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Through experimenting designed to provide information that will ultima

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New post 21 Jun 2018, 01:27
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Through experimenting designed to provide information that will ultimately prove useful in the treatment of hereditary diseases, mice have received bone marrow transplants that give them a new gene.

(A) Through experimenting designed to provide information that will ultimately prove

(B) Through experiments designed to provide information ultimately proving

(C) In experimentation designed to provide information that ultimately proves

(D) In experimenting designed to provide information ultimately proving

(E) In experiments designed to provide information that will ultimately prove

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Through experimenting designed to provide information that will ultima  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Jun 2018, 10:16
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Hello Everyone!

Let’s start by breaking down the major differences between each of these options to narrow them down to the one right answer!

Through experimenting designed to provide information that will ultimately prove useful in the treatment of hereditary diseases, mice have received bone marrow transplants that give them a new gene.

(A) Through experimenting designed to provide information that will ultimately prove
(B) Through experiments designed to provide information ultimately proving
(C) In experimentation designed to provide information that ultimately proves
(D) In experimenting designed to provide information ultimately proving
(E) In experiments designed to provide information that will ultimately prove

After a quick scan over the options, a couple major differences stand out:

1. Their beginnings: Through vs. In ; experimenting/experiments/experimentation
2. Their endings: prove/proving/proves

If we tackle #1 first, we’ll eliminate a few options right away, so let’s start there.

Since we know that mice received bone marrow transplants during experiments, it’s clearer and more concise to say “experiments” than saying they got transplants via “experimentation” or “experimenting," which sounds wishy-washy and vague. Here is why it's clearer to say "experiments:"

In experiments = Full, stand-alone experiments (from start to finish) were dedicated to finding a cure for cancer by giving mice bone marrow
Through experimenting/experimentation = Not clear if done as a stand-alone experiment, or done informally outside of a formal experiment process

This means we can eliminate options A, C, and D because they use words that aren’t as clear and concise as they need to be.

Now we’re left with only options B and E to choose from, which is much more manageable! Let’s move on to #2 on our list: proving / will ultimately prove.

(B) Through experiments designed to provide information ultimately proving

This is INCORRECT because the phrase “ultimately proving” doesn’t convey the meaning we’re going after. The sentence should say that the experiments done in the present will be important in the future. If you really wanted to use it, you would also need to put a comma before "ultimately" for it to work. Also, it’s not idiomatic to say “through experiments.” It’s better to say “in experiments” instead.

(E) In experiments designed to provide information that will ultimately prove

This is CORRECT! It uses the idiomatically correct “In experiments,” and it properly indicates the future tense for “will ultimately prove.”

There you have it! Option E is correct!


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Re: Through experimenting designed to provide information that will ultima  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Jun 2018, 02:03
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Bunuel wrote:
Through experimenting designed to provide information that will ultimately prove useful in the treatment of hereditary diseases, mice have received bone marrow transplants that give them a new gene.


A. Through experimenting designed to provide information that will ultimately prove

B. Through experiments designed to provide information ultimately proving

C. In experimentation designed to provide information that ultimately proves

D. In experimenting designed to provide information ultimately proving

E. In experiments designed to provide information that will ultimately prove


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1) through or in experiments..
Mice have received X through experiments is wrong , it has to be IN experiments..
2) what should " designed to provide information" modify
It is experiments and NOT experimentation or experimenting

E
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Re: Through experimenting designed to provide information that will ultima  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Jun 2018, 04:54
Answer is E, i think.

In experiments.....that will......prove useful.....mice have

A, C & D are wrong for using experimentation or experimenting.

B, i think it just sounds awkward. It should have read Through experiments.....that will ultimately prove.....mice have.....

E is a better option.

Thanks,
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Re: Through experimenting designed to provide information that will ultima  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Jun 2018, 05:22
A and B can be eliminated for the usage of "through". C uses experimentation, which is incorrect. D uses experimenting. E correctly uses "experiments".

Thus, E is best.

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Re: Through experimenting designed to provide information that will ultima  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Jun 2018, 11:17
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[quote="Bunuel"]Through experimenting designed to provide information that will ultimately prove useful in the treatment of hereditary diseases, mice have received bone marrow transplants that give them a new gene.

(A) Through experimenting designed to provide information that will ultimately prove Incorrect

(B) Through experiments designed to provide information ultimately proving - "will prove" conveys proper meaning

(C) In experimentation designed to provide information that ultimately proves - "will prove" conveys proper meaning

(D) In experimenting designed to provide information ultimately proving. - "will prove" conveys proper meaning

(E) In experiments designed to provide information that will ultimately prove. CORRECT USE.

