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The Life and Casualty Company hopes that by increasing its environment

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The Life and Casualty Company hopes that by increasing its environment  [#permalink]

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The Life and Casualty Company hopes that by increasing its environmental fund revenues to $1.2 billion, that it has set aside enough to pay for environmental claims and no longer has to use its profits and capital to pay those claims bit by bit, year by year.


(A) that it has set aside enough to pay for environmental claims and no longer has

(B) enough has been set aside with which environmental claims can be paid and it will have no longer

(C) it has set aside enough for payment of environmental claims and thus no longer having

(D) enough has been set aside to pay for environmental claims, thus no longer having

(E) it has set aside enough to pay for environmental claims and will no longer have

Originally posted by AbdurRakib on 15 Jun 2016, 04:05.
Last edited by Bunuel on 07 Dec 2018, 07:27, edited 1 time in total.
Edited the question.
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Re: The Life and Casualty Company hopes that by increasing its environment  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Jul 2016, 15:46
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Keats wrote:
OptimusPrepJanielle wrote:
AbdurRakib wrote:
The Life and Casualty Company hopes that by increasing its environmental fund revenues to $1.2 billion, that it has set aside enough to pay for environmental claims and no longer has to use its profits and capital to pay those claims bit by bit, year by year.

A) that it has set aside enough to pay for environmental claims and no longer has
B) enough has been set aside with which environmental claims can be paid and it will have no longer
C) it has set aside enough for payment of environmental claims and thus no longer having
D) enough has been set aside to pay for environmental claims, thus no longer having
E) it has set aside enough to pay for environmental claims and will no longer have


Meaning: The company has increased revenues, has set aside enough funds and will not need to pay them bit by bit.
Coming to the options:

A: that is redundant here
B: not sure who has set aside the money
C: having is incorrect
D: Having is incorrect
E: Correct

Correct Option: E


1. Can you please explain why "having" is incorrect
2. Also, please through light on "will have" in option E. Why are we using "have" for the singular company?


Your query 1: (Why D is wrong?)

"Having" by itself is not a verb. We would require a helping verb.
I having a great time ... wrong
I am having a great time.... right.

Now consider option D. There are 3 mistakes with "having", rolling one over the other:

Mistake 1: no helping verb: The company having .... wrong.
The company is having... could still be right.

Mistake 2: Suppose the mistake is rectified and a helping verb is inserted. Even then the sentence would be wrong.
The subject for the verb is missing - there is no "company" or "it" to go with the verb "(is) having".

Mistake 3: Suppose that a helping verb AND a subject is introduced:
The company is having to use... even this is wrong.
State verbs cannot be used in present continuous. In this case "is having" is a state verb and hence cannot be used in present continuous form.

Your query 2:

Irrespective of the subject, "will" always takes the raw form of the verb (which is generally same as the plural form.)

He will has to pay the money... wrong.
He will have to pay money... right.

Check with other verbs:

He will go.... correct.
He will goes.... wrong.
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Re: The Life and Casualty Company hopes that by increasing its environment  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Jul 2017, 19:50
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gmat4varun wrote:
AbdurRakib wrote:
The Life and Casualty Company hopes that by increasing its environmental fund revenues to $1.2 billion, that it has set aside enough to pay for environmental claims and no longer has to use its profits and capital to pay those claims bit by bit, year by year.

A) that it has set aside enough to pay for environmental claims and no longer has
B) enough has been set aside with which environmental claims can be paid and it will have no longer
C) it has set aside enough for payment of environmental claims and thus no longer having
D) enough has been set aside to pay for environmental claims, thus no longer having
E) it has set aside enough to pay for environmental claims and will no longer have



I understood the meaning and selected E . However one issue which I felt is not addressed is the use of comma after 1.2 billion. The sentence before comma is not an independent sentence. Can we use comma after an dependent sentence? Please someone put some light on this.


The Life and Casualty Company Subject
hopes Verb
that The word “that” can be used as a subordinate conjunction, that is, as a word that marks the beginning of a dependent clause.  The dependent clause, like any clause, would have a full [noun] + [verb] structure(Copied from Magoosh)
by increasing its environmental fund revenues to $1.2 billion Modifier
, Modifier comma
it Subject Subordinate clause
has set aside enough to pay for environmental claims and will no longer have to use its profits and capital to pay those claims bit by bit, year by year verb +object Subordinate clause.

