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Math Expert V
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 64275
There is a sequence An such A1 = 2, A2 = 5, and An = A(n-1)/A(n-2),  [#permalink]

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Question Stats: 55% (02:44) correct 45% (02:43) wrong based on 213 sessions

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Math Revolution and GMAT Club Contest Starts!

QUESTION #8:

There is a sequence $$A_n$$ such that $$A_1=2$$, $$A_2=5$$, and $$A_n=\frac{A_{n-1}}{A_{n-2}}$$,when n is an integer greater than 2. What is the value of $$A_{149}$$?

A. 2
B. 5
C. 2.5
D. 1/2
E. 1/5

Check conditions below:

Math Revolution and GMAT Club Contest

The Contest Starts November 28th in Quant Forum

We are happy to announce a Math Revolution and GMAT Club Contest

For the following four (!) weekends we'll be publishing 4 FRESH math questions per weekend (2 on Saturday and 2 on Sunday).

To participate, you will have to reply with your best answer/solution to the new questions that will be posted on Saturday and Sunday at 9 AM Pacific.
Then a week later, the forum moderator will be selecting 2 winners who provided most correct answers to the questions, along with best solutions. Those winners will get 6-months access to GMAT Club Tests.

PLUS! Based on the answers and solutions for all the questions published during the project ONE user will be awarded with ONE Grand prize:

