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The satellite Orbiter will spend some time hunting for

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The satellite Orbiter will spend some time hunting for  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Nov 2018, 12:00
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The satellite Orbiter will spend some time hunting for brown dwarfs, masses of gas smaller than our Sun, which are too cool to burn and which may make up the Universe's 'Invisible dark matter'

A.) brown dwarfs, masses of gas smaller than our Sun, which are too cool to burn and which may make up the Universe's 'Invisible dark matter'

B.) brown dwarfs which are masses of gas smaller than our Sun, which are too cool to burn and which may make up the Universe 'Invisible dark matter'

C.) brown dwarfs, masses of gas smaller than our Sun, that are too cool to burn and which may make up the Universe's 'Invisible dark matter'

D.) brown dwarfs; masses of gas smaller than our Sun that are too cool to burn and that are making up the Universe's 'Invisible dark matter'

E.) brown dwarfs that are masses of gas smaller than our Sun, which are too cool to burn and which may make up the Universe 'Invisible dark matter'

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Re: The satellite Orbiter will spend some time hunting for  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Nov 2018, 13:07
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A.) brown dwarfs, masses of gas smaller than our Sun, which are too cool to burn and which may make up the Universe's 'Invisible dark matter'

B.) brown dwarfs which are masses of gas smaller than our Sun, which are too cool to burn and which may make up the Universe 'Invisible dark matter'
Possesive form of Universe is required. They make up Invisible dark matter of Universe.

C.) brown dwarfs, masses of gas smaller than our Sun, that are too cool to burn and which may make up the Universe's 'Invisible dark matter'
"that are cool..." and "which may make..." are not parallel.

D.) brown dwarfs; masses of gas smaller than our Sun that are too cool to burn and that are making up the Universe's 'Invisible dark matter'
".. are making.." present continuous tense is wrong. Simple Present is needed.

E.) brown dwarfs that are masses of gas smaller than our Sun, which are too cool to burn and which may make up the Universe 'Invisible dark matter'
Possesive form of Universe is required. They make up Invisible dark matter of Universe.

Answer A
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Re: The satellite Orbiter will spend some time hunting for  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Nov 2018, 12:54
anvesh004 wrote:
The satellite Orbiter will spend some time hunting for brown dwarfs, masses of gas smaller than our Sun, which are too cool to burn and which may make up the Universe's 'Invisible dark matter'

A.) brown dwarfs, masses of gas smaller than our Sun, which are too cool to burn and which may make up the Universe's 'Invisible dark matter'

B.) brown dwarfs which are masses of gas smaller than our Sun, which are too cool to burn and which may make up the Universe 'Invisible dark matter'

C.) brown dwarfs, masses of gas smaller than our Sun, that are too cool to burn and which may make up the Universe's 'Invisible dark matter'

D.) brown dwarfs; masses of gas smaller than our Sun that are too cool to burn and that are making up the Universe's 'Invisible dark matter'

E.) brown dwarfs that are masses of gas smaller than our Sun, which are too cool to burn and which may make up the Universe 'Invisible dark matter'



Ans A for maintaining parallelism.
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Re: The satellite Orbiter will spend some time hunting for  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Nov 2018, 08:41
anvesh004 wrote:
The satellite Orbiter will spend some time hunting for brown dwarfs, masses of gas smaller than our Sun, which are too cool to burn and which may make up the Universe's 'Invisible dark matter'

A.) brown dwarfs, masses of gas smaller than our Sun, which are too cool to burn and which may make up the Universe's 'Invisible dark matter'

B.) brown dwarfs which are masses of gas smaller than our Sun, which are too cool to burn and which may make up the Universe 'Invisible dark matter'

C.) brown dwarfs, masses of gas smaller than our Sun, that are too cool to burn and which may make up the Universe's 'Invisible dark matter'

D.) brown dwarfs; masses of gas smaller than our Sun that are too cool to burn and that are making up the Universe's 'Invisible dark matter'

E.) brown dwarfs that are masses of gas smaller than our Sun, which are too cool to burn and which may make up the Universe 'Invisible dark matter'


