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# SC Revision: Before its independence in 1947 Britain ruled India as a

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SC Revision: Before its independence in 1947 Britain ruled India as a  [#permalink]

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04 Feb 2016, 06:24
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51% (00:58) correct 49% (00:57) wrong based on 480 sessions

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Before its independence in 1947, Britain ruled India as a colony and they would relinquish power only after a long struggle by the native people.

A. Before its independence in 1947, Britain ruled India as a colony and they would relinquish power

B. Before independence in 1947, Britain had ruled India as a colony and relinquished power

C. Before its independence in 1947, India was ruled by Britain as a colony and they relinquished power

D. Before independence in 1947, India had been ruled as a colony by Britain, which relinquished power

E. Before independence in 1947, India had been a colony of the British, who relinquished power

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SC Revision: Before its independence in 1947 Britain ruled India as a  [#permalink]

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08 Feb 2016, 05:54
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debbiem wrote:
IMO (D)

Ruled as a colony is a better form than was a colony. Colony can also be a settlement/township..so ambiguity would be there with just colony.

Hi debbiem,

I would say, using "rule" and "colony" together is in a way redudancy. When X rules Y, Y is a colony of X. One does not need to say rule as a colony. This usage is awkward.

The usage Y is a colony of X is quite common, and does not seem to make the sense ambiguous.
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Re: SC Revision: Before its independence in 1947 Britain ruled India as a  [#permalink]

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04 Feb 2016, 08:11
IMHO (E)
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Re: SC Revision: Before its independence in 1947 Britain ruled India as a  [#permalink]

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04 Feb 2016, 12:47
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Before its independence in 1947, Britain ruled India as a colony and they would relinquish power only after a long struggle by the native people.

A. Before its independence in 1947, Britain ruled India as a colony and they would relinquish power --- Britain is a wrong modification. It should be India

B. Before independence in 1947, Britain had ruled India as a colony and relinquished power – same as in A.

C. Before its independence in 1947, India was ruled by Britain as a colony and they relinquished power --- no proper reference for ‘they’. Britain is not plural

D. Before independence in 1947, India had been ruled as a colony by Britain, which relinquished power – had been ruled is unnecessarily wordy.

E. Before independence in 1947, India had been a colony of the British, who relinquished power – precise expression. The British refers to the administrators or to the people of Britain.
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SC Revision: Before its independence in 1947 Britain ruled India as a  [#permalink]

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04 Feb 2016, 13:55
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IMO (D)

Ruled as a colony is a better form than was a colony. Colony can also be a settlement/township..so ambiguity would be there with just colony.
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Re: SC Revision: Before its independence in 1947 Britain ruled India as a  [#permalink]

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08 Feb 2016, 05:24
souvik101990 wrote:
Before its independence in 1947, Britain ruled India as a colony and they would relinquish power only after a long struggle by the native people.

A. Before its independence in 1947, Britain ruled India as a colony and they would relinquish power

B. Before independence in 1947, Britain had ruled India as a colony and relinquished power

C. Before its independence in 1947, India was ruled by Britain as a colony and they relinquished power

D. Before independence in 1947, India had been ruled as a colony by Britain, which relinquished power

E. Before independence in 1947, India had been a colony of the British, who relinquished power

+1 for E
"Before its independence" is a modifier, which needs to modify India, hence A and B are out
We need a past perfect tense and another past even is present (ruled). Hence, C-out.
Down to D and E
D) "As a colony" is wrong
Hence, E is correct.
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Re: SC Revision: Before its independence in 1947 Britain ruled India as a  [#permalink]

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13 Apr 2017, 07:34
sayantanc2k wrote:
debbiem wrote:
IMO (D)

Ruled as a colony is a better form than was a colony. Colony can also be a settlement/township..so ambiguity would be there with just colony.

Hi debbiem,

I would say, using "rule" and "colony" together is in a way redudancy. When X rules Y, Y is a colony of X. One does not need to say rule as a colony. This usage is awkward.

