GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

 It is currently 15 Jul 2018, 14:30

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

# Though being tiny, blind, and translucent, a recently discovered

Author Message
TAGS:

### Hide Tags

Retired Moderator
Joined: 14 Dec 2013
Posts: 3199
Location: Germany
Schools: HHL Leipzig
GMAT 1: 780 Q50 V47
WE: Corporate Finance (Pharmaceuticals and Biotech)
Though being tiny, blind, and translucent, a recently discovered [#permalink]

### Show Tags

09 Sep 2016, 09:07
7
16
00:00

Difficulty:

25% (medium)

Question Stats:

75% (01:07) correct 25% (01:11) wrong based on 1503 sessions

### HideShow timer Statistics

Edit: This discussion has retired. Find the new thread HERE

Though being tiny, blind, and translucent, a recently discovered species of catfish lessens their vulnerability with thickened bones and armor plates on their sides.

A. Though being tiny, blind, and translucent, a recently discovered species of catfish lessens their vulnerability with thickened bones and armor plates on their sides.
B. Though tiny, blind, and translucent, a recently discovered species of catfish has thickened bones and armor plates on its sides that lessen its vulnerability.
C. A recently discovered species of catfish has thickened bones and armor plates on its sides that lessen their vulnerability, though tiny, blind, and translucent.
D. Thickened bones and armor plates on their sides lessen the vulnerability of a recently discovered species of catfish that is tiny, blind, and translucent.
E. Tiny, blind, and translucent, thickened bones and armor plates on its sides lessen the vulnerability of a recently discovered species of catfish.
Retired Moderator
Joined: 14 Dec 2013
Posts: 3199
Location: Germany
Schools: HHL Leipzig
GMAT 1: 780 Q50 V47
WE: Corporate Finance (Pharmaceuticals and Biotech)
Re: Though being tiny, blind, and translucent, a recently discovered [#permalink]

### Show Tags

09 Oct 2016, 10:12
5
2
sachin0890 wrote:
sayantanc2k wrote:
sachin0890 wrote:

Hello Sayantanc2k,
Both thickened bones and armor plates lessen the vulnerability of catfish. Is it ok to use that to refer both of them (thick bones and armor plates) as it is used in Option C?

Thank you.

The relative pronoun "that" can refer to plural antecedents. Run a search "that" in OG, and you will find plenty of such usages.

Please have a look at the following post,
created-in-1945-to-reduce-poverty-210087.html

Some of the respondents such as Economist GMAT tutor say that that cannot be used to refer plural.
I am totally confused regarding usage of that. Please explain when we can use that to refer plural and to refer singular.

Thank you,
Sachin

Uses of pronoun "that":

1. as a demonstrative pronoun:
1a. as adjectives: That pen is mine.
1b. as copy: The car you gifted me is older than that standing outside (creates a copy of car).

2. as a relative pronoun:
I wanted to buy the house that was destroyed by earthquake yesterday.
I do not like dogs that bark.

The usage 1a and 1b can only be singular - for plural "those" is required:
That pens are mine... wrong
The cars you gifted me is older than that standing outside ...wrong

The usage 2 is applicable for both singular and plural. (the second example above is plural).

The question in this thread uses "that" as a relative pronoun (type 2) - hence plural usage is alright.
The question in your link uses "that" as a demonstrative pronoun (type 1b) - hence plural usage is wrong.
##### General Discussion
Retired Moderator
Joined: 04 Aug 2016
Posts: 569
Location: India
GPA: 4
WE: Engineering (Telecommunications)
Re: Though being tiny, blind, and translucent, a recently discovered [#permalink]

### Show Tags

09 Sep 2016, 10:12
4
I feel the answer is b?

A. Though being tiny, blind, and translucent, a recently discovered species of catfish lessens their vulnerability with thickened bones and armor plates on their sides.
B. Though tiny, blind, and translucent, a recently discovered species of catfish has thickened bones and armor plates on its sides that lessen its vulnerability.
C. A recently discovered species of catfish has thickened bones and armor plates on its sides that lessen their vulnerability, though tiny, blind, and translucent.
D. Thickened bones and armor plates on their sides lessen the vulnerability of a recently discovered species of catfish that is tiny, blind, and translucent.
E. Tiny, blind, and translucent, thickened bones and armor plates on its sides lessen the vulnerability of a recently discovered species of catfish.

