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The standard framework of cap and trade is fundamentally conservative,

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The standard framework of cap and trade is fundamentally conservative,  [#permalink]

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The standard framework of cap and trade is fundamentally conservative, in which a central body generally establishes a limit on the total amount of pollution that can be produced, allocates a certain number of permits, and then allows market forces to dictate the price a company must pay to pollute.


A. standard framework of cap and trade is fundamentally conservative, in which a central body generally establishes a limit on the total amount of pollution that can be produced, allocates a certain number of permits, and then allows market forces to dictate the price a company must pay to pollute

B. standard framework of cap and trade, a central body generally establishes a limit on the total amount of pollution that can be produced, allocates a certain number of permits, and then allows market forces to dictate the price that companies must pay to pollute, is fundamentally conservative

C. standard framework of cap and trade—a central body generally establishes a limit on the total amount of pollution that can be produced, allocates a certain number of permits, and then allows market forces to dictate the price a company must pay to pollute—is, fundamentally, a conservative one

D. fundamentally conservative standard framework of cap and trade is: a central body generally establishes a limit on the total amount of pollution that can be produced, allocates a certain number of permits, and then allows market forces to dictate the price that a company must pay to pollute

E. fundamentally conservative standard framework of cap and trade, in which a central body generally establishes a limit on the total amount of pollution that can be produced, allocates a certain number of permits, and then allows market forces to dictate the price that companies must pay to pollute

Originally posted by whl961210 on 24 Dec 2018, 22:50.
Last edited by Bunuel on 24 Dec 2018, 22:58, edited 1 time in total.
Edited the question.
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Re: The standard framework of cap and trade is fundamentally conservative,  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Dec 2018, 20:57
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warrior1991 wrote:
What is wrong with option A?? I find it to be correct . Please help.

According to me, "in which" refers to the framework.
The use of in which in that position is not correct. Don't go by whether you can understand what the in which is supposed to refer to. This is not that type of decision.

For example:
The GMAT exam is tough, in which both quant and verbal skills are tested.
vs.
The GMAT exam, in which both quant and verbal skills are tested, is tough.

We can't go for the first one even if the reader can figure out what we are trying to say.
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Re: The standard framework of cap and trade is fundamentally conservative,  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Dec 2018, 03:47
The standard framework of cap and trade is fundamentally conservative, in which a central body generally establishes a limit on the total amount of pollution that can be produced, allocates a certain number of permits, and then allows market forces to dictate the price a company must pay to pollute.


A. standard framework of cap and trade is fundamentally conservative, in which a central body generally establishes a limit on the total amount of pollution that can be produced, allocates a certain number of permits, and then allows market forces to dictate the price a company must pay to pollute(correct,in which should logically modify framework)

B. standard framework of cap and trade, a central body generally establishes a limit on the total amount of pollution that can be produced, allocates a certain number of permits, and then allows market forces to dictate the price that companies must pay to pollute, is fundamentally conservative( why the clause has been inserted after standard framework of cap and trade)

C. standard framework of cap and trade—a central body generally establishes a limit on the total amount of pollution that can be produced, allocates a certain number of permits, and then allows market forces to dictate the price a company must pay to pollute—is, fundamentally, a conservative one( comma after is incorrect)

D. fundamentally conservative standard framework of cap and trade is: a central body generally establishes a limit on the total amount of pollution that can be produced, allocates a certain number of permits, and then allows market forces to dictate the price that a company must pay to pollute( incomplete sentence,no predicate after verb)

E. fundamentally conservative standard framework of cap and trade, in which a central body generally establishes a limit on the total amount of pollution that can be produced, allocates a certain number of permits, and then allows market forces to dictate the price that companies must pay to pollute( verb is missing,in which should logically modify framework )


