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The USDA strictly prohibits vegetables that are grown using genetic

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The USDA strictly prohibits vegetables that are grown using genetic [#permalink]

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New post 01 Oct 2017, 07:57
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The USDA strictly prohibits vegetables that are grown using genetic engineering or ionizing radiation, and with sewage sludge, from being labeled “organic.”

A. genetic engineering or ionizing radiation, and with sewage sludge,
B. genetic engineering or ionizing radiation, or the use of sewage sludge,
C. genetic engineering or ionizing radiation, as well as the use of sewage sludge,
D. genetic engineering, ionizing radiation, and sewage sludge
E. genetic engineering, ionizing radiation, or sewage sludge
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: The USDA strictly prohibits vegetables that are grown using genetic [#permalink]

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New post 01 Oct 2017, 08:38
Option E looks the best out of all.

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Re: The USDA strictly prohibits vegetables that are grown using genetic [#permalink]

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New post 01 Oct 2017, 09:43
broall wrote:
The USDA strictly prohibits vegetables that are grown using genetic engineering or ionizing radiation, and with sewage sludge, from being labeled “organic.”

A. genetic engineering or ionizing radiation, and with sewage sludge,
B. genetic engineering or ionizing radiation, or the use of sewage sludge,
C. genetic engineering or ionizing radiation, as well as the use of sewage sludge,
D. genetic engineering, ionizing radiation, and sewage sludge
E. genetic engineering, ionizing radiation, or sewage sludge



"grown using " is common for the items in the list ,,,
E is the best,,,maintains parallelism

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Re: The USDA strictly prohibits vegetables that are grown using genetic [#permalink]

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New post 02 Oct 2017, 11:05
broall wrote:
The USDA strictly prohibits vegetables that are grown using genetic engineering or ionizing radiation, and with sewage sludge, from being labeled “organic.”

A. genetic engineering or ionizing radiation, and with sewage sludge,
B. genetic engineering or ionizing radiation, or the use of sewage sludge,
C. genetic engineering or ionizing radiation, as well as the use of sewage sludge,
D. genetic engineering, ionizing radiation, and sewage sludge
E. genetic engineering, ionizing radiation, or sewage sludge


Hi experts what is the difference between "or "and" and " in choices D and E
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Re: The USDA strictly prohibits vegetables that are grown using genetic [#permalink]

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New post 02 Oct 2017, 14:14
I think E is the best option USDA prohibits a, b or c from being labeled "organic"

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Re: The USDA strictly prohibits vegetables that are grown using genetic [#permalink]

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New post 02 Oct 2017, 17:52
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The USDA strictly prohibits vegetables that are grown using genetic engineering or ionizing radiation, and with sewage sludge, from being labeled “organic.”

A. genetic engineering or ionizing radiation, and with sewage sludge,
- AND changes the original intent since such use means that vegetable would be prohibited only if it is grown using all the 3 methods. Moreover, use of WITH breaks the parallelism. Hence Incorrect.

B. genetic engineering or ionizing radiation, or the use of sewage sludge,
- Use of THE USE OF breaks the parallelism. Hence Incorrect.

C. genetic engineering or ionizing radiation, as well as the use of sewage sludge,
- AS WELL AS changes the original intent. Use of THE USE OF breaks the parallelism. Hence Incorrect.

D. genetic engineering, ionizing radiation, and sewage sludge
- AND changes the original intent since such use means that vegetable would be prohibited only if it is grown using all the 3 methods. Hence Incorrect.

E. genetic engineering, ionizing radiation, or sewage sludge
CORRECT
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Re: The USDA strictly prohibits vegetables that are grown using genetic [#permalink]

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New post 02 Oct 2017, 20:48
E looks best.

When providing a list that is independent of each of the other referenced items, OR is used instead of AND. Using AND changes the meaning of the intended sentence.

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Re: The USDA strictly prohibits vegetables that are grown using genetic [#permalink]

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New post 12 Oct 2017, 03:45
Hi,
Can anybody please explain how "ionizing radiation" is parallel with "genetic engineering and sewage sludge."?

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The USDA strictly prohibits vegetables that are grown using genetic [#permalink]

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New post 12 Oct 2017, 07:07
arvind910619, the difference between 'or' and 'and' is as follows:
-- In baseball, you will be suspended for taking drugs X, Y, or Z -- This means if you take ANY of them, you are suspended.
-- In baseball, you will be suspended for taking drugs X, Y, and Z-- This means you have to take ALL of them to be suspended.

Kevinjoshi,
The three items are parallel because the use of any of them discounts the ability to be labeled 'organic'.

