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Though being tiny, blind, and translucent, a recently discovered speci

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Though being tiny, blind, and translucent, a recently discovered speci  [#permalink]

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Though being tiny, blind, and translucent, a recently discovered species of catfish lessens their vulnerability with thickened bones and armor plates on their sides.


A. Though being tiny, blind, and translucent, a recently discovered species of catfish lessens their vulnerability with thickened bones and armor plates on their sides.

B. Though tiny, blind, and translucent, a recently discovered species of catfish has thickened bones and armor plates on its sides that lessen its vulnerability.

C. A recently discovered species of catfish has thickened bones and armor plates on its sides that lessen their vulnerability, though tiny, blind, and translucent.

D. Thickened bones and armor plates on their sides lessen the vulnerability of a recently discovered species of catfish that is tiny, blind, and translucent.

E. Tiny, blind, and translucent, thickened bones and armor plates on its sides lessen the vulnerability of a recently discovered species of catfish.


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Originally posted by sayantanc2k on 09 Sep 2016, 08:07.
Last edited by Bunuel on 26 Sep 2018, 23:03, edited 2 times in total.
Renamed the topic.
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QOTD: Though being tiny, blind, and translucent, a recently discovered  [#permalink]

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New post 09 May 2018, 21:59
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I don’t know why the GMAT thinks this is important, but there are a whole bunch of official SC questions that include words that could be either singular or plural: “media” or “data” or “deer” or diabetes, just to name a few. The key is that the GMAT will always give you some hint about whether these nouns are singular or plural in the sentence.

With that in mind…

Quote:
A. Though being tiny, blind, and translucent, a recently discovered species of catfish lessens their vulnerability with thickened bones and armor plates on their sides.

Hopefully, the two uses of “their” jump off the page at you. Logically, “their” needs to refer back to a plural noun – in theory, “species of catfish.”

The trouble is, “species of catfish” is singular in this sentence. It’s pretty subtle, but the giveaway is the singular article “a”: “a… species of catfish” implies that we’re only talking about one species. So “their” is wrong.

Plus, the use of “being” is pretty goofy here. In general, it’s not cool to use “being” as a modifier – at the very least, it doesn’t seem to happen on the GMAT. And why would we say “though being tiny, blind, and translucent…” when we could just say “though tiny, blind, and translucent…”? The “being” serves no useful purpose.

So (A) is gone.

Quote:
B. Though tiny, blind, and translucent, a recently discovered species of catfish has thickened bones and armor plates on its sides that lessen its vulnerability.

Well, this fixes everything I complained about in (A). The opening modifier is succinct, and doesn’t have that silly use of “being” anymore. And now “its” refers logically back to the singular noun, “a… species of catfish.”

This looks good enough. Let’s keep (B).

Quote:
C. A recently discovered species of catfish has thickened bones and armor plates on its sides that lessen their vulnerability, though tiny, blind, and translucent.

The use of “their” in (C) is still a problem: “a… species of catfish” is singular, as described under answer choice (A).

Plus, the placement of that last modifier, “though tiny, blind, and translucent” is kind of odd. That modifier is right next to “their vulnerability”, and it doesn’t make sense to say that the “vulnerability” is tiny, blind, and translucent – it’s the species of catfish that has those characteristics.

So we have two pretty good reasons to ditch (C).

Quote:
D. Thickened bones and armor plates on their sides lessen the vulnerability of a recently discovered species of catfish that is tiny, blind, and translucent.

Once again, the pronoun “their” is a problem: “a recently discovered species of catfish” is still singular. See answer choice (A) for more on this issue.

So (D) is out.

Quote:
E. Tiny, blind, and translucent, thickened bones and armor plates on its sides lessen the vulnerability of a recently discovered species of catfish.

The pronoun is fine in (E), but now that opening modifier doesn't make sense: “tiny, blind, and translucent” seems to be describing “thickened bones and armor plates”, and that doesn’t make any sense. It’s the “species of catfish” that’s “tiny, blind, and translucent” – not the bones or armor plates.