Board of Directors
Status: QA & VA Forum Moderator
Joined: 11 Jun 2011
Posts: 3622
Location: India
GPA: 3.5
Re: Though being tiny, blind, and translucent, a recently discovered [#permalink]

### Show Tags

09 Sep 2016, 10:42
4
sayantanc2k wrote:
Though being tiny, blind, and translucent, a recently discovered species of catfish lessens their vulnerability with thickened bones and armor plates on their sides.

A. Though being tiny, blind, and translucent, a recently discovered species of catfish lessens their vulnerability with thickened bones and armor plates on their sides.
B. Though tiny, blind, and translucent, a recently discovered species of catfish has thickened bones and armor plates on its sides that lessen its vulnerability.
C. A recently discovered species of catfish has thickened bones and armor plates on its sides that lessen their vulnerability, though tiny, blind, and translucent.
D. Thickened bones and armor plates on their sides lessen the vulnerability of a recently discovered species of catfish that is tiny, blind, and translucent.
E. Tiny, blind, and translucent, thickened bones and armor plates on its sides lessen the vulnerability of a recently discovered species of catfish.

Though tiny, blind, and translucent, a recently discovered species of catfish has thickened bones and armor plates on its sides that lessen its vulnerability.

_________________

Thanks and Regards

Abhishek....

PLEASE FOLLOW THE RULES FOR POSTING IN QA AND VA FORUM AND USE SEARCH FUNCTION BEFORE POSTING NEW QUESTIONS

How to use Search Function in GMAT Club | Rules for Posting in QA forum | Writing Mathematical Formulas |Rules for Posting in VA forum | Request Expert's Reply ( VA Forum Only )

Intern
Joined: 21 Jul 2016
Posts: 27
GMAT 1: 690 Q50 V31
GMAT 2: 770 Q51 V42
Re: Though being tiny, blind, and translucent, a recently discovered [#permalink]

### Show Tags

22 Sep 2016, 13:08
A,C,D S-V agreement issue. E has meaning issue.
Intern
Joined: 19 Jan 2014
Posts: 30
Re: Though being tiny, blind, and translucent, a recently discovered [#permalink]

### Show Tags

24 Sep 2016, 21:38
hi,

is conjunction 'though' before adjectives which modify recently discovered species right?
Intern
Joined: 16 Jun 2016
Posts: 29
Concentration: Accounting
GMAT 1: 640 Q51 V24
GMAT 2: 730 Q51 V37
Re: Though being tiny, blind, and translucent, a recently discovered [#permalink]

### Show Tags

05 Oct 2016, 02:58
1
sayantanc2k wrote:
Though being tiny, blind, and translucent, a recently discovered species of catfish lessens their vulnerability with thickened bones and armor plates on their sides.

A. Though being tiny, blind, and translucent, a recently discovered species of catfish lessens their vulnerability with thickened bones and armor plates on their sides.
B. Though tiny, blind, and translucent, a recently discovered species of catfish has thickened bones and armor plates on its sides that lessen its vulnerability.
C. A recently discovered species of catfish has thickened bones and armor plates on its sides that lessen their vulnerability, though tiny, blind, and translucent.
D. Thickened bones and armor plates on their sides lessen the vulnerability of a recently discovered species of catfish that is tiny, blind, and translucent.
E. Tiny, blind, and translucent, thickened bones and armor plates on its sides lessen the vulnerability of a recently discovered species of catfish.

Hello Sayantanc2k,
Both thickened bones and armor plates lessen the vulnerability of catfish. Is it ok to use that to refer both of them (thick bones and armor plates) as it is used in Option C?

Thank you.
Retired Moderator
Joined: 14 Dec 2013
Posts: 3199
Location: Germany
Schools: HHL Leipzig
GMAT 1: 780 Q50 V47
WE: Corporate Finance (Pharmaceuticals and Biotech)
Re: Though being tiny, blind, and translucent, a recently discovered [#permalink]

### Show Tags

07 Oct 2016, 06:56
sachin0890 wrote:
sayantanc2k wrote:
Though being tiny, blind, and translucent, a recently discovered species of catfish lessens their vulnerability with thickened bones and armor plates on their sides.

