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QOTD: According to recent studies comparing

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QOTD: According to recent studies comparing [#permalink]

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Verbal Question of The Day: Day 83: Sentence Correction


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According to recent studies comparing the nutritional value of meat from wild animals and meat from domesticated animals, wild animals have less total fat than do livestock fed on grain and more of a kind of fat they think is good for cardiac health.

A. wild animals have less total fat than do livestock fed on grain and more of a kind of fat they think is
B. wild animals have less total fat than livestock fed on grain and more of a kind of fat thought to be
C. wild animals have less total fat than that of livestock fed on grain and have more fat of a kind thought to be
D. total fat of wild animals is less than livestock fed on grain and they have more fat of a kind thought to be
E. total fat is less in wild animals than that of livestock fed on grain and more of their fat is of a kind they think is

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QOTD: According to recent studies comparing [#permalink]

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A few of my best students have gotten their asses thoroughly kicked by this one, so please don’t feel badly if you struggled with it. (And most of the early responses look great!) Success on this question is mostly about your ability to be incredibly literal with the meaning, particularly as it relates to the pronouns in the sentence. (For more on pronouns, check out our good old YouTube webinar on the topic.)

Quote:
A. wild animals have less total fat than do livestock fed on grain and more of a kind of fat they think is

“They” has to refer back to a plural noun, but our only options are “studies” (which makes no sense, because studies can’t think) or “wild animals” (which also makes no sense, unless you think wild animals moonlight as nutritionists. (A) is out.

Quote:
B. wild animals have less total fat than livestock fed on grain and more of a kind of fat thought to be

There’s no pronoun here, so that’s cool. And I think the meaning works: “wild animals have less total fat than livestock fed on grain” is fine. The second part seems fine, too: “wild animals have… more of a kind of fat thought to be good for cardiac health.”

I don’t see any huge issues, so let’s keep (B).

Quote:
C. wild animals have less total fat than that of livestock fed on grain and have more fat of a kind thought to be

As described in our rambling guide to the word “that”, “that” is a singular pronoun in this type of situation. In (C), I guess it has to refer to “total fat,” but that doesn’t really make sense: “wild animals have less total fat than the total fat of livestock fed on grain…”

That’s kind of a mess. Wild animals have less fat than livestock, but it wouldn’t make sense to say that “wild animals have less total fat.. than the total fat…” That comparison is thoroughly wrong. (C) is out.

Quote:
D. total fat of wild animals is less than livestock fed on grain and they have more fat of a kind thought to be

This comparison is very clearly wrong: “total fat… is less than livestock.” You could, I suppose, also argue that the “they” isn’t 100% clear – but the illogical comparison is the most straightforward issue. (D) is out, too.

Quote:
E. total fat is less in wild animals than that of livestock fed on grain and more of their fat is of a kind they think is

There’s a lot of clunkiness here, but the biggest issue is the word “they”: the only possible referents are “wild animals”, “livestock”, or “studies.” And none of those are likely to “think [that fat] is good for cardiac health.” (E) is gone, and (B) is the best answer.
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Re: QOTD: According to recent studies comparing [#permalink]

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souvik101990 wrote:
According to recent studies comparing the nutritional value of meat from wild animals and meat from domesticated animals, wild animals have less total fat than do livestock fed on grain and more of a kind of fat they think is good for cardiac health.

A. wild animals have less total fat than do livestock fed on grain and more of a kind of fat they think is
B. wild animals have less total fat than livestock fed on grain and more of a kind of fat thought to be
C. wild animals have less total fat than that of livestock fed on grain and have more fat of a kind thought to be
D. total fat of wild animals is less than livestock fed on grain and they have more fat of a kind thought to be
E. total fat is less in wild animals than that of livestock fed on grain and more of their fat is of a kind they think is


A & E - 'they' has no referent so both are OUT!
C - 'that' refers to what? OUT!
D - Total fat is less than livestock ? That makes little sense. OUT!
B - It does sound odd, but it is the only option remaining, and hence, the option I'm going with.

B is the answer for me through POE.
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QOTD: According to recent studies comparing [#permalink]

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New post 16 Aug 2017, 09:12
Hi souvik101990: Is the question correct? None of the choices is making any sense?