So that wipes out (E), and we’re left with (B).
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Re: Though being tiny, blind, and translucent, a recently discovered speci  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Sep 2016, 09:12
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I feel the answer is b?

A. Though being tiny, blind, and translucent, a recently discovered species of catfish lessens their vulnerability with thickened bones and armor plates on their sides.
B. Though tiny, blind, and translucent, a recently discovered species of catfish has thickened bones and armor plates on its sides that lessen its vulnerability.
C. A recently discovered species of catfish has thickened bones and armor plates on its sides that lessen their vulnerability, though tiny, blind, and translucent.
D. Thickened bones and armor plates on their sides lessen the vulnerability of a recently discovered species of catfish that is tiny, blind, and translucent.
E. Tiny, blind, and translucent, thickened bones and armor plates on its sides lessen the vulnerability of a recently discovered species of catfish.


OE please?
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Re: Though being tiny, blind, and translucent, a recently discovered speci  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Sep 2016, 09:42
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sayantanc2k wrote:
Though being tiny, blind, and translucent, a recently discovered species of catfish lessens their vulnerability with thickened bones and armor plates on their sides.

A. Though being tiny, blind, and translucent, a recently discovered species of catfish lessens their vulnerability with thickened bones and armor plates on their sides.
B. Though tiny, blind, and translucent, a recently discovered species of catfish has thickened bones and armor plates on its sides that lessen its vulnerability.
C. A recently discovered species of catfish has thickened bones and armor plates on its sides that lessen their vulnerability, though tiny, blind, and translucent.
D. Thickened bones and armor plates on their sides lessen the vulnerability of a recently discovered species of catfish that is tiny, blind, and translucent.
E. Tiny, blind, and translucent, thickened bones and armor plates on its sides lessen the vulnerability of a recently discovered species of catfish.


Though tiny, blind, and translucent, a recently discovered species of catfish has thickened bones and armor plates on its sides that lessen its vulnerability.

Correct answer must be (B)

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Re: Though being tiny, blind, and translucent, a recently discovered speci  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Oct 2016, 01:58
1
sayantanc2k wrote:
Though being tiny, blind, and translucent, a recently discovered species of catfish lessens their vulnerability with thickened bones and armor plates on their sides.

A. Though being tiny, blind, and translucent, a recently discovered species of catfish lessens their vulnerability with thickened bones and armor plates on their sides.
B. Though tiny, blind, and translucent, a recently discovered species of catfish has thickened bones and armor plates on its sides that lessen its vulnerability.
C. A recently discovered species of catfish has thickened bones and armor plates on its sides that lessen their vulnerability, though tiny, blind, and translucent.
D. Thickened bones and armor plates on their sides lessen the vulnerability of a recently discovered species of catfish that is tiny, blind, and translucent.
E. Tiny, blind, and translucent, thickened bones and armor plates on its sides lessen the vulnerability of a recently discovered species of catfish.



Hello Sayantanc2k,
Both thickened bones and armor plates lessen the vulnerability of catfish. Is it ok to use that to refer both of them (thick bones and armor plates) as it is used in Option C?

Thank you.
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Re: Though being tiny, blind, and translucent, a recently discovered speci  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Oct 2016, 05:56
sachin0890 wrote:
sayantanc2k wrote:
Though being tiny, blind, and translucent, a recently discovered species of catfish lessens their vulnerability with thickened bones and armor plates on their sides.

A. Though being tiny, blind, and translucent, a recently discovered species of catfish lessens their vulnerability with thickened bones and armor plates on their sides.
B. Though tiny, blind, and translucent, a recently discovered species of catfish has thickened bones and armor plates on its sides that lessen its vulnerability.
C. A recently discovered species of catfish has thickened bones and armor plates on its sides that lessen their vulnerability, though tiny, blind, and translucent.
D. Thickened bones and armor plates on their sides lessen the vulnerability of a recently discovered species of catfish that is tiny, blind, and translucent.
E. Tiny, blind, and translucent, thickened bones and armor plates on its sides lessen the vulnerability of a recently discovered species of catfish.