A. Though being tiny, blind, and translucent, a recently discovered species of catfish lessens their vulnerability with thickened bones and armor plates on their sides.
B. Though tiny, blind, and translucent, a recently discovered species of catfish has thickened bones and armor plates on its sides that lessen its vulnerability.
C. A recently discovered species of catfish has thickened bones and armor plates on its sides that lessen their vulnerability, though tiny, blind, and translucent.
D. Thickened bones and armor plates on their sides lessen the vulnerability of a recently discovered species of catfish that is tiny, blind, and translucent.
E. Tiny, blind, and translucent, thickened bones and armor plates on its sides lessen the vulnerability of a recently discovered species of catfish.

Hello Sayantanc2k,
Both thickened bones and armor plates lessen the vulnerability of catfish. Is it ok to use that to refer both of them (thick bones and armor plates) as it is used in Option C?

Thank you.

The relative pronoun "that" can refer to plural antecedents. Run a search "that" in OG, and you will find plenty of such usages.
Intern
Joined: 16 Jun 2016
Posts: 29
Concentration: Accounting
GMAT 1: 640 Q51 V24
GMAT 2: 730 Q51 V37
Re: Though being tiny, blind, and translucent, a recently discovered [#permalink]

### Show Tags

09 Oct 2016, 07:23
sayantanc2k wrote:
sachin0890 wrote:
sayantanc2k wrote:
Though being tiny, blind, and translucent, a recently discovered species of catfish lessens their vulnerability with thickened bones and armor plates on their sides.

A. Though being tiny, blind, and translucent, a recently discovered species of catfish lessens their vulnerability with thickened bones and armor plates on their sides.
B. Though tiny, blind, and translucent, a recently discovered species of catfish has thickened bones and armor plates on its sides that lessen its vulnerability.
C. A recently discovered species of catfish has thickened bones and armor plates on its sides that lessen their vulnerability, though tiny, blind, and translucent.
D. Thickened bones and armor plates on their sides lessen the vulnerability of a recently discovered species of catfish that is tiny, blind, and translucent.
E. Tiny, blind, and translucent, thickened bones and armor plates on its sides lessen the vulnerability of a recently discovered species of catfish.

Hello Sayantanc2k,
Both thickened bones and armor plates lessen the vulnerability of catfish. Is it ok to use that to refer both of them (thick bones and armor plates) as it is used in Option C?

Thank you.

The relative pronoun "that" can refer to plural antecedents. Run a search "that" in OG, and you will find plenty of such usages.

Please have a look at the following post,
created-in-1945-to-reduce-poverty-210087.html

Some of the respondents such as Economist GMAT tutor say that that cannot be used to refer plural.
I am totally confused regarding usage of that. Please explain when we can use that to refer plural and to refer singular.

Thank you,
Sachin
Intern
Joined: 16 Jun 2016
Posts: 29
Concentration: Accounting
GMAT 1: 640 Q51 V24
GMAT 2: 730 Q51 V37
Re: Though being tiny, blind, and translucent, a recently discovered [#permalink]

### Show Tags

09 Oct 2016, 11:16
1
Uses of pronoun "that":

1. as a demonstrative pronoun:
1a. as adjectives: That pen is mine.
1b. as copy: The car you gifted me is older than that standing outside (creates a copy of car).

2. as a relative pronoun:
I wanted to buy the house that was destroyed by earthquake yesterday.
I do not like dogs that bark.

The usage 1a and 1b can only be singular - for plural "those" is required:
That pens are mine... wrong
The cars you gifted me is older than that standing outside ...wrong

The usage 2 is applicable for both singular and plural. (the second example above is plural).