A. genetic engineering or ionizing radiation, and with sewage sludge, -- This is saying we can use genetic engineering or radiation and as long as we don't use sewage sludge, then it is organic. I don't think that is what the question is saying.
B. genetic engineering or ionizing radiation, or the use of sewage sludge, -- 'using the use of' makes this sentence incorrect
C. genetic engineering or ionizing radiation, as well as the use of sewage sludge, -- same as B
D. genetic engineering, ionizing radiation, and sewage sludge -- See my explanation to Arvind above
E. genetic engineering, ionizing radiation, or sewage sludge -- Winner

Does this help?
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Re: The USDA strictly prohibits vegetables that are grown using genetic [#permalink]

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New post 12 Oct 2017, 20:14
nightblade354 wrote:
arvind910619, the difference between 'or' and 'and' is as follows:
-- In baseball, you will be suspended for taking drugs X, Y, or Z -- This means if you take ANY of them, you are suspended.
-- In baseball, you will be suspended for taking drugs X, Y, and Z-- This means you have to take ALL of them to be suspended.

Kevinjoshi,
The three items are parallel because the use of any of them discounts the ability to be labeled 'organic'.

A. genetic engineering or ionizing radiation, and with sewage sludge, -- This is saying we can use genetic engineering or radiation and as long as we don't use sewage sludge, then it is organic. I don't think that is what the question is saying.
B. genetic engineering or ionizing radiation, or the use of sewage sludge, -- 'using the use of' makes this sentence incorrect
C. genetic engineering or ionizing radiation, as well as the use of sewage sludge, -- same as B
D. genetic engineering, ionizing radiation, and sewage sludge -- See my explanation to Arvind above
E. genetic engineering, ionizing radiation, or sewage sludge -- Winner

Does this help?



nightblade354

Thanks for your detailed explanation. But, I still have a doubt. In the given sentence three items are parallel so if we break the whole sentence into three parts it must make sense.
i.e.

1. The USDA strictly prohibits vegetables that are grown using genetic engineering from being labeled “organic.”
2. The USDA strictly prohibits vegetables that are grown using sewage sludge from being labeled “organic.”
3. The USDA strictly prohibits vegetables that are grown using ionizing radiation from being labeled “organic.”

In the above sentences 1st & 2nd make sense, but the red colored part in the 3rd sentence seems odd to me.
Is my understanding correct or I am missing some basics here??

However, I do agree that out of D & E, E is logical and perhaps the correct answer.

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Re: The USDA strictly prohibits vegetables that are grown using genetic [#permalink]

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New post 13 Oct 2017, 00:46
broall wrote:
The USDA strictly prohibits vegetables that are grown using genetic engineering or ionizing radiation, and with sewage sludge, from being labeled “organic.”

A. genetic engineering or ionizing radiation, and with sewage sludge,
B. genetic engineering or ionizing radiation, or the use of sewage sludge,
C. genetic engineering or ionizing radiation, as well as the use of sewage sludge,
D. genetic engineering, ionizing radiation, and sewage sludge
E. genetic engineering, ionizing radiation, or sewage sludge



E maintains parallelism in a right way
usage of OR is right,, AND is not correct

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The USDA strictly prohibits vegetables that are grown using genetic [#permalink]

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New post 13 Oct 2017, 05:09
Kevinjoshi wrote:
nightblade354 wrote:
arvind910619, the difference between 'or' and 'and' is as follows:
-- In baseball, you will be suspended for taking drugs X, Y, or Z -- This means if you take ANY of them, you are suspended.
-- In baseball, you will be suspended for taking drugs X, Y, and Z-- This means you have to take ALL of them to be suspended.

Kevinjoshi,
The three items are parallel because the use of any of them discounts the ability to be labeled 'organic'.

A. genetic engineering or ionizing radiation, and with sewage sludge, -- This is saying we can use genetic engineering or radiation and as long as we don't use sewage sludge, then it is organic. I don't think that is what the question is saying.
B. genetic engineering or ionizing radiation, or the use of sewage sludge, -- 'using the use of' makes this sentence incorrect
C. genetic engineering or ionizing radiation, as well as the use of sewage sludge, -- same as B
D. genetic engineering, ionizing radiation, and sewage sludge -- See my explanation to Arvind above
E. genetic engineering, ionizing radiation, or sewage sludge -- Winner


Does this help?



nightblade354

Thanks for your detailed explanation. But, I still have a doubt. In the given sentence three items are parallel so if we break the whole sentence into three parts it must make sense.
i.e.

1. The USDA strictly prohibits vegetables that are grown using genetic engineering from being labeled “organic.”
2. The USDA strictly prohibits vegetables that are grown using sewage sludge from being labeled “organic.”
3. The USDA strictly prohibits vegetables that are grown using ionizing radiation from being labeled “organic.”

In the above sentences 1st & 2nd make sense, but the red colored part in the 3rd sentence seems odd to me.
Is my understanding correct or I am missing some basics here??

However, I do agree that out of D & E, E is logical and perhaps the correct answer.


Kevinjoshi,

Are you a native speaker? If so, don't let your ear dictate what is the correct answer. That will trip you up a lot of the time. You have to think logically about each statement and its meaning.

Glad you came around on the correct answer! As long as you understand why, which I think you are getting close to, this was a positive exercise!
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The USDA strictly prohibits vegetables that are grown using genetic   [#permalink] 13 Oct 2017, 05:09
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