According to recent studies comparing the nutritional value of meat from wild animals and meat from domesticated animals, wild animals have less total fat than do livestock fed on grain and more of a kind of fat they think is good for cardiac health.

A. wild animals have less total fat than do livestock fed on grain and more of a kind of fat they think is -No antecedent for they
B. wild animals have less total fat than livestock fed on grain and more of a kind of fat thought to be -This is again ambiguous comparison. Wild animals have less fat than wild animals have livestock? This is really absurd comparison. If it had been "fat than have livestock" then it would have made sense.
C. wild animals have less total fat than that of livestock fed on grain and have more fat of a kind thought to be -This makes little sense. However, "fat than have livestock" would have made more sense. "That" doesn't sound good.
D. total fat of wild animals is less than livestock fed on grain and they have more fat of a kind thought to be -Again comparison is absurd and "they" doesn't have any antecedent
E. total fat is less in wild animals than that of livestock fed on grain and more of their fat is of a kind they think is -"they" doesn't have any antecedent

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Re: QOTD: According to recent studies comparing [#permalink]

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New post 16 Aug 2017, 09:26
souvik101990 wrote:
According to recent studies comparing the nutritional value of meat from wild animals and meat from domesticated animals, wild animals have less total fat than do livestock fed on grain and more of a kind of fat they think is good for cardiac health.

A. wild animals have less total fat than do livestock fed on grain and more of a kind of fat they think is
B. wild animals have less total fat than livestock fed on grain and more of a kind of fat thought to be
C. wild animals have less total fat than that of livestock fed on grain and have more fat of a kind thought to be
D. total fat of wild animals is less than livestock fed on grain and they have more fat of a kind thought to be
E. total fat is less in wild animals than that of livestock fed on grain and more of their fat is of a kind they think is


I'll go with C.

A - more of a kind of fat they think is - No proper antecedent for the word 'they'
B - have less total fat than livestock fed on grain - Improper comparison between total fat of wild animals and livestock.
C - Seems to have no errors.
D - Same error as in B. Improper comparison between total fat of wild animals and livestock.
E - Same error as in A. No antecedent for the word 'they'

Cheers!

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Re: QOTD: According to recent studies comparing [#permalink]

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New post 16 Aug 2017, 10:09
B seems to be the correct answer.

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Re: QOTD: According to recent studies comparing [#permalink]

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souvik101990 wrote:

Verbal Question of The Day: Day 83: Sentence Correction


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According to recent studies comparing the nutritional value of meat from wild animals and meat from domesticated animals, wild animals have less total fat than do livestock fed on grain and more of a kind of fat they think is good for cardiac health.

A. wild animals have less total fat than do livestock fed on grain and more of a kind of fat they think is
B. wild animals have less total fat than livestock fed on grain and more of a kind of fat thought to be
C. wild animals have less total fat than that of livestock fed on grain and have more fat of a kind thought to be
D. total fat of wild animals is less than livestock fed on grain and they have more fat of a kind thought to be
E. total fat is less in wild animals than that of livestock fed on grain and more of their fat is of a kind they think is

Every question of the day will be followed by an expert reply by GMATNinja in 12-15 hours. Stay tuned! Post your answers and explanations to earn kudos.


Imo B
A they refers to what ? not clear and we do not need" do "in A before livestock
B Correct
C Incorrect comparison livestock is compared with total fat
D again meaning is not correct and the use of "they " is incorrect
E their is ambiguous
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Re: QOTD: According to recent studies comparing [#permalink]

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New post 17 Aug 2017, 12:30
GMATNinja wrote:
B. wild animals have less total fat than livestock fed on grain and more of a kind of fat thought to be
There’s no pronoun here, so that’s cool. And I think the meaning works: “wild animals have less total fat than livestock fed on grain” is fine. The second part seems fine, too: “wild animals have… more of a kind of fat thought to be good for cardiac health.”

I don’t see any huge issues, so let’s keep (B).


Hello GMATNinja,
Isn't the comparison in B wrong? Its ambiguous. It is comparing fat to livestock.

The correct sentence should have been: wild animals have less total fat than have livestock.

Please throw some light on this.
Regards

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Re: QOTD: According to recent studies comparing   [#permalink] 17 Aug 2017, 12:30
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