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The author seems well qualified to write the book: she is fluent in

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The author seems well qualified to write the book: she is fluent in  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 01 Apr 2018, 08:42
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A
B
C
D
E

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Question Stats:

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The author seems well qualified to write the book: she is fluent in Chinese and English, has reported from Beijing—where most of the story takes place—and she emigrated to the New York area when she was a teenager, just as the main character in the story does.

(A) has reported from Beijing—where most of the story takes place—and she emigrated to the New York area when she was a teenager, just as the main character in the story does

(B) has reported from Beijing—where most of the story takes place—and, like the main character in the story, emigrated to the New York area when she was a teenager

(C) has reported from Beijing—where most of the story takes place—and she emigrated to the New York area when she was a teenager, just like the main character in the story does

(D) has reported from Beijing—where most of the story takes place—and, she, like the main character in the story does, emigrated to the New York area when she was a teenager

(E) has reported from Beijing—where most of the story takes place—and, she, like the main character in the story, emigrated to the New York area when she was a teenager

Solution: B

Explanation: When a series begins like this: “she is fluent, has reported, and…….” the “she” is understood before each verb, and the last component (s) in the sentence must match this (be only verbs).

For instance, you cannot say: he has lived in New York, worked in Japan, and he has gone to school in China.

All of the answer choices except (B) incorrectly insert the “she,” creating what is called a “bungled series”.

Because there is so much garbage in the sentence, you can lose track of that series – don’t forget to use the slash and burn strategy to simplify sentences and see core structures and series.

Answer is (B).

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Originally posted by fozzzy on 11 Jun 2013, 01:33.
Last edited by hazelnut on 01 Apr 2018, 08:42, edited 2 times in total.
Edited the question.
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Re: The author seems well qualified to write the book: she is fluent in  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Jun 2013, 01:46
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2
The author seems well qualified to write the book: she is fluent in Chinese and English, has reported from Beijing – where most of the story takes place – and she emigrated to the New York area when she was a teenager, just as the main character in the story does.

Focus on the parallelism:
she is fluent, has reported from Beijing ...

1 and she emigrated
2 and, like the main character in the story, emigrated to the New York area when she was a teenager.
3 and she emigrated
4 and, she, like the main character in the story does, emigrated
5 and, she, like the main character in the story, emigrated

There are three actions that the subject does. All those have to be parallel.
In a parallel structure of this kind there is no need to repet the subject: since all actions are parallel the subject is the same.

"My brother lives (...), plays (...) and hetravels (...)
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Re: The author seems well qualified to write the book: she is fluent in  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Jun 2013, 01:57
3
1
The author seems well qualified to write the book: she is fluent in Chinese and English, has reported from Beijing – where most of the story takes place – and she emigrated to the New York area when she was a teenager, just as the main character in the story does.
1 has reported from Beijing – where most of the story takes place – and she emigrated to the New York area when she was a teenager, just as the main character in the story does. - This option changes the intended meaning of the sentence. This option conveys that the both the author & character migrated when they were teenager rather than both just migrated.

2 has reported from Beijing – where most of the story takes place – and, like the main character in the story, emigrated to the New York area when she was a teenager. - CORRECT

3 has reported from Beijing – where most of the story takes place – and she emigrated to the New York area when she was a teenager, just like the main character in the story does - LIKE must be followed by a Phrase & not by a clause.

4 has reported from Beijing – where most of the story takes place – and, she, like the main character in the story does, emigrated to the New York area when she was a teenager. - LIKE must be followed by a Phrase & not by a clause. Moreover this option introduces modifier error

5 has reported from Beijing – where most of the story takes place – and, she, like the main character in the story, emigrated to the New York area when she was a teenager. - Changes the intended meaning of the sentence. This option means that the Author is similar to the main character of the story

Hope this helps.
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Re: The author seems well qualified to write the book: she is fluent in  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Jun 2013, 05:28
The author seems well qualified to write the book: she is fluent in Chinese and English, has reported from Beijing – where most of the story takes place – and she emigrated to the New York area when she was a teenager, just as the main character in the story does.

