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QOTD: According to recent studies comparing

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QOTD: According to recent studies comparing [#permalink]

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Verbal Question of The Day: Day 83: Sentence Correction


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According to recent studies comparing the nutritional value of meat from wild animals and meat from domesticated animals, wild animals have less total fat than do livestock fed on grain and more of a kind of fat they think is good for cardiac health.

A. wild animals have less total fat than do livestock fed on grain and more of a kind of fat they think is
B. wild animals have less total fat than livestock fed on grain and more of a kind of fat thought to be
C. wild animals have less total fat than that of livestock fed on grain and have more fat of a kind thought to be
D. total fat of wild animals is less than livestock fed on grain and they have more fat of a kind thought to be
E. total fat is less in wild animals than that of livestock fed on grain and more of their fat is of a kind they think is

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QOTD: According to recent studies comparing [#permalink]

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A few of my best students have gotten their asses thoroughly kicked by this one, so please don’t feel badly if you struggled with it. (And most of the early responses look great!) Success on this question is mostly about your ability to be incredibly literal with the meaning, particularly as it relates to the pronouns in the sentence. (For more on pronouns, check out our good old YouTube webinar on the topic.)

Quote:
A. wild animals have less total fat than do livestock fed on grain and more of a kind of fat they think is

“They” has to refer back to a plural noun, but our only options are “studies” (which makes no sense, because studies can’t think) or “wild animals” (which also makes no sense, unless you think wild animals moonlight as nutritionists. (A) is out.

Quote:
B. wild animals have less total fat than livestock fed on grain and more of a kind of fat thought to be

There’s no pronoun here, so that’s cool. And I think the meaning works: “wild animals have less total fat than livestock fed on grain” is fine. The second part seems fine, too: “wild animals have… more of a kind of fat thought to be good for cardiac health.”

I don’t see any huge issues, so let’s keep (B).

Quote:
C. wild animals have less total fat than that of livestock fed on grain and have more fat of a kind thought to be

As described in our rambling guide to the word “that”, “that” is a singular pronoun in this type of situation. In (C), I guess it has to refer to “total fat,” but that doesn’t really make sense: “wild animals have less total fat than the total fat of livestock fed on grain…”

That’s kind of a mess. Wild animals have less fat than livestock, but it wouldn’t make sense to say that “wild animals have less total fat.. than the total fat…” That comparison is thoroughly wrong. (C) is out.

Quote:
D. total fat of wild animals is less than livestock fed on grain and they have more fat of a kind thought to be

This comparison is very clearly wrong: “total fat… is less than livestock.” You could, I suppose, also argue that the “they” isn’t 100% clear – but the illogical comparison is the most straightforward issue. (D) is out, too.

Quote:
E. total fat is less in wild animals than that of livestock fed on grain and more of their fat is of a kind they think is

There’s a lot of clunkiness here, but the biggest issue is the word “they”: the only possible referents are “wild animals”, “livestock”, or “studies.” And none of those are likely to “think [that fat] is good for cardiac health.” (E) is gone, and (B) is the best answer.
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Re: QOTD: According to recent studies comparing [#permalink]

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souvik101990 wrote:
According to recent studies comparing the nutritional value of meat from wild animals and meat from domesticated animals, wild animals have less total fat than do livestock fed on grain and more of a kind of fat they think is good for cardiac health.

A. wild animals have less total fat than do livestock fed on grain and more of a kind of fat they think is
B. wild animals have less total fat than livestock fed on grain and more of a kind of fat thought to be
C. wild animals have less total fat than that of livestock fed on grain and have more fat of a kind thought to be
D. total fat of wild animals is less than livestock fed on grain and they have more fat of a kind thought to be
E. total fat is less in wild animals than that of livestock fed on grain and more of their fat is of a kind they think is


A & E - 'they' has no referent so both are OUT!
C - 'that' refers to what? OUT!
D - Total fat is less than livestock ? That makes little sense. OUT!
B - It does sound odd, but it is the only option remaining, and hence, the option I'm going with.

B is the answer for me through POE.
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QOTD: According to recent studies comparing [#permalink]

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New post 16 Aug 2017, 08:12
Hi souvik101990: Is the question correct? None of the choices is making any sense?

According to recent studies comparing the nutritional value of meat from wild animals and meat from domesticated animals, wild animals have less total fat than do livestock fed on grain and more of a kind of fat they think is good for cardiac health.

A. wild animals have less total fat than do livestock fed on grain and more of a kind of fat they think is -No antecedent for they
B. wild animals have less total fat than livestock fed on grain and more of a kind of fat thought to be -This is again ambiguous comparison. Wild animals have less fat than wild animals have livestock? This is really absurd comparison. If it had been "fat than have livestock" then it would have made sense.
C. wild animals have less total fat than that of livestock fed on grain and have more fat of a kind thought to be -This makes little sense. However, "fat than have livestock" would have made more sense. "That" doesn't sound good.
D. total fat of wild animals is less than livestock fed on grain and they have more fat of a kind thought to be -Again comparison is absurd and "they" doesn't have any antecedent
E. total fat is less in wild animals than that of livestock fed on grain and more of their fat is of a kind they think is -"they" doesn't have any antecedent
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Re: QOTD: According to recent studies comparing [#permalink]

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New post 16 Aug 2017, 08:26
souvik101990 wrote:
According to recent studies comparing the nutritional value of meat from wild animals and meat from domesticated animals, wild animals have less total fat than do livestock fed on grain and more of a kind of fat they think is good for cardiac health.