Will go with choice A for meaning.
Please correct me if I am wrong.
Thanks
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Re: The standard framework of cap and trade is fundamentally conservative,  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Dec 2018, 05:18
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A. standard framework of cap and trade is fundamentally conservative, in which a central body generally establishes a limit on the total amount of pollution that can be produced, allocates a certain number of permits, and then allows market forces to dictate the price a company must pay to pollute(Wrong---IN WHICH incorrectly refers to conservative ( a verb) , in which should refer to noun( standard framework), therefore, wrong)

B. standard framework of cap and trade, a central body generally establishes a limit on the total amount of pollution that can be produced, allocates a certain number of permits, and then allows market forces to dictate the price that companies must pay to pollute, is fundamentally conservative( 2 clauses IC are linked with a comma, violation of grammar rule)

C. standard framework of cap and trade—a central body generally establishes a limit on the total amount of pollution that can be produced, allocates a certain number of permits, and then allows market forces to dictate the price a company must pay to pollute—is, fundamentally, a conservative one( Correct, It correctly states further info of standard framework by use of dash, and verb of main clause is stated at end)

D. fundamentally conservative standard framework of cap and trade is: a central body generally establishes a limit on the total amount of pollution that can be produced, allocates a certain number of permits, and then allows market forces to dictate the price that a company must pay to pollute( changes meaning, Orginal argeument states standard framework is conservative ( a quality); however this option states about fundamentally conservative framework )

E. fundamentally conservative standard framework of cap and trade, in which a central body generally establishes a limit on the total amount of pollution that can be produced, allocates a certain number of permits, and then allows market forces to dictate the price that companies must pay to pollute( verb is missing,in which should logically modify framework

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The standard framework of cap and trade is fundamentally conservative,  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Dec 2018, 19:39
GMATNinja AjiteshArun generis VeritasPrepBrian

egmat



What is wrong with option A?? I find it to be correct . Please help.

According to me, "in which" refers to the framework.
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Re: The standard framework of cap and trade is fundamentally conservative,  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Dec 2018, 22:06
sonusaini1 wrote:
The standard framework of cap and trade is fundamentally conservative, in which a central body generally establishes a limit on the total amount of pollution that can be produced, allocates a certain number of permits, and then allows market forces to dictate the price a company must pay to pollute.


A. standard framework of cap and trade is fundamentally conservative, in which a central body generally establishes a limit on the total amount of pollution that can be produced, allocates a certain number of permits, and then allows market forces to dictate the price a company must pay to pollute(correct,in which should logically modify framework)

B. standard framework of cap and trade, a central body generally establishes a limit on the total amount of pollution that can be produced, allocates a certain number of permits, and then allows market forces to dictate the price that companies must pay to pollute, is fundamentally conservative( why the clause has been inserted after standard framework of cap and trade)

C. standard framework of cap and trade—a central body generally establishes a limit on the total amount of pollution that can be produced, allocates a certain number of permits, and then allows market forces to dictate the price a company must pay to pollute—is, fundamentally, a conservative one( comma after is incorrect)

D. fundamentally conservative standard framework of cap and trade is: a central body generally establishes a limit on the total amount of pollution that can be produced, allocates a certain number of permits, and then allows market forces to dictate the price that a company must pay to pollute( incomplete sentence,no predicate after verb)

E. fundamentally conservative standard framework of cap and trade, in which a central body generally establishes a limit on the total amount of pollution that can be produced, allocates a certain number of permits, and then allows market forces to dictate the price that companies must pay to pollute( verb is missing,in which should logically modify framework )


Will go with choice A for meaning.
Please correct me if I am wrong.
Thanks

In A ,which is modifying 'fundamentality conservative' but which should modify framework.
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Re: The standard framework of cap and trade is fundamentally conservative,  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Jan 2019, 06:47
AjiteshArun wrote:
warrior1991 wrote:
What is wrong with option A?? I find it to be correct . Please help.

According to me, "in which" refers to the framework.
The use of in which in that position is not correct. Don't go by whether you can understand what the in which is supposed to refer to. This is not that type of decision.

For example:
The GMAT exam is tough, in which both quant and verbal skills are tested.
vs.
The GMAT exam, in which both quant and verbal skills are tested, is tough.

