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The use of money causes a civilization to decline. That this

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The use of money causes a civilization to decline. That this  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 01 Oct 2017, 21:10
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  35% (medium)

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67% (01:44) correct 33% (02:07) wrong based on 250 sessions

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The use of money causes a civilization to decline. That this is true is shown by the way the troubles of Western civilization began with the invention of money. While real money (gold and silver) is bad enough, imitation money (paper money) is a horror. The decline of Western civilization exactly parallels the increasing use of money—both real money and worthless paper money—as a substitute for things of intrinsic value.

Which one of the following, if true, could contribute most to a refutation of the argument?

(A) People prefer using money to having a system in which goods are bartered for other goods of equal intrinsic value.
(B) Eastern cultures have used money, and Eastern civilizations have not declined.
(C) The use of paper money encourages disregard for the value of work because the money itself has no intrinsic value.
(D) The rate of exchange between gold and paper money has fluctuated greatly in Western civilization.
(E) Some employers exchange goods for their employees’ services in order to avoid the exchange of money

Source: LSAT

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Originally posted by nahid78 on 19 Mar 2017, 21:59.
Last edited by broall on 01 Oct 2017, 21:10, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: The use of money causes a civilization to decline. That this  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Mar 2017, 13:28
The use of money causes a civilization to decline.
That this is true is shown by the way the troubles of
Western civilization began with the invention of
money. While real money (gold and silver) is bad
enough, imitation money (paper money) is a horror.
The decline of Western civilization exactly parallels
the increasing use of money—both real money and
worthless paper money—as a substitute for things of
intrinsic value.

Which one of the following, if true, could contribute
most to a refutation of the argument?
(A) People prefer using money to having a system
in which goods are bartered for other goods
of equal intrinsic value.
(B) Eastern cultures have used money, and Eastern
civilizations have not declined.

MY LOGIC - required... how to refute the argument... A says that people prefer money to barter system.. does this not refute the argument.. oa is B.. can not understand some one help
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Re: The use of money causes a civilization to decline. That this  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Mar 2017, 00:51
3
vishwash wrote:
The use of money causes a civilization to decline.
That this is true is shown by the way the troubles of
Western civilization began with the invention of
money. While real money (gold and silver) is bad
enough, imitation money (paper money) is a horror.
The decline of Western civilization exactly parallels
the increasing use of money—both real money and
worthless paper money—as a substitute for things of
intrinsic value.

Which one of the following, if true, could contribute
most to a refutation of the argument?
(A) People prefer using money to having a system
in which goods are bartered for other goods
of equal intrinsic value.
(B) Eastern cultures have used money, and Eastern
civilizations have not declined.

MY LOGIC - required... how to refute the argument... A says that people prefer money to barter system.. does this not refute the argument.. oa is B.. can not understand some one help


In order to refute an argument we need to find its conclusion first.
Conclusion here is
The use of money causes a civilization to decline.

we need to find evidence that proves this statement wrong or the logic behind it.
keeping this in mind we can clearly arrive at the answer.
A is wrong because if people preferring has nothing to do with how a system is working. this statement does nothing to refute the argument.
A better argument would be to show that many cultures using money have not declined.
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Re: The use of money causes a civilization to decline. That this  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Jun 2017, 12:07
Lesson here:
1/ the conclusion can include a causal relation
2/ the conclusion stands at the beginning of the passage. No key words both in the argument and in the question indicate where the conclusion is.

My question is how to deal with such kind of question?
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Re: The use of money causes a civilization to decline. That this  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Jun 2017, 12:10
the argument is made of 4 sentence:
1/ the first one is the conclusion
2/ this sentence shows an evidence to support the conclusion
3/ the third sentence is just a fact about money -> no care
4/ this sentence addresses what the evidence in the second sentence is.
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Re: The use of money causes a civilization to decline. That this  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Jul 2017, 21:16
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chesstitans wrote:
Lesson here:
1/ the conclusion can include a causal relation
2/ the conclusion stands at the beginning of the passage. No key words both in the argument and in the question indicate where the conclusion is.

My question is how to deal with such kind of question?

If you aren't sure about the conclusion, ask yourself, "Why is this passage here? What is the author trying to do?" Is the author's main point that "the troubles of Western civilization began with the invention of money" or that imitation money is worse than real money? As a test, try putting the word "therefore" in front of the part you believe to be the conclusion. Does the rest of the passage form an argument supporting that conclusion?

Does the author tell us that "the use of money causes a civilization to decline" as evidence to support that "the decline of Western civilization exactly parallels the increasing use of money as a substitute for things of intrinsic value"? No, in fact, it is the opposite. Everything in the passage after the first sentence forms an argument that logically leads to the conclusion that, "[therefore], the use of money causes a civilization to decline." The phrase, "that this is true is shown by..." is a hint that the previous sentence was your conclusion. The author starts with a statement and then explicitly says that what follows will support that first statement.

Once you've arrived at the conclusion or purpose of a passage, make sure you understand how the author arrives at that conclusion or purpose:

  • "the troubles of Western civilization began with the invention of money" - If this is true, it would be evidence supporting (not proving) the author's conclusion.
  • "The decline of Western civilization exactly parallels the increasing use of money—both real money and worthless paper money—as a substitute for things of intrinsic value." - Okay, if the decline of Western civilization exactly parallels the increasing use of money, then, again, this would be evidence supporting the author's conclusion. But why is money bad for a civilization? We aren't told why specifically, but we can infer that using money as a substitute for things of intrinsic value is bad for a civilization.
  • "While real money (gold and silver) is bad enough, imitation money (paper money) is a horror." - This statement supports the inference that using money as a substitute for things of intrinsic value is bad for civilization. In other words, "real" money (gold and silver) is bad enough because it is a substitute for things of intrinsic value. "Imitation" money is even worse because it is a substitute for "real" money (a substitute for a substitute!).

I hope that helps!
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Re: The use of money causes a civilization to decline. That this  [#permalink]

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Re: The use of money causes a civilization to decline. That this   [#permalink] 28 Mar 2019, 05:35
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