Hi All,

Though A is best of All, why can't which refer to "Sun" preceding which. Is it because "masses of gas than our Sun" is a NE Modifier??
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The satellite Orbiter will spend some time hunting for  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Nov 2018, 09:39
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rahul16singh28 wrote:
anvesh004 wrote:
The satellite Orbiter will spend some time hunting for brown dwarfs, masses of gas smaller than our Sun, which are too cool to burn and which may make up the Universe's 'Invisible dark matter'

A.) brown dwarfs, masses of gas smaller than our Sun, which are too cool to burn and which may make up the Universe's 'Invisible dark matter'

B.) brown dwarfs which are masses of gas smaller than our Sun, which are too cool to burn and which may make up the Universe 'Invisible dark matter'

C.) brown dwarfs, masses of gas smaller than our Sun, that are too cool to burn and which may make up the Universe's 'Invisible dark matter'

D.) brown dwarfs; masses of gas smaller than our Sun that are too cool to burn and that are making up the Universe's 'Invisible dark matter'

E.) brown dwarfs that are masses of gas smaller than our Sun, which are too cool to burn and which may make up the Universe 'Invisible dark matter'


Hi All,

Though A is best of All, why can't which refer to "Sun" preceding which. Is it because "masses of gas than our Sun" is a NE Modifier??


rahul16singh28 On first look, looks like it should be modifying sun but there is an obvious error. Sun is singular whereas which are is plural, so which are is jumping over singular verb and pointing to the distant right one i.e. brown dwarfs.
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Re: The satellite Orbiter will spend some time hunting for  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Dec 2018, 11:16
Quote:
The satellite Orbiter will spend some time hunting for brown dwarfs, masses of gas smaller than our Sun, which are too cool to burn and which may make up the Universe's 'Invisible dark matter'


Understand :
orbiter will spend some time ..doing what?? hunting for dwarfs
what dwarfs?? : dwarfs that have masses of gas smaller than sun..dwarfs that are too cool to burn...dwarfs that may make up the universe's matter
(note: i have written dwarfs thrice for meaning clearance.. it does not mean that there are three kinds of dwarfs)

Error analysis:
-"which" is unambiguously referring to "dwarfs" as the verb follwoing "which" is plural..you could argue that "masses" can also be an antecedant but logically it cannot as "masses" are not cool to burn .. so the only antecedant of "Which" is dwarfs
-"which " and "which" are parallel so everything is cool here.

Quote:
A.) brown dwarfs, masses of gas smaller than our Sun, which are too cool to burn and which may make up the Universe's 'Invisible dark matter'

- CORRECT
Quote:
B.) brown dwarfs which are masses of gas smaller than our Sun, which are too cool to burn and which may make up the Universe 'Invisible dark matter'

- we need a comma before "and which" or it may look like "which are too cool...and which may make" are one single entity, in which case we would need "and" before "which are too cool " to maintan parallelism
- "universe invisible dark matter " we need possesive form of "universe" otherwise it becomes a compound noun.
-ELIMINATE
Quote:
C.) brown dwarfs, masses of gas smaller than our Sun, that are too cool to burn and which may make up the Universe's 'Invisible dark matter'

- "that" modifier cannot be parallel with "which" modifier
Quote:
D.) brown dwarfs; masses of gas smaller than our Sun that are too cool to burn and that are making up the Universe's 'Invisible dark matter'

- Semi colon in this case needs an independant clause... NOTE: semi colon does not always need an independant clause. A semi colon can be used to place modifiers in parallel to each one by one.. but here "masses of gas" is not modifying anything as there is no antecedant after semi colon..
Quote:
E.) brown dwarfs that are masses of gas smaller than our Sun, which are too cool to burn and which may make up the Universe 'Invisible dark matter

-"universe dark matter " need possesive
- "that" modi cannot be parallel with "which" modi
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Re: The satellite Orbiter will spend some time hunting for  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Dec 2018, 02:40
anvesh004 wrote:
The satellite Orbiter will spend some time hunting for brown dwarfs, masses of gas smaller than our Sun, which are too cool to burn and which may make up the Universe's 'Invisible dark matter'