PS + DS course with 502 videos that is worth $299! All announcements and winnings are final and no whining GMAT Club reserves the rights to modify the terms of this offer at any time. NOTE: Test Prep Experts and Tutors are asked not to participate. We would like to have the members maximize their learning and problem solving process. Thank you! _________________ Board of Directors P Joined: 17 Jul 2014 Posts: 2429 Location: United States (IL) Concentration: Finance, Economics GMAT 1: 650 Q49 V30 GPA: 3.92 WE: General Management (Transportation) Re: There is a sequence An such A1 = 2, A2 = 5, and An = A(n-1)/A(n-2), [#permalink] ### Show Tags 2 this is a "spot the pattern" question type. nothing difficult. a3 = 2.5 a4=0.5 a5=0.2 a6=0.4 a7=2 a8=5 a9=2.5 a10=0.5 a11=0.2 a12=0.4 a13=2 a14=5 we can see that every the pattern repeats every 6th term. ex. 1+6 = 7. 7+6=13. so term a1, a7, a13, etc. will be 1/5. now, we can deduct that term a149 will be 2. Intern  Joined: 29 Sep 2014 Posts: 14 Re: There is a sequence An such A1 = 2, A2 = 5, and An = A(n-1)/A(n-2), [#permalink] ### Show Tags 1 We have a series defined in the question, and we are asked for the 149th term in the series. The first thing to check is whether the series repeats. It could be expected due to the fact that the nth term depends on a division of the previous two terms, and also we know that this can often be the case in the GMAT when asked for a term much later in the series. The series goes: $$2$$, $$5$$, $$5/2$$, $$1/2$$, $$1/5$$, $$2/5$$, $$2$$, $$5$$ We can see that the series has repeated, and will therefore loop forever, with 6 unique locations. If we divide 149 by 6, the remainder will tell us which term in the series is the 149th term. 149 divided by 6 gives us the remainder 5, therefore the fifth term, $$1/5$$ will also be the 149th term. Therefore the answer is E. Intern  Joined: 21 Jul 2015 Posts: 29 Re: There is a sequence An such A1 = 2, A2 = 5, and An = A(n-1)/A(n-2), [#permalink] ### Show Tags 1 $$A_1 = 2$$ $$A_2 = 5$$ $$A_3 = A_2/A_1 = 5/2$$ $$A_4 = A_3/A_2 = (5/2)/5 = 1/2$$ $$A_5 = A_4/A_3 = (1/2)/(5/2) = 1/5$$ $$A_6 = A_5/A_4 = (1/5)/(1/2) = 2/5$$ $$A_7 = A_6/A_5 = (2/5)/(1/5) = 2$$ same as $$A_1$$ $$A_8 = A_7/A_6 = (2)/(2/5) = 5$$ same as $$A_2$$ So this sequence has the cyclicity of 6 $$A_{149} = A_5 = 1/5$$ ( 149 when divided by 6 gives remainder of 5) Answer (E) Intern  B Joined: 29 Aug 2013 Posts: 35 Location: Bangladesh GPA: 3.76 WE: Supply Chain Management (Transportation) Re: There is a sequence An such A1 = 2, A2 = 5, and An = A(n-1)/A(n-2), [#permalink] ### Show Tags 1 QUESTION #8: There is a sequence An such that A1=2, A2=5, and An=An−1/An−2,when n is an integer greater than 2. What is the value of A149? Solution: A1=2 A2=5 A3=A3−1/A3−2=A2/A1=5/2 A4=A3/A2=5/2*1/5=1/2 A5=A4/A3=1/2*2/5=1/5 A6=A5/A4=1/5*2=2/5 A7=A6/A5=2/5*5=2 A8=A7/A6=2*5/2=5 Hereby, the series is: A1, A2, A3, A4, A5, A6, A7, A8=2,5, 5/2,1/2, 1/5,2/5,2,5 A149=the fifth term=1/5 Answer: 'E' Senior Manager  B Joined: 23 Sep 2015 Posts: 362 Location: France GMAT 1: 690 Q47 V38 GMAT 2: 700 Q48 V38 WE: Real Estate (Mutual Funds and Brokerage) Re: There is a sequence An such A1 = 2, A2 = 5, and An = A(n-1)/A(n-2), [#permalink] ### Show Tags 1 $$A1 = 2, A2 = 5 and An = An-1/An-2$$ We get $$A3 = 5/2$$ $$A4 = 1/2$$ $$A5 = 1/5$$ $$A6 = 2/5$$ $$A7 = 2$$ $$A8 = 5$$ We have a sequence that repeats every 6 terms A1 = A7 and when 7 is divided by 6 the remainder is 1 A2 = A8 ... $$8/6$$ = 2R So we need to find the remainder when 149 is divided by 6 = 149/6 = 5R So the answer is 1/5 answer E _________________ Retired Moderator V Joined: 21 Jun 2014 Posts: 1074 Location: India Concentration: General Management, Technology GMAT 1: 540 Q45 V20 GPA: 2.49 WE: Information Technology (Computer Software) Re: There is a sequence An such A1 = 2, A2 = 5, and An = A(n-1)/A(n-2), [#permalink] ### Show Tags 1 Formula to find terms of sequence is An = An-1/An-2, where n>2. (first and second term are already given) A1 = 2 (Given) A2 = 5 (Given) A3 = A2/A1 = 2.5 (using An = An-1/An-2) A4 = A3/A2 = 1/2 (using An = An-1/An-2) A5 = A4/A3 = 1/5 (using An = An-1/An-2) A6 = A5/A4 = 2/5 (using An = An-1/An-2) A7 = A6/A5 = 2 (using An = An-1/An-2) - A7 = A1, this is where terms has started to repeat. A8 = A7/A6 = 5 (using An = An-1/An-2) - A8 = A2 We can generalize that there are 6 different terms in sequence and then next six terms of the sequence are same. 150 is the multiple of 6, hence A150 would be equal to sixth term of sequence i.e. 2/5. and A149 = fifth term of sequence i.e. 1/5. Option E is the correct answer. _________________ Intern  B Joined: 06 Jul 2015 Posts: 22 Re: There is a sequence An such A1 = 2, A2 = 5, and An = A(n-1)/A(n-2), [#permalink] ### Show Tags 2 1 There is a sequence An such that A1=2, A2=5, and An=An−1An−2,when n is an integer greater than 2. What is the value of A149? A1 = 2 A2 = 5 A3 = 5/2 A4= 1/2 A5 = 1/5 A6 = 2/5 A7 = 2 A8 = 5 The numbers are repeating after six steps. The closest multiple of 6 to 149 is 144 . We are 5 five short to 149 . So A149 = A5 Which is 1/5 so the answer is E Math Expert V Joined: 02 Sep 2009 Posts: 64275 Re: There is a sequence An such A1 = 2, A2 = 5, and An = A(n-1)/A(n-2), [#permalink] ### Show Tags Bunuel wrote: Math Revolution and GMAT Club Contest Starts! QUESTION #8: There is a sequence $$A_n$$ such that $$A_1=2$$, $$A_2=5$$, and $$A_n=\frac{A_{n-1}}{A_{n-2}}$$,when n is an integer greater than 2. What is the value of $$A_{149}$$? A. 2 B. 5 C. 2.5 D. 1/2 E. 1/5 Check conditions below: Math Revolution and GMAT Club Contest The Contest Starts November 28th in Quant Forum We are happy to announce a Math Revolution and GMAT Club Contest For the following four (!) weekends we'll be publishing 4 FRESH math questions per weekend (2 on Saturday and 2 on Sunday). To participate, you will have to reply with your best answer/solution to the new questions that will be posted on Saturday and Sunday at 9 AM Pacific. Then a week later, the forum moderator will be selecting 2 winners who provided most correct answers to the questions, along with best solutions. Those winners will get 6-months access to GMAT Club Tests. PLUS! Based on the answers and solutions for all the questions published during the project ONE user will be awarded with ONE Grand prize: PS + DS course with 502 videos that is worth$299!

