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# QOTD: Though being tiny, blind, and translucent, a recently discovered

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QOTD: Though being tiny, blind, and translucent, a recently discovered  [#permalink]

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09 May 2018, 22:58
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Difficulty:

5% (low)

Question Stats:

80% (01:08) correct 20% (00:55) wrong based on 187 sessions

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Verbal Question of The Day: Day 279: Sentence Correction

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Though being tiny, blind, and translucent, a recently discovered species of catfish lessens their vulnerability with thickened bones and armor plates on their sides.

A. Though being tiny, blind, and translucent, a recently discovered species of catfish lessens their vulnerability with thickened bones and armor plates on their sides.

B. Though tiny, blind, and translucent, a recently discovered species of catfish has thickened bones and armor plates on its sides that lessen its vulnerability.

C. A recently discovered species of catfish has thickened bones and armor plates on its sides that lessen their vulnerability, though tiny, blind, and translucent.

D. Thickened bones and armor plates on their sides lessen the vulnerability of a recently discovered species of catfish that is tiny, blind, and translucent.

E. Tiny, blind, and translucent, thickened bones and armor plates on its sides lessen the vulnerability of a recently discovered species of catfish.

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QOTD: Though being tiny, blind, and translucent, a recently discovered  [#permalink]

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09 May 2018, 22:59
1
I don’t know why the GMAT thinks this is important, but there are a whole bunch of official SC questions that include words that could be either singular or plural: “media” or “data” or “deer” or diabetes, just to name a few. The key is that the GMAT will always give you some hint about whether these nouns are singular or plural in the sentence.

With that in mind…

Quote:
A. Though being tiny, blind, and translucent, a recently discovered species of catfish lessens their vulnerability with thickened bones and armor plates on their sides.

Hopefully, the two uses of “their” jump off the page at you. Logically, “their” needs to refer back to a plural noun – in theory, “species of catfish.”

The trouble is, “species of catfish” is singular in this sentence. It’s pretty subtle, but the giveaway is the singular article “a”: “a… species of catfish” implies that we’re only talking about one species. So “their” is wrong.

Plus, the use of “being” is pretty goofy here. In general, it’s not cool to use “being” as a modifier – at the very least, it doesn’t seem to happen on the GMAT. And why would we say “though being tiny, blind, and translucent…” when we could just say “though tiny, blind, and translucent…”? The “being” serves no useful purpose.

So (A) is gone.

Quote:
B. Though tiny, blind, and translucent, a recently discovered species of catfish has thickened bones and armor plates on its sides that lessen its vulnerability.

Well, this fixes everything I complained about in (A). The opening modifier is succinct, and doesn’t have that silly use of “being” anymore. And now “its” refers logically back to the singular noun, “a… species of catfish.”

This looks good enough. Let’s keep (B).

Quote:
C. A recently discovered species of catfish has thickened bones and armor plates on its sides that lessen their vulnerability, though tiny, blind, and translucent.

The use of “their” in (C) is still a problem: “a… species of catfish” is singular, as described under answer choice (A).

Plus, the placement of that last modifier, “though tiny, blind, and translucent” is kind of odd. That modifier is right next to “their vulnerability”, and it doesn’t make sense to say that the “vulnerability” is tiny, blind, and translucent – it’s the species of catfish that has those characteristics.

So we have two pretty good reasons to ditch (C).

Quote:
D. Thickened bones and armor plates on their sides lessen the vulnerability of a recently discovered species of catfish that is tiny, blind, and translucent.

Once again, the pronoun “their” is a problem: “a recently discovered species of catfish” is still singular. See answer choice (A) for more on this issue.

So (D) is out.

Quote:
E. Tiny, blind, and translucent, thickened bones and armor plates on its sides lessen the vulnerability of a recently discovered species of catfish.

The pronoun is fine in (E), but now that opening modifier doesn't make sense: “tiny, blind, and translucent” seems to be describing “thickened bones and armor plates”, and that doesn’t make any sense. It’s the “species of catfish” that’s “tiny, blind, and translucent” – not the bones or armor plates.