IMO E
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Through experimenting designed to provide information that will ultima  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Aug 2018, 21:02
generis workout pikolo2510 VeritasKarishma GMATNinja EMPOWERgmatVerbal

Can you please assist me in understanding verb tenses: will prove and have received in context of the sentence
w.r.t (B/E)

Quote:
Through experimenting designed to provide information that will ultimately prove useful in the treatment of hereditary diseases, mice have received bone marrow transplants that give them a new gene


(A) Through experimenting designed to provide information that will ultimately prove

(B) Through experiments designed to provide information ultimately proving

(E) In experiments designed to provide information that will ultimately prove

A is clearly wrong since we have incorrect verb-ing experimenting instead of noun - experiments
and the former cannot act as subject

Presenting my understanding:
There were some experiments conducted which were designed to provide some information.
This information will ultimately prove (simple future tense) to be useful in the treatment of hereditary diseases.
Through the above experiments, mice have received bone marrow transplants that give them a new gene.
That refers back to bone marrow transplants and is correct.

The first part of the sentence is a dependent clause with start of the clause with - Through

Quote:
Through experiments designed to provide information that will ultimately prove useful in the treatment of hereditary diseases


designed is a verb-ed modifier modifying experiment.
That refers back to information

Next independent clause follows:
Quote:
mice have received bone marrow transplants
that give them a new gene.


Overall I could not connect two clauses in the sentence and understand the intended meaning.
Furhtermore, the dependent clause has simple future tense - will prove. How does this connect with
present perfect tense - have received (an action started in past, whose effect is ongoing or still felt)?

Let me know your thoughts.
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Re: Through experimenting designed to provide information that will ultima  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Aug 2018, 07:57
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Hey adkikani,

The meaning of the sentence is something like this

- The mice received bone marrow transplants that gave them a new gene (This fact is something that is true till today)
- The transplant is an experiment that will eventually help to treat hereditary diseases (The transplant will provide with vital information)

Hope this helps to clear the confusion of tenses for you

Let me know if any queries. We can connect on WA
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Re: Through experimenting designed to provide information that will ultima  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Aug 2018, 19:47
adkikani wrote:
generis workout pikolo2510 VeritasKarishma GMATNinja EMPOWERgmatVerbal

Can you please assist me in understanding verb tenses: will prove and have received in context of the sentence
w.r.t (B/E)

Quote:
Through experimenting designed to provide information that will ultimately prove useful in the treatment of hereditary diseases, mice have received bone marrow transplants that give them a new gene


(A) Through experimenting designed to provide information that will ultimately prove

(B) Through experiments designed to provide information ultimately proving

(E) In experiments designed to provide information that will ultimately prove

A is clearly wrong since we have incorrect verb-ing experimenting instead of noun - experiments
and the former cannot act as subject

Presenting my understanding:
There were some experiments conducted which were designed to provide some information.
This information will ultimately prove (simple future tense) to be useful in the treatment of hereditary diseases.
Through the above experiments, mice have received bone marrow transplants that give them a new gene.
That refers back to bone marrow transplants and is correct.

The first part of the sentence is a dependent clause with start of the clause with - Through

Quote:
Through experiments designed to provide information that will ultimately prove useful in the treatment of hereditary diseases


designed is a verb-ed modifier modifying experiment.
That refers back to information

Next independent clause follows:
Quote:
mice have received bone marrow transplants
that give them a new gene.


Overall I could not connect two clauses in the sentence and understand the intended meaning.
Furhtermore, the dependent clause has simple future tense - will prove. How does this connect with
present perfect tense - have received (an action started in past, whose effect is ongoing or still felt)?

Let me know your thoughts.

There's no rule that says that we can never change verb tenses in a sentence - the tenses just have to be logical. Take a silly example: "The space shuttle that will launch tomorrow has been belching green fumes all morning, causing no shortage of distress among the overworked engineers." "That will launch tomorrow" is modifying the "space shuttle," while "has been" is the main verb of the sentence. Perfectly logical. The shuttle will launch in the future, but it began belching fumes in the past and continues to do so in the present.

Similarly, the phrase "that will ultimately prove" modifies the "information", and "have received" is the main verb for the subject "mice." Again, perfectly logical. The information will prove useful in the future, and the mice have received transplants in the past and continue to do so.

The takeaway: it's okay to have more than one tense in a sentence as long as the tenses produce a coherent meaning.

And there's a chance that we discussed this issue in this video on verb tenses, but I haven't slept much since filming that one, so... :idontknow:

I hope that helps!
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Re: Through experimenting designed to provide information that will ultima  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Sep 2018, 02:33
EMPOWERgmatVerbal wrote:
Hello Everyone!

Let’s start by breaking down the major differences between each of these options to narrow them down to the one right answer!

Through experimenting designed to provide information that will ultimately prove useful in the treatment of hereditary diseases, mice have received bone marrow transplants that give them a new gene.

(A) Through experimenting designed to provide information that will ultimately prove
(B) Through experiments designed to provide information ultimately proving
(C) In experimentation designed to provide information that ultimately proves
(D) In experimenting designed to provide information ultimately proving
(E) In experiments designed to provide information that will ultimately prove

After a quick scan over the options, a couple major differences stand out:

1. Their beginnings: Through vs. In ; experimenting/experiments/experimentation
2. Their endings: prove/proving/proves

If we tackle #1 first, we’ll eliminate a few options right away, so let’s start there.

