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# Petrochemical industry officials have said that the extreme pressure e

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Petrochemical industry officials have said that the extreme pressure e [#permalink]

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15 Jun 2016, 12:53
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Petrochemical industry officials have said that the extreme pressure exerted on plant managers during the last five years to improve profits by cutting costs has done nothing to impair the industry’s ability to operate safely. However, environmentalists contend that the recent rash of serious oil spills and accidents at petrochemical plants is traceable to cost-cutting measures.

Which of the following, if true, would provide the strongest support for the position held by industry officials?

A) The petrochemical industry benefits if accidents do not occur, since accidents involve risk of employee injury as well as loss of equipment and product.

B) Petrochemical industry unions recently demanded that additional money be spent on safety and environment protection measures, but the unions readily abandoned those demands in exchange for job security.

C) Despite major cutbacks in most other areas of operation, the petrochemical industry has devoted more of its resources to environmental and safety measures in the last five years than in the preceding five years.

D) There is evidence that the most damaging of the recent oil spills would have been prevented had cost-cutting measures not been instituted.

E) Both the large fines and adverse publicity generated by the most recent oil spills have prompted the petrochemical industry to increase the resources devoted to oil-spill prevention.

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[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: Petrochemical industry officials have said that the extreme pressure e [#permalink]

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15 Jun 2016, 20:11
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Industry officials position: Cost cutting measures has done nothing to impair the industry’s ability to operate safely.

We need to support industry officials position.

Further, industry officials position seem to contradict the environmentalist's position that recent rash of serious oil spills and accidents at pharmaceutical plants is traceable to cost-cutting measures.

POE

A) The petrochemical industry benefits if accidents do not occur, since accidents involve risk of employee injury as well as loss of equipment and product.

We need to support that cost cutting measures has not compromised on safety. This option makes a general observation but doesn't suggest whether cost-cutting compulsions did sacrifice safety. Eliminate.

B) Petrochemical industry unions recently demanded that additional money be spent on safety and environment protection measures, nut the unions readily abandoned those demands in exchange for job security.

This option doesn't suggest whether unions industry did pay attention to union demands. Eliminate.

C) Despite major cutbacks in most other areas of operation, the petrochemical industry has devoted more of its resources to environmental and safety measures in the last five years than in the preceding five years.

Good. This option suggests that those cost cutting measures by industry did not compromise on safety but focussed on other areas.

D) There is evidence that the most damaging of the recent oil spills would have been prevented had cost-cutting measures not been instituted.

This support environmentalist's position but not industry's position.

E) Both the large fines and adverse publicity generated by the most recent oil spills have prompted the petrochemical industry to increase the resources devoted to oil-spill prevention.

Out of scope. This option talks about measures taken after oil-spill, totally unrelated to industry official's position.
Ans C.
Hope it helps.
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Re: Petrochemical industry officials have said that the extreme pressure e [#permalink]

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16 Jun 2016, 09:43
AbdurRakib wrote:
Petrochemical industry officials have said that the extreme pressure exerted on plant managers during the last five years to improve profits by cutting costs has done nothing to impair the industry’s ability to operate safely. However, environmentalists contend that the recent rash of serious oil spills and accidents at pharmaceutical plants is traceable to cost-cutting measures.

Which of the following, if true, would provide the strongest support for the position held by industry officials?

A) The petrochemical industry benefits if accidents do not occur, since accidents involve risk of employee injury as well as loss of equipment and product.
B) Petrochemical industry unions recently demanded that additional money be spent on safety and environment protection measures, nut the unions readily abandoned those demands in exchange for job security.
C) Despite major cutbacks in most other areas of operation, the petrochemical industry has devoted more of its resources to environmental and safety measures in the last five years than in the preceding five years.
D) There is evidence that the most damaging of the recent oil spills would have been prevented had cost-cutting measures not been instituted.
E) Both the large fines and adverse publicity generated by the most recent oil spills have prompted the petrochemical industry to increase the resources devoted to oil-spill prevention.

