from, let's tackle #2 on our list: clarity & wordiness. For each option, we must make sure that they are written using the clearest and most concise language possible that still conveys the intended meaning:


(D) executive announced plans Wednesday to cut the company's huge debt by selling nearly $12billion in assets over the next 18 months
This is CORRECT! It uses active voice, and it also uses the most concise language to convey meaning. It's clear and to the point!

(E) executive announced plans Wednesday that are to cut the company's huge debt by selling nearly $12billion in assets over the next 18 months
This is INCORRECT because it's overly wordy. It's not necessary to say "that are to cut" when simply saying "to cut" will suffice.

There you have it - option D is our correct choice!


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Re: Outlining his strategy for nursing the troubled conglomerate back to &nbs [#permalink] 23 Oct 2018, 10:03

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