Hello Sayantanc2k,
Both thickened bones and armor plates lessen the vulnerability of catfish. Is it ok to use that to refer both of them (thick bones and armor plates) as it is used in Option C?

Thank you.


The relative pronoun "that" can refer to plural antecedents. Run a search "that" in OG, and you will find plenty of such usages.
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Re: Though being tiny, blind, and translucent, a recently discovered speci  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Oct 2016, 06:23
sayantanc2k wrote:
sachin0890 wrote:
sayantanc2k wrote:
Though being tiny, blind, and translucent, a recently discovered species of catfish lessens their vulnerability with thickened bones and armor plates on their sides.

A. Though being tiny, blind, and translucent, a recently discovered species of catfish lessens their vulnerability with thickened bones and armor plates on their sides.
B. Though tiny, blind, and translucent, a recently discovered species of catfish has thickened bones and armor plates on its sides that lessen its vulnerability.
C. A recently discovered species of catfish has thickened bones and armor plates on its sides that lessen their vulnerability, though tiny, blind, and translucent.
D. Thickened bones and armor plates on their sides lessen the vulnerability of a recently discovered species of catfish that is tiny, blind, and translucent.
E. Tiny, blind, and translucent, thickened bones and armor plates on its sides lessen the vulnerability of a recently discovered species of catfish.



Hello Sayantanc2k,
Both thickened bones and armor plates lessen the vulnerability of catfish. Is it ok to use that to refer both of them (thick bones and armor plates) as it is used in Option C?

Thank you.


The relative pronoun "that" can refer to plural antecedents. Run a search "that" in OG, and you will find plenty of such usages.




Thank You for the reply.

Please have a look at the following post,
created-in-1945-to-reduce-poverty-210087.html

Some of the respondents such as Economist GMAT tutor say that that cannot be used to refer plural.
I am totally confused regarding usage of that. Please explain when we can use that to refer plural and to refer singular.

Thank you,
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Re: Though being tiny, blind, and translucent, a recently discovered speci  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Oct 2016, 09:12
5
4
sachin0890 wrote:
sayantanc2k wrote:
sachin0890 wrote:


Hello Sayantanc2k,
Both thickened bones and armor plates lessen the vulnerability of catfish. Is it ok to use that to refer both of them (thick bones and armor plates) as it is used in Option C?

Thank you.


The relative pronoun "that" can refer to plural antecedents. Run a search "that" in OG, and you will find plenty of such usages.




Thank You for the reply.

Please have a look at the following post,
created-in-1945-to-reduce-poverty-210087.html

Some of the respondents such as Economist GMAT tutor say that that cannot be used to refer plural.
I am totally confused regarding usage of that. Please explain when we can use that to refer plural and to refer singular.

Thank you,
Sachin


Uses of pronoun "that":

1. as a demonstrative pronoun:
1a. as adjectives: That pen is mine.
1b. as copy: The car you gifted me is older than that standing outside (creates a copy of car).

2. as a relative pronoun:
I wanted to buy the house that was destroyed by earthquake yesterday.
I do not like dogs that bark.

The usage 1a and 1b can only be singular - for plural "those" is required:
That pens are mine... wrong
The cars you gifted me is older than that standing outside ...wrong

The usage 2 is applicable for both singular and plural. (the second example above is plural).

The question in this thread uses "that" as a relative pronoun (type 2) - hence plural usage is alright.
The question in your link uses "that" as a demonstrative pronoun (type 1b) - hence plural usage is wrong.
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Re: Though being tiny, blind, and translucent, a recently discovered speci  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Oct 2016, 10:16
1
Uses of pronoun "that":

1. as a demonstrative pronoun:
1a. as adjectives: That pen is mine.
1b. as copy: The car you gifted me is older than that standing outside (creates a copy of car).

