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The growth projected for these storms in different computerized weathe

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The growth projected for these storms in different computerized weathe  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Jun 2017, 10:32
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The Official Guide for GMAT Verbal Review 2018
Practice Question
Sentence Correction
Question no. 284

The growth projected for these storms in different computerized weather models varies widely.

(A) projected for these storms in different computerized weather models varies widely
(B) for these storms is projected in different computerized models of weather to vary widely
(C) of these storms, projected in different computerized weather models, vary widely
(D) projected for these storms, which vary widely in different computerized weather models
(E) that varies widely for these storms are projected in different computerized weather models

https://www.nytimes.com/1995/09/18/world/scientists-say-earth-s-warming-could-set-off-wide-disruptions.html

Computerized models indicated that if atmospheric carbon dioxide levels double, "one-third of all the forest area of the earth will change," said Dr. Steven P. Hamburg, a forest ecologist at Brown University who is a member of the intergovernmental panel. "But we still don't have a good grasp of what it will look like," he added. Carbon dioxide concentrations are expected to double late in the next century if no further action is taken to limit emissions.

The global impact of climate change on agriculture is likely to be "small to moderate" if measures are taken, the panel says. But regional effects are expected to vary widely.

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Re: The growth projected for these storms in different computerized weathe  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Jun 2017, 01:58
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The growth projected for these storms in different computerized weather models varies widely.
A. projected for these storms in different computerized weather models varies widely
- Correct
B. for these storms is projected in different computerized models of weather to vary widely
-Growth is projected using different models....Ok. But the purpose of using different model is not to SHOW VARIATION. Hence Incorrect
C. of these storms, projected in different computerized weather models, vary widely
Singular verb VARIES should be used for singular noun GROWTH. Hence Incorrect
D. projected for these storms, which vary widely in different computerized weather models
The sentence is incorrect since it is just a CLAUSE.
E. that varies widely for these storms are projected in different computerized weather models
Singular verb IS should be used for singular noun GROWTH. Hence Incorrect
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Re: The growth projected for these storms in different computerized weathe  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Jun 2017, 10:37
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Growth is singular hence need a singular verb. Hence C is out

Option : D is a fragment does not have a verb, D is out.

Option B and C changes meaning

Hence A
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Re: The growth projected for these storms in different computerized weathe  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 15 Jun 2017, 06:20
AbdurRakib wrote:
The Official Guide for GMAT Verbal Review 2018
Practice Question
Sentence Correction
Question no. 284

The growth projected for these storms in different computerized weather models varies widely.

A. projected for these storms in different computerized weather models varies widely
B. for these storms is projected in different computerized models of weather to vary widely
C. of these storms, projected in different computerized weather models, vary widely
D. projected for these storms, which vary widely in different computerized weather models
E. that varies widely for these storms are projected in different computerized weather models


Option A: This is grammatically correct and conveys the meaning effectively.
Option B: To vary denotes intention. But that's not the case as per the original question.
Option C: Same as B
Option D: Incorrect structure, and meaning is changed
Option E: usage of are is incorrect. is should be used.

Originally posted by harikrish on 15 Jun 2017, 04:05.
Last edited by harikrish on 15 Jun 2017, 06:20, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: The growth projected for these storms in different computerized weathe  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Jun 2017, 06:04
harikrish wrote:
AbdurRakib wrote:
The Official Guide for GMAT Verbal Review 2018
Practice Question
Sentence Correction
Question no. 284

The growth projected for these storms in different computerized weather models varies widely.

A. projected for these storms in different computerized weather models varies widely
B. for these storms is projected in different computerized models of weather to vary widely
C. of these storms, projected in different computerized weather models, vary widely
D. projected for these storms, which vary widely in different computerized weather models
E. that varies widely for these storms are projected in different computerized weather models


Option A: This is grammatically correct and conveys the meaning effectively.
Option B: Subject Verb Agreement error, varies should be used.
Option C: Same as B
Option D: Incorrect structure, and meaning is changed
Option E: usage of are is incorrect. is should be used.


WHAT is the subject verb agreement error in option B? Could you throw some light on SV error...
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Re: The growth projected for these storms in different computerized weathe  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Jun 2017, 06:23
elegantm wrote:
harikrish wrote:
AbdurRakib wrote:
The Official Guide for GMAT Verbal Review 2018
Practice Question
Sentence Correction
Question no. 284

The growth projected for these storms in different computerized weather models varies widely.

A. projected for these storms in different computerized weather models varies widely
B. for these storms is projected in different computerized models of weather to vary widely
C. of these storms, projected in different computerized weather models, vary widely
D. projected for these storms, which vary widely in different computerized weather models
E. that varies widely for these storms are projected in different computerized weather models


Option A: This is grammatically correct and conveys the meaning effectively.
Option B: Subject Verb Agreement error, varies should be used.
Option C: Same as B
Option D: Incorrect structure, and meaning is changed
Option E: usage of are is incorrect. is should be used.