Hope this helps.

Also follow this article to decipher the mystery of that. https://magoosh.com/gmat/2013/gmat-sent ... s-of-that/
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Re: The Life and Casualty Company hopes that by increasing its environment  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Jun 2016, 06:40
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AbdurRakib wrote:
The Life and Casualty Company hopes that by increasing its environmental fund revenues to $1.2 billion, that it has set aside enough to pay for environmental claims and no longer has to use its profits and capital to pay those claims bit by bit, year by year.

A) that it has set aside enough to pay for environmental claims and no longer has
B) enough has been set aside with which environmental claims can be paid and it will have no longer
C) it has set aside enough for payment of environmental claims and thus no longer having
D) enough has been set aside to pay for environmental claims, thus no longer having
E) it has set aside enough to pay for environmental claims and will no longer have



In this sentence, the underlined sentence starts with THAT and this is incorrectly referring to revenue or to company. IT must refer to company, and as per the sentence the company's intention is clearly visible that it is to has set aside...and no longer...
A. IT correctly referring to company...but at the end we have HAS ( Present tense), which is incorrect and it has to be HAVE as per future intention.
B. IT can refer to company and claims and pronoun must refer to only on antecedent.
C. For the payment is wrong.
D. No longer having is incorrect.
E. In this statement, we can find the INTENTION ( something is intended TO ) and IT properly refers to company and HAVE is correctly referring to future.

Option E is correct.
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Re: The Life and Casualty Company hopes that by increasing its environment  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Jun 2016, 08:54
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AbdurRakib wrote:
The Life and Casualty Company hopes that by increasing its environmental fund revenues to $1.2 billion, that it has set aside enough to pay for environmental claims and no longer has to use its profits and capital to pay those claims bit by bit, year by year.

A) that it has set aside enough to pay for environmental claims and no longer has
B) enough has been set aside with which environmental claims can be paid and it will have no longer
C) it has set aside enough for payment of environmental claims and thus no longer having
D) enough has been set aside to pay for environmental claims, thus no longer having
E) it has set aside enough to pay for environmental claims and will no longer have


1) profits and capital require plural verb 'have'
2) 'The Life and Casualty Company hopes that by increasing its environmental fund revenues to $1.2 billion' is a fragment sentence followed by 'that', which is not correct.
3) 'Having to' is not right

E is the answer
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Re: The Life and Casualty Company hopes that by increasing its environment  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Jun 2016, 16:53
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The Life and Casualty Company hopes that by increasing its environmental fund revenues to $1.2 billion, that it has set aside enough to pay for environmental claims and no longer has to use its profits and capital to pay those claims bit by bit, year by year.

Meaning of the sentence:
The L and C company has increased the fund revenues to $1.2B. It has set aside enough to pay for claims and it will no longer have to pay those claims but by bit or year by year.

A) that it has set aside enough to pay for environmental claims and no longer has
1) No longer -> indicates that the event will happen in the future. "will" is required here.

B) enough has been set aside with which environmental claims can be paid and it will have no longer
1) "enough has been set aside with which environmental claims can be paid" modifies the amount of money. But it is not clear that who has set aside the amount.
2) It is longer compared to a shorter option that conveys the same meaning in concise way.


C) it has set aside enough for payment of environmental claims and thus no longer having
1) having -> verb+ing -> acts as a modifier but we require a clause as "and" is used and "and" can join two similar functions together. 1st one is a clause.

D) enough has been set aside to pay for environmental claims, thus no longer having
"enough has been set aside to pay for environmental claims" modifies the amount but for the second part of the sentence "no longer having" doesn't modify the amount. We require a clause stating the company no longer will have to pay.

E) it has set aside enough to pay for environmental claims and will no longer have
Correct
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Re: The Life and Casualty Company hopes that by increasing its environment  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Jun 2016, 06:31
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Divyadisha wrote:
AbdurRakib wrote:
The Life and Casualty Company hopes that by increasing its environmental fund revenues to $1.2 billion, that it has set aside enough to pay for environmental claims and no longer has to use its profits and capital to pay those claims bit by bit, year by year.