A.) brown dwarfs, masses of gas smaller than our Sun, which are too cool to burn and which may make up the Universe's 'Invisible dark matter'

B.) brown dwarfs which are masses of gas smaller than our Sun, which are too cool to burn and which may make up the Universe 'Invisible dark matter'

C.) brown dwarfs, masses of gas smaller than our Sun, that are too cool to burn and which may make up the Universe's 'Invisible dark matter'

D.) brown dwarfs; masses of gas smaller than our Sun that are too cool to burn and that are making up the Universe's 'Invisible dark matter'

E.) brown dwarfs that are masses of gas smaller than our Sun, which are too cool to burn and which may make up the Universe 'Invisible dark matter'


Imo A

This one was very tough. It took me more than 2.5 min to finally get it right.
This is a case of absolute modifiers. "masses of gas smaller than our Sun" modifies brown dwarfs and in turn "which are too cool to burn and which may make up the Universe's 'Invisible dark matter" modifies masses of cool gas.
Notice how the parallelism is maintained by the use of which.
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Re: The satellite Orbiter will spend some time hunting for  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Dec 2018, 00:05
In option A, why will 'which' not refer to Sun

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Re: The satellite Orbiter will spend some time hunting for  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Jan 2019, 08:47
The satellite Orbiter will spend some time hunting for brown dwarfs, masses of gas smaller than our Sun, which are too cool to burn and which may make up the Universe's 'Invisible dark matter'

A.) brown dwarfs, masses of gas smaller than our Sun, which are too cool to burn and which may make up the Universe's 'Invisible dark matter' - Correct

B.) brown dwarfs which are masses of gas smaller than our Sun, which are too cool to burn and which may make up the Universe 'Invisible dark matter' - Which needs to be preceded by a comma; we need a possessive - Universe's IDM

C.) brown dwarfs, masses of gas smaller than our Sun, that are too cool to burn and which may make up the Universe's 'Invisible dark matter' - parallelism issue - that and which -- which should be preceded by a comma

D.) brown dwarfs; masses of gas smaller than our Sun that are too cool to burn and that are making up the Universe's 'Invisible dark matter' - After semicolon, there should be an independent clause

E.) brown dwarfs that are masses of gas smaller than our Sun, which are too cool to burn and which may make up the Universe 'Invisible dark matter' - we need a possessive - Universe's IDM


1. In OA -A,
'which' has plural verb 'are' and thus (CANNOT refer to Sun)can refer either to masses of gas or to brown dwarfs? Then how do we decide to which noun 'which' refers to? ( I do understand that the phrase "masses of gas smaller than our Sun" modifies brown dwarfs.)

The satellite Orbiter will spend some time hunting for brown dwarfs, masses of gas smaller than our Sun, which are too cool to burn and which may make up the Universe's 'Invisible dark matter'

2. In option D, the part after the semicolon is as follows-

masses of gas smaller than our Sun that are too cool to burn and that are making up the Universe's 'Invisible dark matter' -- here that has a plural verb 'are' and thus will refer to masses of gas.


Also, masses of gas CANNOT refer to 'brown dwarfs' because it is an independent clause separated by a semicolon?


AjiteshArun , GMATNinja , MagooshExpert , GMATGuruNY , VeritasPrepBrian , MartyMurray , DmitryFarber , daagh , generis , other experts - please enlighten
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The satellite Orbiter will spend some time hunting for  [#permalink]

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New post 31 Mar 2019, 05:40
This question is all about meaning

Remember
Which is Non-restrictive modifier
That is a restrictive modifier

brown dwarfs,..., which are too cool to burn.... -> Means that all brown dwarfs are too cool to burn (Correct meaning)
brown dwarfs,..., that are too cool to burn.... -> Means that some type of brown dwarfs are too cool burn (Incorrect meaning)
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The satellite Orbiter will spend some time hunting for   [#permalink] 31 Mar 2019, 05:40
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