1 has reported from Beijing – where most of the story takes place – and she emigrated to the New York area when she was a teenager, just as the main character in the story does.
there should be a "comma" after the and, as the list contains more than two items
2 has reported from Beijing – where most of the story takes place – and, like the main character in the story, emigrated to the New York area when she was a teenager.
Correct
3 has reported from Beijing – where most of the story takes place – and she emigrated to the New York area when she was a teenager, just like the main character in the story does.
there should be a "comma" after the and, as the list contains more than two items
4 has reported from Beijing – where most of the story takes place – and, she, like the main character in the story does, emigrated to the New York area when she was a teenager.
like compares nouns, hence like the main character in the story does is wrong as it is comparing action, as should be used instead
5 has reported from Beijing – where most of the story takes place – and, she, like the main character in the story, emigrated to the New York area when she was a teenager.
and, she, like the main character in the story - the subject is not required again as it breaks the parallelism

Hope it helps!
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Re: The author seems well qualified to write the book: she is fluent in  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Oct 2017, 06:15
Hi Experts,

In Option B, is the usage of "Like" Correct ?

As per my understanding, "Like" Should not be followed by a verb.
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Re: The author seems well qualified to write the book: she is fluent in  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Oct 2017, 08:11
fozzzy wrote:
The author seems well qualified to write the book: she is fluent in Chinese and English, has reported from Beijing – where most of the story takes place – and she emigrated to the New York area when she was a teenager, just as the main character in the story does.

1 has reported from Beijing – where most of the story takes place – and she emigrated to the New York area when she was a teenager, just as the main character in the story does.

2 has reported from Beijing – where most of the story takes place – and, like the main character in the story, emigrated to the New York area when she was a teenager.

3 has reported from Beijing – where most of the story takes place – and she emigrated to the New York area when she was a teenager, just like the main character in the story does.

4 has reported from Beijing – where most of the story takes place – and, she, like the main character in the story does, emigrated to the New York area when she was a teenager.

5 has reported from Beijing – where most of the story takes place – and, she, like the main character in the story, emigrated to the New York area when she was a teenager.

Please explain! Thanks


Answer should be D
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Re: The author seems well qualified to write the book: she is fluent in  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Oct 2017, 09:16
gmatexam439 wrote:
fozzzy wrote:
The author seems well qualified to write the book: she is fluent in Chinese and English, has reported from Beijing – where most of the story takes place – and she emigrated to the New York area when she was a teenager, just as the main character in the story does.

1 has reported from Beijing – where most of the story takes place – and she emigrated to the New York area when she was a teenager, just as the main character in the story does.

2 has reported from Beijing – where most of the story takes place – and, like the main character in the story, emigrated to the New York area when she was a teenager.

3 has reported from Beijing – where most of the story takes place – and she emigrated to the New York area when she was a teenager, just like the main character in the story does.

4 has reported from Beijing – where most of the story takes place – and, she, like the main character in the story does, emigrated to the New York area when she was a teenager.

5 has reported from Beijing – where most of the story takes place – and, she, like the main character in the story, emigrated to the New York area when she was a teenager.

Please explain! Thanks


Answer should be D


D have two main issue :

1---like should not be followed clause
2--parallelism issue
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Re: The author seems well qualified to write the book: she is fluent in  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Oct 2017, 11:38
Hi gmatexam439

Quote:
In Option B, is the usage of "Like" Correct ?

As per my understanding, "Like" Should not be followed by a verb.


kunal1608

Quote:
Answer should be D


Incorrect Parallelism:
She is fluent.... has reported.... ,and she emigrated -- incorrect - structure of choice (A, C, D & E)

Correct Parallelism:
She is fluent........has reported.... ,and emigrated ------ correct
She is fluent....she has reported.... ,and she emigrated -- correct

Correct Idioms/Pairs:
Same______As____
As________As____
Just As___So____
So Much___As____

Incorrect Idioms/Pairs:
Just Like (Choice A)
Such Like (Choice C)
Just As

Like Vs As:

Like A, B
1. Here A should be a NOUN perhaps with modifiers but NOT clause. That is A should not be Subject + verb construction
2. Here B should be a comparable NOUN (compare with NOUN in A). B should be an independent clause.

As A, B
1. Here A could be a CLAUSE or Prepositional Phrase
2. Here B should be an independent clause.

Choice D incorrectly uses Like + Clause construction (Like + character + Does).

Now the correct Choice B and a little doubt:

It maintains the paralleism.
She is fluent........has reported.... ,and ,like ......, emigrated

Hi, GMATNinja, GMATNinjaTwo

She is fluent........has reported.... ,and ,like ......, emigrated
Is this correct construction because "and" & "emigrated" are set off by TWO commas and so the parallelism is maintained. I am thinking of an official correct choice like this one.