A) that it has set aside enough to pay for environmental claims and no longer has
B) enough has been set aside with which environmental claims can be paid and it will have no longer
C) it has set aside enough for payment of environmental claims and thus no longer having
D) enough has been set aside to pay for environmental claims, thus no longer having
E) it has set aside enough to pay for environmental claims and will no longer have


1) profits and capital require plural verb 'have'
2) 'The Life and Casualty Company hopes that by increasing its environmental fund revenues to $1.2 billion' is a fragment sentence followed by 'that', which is not correct.
3) 'Having to' is not right

E is the answer


Isn't it because of future tense 'Will have' to be used ?not because of 'profits and capital' ?
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Re: The Life and Casualty Company hopes that by increasing its environment  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Jun 2016, 09:23
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The issue with "A" is the redundancy of "that". Answer choice D uses incorrectly the gerund "having", and thus answer choice E is the only correct one.
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Re: The Life and Casualty Company hopes that by increasing its environment  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jul 2016, 21:42
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AbdurRakib wrote:
The Life and Casualty Company hopes that by increasing its environmental fund revenues to $1.2 billion, that it has set aside enough to pay for environmental claims and no longer has to use its profits and capital to pay those claims bit by bit, year by year.

A) that it has set aside enough to pay for environmental claims and no longer has
B) enough has been set aside with which environmental claims can be paid and it will have no longer
C) it has set aside enough for payment of environmental claims and thus no longer having
D) enough has been set aside to pay for environmental claims, thus no longer having
E) it has set aside enough to pay for environmental claims and will no longer have


Meaning: The company has increased revenues, has set aside enough funds and will not need to pay them bit by bit.
Coming to the options:

A: that is redundant here
B: not sure who has set aside the money
C: having is incorrect
D: Having is incorrect
E: Correct

Correct Option: E
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Re: The Life and Casualty Company hopes that by increasing its environment  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Jul 2016, 11:54
OptimusPrepJanielle wrote:
AbdurRakib wrote:
The Life and Casualty Company hopes that by increasing its environmental fund revenues to $1.2 billion, that it has set aside enough to pay for environmental claims and no longer has to use its profits and capital to pay those claims bit by bit, year by year.

A) that it has set aside enough to pay for environmental claims and no longer has
B) enough has been set aside with which environmental claims can be paid and it will have no longer
C) it has set aside enough for payment of environmental claims and thus no longer having
D) enough has been set aside to pay for environmental claims, thus no longer having
E) it has set aside enough to pay for environmental claims and will no longer have


Meaning: The company has increased revenues, has set aside enough funds and will not need to pay them bit by bit.
Coming to the options:

A: that is redundant here
B: not sure who has set aside the money
C: having is incorrect
D: Having is incorrect
E: Correct

Correct Option: E


1. Can you please explain why "having" is incorrect
2. Also, please through light on "will have" in option E. Why are we using "have" for the singular company?
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Re: The Life and Casualty Company hopes that by increasing its environment  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Jul 2016, 22:27
If we change the option C to :" thus no longer have " will that be correct then ?
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Re: The Life and Casualty Company hopes that by increasing its environment  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Jul 2016, 06:53
RK84 wrote:
If we change the option C to :" thus no longer have " will that be correct then ?


In my opinion, YES, but i m no expert.
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Re: The Life and Casualty Company hopes that by increasing its environment  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Jul 2016, 10:23
RK84 wrote:
If we change the option C to :" thus no longer have " will that be correct then ?

Hi RK84, perhaps you meant: thus no longer has.

The thing is that on a stand-alone basis, it is hard to differentiate between enough for payment of environmental claims (option C) and enough to pay for environmental claims (option E).

However, here, there is a clue in the sentence, in the non-underlined portion: ....use its profits and capital to pay those claims......

Hence, for similarity of structure (one could call in parallelism), it would be better to use to pay (for environmental claims) in the underlined portion as well.

Hence, E would in any case, be better.
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Re: The Life and Casualty Company hopes that by increasing its environment  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Jul 2016, 13:57
Keats wrote:
sayantanc2k My comments in blue below:

sayantanc2k wrote:
Your query 1: (Why D is wrong?)

"Having" by itself is not a verb. We would require a helping verb.
I having a great time ... wrong
I am having a great time.... right.