WHAT is the subject verb agreement error in option B? Could you throw some light on SV error...


Yeah there is no SV error. Its the usage of infinitive + verb - this shows intention
Ex: I started early from home to reach office on time. ( to reach)
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Re: The growth projected for these storms in different computerized weathe  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Aug 2017, 03:54
Regarding A The growth projected for these storms in different computerized weather models varies widely.

I always have doubts regarding use of these prepositional phrases...

The growth projected for these storms [modifies projected OK] in different computerized weather [ doesnt it seems that storms are in different computerized weather...]

My question is when is it ok for prepositional phrase to be far and when it has to touch the things it modifies..??
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Re: The growth projected for these storms in different computerized weathe  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Aug 2017, 06:25
The growth projected for these storms in different computerized weather models varies widely.

A. projected for these storms in different computerized weather models varies widely

Correct : verb-ed modifier correctly modifies 'growth'. SV is correct

B. for these storms is projected in different computerized models of weather to vary widely.

meaning error.

C. of these storms, projected in different computerized weather models, vary widely
wrong modification : verb -ed modifier (projected..... models) modifies storms.This changes meaning
SV error : The growth(singular) vary(plural) widely.


D. projected for these storms, which vary widely in different computerized weather models
wrong modification : 'which' modifies 'storms' . change in meaning.

E. that varies widely for these storms are projected in different computerized weather models.

change in meaning : It says variation in growth is projected by simulations
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Re: The growth projected for these storms in different computerized weathe  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Sep 2018, 12:56
elegantm wrote:
harikrish wrote:
AbdurRakib wrote:
The Official Guide for GMAT Verbal Review 2018
Practice Question
Sentence Correction
Question no. 284

The growth projected for these storms in different computerized weather models varies widely.

A. projected for these storms in different computerized weather models varies widely
B. for these storms is projected in different computerized models of weather to vary widely
C. of these storms, projected in different computerized weather models, vary widely
D. projected for these storms, which vary widely in different computerized weather models
E. that varies widely for these storms are projected in different computerized weather models


Option A: This is grammatically correct and conveys the meaning effectively.
Option B: Subject Verb Agreement error, varies should be used.
Option C: Same as B
Option D: Incorrect structure, and meaning is changed
Option E: usage of are is incorrect. is should be used.


WHAT is the subject verb agreement error in option B? Could you throw some light on SV error...


Indeed there is no SV agreement error in option B. Option B is incorrect only because it changes the meaning of the original sentence as it means " The growth was projected intentionally so that it varies widely" and hence is incorrect. The usage of infinitive "to + vary" is incorrect.
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Re: The growth projected for these storms in different computerized weathe  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Oct 2018, 20:24
elegantm wrote:
The growth projected for these storms in different computerized weather models varies widely.
A. projected for these storms in different computerized weather models varies widely
- Correct
B. for these storms is projected in different computerized models of weather to vary widely
-Growth is projected using different models....Ok. But the purpose of using different model is not to SHOW VARIATION. Hence Incorrect
C. of these storms, projected in different computerized weather models, vary widely
Singular verb VARIES should be used for singular noun GROWTH. Hence Incorrect
D. projected for these storms, which vary widely in different computerized weather models
The sentence is incorrect since it is just a CLAUSE.
E. that varies widely for these storms are projected in different computerized weather models
Singular verb IS should be used for singular noun GROWTH. Hence Incorrect


I see a lot of confusion around the subject verb agreement in answer option B and C.
I believe "Growth" is neither singular nor plural. It takes the singularity/plurality from the subject it is attached with.
For e.g.
Plural: A steady growth in the popularity of two smaller parties may upset the polls.
Singular: Its rapid growth is already exposing cracks in the supply chain.
The subject verb agreement isn't an issue here in either B or C.

Quote:
(B) for these storms is projected in different computerized models of weather to vary widely
the intent shown by "to vary" makes this sentence incorrect.
The growth isn't projected for the weather to vary widely.
This changes the meaning of the sentence.

Quote:
(C) of these storms, projected in different computerized weather models, vary widely
Here the modifier "very widely" modifies models.
This also changes the meaning of the sentence, models don't very widely, projected growth does.
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Re: The growth projected for these storms in different computerized weathe  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Oct 2018, 01:52
AbdurRakib wrote:
The Official Guide for GMAT Verbal Review 2018
Practice Question
Sentence Correction
Question no. 284

The growth projected for these storms in different computerized weather models varies widely.

(A) projected for these storms in different computerized weather models varies widely
(B) for these storms is projected in different computerized models of weather to vary widely
(C) of these storms, projected in different computerized weather models, vary widely
(D) projected for these storms, which vary widely in different computerized weather models
(E) that varies widely for these storms are projected in different computerized weather models

https://www.nytimes.com/1995/09/18/world/scientists-say-earth-s-warming-could-set-off-wide-disruptions.html

Computerized models indicated that if atmospheric carbon dioxide levels double, "one-third of all the forest area of the earth will change," said Dr. Steven P. Hamburg, a forest ecologist at Brown University who is a member of the intergovernmental panel. "But we still don't have a good grasp of what it will look like," he added. Carbon dioxide concentrations are expected to double late in the next century if no further action is taken to limit emissions.