A. wild animals have less total fat than do livestock fed on grain and more of a kind of fat they think is
B. wild animals have less total fat than livestock fed on grain and more of a kind of fat thought to be
C. wild animals have less total fat than that of livestock fed on grain and have more fat of a kind thought to be
D. total fat of wild animals is less than livestock fed on grain and they have more fat of a kind thought to be
E. total fat is less in wild animals than that of livestock fed on grain and more of their fat is of a kind they think is


I'll go with C.

A - more of a kind of fat they think is - No proper antecedent for the word 'they'
B - have less total fat than livestock fed on grain - Improper comparison between total fat of wild animals and livestock.
C - Seems to have no errors.
D - Same error as in B. Improper comparison between total fat of wild animals and livestock.
E - Same error as in A. No antecedent for the word 'they'

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Re: QOTD: According to recent studies comparing [#permalink]

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New post 16 Aug 2017, 09:09
B seems to be the correct answer.

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Re: QOTD: According to recent studies comparing [#permalink]

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souvik101990 wrote:

Verbal Question of The Day: Day 83: Sentence Correction


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According to recent studies comparing the nutritional value of meat from wild animals and meat from domesticated animals, wild animals have less total fat than do livestock fed on grain and more of a kind of fat they think is good for cardiac health.

A. wild animals have less total fat than do livestock fed on grain and more of a kind of fat they think is
B. wild animals have less total fat than livestock fed on grain and more of a kind of fat thought to be
C. wild animals have less total fat than that of livestock fed on grain and have more fat of a kind thought to be
D. total fat of wild animals is less than livestock fed on grain and they have more fat of a kind thought to be
E. total fat is less in wild animals than that of livestock fed on grain and more of their fat is of a kind they think is

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Imo B
A they refers to what ? not clear and we do not need" do "in A before livestock
B Correct
C Incorrect comparison livestock is compared with total fat
D again meaning is not correct and the use of "they " is incorrect
E their is ambiguous
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Re: QOTD: According to recent studies comparing [#permalink]

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GMATNinja wrote:
B. wild animals have less total fat than livestock fed on grain and more of a kind of fat thought to be
There’s no pronoun here, so that’s cool. And I think the meaning works: “wild animals have less total fat than livestock fed on grain” is fine. The second part seems fine, too: “wild animals have… more of a kind of fat thought to be good for cardiac health.”

I don’t see any huge issues, so let’s keep (B).


Hello GMATNinja,
Isn't the comparison in B wrong? Its ambiguous. It is comparing fat to livestock.

The correct sentence should have been: wild animals have less total fat than have livestock.

Please throw some light on this.
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Re: QOTD: According to recent studies comparing [#permalink]

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New post 29 Oct 2017, 04:16
I have the same question as gmatexam439

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Re: QOTD: According to recent studies comparing [#permalink]

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New post 30 Oct 2017, 07:22
how could B be the answer , fat of wild animals is compared with livestock
it should be "WILD ANIMALS HAVE LESS TOTAL FAT THAN LIVE STOCK FED ON GRAIN HAVE "

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Re: QOTD: According to recent studies comparing [#permalink]

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Ridhimajain96 wrote:
how could B be the answer , fat of wild animals is compared with livestock
it should be "WILD ANIMALS HAVE LESS TOTAL FAT THAN LIVE STOCK FED ON GRAIN HAVE "



Hello Ridhimajain96,

I will be glad to help you out with this one. :-)

Following is the excerpt from the passage that presents the comparison in Choice B:

...wild animals have less total fat than livestock...

In the above structure, wild animals have been correctly compared to livestock.

The thing is the verb have or the helping verb do in place of have is understood after than because such omission does not lead to any ambiguity in comparison.

In total, there are three nouns in the above-mentioned structure - wild animals, livestock, and total fat. Needless to say that only the first two noun entities can be logically compared in the context of this sentence. Wild animals cannot be logically compared to total fat.

Such omissions are NOT allowed when doing so leads to ambiguous comparison.

You may go through our elaborate article named HOW FAR ELLIPSIS IS PERMISSIBLE IN COMPARISON to understand in which sentences we must use the helping verb in the second part of the comparison and in which sentence we not in the following link:

https://gmatclub.com/forum/how-far-ellipsis-is-permissible-in-comparison-148973.html


Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
Shraddha
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Re: QOTD: According to recent studies comparing [#permalink]

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New post 30 Oct 2017, 09:39
karanrai1991 wrote:
I have the same question as gmatexam439



Hello karanrai1991,


May I request you to go through my response to @Ridhimajain96's post just above yours?
My response addresses your doubt.


Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
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Re: QOTD: According to recent studies comparing [#permalink]

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New post 30 Oct 2017, 09:44
egmat wrote:
karanrai1991 wrote:
I have the same question as gmatexam439



Hello karanrai1991,


May I request you to go through my response to the query posted by Ridhimajain96 just above your post?

My response addresses your doubt.

In case if you have any further doubts, do let me know.


Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
Shraddha
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Re: QOTD: According to recent studies comparing   [#permalink] 30 Oct 2017, 09:44
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