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# QOTD: In the United States, of the people who moved

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QOTD: In the United States, of the people who moved [#permalink]

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05 Apr 2018, 03:59
3
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Difficulty:

55% (hard)

Question Stats:

58% (01:08) correct 42% (01:31) wrong based on 377 sessions

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Verbal Question of The Day: Day 259: Critical Reasoning

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In the United States, of the people who moved from one state to another when they retired, the percentage who retired to Florida has decreased by three percentage points over the past ten years. Since many local businesses in Florida cater to retirees, these declines are likely to have a noticeably negative economic effect on these businesses and therefore on the economy of Florida.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the argument given?

(A) People who moved from one state to another when they retired moved a greater distance, on average, last year than such people did ten years ago.

(B) People were more likely to retire to North Carolina from another state last year than people were ten years ago.

(C) The number of people who moved from one state to another when they retired has increased significantly over the past ten years.

(D) The number of people who left Florida when they retired to live in another state was greater last year than it was ten years ago.

(E) Florida attracts more people who move from one state to another when they retire than does any other state.

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QOTD: In the United States, of the people who moved [#permalink]

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05 Apr 2018, 04:00
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The conclusion is that "these declines [in the percentage who retire to Florida] are likely to have a noticeably negative economic effect on these businesses and therefore on the economy of Florida." How does the author arrive at this conclusion?

• In the United States, some people move from one state to another when they retire. For example, a person who lives in the state of Minnesota might retire and move to Florida (where it's warmer!).
• Of those people who moved when they retired, "the percentage (not the total number) who retired to Florida has decreased by three percentage points over the past ten years." - For example, if 23% of those people retired to Florida ten years ago, then only 20% retired to Florida this year.
• "Many local businesses in Florida cater to retirees." - If Florida is gradually becoming a less popular state for retirement, that could be bad those local businesses and, therefore, for Florida's economy.

We know that the PERCENTAGE has decreased, but has the total NUMBER of people retiring to Florida also decreased? If not, then the argument falls apart.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the argument given?

Quote:
(A) People who moved from one state to another when they retired moved a greater distance, on average, last year than such people did ten years ago.

The distance these people moved does not impact the argument at all. Has the number of people retiring to Florida decreased? (A) is irrelevant, so eliminate this one.

Quote:
(B) People were more likely to retire to North Carolina from another state last year than people were ten years ago.

The percentage retiring to North Carolina has increased. So what? We already know that the percentage retiring to Florida has decreased. We still don't know whether the total number of people retiring to Florida has decreased. (B) does not weaken the argument, so eliminate (B).

Quote:
(C) The number of people who moved from one state to another when they retired has increased significantly over the past ten years.

Ah ha! We are told that the percentage has decreased. Percentage of what? Of the number of people who move from one state to another when they retire. If the size of that group has increased significantly over the past ten years, then the total number of people retiring to Florida may have actually increased, even though the percentage slightly decreased.

If (C) is true, then the argument falls apart. Keep this one.

Quote:
(D) The number of people who left Florida when they retired to live in another state was greater last year than it was ten years ago.

This actually helps the author's argument. A smaller percentage is retiring to Florida AND more people are leaving Florida when they retire! This is probably bad news for local businesses. (D) strengthens the argument, so eliminate this one.

Quote:
(E) Florida attracts more people who move from one state to another when they retire than does any other state.

(E) tells us that Florida is #1. But maybe it was also #1 ten years ago. At that time, the second-most-popular state may have trailed Florida by a huge margin. Maybe now that margin is pretty small.

So even if (E) is true, the total number of people retiring to Florida may have decreased over the past ten years. (E) does not necessarily weaken the argument, so eliminate this one.

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Re: QOTD: In the United States, of the people who moved [#permalink]

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05 Apr 2018, 05:04
In the United States, of the people who moved from one state to another when they retired, the percentage who retired to Florida has decreased by three percentage points over the past ten years. Since many local businesses in Florida cater to retirees, these declines are likely to have a noticeably negative economic effect on these businesses and therefore on the economy of Florida.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the argument given?

(C) The number of people who moved from one state to another when they retired has increased significantly over the past ten years.

"the percentage who retired to Florida has decreased by three percentage points " means the % increase is little over the past 10 yrs.
The conclusion put by the author gets significantly weakened if that small % increase means a greater # of people - C states the same

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Re: QOTD: In the United States, of the people who moved [#permalink]

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05 Apr 2018, 08:26
Premise: people who moved from one state to another when they retired, the percentage who retired to Florida has decreased by three percentage points over the past ten years. local businesses in Florida cater to retirees

Conclusion: these declines are likely to have a noticeably negative economic effect on these businesses and therefore on the economy of Florida.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the argument given? ---- weaken the given conclusion.