The question in this thread uses "that" as a relative pronoun (type 2) - hence plural usage is alright.
The question in your link uses "that" as a demonstrative pronoun (type 1b) - hence plural usage is wrong.[/quote]

Thank you very much for the help.
I will try some more questions based on usage of that.
Retired Moderator
Joined: 14 Dec 2013
Posts: 3199
Location: Germany
Schools: HHL Leipzig
GMAT 1: 780 Q50 V47
WE: Corporate Finance (Pharmaceuticals and Biotech)
Re: Though being tiny, blind, and translucent, a recently discovered [#permalink]

### Show Tags

10 Nov 2016, 11:34
Turkish wrote:
Hello Sayantan,

Can you help me understand this " Though tiny, blind, and translucent" is this not modifying a recently" and not the new species that was found.

Thanks a lot

Turkish.

No, the modifier modifies the entire noun phrase " a recently discovered species of catfish". "Species" is the main noun in this phrase; hence the modifier refers to "species". "Recently" is not a noun.
Manager
Joined: 14 Oct 2012
Posts: 177
Re: Though being tiny, blind, and translucent, a recently discovered [#permalink]

### Show Tags

19 Nov 2016, 19:20
Uses of pronoun "that":

1. as a demonstrative pronoun:
1a. as adjectives: That pen is mine.
1b. as copy: The car you gifted me is older than that standing outside (creates a copy of car).

2. as a relative pronoun:
I wanted to buy the house that was destroyed by earthquake yesterday.
I do not like dogs that bark.

The usage 1a and 1b can only be singular - for plural "those" is required:
That pens are mine... wrong
The cars you gifted me is older than that standing outside ...wrong

The usage 2 is applicable for both singular and plural. (the second example above is plural).

The question in this thread uses "that" as a relative pronoun (type 2) - hence plural usage is alright.
The question in your link uses "that" as a demonstrative pronoun (type 1b) - hence plural usage is wrong.[/quote]

Hello sayantanc2k
Thanks alot for this clear and crisp explanation on usage of "that"
Manager
Joined: 03 Jan 2017
Posts: 178
Re: Though being tiny, blind, and translucent, a recently discovered [#permalink]

### Show Tags

16 Mar 2017, 15:06
species are either singular or plural, so B is the only correct answer
Intern
Joined: 05 Aug 2017
Posts: 30
Location: Viet Nam
Annie: Nguyen
GPA: 3.33
WE: Supply Chain Management (Transportation)
Re: Though being tiny, blind, and translucent, a recently discovered [#permalink]

### Show Tags

18 Oct 2017, 23:57
My answer is B. Following though is a noun modifier: “tiny, blind and translucent” (remember that adj is considered noun modifier).

Full sentence: Though it is tiny, blind, and translucent, a recently discovered species of catfish has thickened bones and armor plates on its sides that lessen its vulnerability.
_________________

Kindly hit kudos if my post help.
Thanks a lot!

Intern
Joined: 15 Aug 2017
Posts: 12
Re: Though being tiny, blind, and translucent, a recently discovered [#permalink]

### Show Tags

28 Nov 2017, 05:10
hi all, is "a species of xxx" always singular? thanks for anyone's help
SVP
Joined: 12 Dec 2016
Posts: 1876
Location: United States
GMAT 1: 700 Q49 V33
GPA: 3.64
Re: Though being tiny, blind, and translucent, a recently discovered [#permalink]

### Show Tags

22 Dec 2017, 20:23
pronoun "that" is fine in this question. test takers should know this important trick pattern in gmat.
Intern
Joined: 15 Oct 2017
Posts: 15
Re: Though being tiny, blind, and translucent, a recently discovered [#permalink]

### Show Tags

28 Dec 2017, 00:36
A. Though being tiny, blind, and translucent, a recently discovered species of catfish lessens their vulnerability with thickened bones and armor plates on their sides. - Pronoun error

B. Though tiny, blind, and translucent, a recently discovered species of catfish has thickened bones and armor plates on its sides that lessen its vulnerability. - Correct.

C. A recently discovered species of catfish has thickened bones and armor plates on its sides that lessen their vulnerability, though tiny, blind, and translucent. - Changes in meaning and Pronoun error

D. Thickened bones and armor plates on their sides lessen the vulnerability of a recently discovered species of catfish that is tiny, blind, and translucent. - Pronoun error.