Now consider option D. There are 3 mistakes with "having", rolling one over the other:

Mistake 1: no helping verb: The company having .... wrong.
The company is having... could still be right.
*Understood*

Mistake 2: Suppose the mistake is rectified and a helping verb is inserted. Even then the sentence would be wrong.
The subject for the verb is missing - there is no "company" or "it" to go with the verb "(is) having".

Mistake 3: Suppose that a helping verb AND a subject is introduced:
The company is having to use... even this is wrong.
State verbs cannot be used in present continuous. In this case "is having" is a state verb and hence cannot be used in present continuous form.

*Can you explain Mistake 2 in the light of option C. I think if the sentence has an "and", the subject is implied in the second part. Please confirm
* Mistake 3 makes sense


Your query 2:

Irrespective of the subject, "will" always takes the raw form of the verb (which is generally same as the plural form.)

He will has to pay the money... wrong.
He will have to pay money... right.

Check with other verbs:

He will go.... correct.
He will goes.... wrong.
*Awesome. Second point although intuitive, haven't been registered explicitly till date. Thank You [b]sayantanc2k[/b]*


In option D, there is no subject "company"; the first part (before "and") is in passive voice.
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Re: The Life and Casualty Company hopes that by increasing its environment  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Jul 2016, 14:00
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rahul202 wrote:
RK84 wrote:
If we change the option C to :" thus no longer have " will that be correct then ?


In my opinion, YES, but i m no expert.


No, it would be wrong. Verb "have" is plural, whereas subject "it" is singular.
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Re: The Life and Casualty Company hopes that by increasing its environment  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Mar 2017, 06:21
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The Life and Casualty Company hopes that by increasing its environmental fund revenues to $1.2 billion, that it has set aside enough to pay for environmental claims and no longer has to use its profits and capital to pay those claims bit by bit, year by year.

A) that it has set aside enough to pay for environmental claims and no longer has
B) enough has been set aside with which environmental claims can be paid and it will have no longer
C) it has set aside enough for payment of environmental claims and thus no longer having
D) enough has been set aside to pay for environmental claims, thus no longer having
E) it has set aside enough to pay for environmental claims and will no longer have

Analysis:

A clear question of parallelism. The Life and Casualty Company by increasing…., The Life and Casualty Company has set…..and will no longer.
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Re: The Life and Casualty Company hopes that by increasing its environment  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Mar 2017, 10:58
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C in its full expansion

C) The Life and Casualty Company hopes that by increasing its environmental fund revenues to $1.2 billion, it has set aside enough for payment of environmental claims and thus no longer having to use its profits and capital to pay those claims bit by bit, year by year.

The basic problem with C is that the highlighted part is an unparallel fragment, with a verbed clause on the left of the conjunction 'and'' and a verb-less modifier phrase on the right.
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Re: The Life and Casualty Company hopes that by increasing its environment  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Jun 2017, 01:20
AbdurRakib wrote:
The Life and Casualty Company hopes that by increasing its environmental fund revenues to $1.2 billion, that it has set aside enough to pay for environmental claims and no longer has to use its profits and capital to pay those claims bit by bit, year by year.

A) that it has set aside enough to pay for environmental claims and no longer has
B) enough has been set aside with which environmental claims can be paid and it will have no longer
C) it has set aside enough for payment of environmental claims and thus no longer having
D) enough has been set aside to pay for environmental claims, thus no longer having
E) it has set aside enough to pay for environmental claims and will no longer have



I understood the meaning and selected E . However one issue which I felt is not addressed is the use of comma after 1.2 billion. The sentence before comma is not an independent sentence. Can we use comma after an dependent sentence? Please someone put some light on this.
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Re: The Life and Casualty Company hopes that by increasing its environment  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Mar 2018, 03:35
Hi parthjain68, also enough has been set aside is a passive voice construct. So, option B does not explicitly mention who has set aside enough.
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Re: The Life and Casualty Company hopes that by increasing its environment  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Apr 2018, 12:27
How option E can be the right answer as in option E two independent clauses are joined without FANBOYS.
Can anyone explain what i am missing in this question??
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Re: The Life and Casualty Company hopes that by increasing its environment   [#permalink] 05 Apr 2018, 12:27

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