2. as a relative pronoun:
I wanted to buy the house that was destroyed by earthquake yesterday.
I do not like dogs that bark.

The usage 1a and 1b can only be singular - for plural "those" is required:
That pens are mine... wrong
The cars you gifted me is older than that standing outside ...wrong

The usage 2 is applicable for both singular and plural. (the second example above is plural).

The question in this thread uses "that" as a relative pronoun (type 2) - hence plural usage is alright.
The question in your link uses "that" as a demonstrative pronoun (type 1b) - hence plural usage is wrong.[/quote]


Thank you very much for the help.
I will try some more questions based on usage of that.
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Re: Though being tiny, blind, and translucent, a recently discovered speci  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Nov 2017, 04:10
hi all, is "a species of xxx" always singular? thanks for anyone's help
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Re: Though being tiny, blind, and translucent, a recently discovered speci  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Dec 2017, 19:23
pronoun "that" is fine in this question. test takers should know this important trick pattern in gmat.
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Re: Though being tiny, blind, and translucent, a recently discovered speci  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Dec 2017, 00:33
1
jtankx90 wrote:
hi all, is "a species of xxx" always singular? thanks for anyone's help




Hello jtankx90,


I am not sure if you still have this doubt. Here is the answer nonetheless. :-)


Yes, the phrase "a species of xxx" is always singular because the articles "a" and "an" are used only with singular noun entities.


Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
Shraddha
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Re: Though being tiny, blind, and translucent, a recently discovered speci  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Dec 2017, 00:57
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chesstitans wrote:
pronoun "that" is fine in this question. test takers should know this important trick pattern in gmat.




Hello chesstitans,


You have highlighted one of the most crucial points with regard to the correct usage of the relative pronoun modifier that and other noun modifiers.

I just want to add here that we have authored an article named Noun Modifiers can Modify slightly far away noun on the very same topic that explains when noun modifiers can modify a noun that is slightly far away from it. The article can be accessed through the following link:
https://gmatclub.com/forum/noun-modifiers-can-modify-slightly-far-away-noun-135868.html



Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
Shraddha
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Though being tiny, blind, and translucent, a recently discovered speci  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Jan 2018, 06:43
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Though being tiny, blind, and translucent, a recently discovered species of catfish lessens their vulnerability with thickened bones and armor plates on their sides.


A. Though being tiny, blind, and translucent, a recently discovered species of catfish lessens their vulnerability with thickened bones and armor plates on their sides. - pronoun issue - Use of the plural pronoun their is incorrect in both the instances. The antecedent of their at both places is the singular noun species.

B. Though tiny, blind, and translucent, a recently discovered species of catfish has thickened bones and armor plates on its sides that lessen its vulnerability. - Correct

C. A recently discovered species of catfish has thickened bones and armor plates on its sides that lessen their vulnerability, though tiny, blind, and translucent. --The plural pronoun their doesn’t agree with the singular antecedent species ; meaning change -- contrast is lost -The way though tiny… translucent is placed in the sentence, it fails to convey the intended contrast. The placement of this phrase makes it difficult to establish that these qualities belong to this particular species of catfish.

D. Thickened bones and armor plates on their sides lessen the vulnerability of a recently discovered species of catfish that is tiny, blind, and translucent. --The plural pronoun their doesn’t agree with the singular antecedent species. -- Pronoun issue - The plural pronoun their doesn’t agree with the singular antecedent species. ; meaning changes as no contrast word is present

E. Tiny, blind, and translucent, thickened bones and armor plates on its sides lessen the vulnerability of a recently discovered species of catfish. -- illogical meaning; modifier issue -- The opening modifiers tiny, blind, and translucent illogically modifies the subject of the following main clause thickened bones and armor plates.


Answer B
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Re: QOTD: Though being tiny, blind, and translucent, a recently discovered  [#permalink]

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New post 17 May 2018, 07:19
Though being tiny, blind, and translucent, a recently discovered species of catfish lessens their vulnerability with thickened bones and armor plates on their sides.