E. Tiny, blind, and translucent, thickened bones and armor plates on its sides lessen the vulnerability of a recently discovered species of catfish. - "Tiny, blind, and translucent" illogically modifies "thickened bones".
e-GMAT Representative
Joined: 02 Nov 2011
Posts: 2543
Re: Though being tiny, blind, and translucent, a recently discovered [#permalink]

### Show Tags

28 Dec 2017, 01:33
1
jtankx90 wrote:
hi all, is "a species of xxx" always singular? thanks for anyone's help

Hello jtankx90,

I am not sure if you still have this doubt. Here is the answer nonetheless.

Yes, the phrase "a species of xxx" is always singular because the articles "a" and "an" are used only with singular noun entities.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
_________________

| '4 out of Top 5' Instructors on gmatclub | 70 point improvement guarantee | www.e-gmat.com

e-GMAT Representative
Joined: 02 Nov 2011
Posts: 2543
Re: Though being tiny, blind, and translucent, a recently discovered [#permalink]

### Show Tags

28 Dec 2017, 01:57
1
chesstitans wrote:
pronoun "that" is fine in this question. test takers should know this important trick pattern in gmat.

Hello chesstitans,

You have highlighted one of the most crucial points with regard to the correct usage of the relative pronoun modifier that and other noun modifiers.

I just want to add here that we have authored an article named Noun Modifiers can Modify slightly far away noun on the very same topic that explains when noun modifiers can modify a noun that is slightly far away from it. The article can be accessed through the following link:
https://gmatclub.com/forum/noun-modifiers-can-modify-slightly-far-away-noun-135868.html

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
_________________

| '4 out of Top 5' Instructors on gmatclub | 70 point improvement guarantee | www.e-gmat.com

Verbal Forum Moderator
Status: Greatness begins beyond your comfort zone
Joined: 08 Dec 2013
Posts: 2071
Location: India
Concentration: General Management, Strategy
Schools: Kelley '20, ISB '19
GPA: 3.2
WE: Information Technology (Consulting)
Re: Though being tiny, blind, and translucent, a recently discovered [#permalink]

### Show Tags

07 Jan 2018, 07:43
1
Though being tiny, blind, and translucent, a recently discovered species of catfish lessens their vulnerability with thickened bones and armor plates on their sides.

A. Though being tiny, blind, and translucent, a recently discovered species of catfish lessens their vulnerability with thickened bones and armor plates on their sides. - pronoun issue - Use of the plural pronoun their is incorrect in both the instances. The antecedent of their at both places is the singular noun species.
B. Though tiny, blind, and translucent, a recently discovered species of catfish has thickened bones and armor plates on its sides that lessen its vulnerability. - Correct
C. A recently discovered species of catfish has thickened bones and armor plates on its sides that lessen their vulnerability, though tiny, blind, and translucent. --The plural pronoun their doesn’t agree with the singular antecedent species ; meaning change -- contrast is lost -The way though tiny… translucent is placed in the sentence, it fails to convey the intended contrast. The placement of this phrase makes it difficult to establish that these qualities belong to this particular species of catfish.
D. Thickened bones and armor plates on their sides lessen the vulnerability of a recently discovered species of catfish that is tiny, blind, and translucent. --The plural pronoun their doesn’t agree with the singular antecedent species. -- Pronoun issue - The plural pronoun their doesn’t agree with the singular antecedent species. ; meaning changes as no contrast word is present
E. Tiny, blind, and translucent, thickened bones and armor plates on its sides lessen the vulnerability of a recently discovered species of catfish. -- illogical meaning; modifier issue -- The opening modifiers tiny, blind, and translucent illogically modifies the subject of the following main clause thickened bones and armor plates.

_________________

When everything seems to be going against you, remember that the airplane takes off against the wind, not with it. - Henry Ford
The Moment You Think About Giving Up, Think Of The Reason Why You Held On So Long
+1 Kudos if you find this post helpful

Re: Though being tiny, blind, and translucent, a recently discovered   [#permalink] 07 Jan 2018, 07:43

Go to page    1   2    Next  [ 27 posts ]

Display posts from previous: Sort by

# Events & Promotions

 Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.