The global impact of climate change on agriculture is likely to be "small to moderate" if measures are taken, the panel says. But regional effects are expected to vary widely.


it takes me a long time to find out why choice B is wrong.
if we see a phrase move around, ask yourself which entity this phrase should modify logically.
I think "in different model" modify "growth" so, choice A is right and choice B is wrong. in choice B, "in different models" modify "is projected" . this is not logic. in choice A, "in different models " modify "groth" though it stand far away from "growth".

am i correct?
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Re: The growth projected for these storms in different computerized weathe  [#permalink]

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New post 31 Oct 2018, 00:27
The real difference between A and B is in the meaning. A is saying that different programs give widely varying projections of growth for these storms. Perhaps one says that growth will be minimal, while another projects enormous growth. B is saying that the growth is projected to vary widely, meaning that programs are actually predicting that the growth will vary greatly. In other words, multiple programs are saying that growth will be minimal at one point and enormous at another time. This interpretation makes sense and does not fit with the meaning of the other choices.
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Re: The growth projected for these storms in different computerized weathe  [#permalink]

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New post 31 Oct 2018, 01:21
AbdurRakib wrote:
The Official Guide for GMAT Verbal Review 2018
Practice Question
Sentence Correction
Question no. 284

The growth projected for these storms in different computerized weather models varies widely.

(A) projected for these storms in different computerized weather models varies widely
(B) for these storms is projected in different computerized models of weather to vary widely
(C) of these storms, projected in different computerized weather models, vary widely
(D) projected for these storms, which vary widely in different computerized weather models
(E) that varies widely for these storms are projected in different computerized weather models

https://www.nytimes.com/1995/09/18/world/scientists-say-earth-s-warming-could-set-off-wide-disruptions.html

Computerized models indicated that if atmospheric carbon dioxide levels double, "one-third of all the forest area of the earth will change," said Dr. Steven P. Hamburg, a forest ecologist at Brown University who is a member of the intergovernmental panel. "But we still don't have a good grasp of what it will look like," he added. Carbon dioxide concentrations are expected to double late in the next century if no further action is taken to limit emissions.

The global impact of climate change on agriculture is likely to be "small to moderate" if measures are taken, the panel says. But regional effects are expected to vary widely.


this is hard.
look at choice A and B. in A, "in different model" modifies " growth but in choice B, "in different model " modifies "projected" and, so, is wrong. it is hard to realize this point.
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Re: The growth projected for these storms in different computerized weathe  [#permalink]

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New post 31 Oct 2018, 03:11
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The growth is not projected in these models to vary widely by intention or by design. That makes B incorrect.
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The growth projected for these storms in different computerized weathe  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Nov 2018, 00:12
thangvietnam wrote:
AbdurRakib wrote:
The Official Guide for GMAT Verbal Review 2018
Practice Question
Sentence Correction
Question no. 284

The growth projected for these storms in different computerized weather models varies widely.

(A) projected for these storms in different computerized weather models varies widely
(B) for these storms is projected in different computerized models of weather to vary widely
(C) of these storms, projected in different computerized weather models, vary widely
(D) projected for these storms, which vary widely in different computerized weather models
(E) that varies widely for these storms are projected in different computerized weather models

https://www.nytimes.com/1995/09/18/world/scientists-say-earth-s-warming-could-set-off-wide-disruptions.html

Computerized models indicated that if atmospheric carbon dioxide levels double, "one-third of all the forest area of the earth will change," said Dr. Steven P. Hamburg, a forest ecologist at Brown University who is a member of the intergovernmental panel. "But we still don't have a good grasp of what it will look like," he added. Carbon dioxide concentrations are expected to double late in the next century if no further action is taken to limit emissions.

The global impact of climate change on agriculture is likely to be "small to moderate" if measures are taken, the panel says. But regional effects are expected to vary widely.


this is hard.
look at choice A and B. in A, "in different model" modifies " growth but in choice B, "in different model " modifies "projected" and, so, is wrong. it is hard to realize this point.


Hi
As daagh has pointed out, I think you are missing the bigger picture here.
Choice B in simple words - The growth is projected to vary.
Choice A in simple words - The growth projected varies widely.

Notice the difference between the intended meaning?
According to B - the growth is projected with an intention to vary. Does this make sense? No, it does not.
According to A - the growth simply varies. It is just stating a fact about the growth.



Usage of TO + VERB -
To + verb gives a sense of intention.

Example 1- I want to acquire the rights to that song. Correct.
It shows intent. My intent to acquire the rights.

Example 2 - The chair is so short as to acquire the perfect balance.
Makes no sense. The chair has no intention of its own to acquire perfect balance.

Hope it helps! :)
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