Five seconds scan of the answer
Its vs their
whole sentence underline :so modifier Issue
bonus tip: Fish is used so :it can be singular or plural look for other clues to make out



A. Though being tiny, blind, and translucent, a recently discovered species of catfish lessens their vulnerability with thickened bones and armor plates on their sides.
Catfish lessens the vulnerability totally illogical

B. Though tiny, blind, and translucent, a recently discovered species of catfish has thickened bones and armor plates on its sides that lessen its vulnerability. correct

C. A recently discovered species of catfish has thickened bones and armor plates on its sides that lessen their vulnerability, though tiny, blind, and translucent.
catfish is used as singular :so their is wrong

D. Thickened bones and armor plates on their sides lessen the vulnerability of a recently discovered species of catfish that is tiny, blind, and translucent.
repeats the error of option C :both their and its cannot be used
also the verb is after catfish indicates its use as singular


E. Tiny, blind, and translucent, thickened bones and armor plates on its sides lessen the vulnerability of a recently discovered species of catfish.
Big modifier error :bones and Armour plates aren't tiny and blind ,but the fish is
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Re: QOTD: Though being tiny, blind, and translucent, a recently discovered  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Jul 2018, 20:07
Structure Analysis:

Though being tiny, blind, and translucent,

a recently discovered species of catfish lessens their vulnerability with

thickened bones and armor plates on their sides.

Meaning Analysis:

The sentence presents contrast about a recently discovered species of catfish. Although this species is tiny, blind and translucent, it has certain features that helps it overcome these shortcomings.

Error Analysis:

SV: There is only one SV pair and it makes perfect sense and agrees in number.

Tenses : The sentence presents a factual information about the species and hence a simple present tense is used correctly used to convey the fact.

Pronoun: “Their” refers to singular “Species” so we have Pronoun Antecedent number agreement.

Modifier : Opening Modifier Though being XYZ, correctly modifies and refers to Species. Although "being" used in construction of modifier is unnecessary.

Parallelism

Comparison

Idiom

Meaning: There is slight meaning error that could be corrected . Species lessens species’ something with XYZ. All we know that Species has certain features and these features help it lessen the vulnerability.

Other



Spotted Errors:

Pronoun Error

Meaning error: Structure used is Species lessens species’ something with XYZ. It can be worded better.

Redundancy Error: The word being can be used as a subject or as part of a continuous tense verb in passive voice. Use of being as a modifier is not required in the sentence. The opening adjectives makes it very clear that these are the features of a certain species of catfish.

Answer Choice Analysis:

A. Though being tiny, blind, and translucent, a recently discovered species of catfish lessens their vulnerability with thickened bones and armor plates on their sides.

Incorrect : For the reasons pointed out in error analysis

B. Though tiny, blind, and translucent, a recently discovered species of catfish has thickened bones and armor plates on its sides that lessen its vulnerability.

Correct : Sentence Corrects all the errors .


C. A recently discovered species of catfish has thickened bones and armor plates on its sides that lessen their vulnerability, though tiny, blind, and translucent.

Incorrect : Pronoun Error

The way though tiny… translucent is placed in the sentence, it fails to convey the intended contrast. The placement of this phrase makes it difficult to establish that these qualities belong to this particular species of catfish.


D. Thickened bones and armor plates on their sides lessen the vulnerability of a recently discovered species of catfish that is tiny, blind, and translucent.

Incorrect :Pronoun Error with their AND By removing the contrast word , the sentence no longer presents any contrast as is intended by original sentence.


E. Tiny, blind, and translucent, thickened bones and armor plates on its sides lessen the vulnerability of a recently discovered species of catfish.

Incorrect :Tiny, blind and translucent act as noun modifier illogically modifying the subject of the main clause. and by removing the contrast word , the sentence no longer presents any contrast as is intended by original sentence.
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Re: QOTD: Though being tiny, blind, and translucent, a recently discovered &nbs [#permalink] 17 Jul 2018, 20:07
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