All announcements and winnings are final and no whining GMAT Club reserves the rights to modify the terms of this offer at any time.

NOTE: Test Prep Experts and Tutors are asked not to participate. We would like to have the members maximize their learning and problem solving process.

Thank you!

MATH REVOLUTION OFFICIAL SOLUTION:

Generally it is best to substitute in solving sequence questions. The sequence for this question is, $$A_1=2$$, $$A_2=5$$, $$A_3=\frac{A_2}{A_1}=\frac{5}{2}$$, $$A_4=\frac{A_3}{A_2}=(5/2)/5=\frac{1}{2}$$, $$A_5=\frac{1}{5}$$ and $$A_6=\frac{2}{5}$$. This means $$A_{n+6}=A_n$$. Then, if we divide $$149=6*24+5$$ by 6, the remainder is 5. So, $$A_{149}=A_6*24+5=A_5=\frac{1}{5}$$ and E is a correct answer.
_________________
Senior SC Moderator V
Joined: 14 Nov 2016
Posts: 1343
Location: Malaysia
Re: There is a sequence An such A1 = 2, A2 = 5, and An = A(n-1)/A(n-2),  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

Bunuel wrote:
Bunuel wrote:

Math Revolution and GMAT Club Contest Starts!

QUESTION #8:

There is a sequence $$A_n$$ such that $$A_1=2$$, $$A_2=5$$, and $$A_n=\frac{A_{n-1}}{A_{n-2}}$$,when n is an integer greater than 2. What is the value of $$A_{149}$$?

A. 2
B. 5
C. 2.5
D. 1/2
E. 1/5

Check conditions below:

Math Revolution and GMAT Club Contest

The Contest Starts November 28th in Quant Forum

We are happy to announce a Math Revolution and GMAT Club Contest

For the following four (!) weekends we'll be publishing 4 FRESH math questions per weekend (2 on Saturday and 2 on Sunday).

To participate, you will have to reply with your best answer/solution to the new questions that will be posted on Saturday and Sunday at 9 AM Pacific.
Then a week later, the forum moderator will be selecting 2 winners who provided most correct answers to the questions, along with best solutions. Those winners will get 6-months access to GMAT Club Tests.

PLUS! Based on the answers and solutions for all the questions published during the project ONE user will be awarded with ONE Grand prize:

PS + DS course with 502 videos that is worth $299! All announcements and winnings are final and no whining GMAT Club reserves the rights to modify the terms of this offer at any time. NOTE: Test Prep Experts and Tutors are asked not to participate. We would like to have the members maximize their learning and problem solving process. Thank you! MATH REVOLUTION OFFICIAL SOLUTION: Generally it is best to substitute in solving sequence questions. The sequence for this question is, $$A_1=2$$, $$A_2=5$$, $$A_3=\frac{A_2}{A_1}=\frac{5}{2}$$, $$A_4=\frac{A_3}{A_2}=(5/2)/5=\frac{1}{2}$$, $$A_5=\frac{1}{5}$$ and $$A_6=\frac{2}{5}$$. This means $$A_{n+6}=A_n$$. Then, if we divide $$149=6*24+5$$ by 6, the remainder is 5. So, $$A_{149}=A_6*24+5=A_5=\frac{1}{5}$$ and E is a correct answer. Dear Bunuel, $$A_{149}=A_6*24+5=A_5=\frac{1}{5}$$ Does we conclude $$A_{149}=A_{5}$$ by obtaining the remainder equal to $$5$$? _________________ "Be challenged at EVERY MOMENT." “Strength doesn’t come from what you can do. It comes from overcoming the things you once thought you couldn’t.” "Each stage of the journey is crucial to attaining new heights of knowledge." Rules for posting in verbal forum | Please DO NOT post short answer in your post! Advanced Search : https://gmatclub.com/forum/advanced-search/ Math Expert V Joined: 02 Sep 2009 Posts: 64275 Re: There is a sequence An such A1 = 2, A2 = 5, and An = A(n-1)/A(n-2), [#permalink] ### Show Tags ziyuenlau wrote: Bunuel wrote: Bunuel wrote: Math Revolution and GMAT Club Contest Starts! QUESTION #8: There is a sequence $$A_n$$ such that $$A_1=2$$, $$A_2=5$$, and $$A_n=\frac{A_{n-1}}{A_{n-2}}$$,when n is an integer greater than 2. What is the value of $$A_{149}$$? A. 2 B. 5 C. 2.5 D. 1/2 E. 1/5 Check conditions below: Math Revolution and GMAT Club Contest The Contest Starts November 28th in Quant Forum We are happy to announce a Math Revolution and GMAT Club Contest For the following four (!) weekends we'll be publishing 4 FRESH math questions per weekend (2 on Saturday and 2 on Sunday). To participate, you will have to reply with your best answer/solution to the new questions that will be posted on Saturday and Sunday at 9 AM Pacific. Then a week later, the forum moderator will be selecting 2 winners who provided most correct answers to the questions, along with best solutions. Those winners will get 6-months access to GMAT Club Tests. PLUS! Based on the answers and solutions for all the questions published during the project ONE user will be awarded with ONE Grand prize: PS + DS course with 502 videos that is worth$299!