OG 2017 New Question

Question is asking us to support industry official.

Industry official is claiming that cost cutting has no role in reducing the safety at work (or the recent oil spill)

A) The petrochemical industry benefits if accidents do not occur, since accidents involve risk of employee injury as well as loss of equipment and product. In general its good, but it is not mentioning anything about cost cutting
B) Petrochemical industry unions recently demanded that additional money be spent on safety and environment protection measures, nut the unions readily abandoned those demands in exchange for job security. abandoning the union's request has nothing to do with weather cost cutting leads to safety reduction.
C) Despite major cutbacks in most other areas of operation, the petrochemical industry has devoted more of its resources to environmental and safety measures in the last five years than in the preceding five years. This supports the claim of industry official as despite of cutting the cost, it was in fact improved.
D) There is evidence that the most damaging of the recent oil spills would have been prevented had cost-cutting measures not been instituted. weakens the officials statement by showing that cost cutting was reason of oil spill
E) Both the large fines and adverse publicity generated by the most recent oil spills have prompted the petrochemical industry to increase the resources devoted to oil-spill prevention. Cost cutting is not talked about
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Re: Petrochemical industry officials have said that the extreme pressure e [#permalink]

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17 Jun 2016, 02:26
stimusus;
petrochemical industry said that cutting cost=cannot negatively affect their ability to operate safely.
environmentalist said that cutting cost = reason for recent serious oil spills.
in answers, there is no question that directly weaken the evidence of environmentalist. only in C show the idea that supports industry claim.

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Re: Petrochemical industry officials have said that the extreme pressure e [#permalink]

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17 Jun 2016, 07:50
However, environmentalists contend that the recent rash of serious oil spills and accidents at pharmaceutical plants is traceable to cost-cutting measures.

Pardon my ignorance....May be I m missing something....How pharmaceutical plants will have oil spills ?

I got distracted after reading this statement.

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Re: Petrochemical industry officials have said that the extreme pressure e [#permalink]

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18 Jun 2016, 01:03
Petrochemical industry officials have said that the extreme pressure exerted on plant managers during the last five years to improve profits by cutting costs has done nothing to impair the industry’s ability to operate safely. However, environmentalists contend that the recent rash of serious oil spills and accidents at petrochemical plants is traceable to cost-cutting measures.

Strengthen Petrochemical industry officials position that cost cutting measures implemented by plant managers has not impaired safety .

A) The petrochemical industry benefits if accidents do not occur, since accidents involve risk of employee injury as well as loss of equipment and product.
Relevant but not conclusive - this is a general observation
B) Petrochemical industry unions recently demanded that additional money be spent on safety and environment protection measures, but the unions readily abandoned those demands in exchange for job security. irrelevant
C) Despite major cutbacks in most other areas of operation, the petrochemical industry has devoted more of its resources to environmental and safety measures in the last five years than in the preceding five years. Correct answer - The focus on safety measures has increased in past 5 years .
D) There is evidence that the most damaging of the recent oil spills would have been prevented had cost-cutting measures not been instituted.
This restates the position of environmentalists
E) Both the large fines and adverse publicity generated by the most recent oil spills have prompted the petrochemical industry to increase the resources devoted to oil-spill prevention. Out of scope

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Re: Petrochemical industry officials have said that the extreme pressure e [#permalink]

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14 Aug 2016, 15:41
I was down to B and C, and thereafter it was an easy journey. Both B and C are reciprocal to each other.

B strengthen the Environmentalists claim that the recent rash of serious oil spills and accidents at petrochemical plants is traceable to cost-cutting measures.

Thus OPTION C is a clear winner.
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Re: Petrochemical industry officials have said that the extreme pressure e [#permalink]

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16 Aug 2016, 03:22
I ended up discarding C because it was not expressly mentioned that the industry had actually met the enviromentalists requirements in the last five years; A, on the other hand and after further reflection, is more perceivably off-topic. Hard one.
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Re: Petrochemical industry officials have said that the extreme pressure e [#permalink]

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03 Oct 2016, 23:19
C- it supports the industry officials claim.