So that wipes out (E), and we’re left with (B).
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Re: QOTD: Though being tiny, blind, and translucent, a recently discovered  [#permalink]

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09 May 2018, 23:14
A - the "species" is used as a singular entity. Hence the pronoun should also be singular, but the sentence uses "their". therefore incorrect
OUT

B - The "species" is used as a singular entity and the pronoun used is also singular as well. Hence correct
CORRECT OPTION

C - Same as option A
OUT

D - Same as A. Hence incorrect
OUT

E - "Tiny, blind, and translucent" seems to modify "thickened bones and armor plates" instead of "Species of Catfish". Hence incorrect
OUT
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Re: QOTD: Though being tiny, blind, and translucent, a recently discovered  [#permalink]

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17 May 2018, 08:19
Though being tiny, blind, and translucent, a recently discovered species of catfish lessens their vulnerability with thickened bones and armor plates on their sides.

Five seconds scan of the answer
Its vs their
whole sentence underline :so modifier Issue
bonus tip: Fish is used so :it can be singular or plural look for other clues to make out

A. Though being tiny, blind, and translucent, a recently discovered species of catfish lessens their vulnerability with thickened bones and armor plates on their sides.
Catfish lessens the vulnerability totally illogical

B. Though tiny, blind, and translucent, a recently discovered species of catfish has thickened bones and armor plates on its sides that lessen its vulnerability. correct

C. A recently discovered species of catfish has thickened bones and armor plates on its sides that lessen their vulnerability, though tiny, blind, and translucent.
catfish is used as singular :so their is wrong

D. Thickened bones and armor plates on their sides lessen the vulnerability of a recently discovered species of catfish that is tiny, blind, and translucent.
repeats the error of option C :both their and its cannot be used
also the verb is after catfish indicates its use as singular

E. Tiny, blind, and translucent, thickened bones and armor plates on its sides lessen the vulnerability of a recently discovered species of catfish.
Big modifier error :bones and Armour plates aren't tiny and blind ,but the fish is
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Re: QOTD: Though being tiny, blind, and translucent, a recently discovered  [#permalink]

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17 Jul 2018, 21:07
Structure Analysis:

Though being tiny, blind, and translucent,

a recently discovered species of catfish lessens their vulnerability with

thickened bones and armor plates on their sides.

Meaning Analysis:

The sentence presents contrast about a recently discovered species of catfish. Although this species is tiny, blind and translucent, it has certain features that helps it overcome these shortcomings.

Error Analysis:

SV: There is only one SV pair and it makes perfect sense and agrees in number.

Tenses : The sentence presents a factual information about the species and hence a simple present tense is used correctly used to convey the fact.

Pronoun: “Their” refers to singular “Species” so we have Pronoun Antecedent number agreement.

Modifier : Opening Modifier Though being XYZ, correctly modifies and refers to Species. Although "being" used in construction of modifier is unnecessary.

Parallelism

Comparison

Idiom

Meaning: There is slight meaning error that could be corrected . Species lessens species’ something with XYZ. All we know that Species has certain features and these features help it lessen the vulnerability.

Other

Spotted Errors:

Pronoun Error

Meaning error: Structure used is Species lessens species’ something with XYZ. It can be worded better.

Redundancy Error: The word being can be used as a subject or as part of a continuous tense verb in passive voice. Use of being as a modifier is not required in the sentence. The opening adjectives makes it very clear that these are the features of a certain species of catfish.

A. Though being tiny, blind, and translucent, a recently discovered species of catfish lessens their vulnerability with thickened bones and armor plates on their sides.

Incorrect : For the reasons pointed out in error analysis

B. Though tiny, blind, and translucent, a recently discovered species of catfish has thickened bones and armor plates on its sides that lessen its vulnerability.

Correct : Sentence Corrects all the errors .

C. A recently discovered species of catfish has thickened bones and armor plates on its sides that lessen their vulnerability, though tiny, blind, and translucent.

Incorrect : Pronoun Error

The way though tiny… translucent is placed in the sentence, it fails to convey the intended contrast. The placement of this phrase makes it difficult to establish that these qualities belong to this particular species of catfish.

D. Thickened bones and armor plates on their sides lessen the vulnerability of a recently discovered species of catfish that is tiny, blind, and translucent.

Incorrect :Pronoun Error with their AND By removing the contrast word , the sentence no longer presents any contrast as is intended by original sentence.

E. Tiny, blind, and translucent, thickened bones and armor plates on its sides lessen the vulnerability of a recently discovered species of catfish.

Incorrect :Tiny, blind and translucent act as noun modifier illogically modifying the subject of the main clause. and by removing the contrast word , the sentence no longer presents any contrast as is intended by original sentence.
Re: QOTD: Though being tiny, blind, and translucent, a recently discovered &nbs [#permalink] 17 Jul 2018, 21:07
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