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# Parallelism Revision: Unsolicited electronic junk mail, also termed

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MBA Section Director
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Parallelism Revision: Unsolicited electronic junk mail, also termed [#permalink]

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19 Feb 2015, 00:53
2
1
00:00

Difficulty:

5% (low)

Question Stats:

87% (00:37) correct 13% (00:39) wrong based on 589 sessions

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This question is part of the GMAT Club Sentence Correction : Parallelism" Revision Project.

Unsolicited electronic junk mail, also termed spam, has hurt companies by both draining company resources used to combat the problem and diminishing employee productivity.

(A) both draining company resources used to combat the problem and diminishing employee productivity

(B) draining both company resources used to combat the problem and diminishing employee productivity

(C) draining both company resources used to combat the problem and diminishing how productive its employees are

(D) both draining company resources used to combat the problem and the productivity of employees is diminished

(E) both draining company resources used to combat the problem and diminishing how productive its employees are

Spoiler: :: OE
The original sentence correctly employs parallel structure in the expression "both x
and y." The two items are logically parallel in that both "draining resources" and
"diminishing productivity" are direct ways in which spam has hurt companies. The two
items are also structurally parallel in that both phrases begin with a gerund ("draining"
and "diminishing") followed by objects ("company resources" and "employee
productivity").
(A) CORRECT. This choice is correct as it repeats the original sentence.
(B) This choice incorrectly places "both" after the word "draining" such that the two
elements in the expression "both x and y" are not logically parallel. The expression
"both x and y" now reads "both company resources . . . and diminishing employee
productivity." The second element ("diminishing employee productivity"), unlike the
first element ("company resources"), is a way in which spam has hurt companies. The
"draining" of company resources, not the "company resources" themselves, has hurt
companies. Moreover, the two items in the expression are no longer structurally
parallel: the first element is a noun phrase ("company resources") whereas the
second element is a gerund followed by an object ("diminishing employee
productivity").
(C) This choice incorrectly places "both" after the word "draining" such that the two
elements in the expression "both x and y" are not logically parallel. The expression
"both x and y" now reads "both company resources . . . and diminishing employee
productivity." The second element ("diminishing employee productivity"), unlike the
first element ("company resources"), is a way in which spam has hurt companies. The
"draining" of company resources, not the "company resources" themselves, has hurt
companies. Moreover, the two items in the expression are no longer structurally
parallel: the first element is a noun phrase ("company resources") whereas the
second element is a gerund ("diminishing") followed by a somewhat awkward and
wordy clause ("how productive its employees are").
(D) In this choice, the two items in the expression "both x and y" are not structurally
parallel: the first element is a gerund followed by an object ("draining company
resources") whereas the second element is a clause consisting of a noun ("the
productivity) and passive verb construction ("is diminished").
(E) In this choice, the two items in the expression "both x and y" are not structurally
parallel: the first element is a gerund ("draining") followed by an object ("company
resources") whereas the second element is a gerund ("diminishing") followed by a
somewhat awkward and wordy clause ("how productive its employees are").
Additionally, the antecedent to the pronoun "its" is unclear, as "its" structurally
could refer to "the problem" or "junk mail" as well as the more logical
"company."

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Re: Parallelism Revision: Unsolicited electronic junk mail, also termed [#permalink]

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19 Feb 2015, 02:19
By Both A and B or Both By A and By B therefore A is the Correct answer.
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Re: Parallelism Revision: Unsolicited electronic junk mail, also termed [#permalink]

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20 Feb 2015, 07:16
both x & y is correct form

x & y needs to be parallel.

A best fit.
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Re: Parallelism Revision: Unsolicited electronic junk mail, also termed [#permalink]

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22 Feb 2015, 14:07
1
It is quite obvious that the correct answer is A. However, I have a question about the beginning of the sentence:
"Unsolicited electronic junk mail, also termed spam, has hurt..."
What I see is:
[subject], [noun fragment], [verb]
Is it correct?
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Re: Parallelism Revision: Unsolicited electronic junk mail, also termed [#permalink]

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08 Jun 2015, 10:25
Pags wrote:
It is quite obvious that the correct answer is A. However, I have a question about the beginning of the sentence:
"Unsolicited electronic junk mail, also termed spam, has hurt..."
What I see is:
[subject], [noun fragment], [verb]
Is it correct?

Yes, Its correct as that noun fragment is a noun modifier for subject.
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Re: Parallelism Revision: Unsolicited electronic junk mail, also termed [#permalink]

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29 Jun 2017, 06:44
Unsolicited electronic junk mail, also termed spam, has hurt companies by both draining company resources used to combat the problem and diminishing employee productivity.

• both draining company resources used to combat the problem and diminishing employee productivity - Looks correct, lets hold this on ==> parallelism is established ==> Correct

• draining both company resources used to combat the problem and diminishing employee productivity ==> Both is incorrectly placed

• draining both company resources used to combat the problem and diminishing how productive its employees are ==> Both is incorrectly placed

• both draining company resources used to combat the problem and the productivity of employees is diminished ==> Missing parallel structure between draining & diminished

• both draining company resources used to combat the problem and diminishing how productive its employees are ==> diminishing how productive its employees are - changes the meaning.

Hence, Answer is A
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Re: Parallelism Revision: Unsolicited electronic junk mail, also termed [#permalink]

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29 Jun 2017, 22:58
The original sentence is correct
Correct idiom is Both X and Y
Imo A
It maintains the parallelism.
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Re: Parallelism Revision: Unsolicited electronic junk mail, also termed [#permalink]

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16 Sep 2017, 02:09
As soon as we see, "both", two things should come to mind, most probably this will have an "and" somewhere in the sentence and the two parts should be parallel.

Let us look at the answer choices:
A - Looks good. "Both .... and" present and parallel "draining" and "diminishing". Keep
B - Not parallel. This seems parallel but remember only the part after "both" or "and" should be parallel, part before and are applicable to both the parallel parts. Thus it would read as - draining company resources ......... and draining diminishing employee......
C - same as B
D - not parallel
E - is a good choice, parallelism holds. Keep

Contenders are A and E.
E loses out on conciseness and it is a bit awkward as a sentence due to the "are" at the end.
Answer is A.
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Re: Parallelism Revision: Unsolicited electronic junk mail, also termed   [#permalink] 16 Sep 2017, 02:09
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# Parallelism Revision: Unsolicited electronic junk mail, also termed

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