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Re: Petrochemical industry officials have said that the extreme pressure e [#permalink]

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10 Oct 2016, 11:01
was confused between A and C. Finaly chose C. I have been getting wrong ans to strengthen questions in a row lately.
So I took 15 mins with this and kept explaining myself why I think this ans choice is better than the other one.
Kind of pros and cons table for each contender ans choice. Thankfully that worked this time. I guess I was being
overconfident so far now hitting flukes. I need to do similar analysis for all questions in future.

Thank you for posting.

Regard
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Re: Petrochemical industry officials have said that the extreme pressure e [#permalink]

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13 Feb 2017, 12:21
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Petrochemical industry officials have said that the extreme pressure exerted on plant managers during the last five years to improve profits by cutting costs has done nothing to impair the industry’s ability to operate safely. However, environmentalists contend that the recent rash of serious oil spills and accidents at petrochemical plants is traceable to cost-cutting measures.

Which of the following, if true, would provide the strongest support for the position held by industry officials?

A) The petrochemical industry benefits if accidents do not occur, since accidents involve risk of employee injury as well as loss of equipment and product.
B) Petrochemical industry unions recently demanded that additional money be spent on safety and environment protection measures, but the unions readily abandoned those demands in exchange for job security.
C) Despite major cutbacks in most other areas of operation, the petrochemical industry has devoted more of its resources to environmental and safety measures in the last five years than in the preceding five years.
D) There is evidence that the most damaging of the recent oil spills would have been prevented had cost-cutting measures not been instituted.
E) Both the large fines and adverse publicity generated by the most recent oil spills have prompted the petrochemical industry to increase the resources devoted to oil-spill prevention.

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Re: Petrochemical industry officials have said that the extreme pressure e [#permalink]

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13 Feb 2017, 18:01
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Simplify the argument -

Industry officials
Cutting costs to improve profits--> No impact on safety

Environmentalists
Cutting costs --> oil spills and accidents --> negative impact on safety.

We are asked to strengthen the industry officials' argument.

Option A - Incorrect.
this option says
No accidents --> No losses due to damage to equipment and employees.
This option does not make it clear why cost cutting measures had little to no impact on safety.

Option B - Incorrect.
this kind of weakens the argument. if they abandoned their demands for additional safety measures, probably that had a negative impact on safety.

Option C - Correct.
Gives a reason to say why the cost cutting measures had no impact on safety. Because, they did not impact spending on safety measures.

Option D - Incorrect.
Weakens the argument.

Option E - Incorrect.
Note that we are talking about the impact of cost-cutting measures implemented in the last 5 years. The new measures taken to improve safety have no impact on that. Hence, not relevant.
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Re: Petrochemical industry officials have said that the extreme pressure e [#permalink]

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14 Feb 2017, 08:42
https://gmatclub.com/forum/petrochemica ... 20393.html

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Re: Petrochemical industry officials have said that the extreme pressure e [#permalink]

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18 Jul 2017, 17:09
why does D weaken the argument ...dont understand that ?

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Re: Petrochemical industry officials have said that the extreme pressure e [#permalink]

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14 Oct 2017, 20:49
megha_2709 wrote:
was confused between A and C. Finaly chose C. I have been getting wrong ans to strengthen questions in a row lately.
So I took 15 mins with this and kept explaining myself why I think this ans choice is better than the other one.
Kind of pros and cons table for each contender ans choice. Thankfully that worked this time. I guess I was being
overconfident so far now hitting flukes. I need to do similar analysis for all questions in future.

Thank you for posting.

Regard
Megha

Would your approach work in on the official test? Seems time-consuming. Which materials are you using for study? I use ManhattanGMAT, and I get 100% on these and weaken questions. I have heard the Powerscore CR Bible is good as well, if not better.
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Re: Petrochemical industry officials have said that the extreme pressure e   [#permalink] 14 Oct 2017, 20:49
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