She is fluent........has reported.... ,and like ......, emigrated (Notice only ONE comma) --- this construction will be wrong for sure. Right?
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Re: The author seems well qualified to write the book: she is fluent in  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Oct 2017, 11:39
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Re: The author seems well qualified to write the book: she is fluent in  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Oct 2017, 11:48
1
HKD1710 wrote:
Hi gmatexam439

Quote:
In Option B, is the usage of "Like" Correct ?

As per my understanding, "Like" Should not be followed by a verb.


kunal1608

Quote:
Answer should be D


Incorrect Parallelism:
She is fluent.... has reported.... ,and she emigrated -- incorrect - structure of choice (A, C, D & E)

Correct Parallelism:
She is fluent........has reported.... ,and emigrated ------ correct
She is fluent....she has reported.... ,and she emigrated -- correct

Correct Idioms/Pairs:
Same______As____
As________As____
Just As___So____
So Much___As____

Incorrect Idioms/Pairs:
Just Like (Choice A)
Such Like (Choice C)
Just As

Like Vs As:

Like A, B
1. Here A should be a NOUN perhaps with modifiers but NOT clause. That is A should not be Subject + verb construction
2. Here B should be a comparable NOUN (compare with NOUN in A). B should be an independent clause.

As A, B
1. Here A could be a CLAUSE or Prepositional Phrase
2. Here B should be an independent clause.

Choice D incorrectly uses Like + Clause construction (Like + character + Does).

Now the correct Choice B and a little doubt:

It maintains the paralleism.
She is fluent........has reported.... ,and ,like ......, emigrated

Hi, GMATNinja, GMATNinjaTwo

She is fluent........has reported.... ,and ,like ......, emigrated
Is this correct construction because "and" & "emigrated" are set off by TWO commas and so the parallelism is maintained. I am thinking of an official correct choice like this one.
She is fluent........has reported.... ,and like ......, emigrated (Notice only ONE comma) --- this construction will be wrong for sure. Right?


Hi Let me help you with this one.

Remember a simple rule:

You never say that "I ate ice cream, chocolate, tea". This is wrong. While typing a list of items/things a "and" is always used before the last thing. So the correct version will be that " I ate ice cream, chocolate AND tea."

When in the highlighted part you type " ..... , and like ..... , the sentence becomes nonsensical. You are specifically saying that "She is fluent ... has reported .... and like". You are basically toppling "emigrated" out of the list of things. "like ..." modifies "she" and should not become the part of the list, that's why it is put between the two commas. So the correct version is "she is fluent .. has reported ... and emigrated", correctly depicting the 3 things that she does.

Hope that helps !!
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Re: The author seems well qualified to write the book: she is fluent in  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Oct 2018, 00:08
1
Quote:
The author seems well qualified to write the book: she is fluent in Chinese and English, has reported from Beijing—where most of the story takes place—and she emigrated to the New York area when she was a teenager, just as the main character in the story does

Sentence analysis:
The first clause before the colon(:) is a complete sentence on its own. The colon (:) provides further explanation for what comes before it.
For example, one can use a colon to equate a list with its components. One should be able to insert the word namely or the phrase that is after the colon.
What comes before the colon must be able to stand alone as a sentence. What comes after the colon does not have to be able to stand alone.

Further the sentence starts telling about the author.
1. she is fluent in Chinese and English
2. has reported from Beijing—where most of the story takes place—
Parallelism Marker "and"
3. she emigrated to the New York area when she was a teenager, just as the main character in the story does
Hence it clearly shows that the qualities of the author have been placed in a parallel structure.
So If we see the non-underlined portion, the first piece of parallelism i.e. 1. The Pronoun She is followed by verb to be "is". SHE in itself is in a once out, twice/thrice in structure. Hence it would come only once as the second parallel piece i.e. 2 though underlined, but is same in all the answer options. which completes itself as "SHE has reported from Beijing—where most of the story takes place—"

Just as is used to give an example, but here the comparison is made between the author and the main character, so Just as is incorrect in the main sentence.
Let's see in other answer options.
Quote:
(A) has reported from Beijing—where most of the story takes place—and she emigrated to the New York area when she was a teenager, just as the main character in the story does
This A goes out because its a gift pack of errors as mentioned above.

Quote:
(B) has reported from Beijing—where most of the story takes place—and, like the main character in the story, emigrated to the New York area when she was a teenager
This answer option maintains the parallelism of the sentence. Pieces 1, 2 and the 3rd (emigrated to the New York area when she was a teenager) in this answer option are parallel. as they all start with verb.
2 modifiers are placed side by side. First, like the main character in the story, and Second emigrated to the New York area when; Both modify "She". Comparison between the main character and she looks fine.
This answer options seems good enough to be kept.