We can't go for the first one even if the reader can figure out what we are trying to say.


Hello,

I'm pretty sure that in Gmat, you can use in which to modify the subject in the case of S is ..., in which.

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The standard framework of cap and trade is fundamentally conservative,  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Feb 2019, 17:02
surbhi1991 wrote:
what is wrong with option e?

Here's the version created via the use of (E).

The fundamentally conservative standard framework of cap and trade, in which a central body generally establishes a limit on the total amount of pollution that can be produced, allocates a certain number of permits, and then allows market forces to dictate the price that companies must pay to pollute.

There are two ways to read that version. One is:

    The framework, in which xyz, allocates, and then allows.

When the version is read that way, "framework" is the subject, and the main verb is "allocates, and then allows."

The second way to read it is:

    The framework, in which a central body establishes, allocates, and then allows.

When the version is read this second way, it has no main verb. It is composed merely of a noun, "the framework," and a modifier, "in which ..."

Since it makes more sense that the central body would allocate and allow than that the framework would allocate and allow, it makes more sense to read this version in the second way.

Thus, the issue with (E) is that the version created via the use of (E) has no main verb and, therefore, is not a complete sentence.
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Re: The standard framework of cap and trade is fundamentally conservative,  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Mar 2019, 06:45
MartyTargetTestPrep,

I was confused between B and C.

And finally chose B, which is wrong.

Please explain the difference between B & C. It seems that only the punctuation is different. How common is it in GMAT to have splits based only on punctuations?
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Re: The standard framework of cap and trade is fundamentally conservative,  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Mar 2019, 11:01
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GMATaspirant641 wrote:
MartyTargetTestPrep,

I was confused between B and C.

And finally chose B, which is wrong.

Please explain the difference between B & C. It seems that only the punctuation is different. How common is it in GMAT to have splits based only on punctuations?

I am not 100 percent sure that (B) is "wrong."

The complete clause in the middle of the sentence, "a central body generally establishes ... price that companies must pay to pollute," is an appositive that modifies "framework." As such, does it really have to be set off by dashes rather than commas? That the answer to that question seems debatable.

At the same time, dashes do seem to be better than commas for setting off a complete independent clause that appears in the middle of a sentence in the way in which that one does. So, regardless of whether we could debate that (B) is OK, (C) is the better choice.

Regarding how common it is for GMAT SC choices to be the same except for punctuation, the answer is rarely to never, and I strongly doubt that you would ever see a pair of choices like (B) and (C) in this question. What you would more likely see would be two rather different choices, one of the differences between them being the way in which they are punctuated. Also, any flawed use of punctuation would be clearly flawed, not something that language PhDs would debate about.
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The standard framework of cap and trade is fundamentally conservative,  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 27 Mar 2019, 01:05
Quote:
B. The standard framework of cap and trade, a central body generally establishes a limit on the total amount of pollution that can be produced, allocates a certain number of permits, and then allows market forces to dictate the price that companies must pay to pollute, is fundamentally conservative

C. The standard framework of cap and trade???a central body generally establishes a limit on the total amount of pollution that can be produced, allocates a certain number of permits, and then allows market forces to dictate the price a company must pay to pollute???is, fundamentally, a conservative one


Modifier part only:
In C:
Central body allows market forces to dictate the price a company must pay to pollute.
There are 2 main verbs (e.g., allows, pay) in one sentence without using any "that" clause. B makes more sense in this regard.
Or,
shouldn't we use a COMMA before "a company" in C?
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Originally posted by Asad on 26 Mar 2019, 11:35.
Last edited by Asad on 27 Mar 2019, 01:05, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: The standard framework of cap and trade is fundamentally conservative,  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Mar 2019, 12:30
c) those dashes .... make the meaning clear
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Re: The standard framework of cap and trade is fundamentally conservative,  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Apr 2019, 06:55
Can somebody explain to me why Option A is incorrect??
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Re: The standard framework of cap and trade is fundamentally conservative,   [#permalink] 20 Apr 2019, 06:55
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