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QOTD: Despite the increasing number of women graduating from law schoo

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QOTD: Despite the increasing number of women graduating from law schoo [#permalink]

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Verbal Question of The Day: Day 196: Sentence Correction


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Despite the increasing number of women graduating from law school and passing bar examinations, the proportion of judges and partners at major law firms who are women have not risen to a comparable extent.

(A) the proportion of judges and partners at major law firms who are women have not risen to a comparable extent

(B) the proportion of women judges and partners at major law firms have not risen comparably

(C) the proportion of judges and partners at major law firms who are women has not risen comparably

(D) yet the proportion of women judges and partners at major law firms has not risen to a comparable extent

(E) yet the proportion of judges and partners at major law firms who are women has not risen comparably


Every question of the day will be followed by an expert reply by GMATNinja in 12-15 hours. Stay tuned! Post your answers and explanations to earn kudos.
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QOTD: Despite the increasing number of women graduating from law schoo [#permalink]

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New post 08 Jan 2018, 10:21
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(A) the proportion of judges and partners at major law firms who are women have not risen to a comparable extent

This one is a gift from the GMAT gods: “… the proportion of (blah blah)… HAVE not risen…”

Nope, that’s a classic subject-verb error. We can get rid of (A). Thank you for giving us something easy for once, GMAT!

Quote:
(B) the proportion of women judges and partners at major law firms have not risen comparably

(B) has exactly the same subject-verb error as (A): “… the proportion… HAVE not risen…” So (B) is gone, too.

Isn’t this exciting?

Quote:
(C) the proportion of judges and partners at major law firms who are women has not risen comparably

Well, this works just fine: “the proportion… has not risen comparably.” Let’s keep (C).

Quote:
(D) yet the proportion of women judges and partners at major law firms has not risen to a comparable extent

Well, there are two things that are different in (D) than in (C). One is that the word “comparably” is used in (C), but “to a comparable extent” appears in its place in (D). Honestly, I don’t know if this is a big deal. “Comparably” seems more succinct to me, but I’m not sure that “to a comparable extent” is necessarily WRONG. I certainly wouldn’t eliminate (D) based on that alone, even though I mildly prefer the shorter version in (C).

The other weird issue is the use of “yet” at the beginning of the underlined portion. So that gives us “Despite the increasing number of women…, yet the proportion of women judges…” That’s wrong: both “yet” and “despite” begin dependent clauses, so now the sentence just consists of two dependent clauses in a row. That’s not OK.

So (D) is out.

Quote:
(E) yet the proportion of judges and partners at major law firms who are women has not risen comparably

And (E) has exactly the same problem as (D): two consecutive dependent clauses does NOT give us a legitimate sentence.

So we can eliminate (E), and (C) is our answer.
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Re: QOTD: Despite the increasing number of women graduating from law schoo [#permalink]

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New post 08 Jan 2018, 10:48
souvik101990 wrote:

Verbal Question of The Day: Day 196: Sentence Correction


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Despite the increasing number of women graduating from law school and passing bar examinations, the proportion of judges and partners at major law firms who are women have not risen to a comparable extent.

(A) the proportion of judges and partners at major law firms who are women have not risen to a comparable extent

(B) the proportion of women judges and partners at major law firms have not risen comparably

(C) the proportion of judges and partners at major law firms who are women has not risen comparably

(D) yet the proportion of women judges and partners at major law firms has not risen to a comparable extent

(E) yet the proportion of judges and partners at major law firms who are women has not risen comparably


Every question of the day will be followed by an expert reply by GMATNinja in 12-15 hours. Stay tuned! Post your answers and explanations to earn kudos.


With (C) for the highlighted errors in the options...

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Re: QOTD: Despite the increasing number of women graduating from law schoo [#permalink]

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New post 08 Jan 2018, 11:44
Despite the increasing number of women graduating from law school and passing bar examinations, the proportion of judges and partners at major law firms who are women have not risen to a comparable extent.