The usage Y is a colony of X is quite common, and does not seem to make the sense ambiguous.

Hi,
Apart from this difference ,what would be more appropriate Britain relinquished the power or British did ?
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Re: SC Revision: Before its independence in 1947 Britain ruled India as a  [#permalink]

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14 Apr 2017, 21:22
As no expert has highlighted this, I would like to know, is the use of "which" in option D correct?

I believe we use "which" for things. That was the main reason I chose E with "who". Please clear this.
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Re: SC Revision: Before its independence in 1947 Britain ruled India as a  [#permalink]

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15 Apr 2017, 00:01
RMD007 wrote:
As no expert has highlighted this, I would like to know, is the use of "which" in option D correct?

I believe we use "which" for things. That was the main reason I chose E with "who". Please clear this.

Can someone please explain the usage of "which" in this sentence? Is it correct or wrong?
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Re: SC Revision: Before its independence in 1947 Britain ruled India as a  [#permalink]

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15 Apr 2017, 02:03
Before its independence in 1947, Britain ruled India as a colony and they would relinquish power only after a long struggle by the native people.

A. Before its independence in 1947, Britain ruled India as a colony and they would relinquish power

B. Before independence in 1947, Britain had ruled India as a colony and relinquished power

C. Before its independence in 1947, India was ruled by Britain as a colony and they relinquished power

D. Before independence in 1947, India had been ruled as a colony by Britain, which relinquished power

E. Before independence in 1947, India had been a colony of the British, who relinquished power

In A and C its and they are not correct
In B Before independence in 1947 should modify India as per the meaning of the sentence
D ruled as a colony by Britain

E is the best
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Re: SC Revision: Before its independence in 1947 Britain ruled India as a  [#permalink]

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15 Apr 2017, 15:36
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RMD007 wrote:
As no expert has highlighted this, I would like to know, is the use of "which" in option D correct?

I believe we use "which" for things. That was the main reason I chose E with "who". Please clear this.

In option D, "Britain" is a country - hence use of "which" is alright. D is wrong because of redundant use of "ruled" - a colony is always ruled by the colonizer.

In option E "British" refers to the people of Britain - hence "who" is alright.
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Re: SC Revision: Before its independence in 1947 Britain ruled India as a  [#permalink]

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15 Sep 2017, 07:35
The original sentence begins with a modifier ("Before its independence") that clearly describes India,
though the subject of the main clause is Britain. Moreover, "ruled India as a colony" is wordy and the
verb "ruled" is in the simple past when it would be better in the past perfect (two past actions, one of
which was earlier). Finally, "they" has no grammatical antecedent and "would" is not a proper tense
here (the simple past is required).

(A) This choice is incorrect as it repeats the original sentence.

(B) Britain should not be the recipient of the modifier "Before its independence."

(C) The pronoun "they" has no logical antecedent. Logically it probably refers to the British, but the
British do not appear in the sentence. Also, the past perfect tense would have been preferable here
(had been ruled) since the ruling occurred before the relinquishing of the power.

(D) The phrase "ruled as a colony by Britain" is awkward and unclear. The placement of the modifier
"by Britain" makes it unclear that the ruling is being done by Britain.

(E) CORRECT. This correctly places India as the recipient of the opening modifier. The past perfect
is utilized to indicate that different times in the past. Notice that the word "ruled" has been removed
from this answer choice, however, this did not result in a change of meaning. To be a colony of the
British is to be ruled by the British. The exclusion of the pronoun its in the beginning of the sentence
(see answer choices A and C) is incidental. The sentence would have been correct with the pronoun
its as well.
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Re: SC Revision: Before its independence in 1947 Britain ruled India as a  [#permalink]

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15 Sep 2017, 09:01
it is hard to know why d is wrong.
is this from official guide. pls, show the question number.
Re: SC Revision: Before its independence in 1947 Britain ruled India as a &nbs [#permalink] 15 Sep 2017, 09:01
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