Hint/pre-think - As soon as you see number or percentage, look for answers that are playing with this. but lets deep dive into the situation.
let just assume 10 yrs back 100 ppl moved from one state to another. out of which 10% (10) moved to Florida. while last yrs. 1000 moved but only 7%(70) to Florida. keeping this in mind lets attempt the choices.

(A) People who moved from one state to another when they retired moved a greater distance, on average, last year than such people did ten years ago. --- Distance is not affecting anything.

(B) People were more likely to retire to North Carolina from another state last year than people were ten years ago. ---- Fine, let just say NC is at top. so what about economy of florida.

(C) The number of people who moved from one state to another when they retired has increased significantly over the past ten years. --- And this is the one we are looking for. number increased from 100 to 1000 and effects are quiet clear. this should be the answer.even if % decreased, if more number of ppl are shifting to florida then its good for florida's economy.

(D) The number of people who left Florida when they retired to live in another state was greater last year than it was ten years ago.--- weakener.

(E) Florida attracts more people who move from one state to another when they retire than does any other state. ---- let just say 100yrs before this number was 100 and now it is 90 but that 90 is highest among all states.
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Re: QOTD: In the United States, of the people who moved [#permalink]

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05 Apr 2018, 09:11
(A) People who moved from one state to another when they retired moved a greater distance, on average, last year than such people did ten years ago. - Irrelevant

(B) People were more likely to retire to North Carolina from another state last year than people were ten years ago. - Irrelevant.

(C) The number of people who moved from one state to another when they retired has increased significantly over the past ten years. - Even though the percentage points reduced, the number may have increased. However, this option is a general statement and does not tell anything specific to Florida. But it is the best choice.

(D) The number of people who left Florida when they retired to live in another state was greater last year than it was ten years ago. - Strengthens because it will negatively affect the economy. Moreover it does not tell about retirees.

(E) Florida attracts more people who move from one state to another when they retire than does any other state. - Even though Florida may attract more people than other state, it does not guarantee that the economy will not be negatively impacted since it does not tell anything about reduction in retirees who move.

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Re: QOTD: In the United States, of the people who moved [#permalink]

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05 Apr 2018, 21:33
IMO C

Though the percentage has gone down but the absolute value will go higher if the total number of people who moved from one state to another increases
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Re: QOTD: In the United States, of the people who moved [#permalink]

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07 Apr 2018, 09:09
+1 for option C.

The only other contender here could be option E. Now why is E wrong ? - Bçoz - Even though more people move to Florida than to any other state , we still can not counter the argument that local business takes a beating because of a dip in %. C on the other hand clearly states that though % has reduced, absolute nos has increased. The business still does not suffer in such a case ! Statement weakened !!

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Re: QOTD: In the United States, of the people who moved [#permalink]

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18 May 2018, 03:03
Hi souvik101990

Just wanted to confirm that these qotds questions are not from gmat prep test pack right? cause i have been solving most of these to practice CR and SC.
GMAT Club Verbal Expert
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Re: QOTD: In the United States, of the people who moved [#permalink]

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19 May 2018, 08:40
Bakshi wrote:
Hi souvik101990

Just wanted to confirm that these qotds questions are not from gmat prep test pack right? cause i have been solving most of these to practice CR and SC.

Heh heh -- this has been very much a topic of discussion among the GMAT Club crew. Some of the QOTDs are from the GMATPrep resources (default test, exam pack, and question pack), unfortunately. All of them are tagged though, so as long as you avoid the QOTDs with GMATPrep tags on them, you'll be fine. Most of the CRs are from the OGs or GMAT Club tests, but there's a decent number of SC questions from the GMATPrep resources -- that would be my fault. Bad Ninja.
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SC & CR Questions of the Day (QOTDs), featuring expert explanations
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Hit the request verbal experts' reply button -- and please be specific about your question. Feel free to tag @GMATNinja and @GMATNinjaTwo in your post. Priority is always given to official GMAT questions.

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Reading Comprehension, Critical Reasoning, and other articles & resources
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Re: QOTD: In the United States, of the people who moved [#permalink]

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19 May 2018, 09:51
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Thank you for the tags! As soon as i see gmatprep tag i steer away.
Also, you are a GREAT GMATNINJA.

THANK YOU for the QOTDs!!! :D :D
Re: QOTD: In the United States, of the people who moved   [#permalink] 19 May 2018, 09:51
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