Quote:
(C) has reported from Beijing—where most of the story takes place—and she emigrated to the New York area when she was a teenager, just like the main character in the story does
Parallelism is an issue clearly. Whenever there is do or does, not literally but they act as pronoun for the verb in the sentence. If we replace does with the verb it refers to, the sentence looks like this: "she emigrated to the New York area when she was a teenager, just like the main character in the story emigrated" Complete non-sensical. Like compares nouns not phrases. As does that.

Quote:
(D) has reported from Beijing—where most of the story takes place—and, she, like the main character in the story does, emigrated to the New York area when she was a teenager
Similar to C.
Issues:
1. Parallelism.
2. Comparison
Refer to C for the details.

Quote:
(E) has reported from Beijing—where most of the story takes place—and, she, like the main character in the story, emigrated to the New York area when she was a teenager
Comparison is fine. She is being compared to the main character.
Parallelism takes this answer option for a toll. Goes Out.
B is the best answer option available.
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Re: The author seems well qualified to write the book: she is fluent in  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Oct 2018, 00:32
GMATYoda wrote:
Quote:
The author seems well qualified to write the book: she is fluent in Chinese and English, has reported from Beijing—where most of the story takes place—and she emigrated to the New York area when she was a teenager, just as the main character in the story does

Sentence analysis:
The first clause before the colon(:) is a complete sentence on its own. The colon (:) provides further explanation for what comes before it.
For example, one can use a colon to equate a list with its components. One should be able to insert the word namely or the phrase that is after the colon.
What comes before the colon must be able to stand alone as a sentence. What comes after the colon does not have to be able to stand alone.

Further the sentence starts telling about the author.
1. she is fluent in Chinese and English
2. has reported from Beijing—where most of the story takes place—
Parallelism Marker "and"
3. she emigrated to the New York area when she was a teenager, just as the main character in the story does
Hence it clearly shows that the qualities of the author have been placed in a parallel structure.
So If we see the non-underlined portion, the first piece of parallelism i.e. 1. The Pronoun She is followed by verb to be "is". SHE in itself is in a once out, twice/thrice in structure. Hence it would come only once as the second parallel piece i.e. 2 though underlined, but is same in all the answer options. which completes itself as "SHE has reported from Beijing—where most of the story takes place—"

Just as is used to give an example, but here the comparison is made between the author and the main character, so Just as is incorrect in the main sentence.
Let's see in other answer options.
Quote:
(A) has reported from Beijing—where most of the story takes place—and she emigrated to the New York area when she was a teenager, just as the main character in the story does
This A goes out because its a gift pack of errors as mentioned above.

Quote:
(B) has reported from Beijing—where most of the story takes place—and, like the main character in the story, emigrated to the New York area when she was a teenager
This answer option maintains the parallelism of the sentence. Pieces 1, 2 and the 3rd (emigrated to the New York area when she was a teenager) in this answer option are parallel. as they all start with verb.
2 modifiers are placed side by side. First, like the main character in the story, and Second emigrated to the New York area when; Both modify "She". Comparison between the main character and she looks fine.
This answer options seems good enough to be kept.

Quote:
(C) has reported from Beijing—where most of the story takes place—and she emigrated to the New York area when she was a teenager, just like the main character in the story does
Parallelism is an issue clearly. Whenever there is do or does, not literally but they act as pronoun for the verb in the sentence. If we replace does with the verb it refers to, the sentence looks like this: "she emigrated to the New York area when she was a teenager, just like the main character in the story emigrated" Complete non-sensical. Like compares nouns not phrases. As does that.

Quote:
(D) has reported from Beijing—where most of the story takes place—and, she, like the main character in the story does, emigrated to the New York area when she was a teenager
Similar to C.
Issues:
1. Parallelism.
2. Comparison
Refer to C for the details.

Quote:
(E) has reported from Beijing—where most of the story takes place—and, she, like the main character in the story, emigrated to the New York area when she was a teenager
Comparison is fine. She is being compared to the main character.
Parallelism takes this answer option for a toll. Goes Out.
B is the best answer option available.


Good analysis of parallelism and comparison .
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Re: The author seems well qualified to write the book: she is fluent in &nbs [#permalink] 02 Oct 2018, 00:32
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