(A) the proportion of judges and partners at major law firms who are women have not risen to a comparable extent -SV agreement

(B) the proportion of women judges and partners at major law firms have not risen comparably -SV agreement

(C) the proportion of judges and partners at major law firms who are women has not risen comparably

(D) yet the proportion of women judges and partners at major law firms has not risen to a comparable extent -Despite ...... yet ... --> incorrect construction

(E) yet the proportion of judges and partners at major law firms who are women has not risen comparably -[color=#ff0000]Despite ...... yet ... --> incorrect
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Re: QOTD: Despite the increasing number of women graduating from law schoo [#permalink]

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New post 09 Jan 2018, 09:23
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+1 for option C. Clear explanation given in the post above. However , there is a point I would like to add.

There can be some confusion over pronoun who modifying law firms. Keep in mind that noun modifier (phrase following who) can modify slightly far away noun if the propositional phrase in between can't be placed anywhere else. Moreover in usage of pronouns be guided by logic. Just think - How can law firms be women ?? - Not possible. Hence who has to refer back to partners & judges. It is judges and partners who are women.

Pretty much all other options are a clear case of S-V agreement and use of despite-yet (wrong usage). Hence answer option C is correct.

Experts please correct my line of reasoning ...
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Re: QOTD: Despite the increasing number of women graduating from law schoo [#permalink]

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New post 09 Jan 2018, 19:10
(A) the proportion of judges and partners at major law firms who are women have not risen to a comparable extent:
SUBJECT 'THE PROPORTION' SINGULAR
VERB 'HAVE' PLURAL

(B) the proportion of women judges and partners at major law firms have not risen comparably:
MEANING CHANGED AS COMPARED TO ORIGINAL SENTENCE

(C) the proportion of judges and partners at major law firms who are women has not risen comparably:
CORRECT

(D) yet the proportion of women judges and partners at major law firms has not risen to a comparable extent:
NO INDEPENDENT CLAUSE

(E) yet the proportion of judges and partners at major law firms who are women has not risen comparably:
SAME AS D

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Re: QOTD: Despite the increasing number of women graduating from law schoo [#permalink]

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New post 14 Jan 2018, 20:36
I understand that C is the best option among all but doesn't "who" in C refer incorrectly to firms rather than the proportion of women ? It is a strict rule when it comes to relative pronouns such as who, which etc.
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Re: QOTD: Despite the increasing number of women graduating from law schoo [#permalink]

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New post 14 Jan 2018, 21:28
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piyush1995 wrote:
I understand that C is the best option among all but doesn't "who" in C refer incorrectly to firms rather than the proportion of women ? It is a strict rule when it comes to relative pronouns such as who, which etc.

Hi piyush1995, who just cannot refer to firms, because grammatically, who cannot refer to non-persons (and firm is a non-person).

In fact, who is not intended to refer to proportion either. who is actually referring to judges and partners.
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Re: QOTD: Despite the increasing number of women graduating from law schoo [#permalink]

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New post 15 Jan 2018, 12:09
I guess this condition is only valid till we use a preposition after the main noun.
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Re: QOTD: Despite the increasing number of women graduating from law schoo [#permalink]

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New post 15 Jan 2018, 14:49
Despite the increasing number of women graduating from law school and passing bar examinations,
the proportion of judges and partners at major law firms who are women have not risen to a comparable extent.

(A) the proportion of judges and partners at major law firms who are women have not risen to a comparable extent

(B) the proportion of women judges and partners at major law firms have not risen comparably

(C) the proportion of judges and partners at major law firms who are women has not risen comparably

(D) yet the proportion of women judges and partners at major law firms has not risen to a comparable extent

(E) yet the proportion of judges and partners at major law firms who are women has not risen comparably

in D & E - Use of two contrast words are incorrect
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Re: QOTD: Despite the increasing number of women graduating from law schoo   [#permalink] 15 Jan 2018, 14:49
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