All announcements and winnings are final and no whining GMAT Club reserves the rights to modify the terms of this offer at any time.

NOTE: Test Prep Experts and Tutors are asked not to participate. We would like to have the members maximize their learning and problem solving process.

Thank you!

MATH REVOLUTION OFFICIAL SOLUTION:

Generally it is best to substitute in solving sequence questions. The sequence for this question is, $$A_1=2$$, $$A_2=5$$, $$A_3=\frac{A_2}{A_1}=\frac{5}{2}$$, $$A_4=\frac{A_3}{A_2}=(5/2)/5=\frac{1}{2}$$, $$A_5=\frac{1}{5}$$ and $$A_6=\frac{2}{5}$$. This means $$A_{n+6}=A_n$$. Then, if we divide $$149=6*24+5$$ by 6, the remainder is 5. So, $$A_{149}=A_6*24+5=A_5=\frac{1}{5}$$ and E is a correct answer.

Dear Bunuel,

$$A_{149}=A_6*24+5=A_5=\frac{1}{5}$$

Does we conclude $$A_{149}=A_{5}$$ by obtaining the remainder equal to $$5$$?

The sequence goes in blocks of 6 {2, 5, 5/2, 1/2, 1/5, 2/5} {2, 5, 5/2, 1/2, 1/5, 2/5} {2, 5, 5/2, 1/2, 1/5, 2/5}...

149 is a multiple of 6 (144) plus 5, thus A149 equals to 5th number in the pattern, which is 1/5.
_________________
CEO  V
Joined: 03 Jun 2019
Posts: 2935
Location: India
GMAT 1: 690 Q50 V34 WE: Engineering (Transportation)
Re: There is a sequence An such A1 = 2, A2 = 5, and An = A(n-1)/A(n-2),  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

Bunuel wrote:

Math Revolution and GMAT Club Contest Starts!

QUESTION #8:

There is a sequence $$A_n$$ such that $$A_1=2$$, $$A_2=5$$, and $$A_n=\frac{A_{n-1}}{A_{n-2}}$$,when n is an integer greater than 2. What is the value of $$A_{149}$$?

A. 2
B. 5
C. 2.5
D. 1/2
E. 1/5

Check conditions below:

Math Revolution and GMAT Club Contest

The Contest Starts November 28th in Quant Forum

We are happy to announce a Math Revolution and GMAT Club Contest

For the following four (!) weekends we'll be publishing 4 FRESH math questions per weekend (2 on Saturday and 2 on Sunday).

To participate, you will have to reply with your best answer/solution to the new questions that will be posted on Saturday and Sunday at 9 AM Pacific.
Then a week later, the forum moderator will be selecting 2 winners who provided most correct answers to the questions, along with best solutions. Those winners will get 6-months access to GMAT Club Tests.

PLUS! Based on the answers and solutions for all the questions published during the project ONE user will be awarded with ONE Grand prize:

PS + DS course with 502 videos that is worth \$299!

All announcements and winnings are final and no whining GMAT Club reserves the rights to modify the terms of this offer at any time.

NOTE: Test Prep Experts and Tutors are asked not to participate. We would like to have the members maximize their learning and problem solving process.

Thank you!

A1 =2
A2 = 5
A3 =5/2
A4 = 1/2
A5 = 1/5
A6 = 2/5
A7 = 2
A8 = 5

We see that A7 = A1 & A8 = A2, in general A(6+k) = Ak
149 = 6*24 + 5
A149 = A5 = 1/5

IMO E
_________________
Kinshook Chaturvedi
Email: kinshook.chaturvedi@gmail.com Re: There is a sequence An such A1 = 2, A2 = 5, and An = A(n-1)/A(n-2),   [#permalink] 01 Jul 2019, 21:23

# There is a sequence An such A1 = 2, A2 = 5, and An = A(n-1)/A(n-2),  