Since we know that mice received bone marrow transplants during experiments, it’s clearer and more concise to say “experiments” than saying they got transplants via “experimentation” or “experimenting," which sounds wishy-washy and vague. Here is why it's clearer to say "experiments:"

In experiments = Full, stand-alone experiments (from start to finish) were dedicated to finding a cure for cancer by giving mice bone marrow
Through experimenting/experimentation = Not clear if done as a stand-alone experiment, or done informally outside of a formal experiment process

This means we can eliminate options A, C, and D because they use words that aren’t as clear and concise as they need to be.

Now we’re left with only options B and E to choose from, which is much more manageable! Let’s move on to #2 on our list: proving / will ultimately prove.

(B) Through experiments designed to provide information ultimately proving

This is INCORRECT because the phrase “ultimately proving” doesn’t convey the meaning we’re going after. The sentence should say that the experiments done in the present will be important in the future. If you really wanted to use it, you would also need to put a comma before "ultimately" for it to work. Also, it’s not idiomatic to say “through experiments.” It’s better to say “in experiments” instead.

(E) In experiments designed to provide information that will ultimately prove

This is CORRECT! It uses the idiomatically correct “In experiments,” and it properly indicates the future tense for “will ultimately prove.”

There you have it! Option E is correct!


Don’t study for the GMAT. Train for it.



What does "that" refer to in this question's option E

Is it experiments or information ?

If it is information , is information singular or plural noun ?

The verb prove will take reference(singular/plural) from which subject ?
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Re: Through experimenting designed to provide information that will ultima  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Dec 2018, 01:17
Bunuel wrote:
Through experimenting designed to provide information that will ultimately prove useful in the treatment of hereditary diseases, mice have received bone marrow transplants that give them a new gene.

(A) Through experimenting designed to provide information that will ultimately prove

(B) Through experiments designed to provide information ultimately proving

(C) In experimentation designed to provide information that ultimately proves

(D) In experimenting designed to provide information ultimately proving

(E) In experiments designed to provide information that will ultimately prove

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choice a
through doing is used to show how subject , mice, do something. I learn through reading books. inhere, mice dose not experiment and mice dose not receive by experimenting. both points are not logic. through doing is used to show the action by which the main verb is done.

choice B.
though+noun is used to show a physical subject through which something is done. the signal run through the cable. through +noun can be used with a verb of moving. I swim /go through the watter. both cases are not logic inhere.

choice D
in experimenting grammatically suggests that mice experiment. this is not logic.

choice C
experimentation is a process. we need specific experiments in which mice receive transplant. specific experimens is more logic inhere than experimentation.
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Re: Through experimenting designed to provide information that will ultima  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Feb 2019, 08:32
[quote="Bunuel"]Through experimenting designed to provide information that will ultimately prove useful in the treatment of hereditary diseases, mice have received bone marrow transplants that give them a new gene.

(A) Through experimenting designed to provide information that will ultimately prove

(B) Through experiments designed to provide information ultimately proving

(C) In experimentation designed to provide information that ultimately proves

(D) In experimenting designed to provide information ultimately proving

(E) In experiments designed to provide information that will ultimately prove

if we see split specific noun/doing or process noun, choose the specific noun which is not a process

"in experiments" means from the start until finish of the experiment, mice receive marrow.

experimentation and experimenting is a process. if we say D or C, we mean that only in a short time which is a part of the process of experimenting/experimentation, mice are given marrow. this is not the intended meaning.

choice E meang, in most part of the experiments, mice receive marrow. choice D and C says that in a short time of the process of experimentation, mice receive marrow. the difference is the lengh of time

we do not want to say that only in a short time of the process, mice are given marrow.

the difference in the split specific noun / a process noun is the length of time. this is takeaway.
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Re: Through experimenting designed to provide information that will ultima  [#permalink]

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New post 31 Mar 2019, 02:24
EMPOWERgmatVerbal wrote:
Hello Everyone!

Let’s start by breaking down the major differences between each of these options to narrow them down to the one right answer!

Through experimenting designed to provide information that will ultimately prove useful in the treatment of hereditary diseases, mice have received bone marrow transplants that give them a new gene.

(A) Through experimenting designed to provide information that will ultimately prove
(B) Through experiments designed to provide information ultimately proving
(C) In experimentation designed to provide information that ultimately proves
(D) In experimenting designed to provide information ultimately proving
(E) In experiments designed to provide information that will ultimately prove

After a quick scan over the options, a couple major differences stand out:

1. Their beginnings: Through vs. In ; experimenting/experiments/experimentation
2. Their endings: prove/proving/proves

If we tackle #1 first, we’ll eliminate a few options right away, so let’s start there.

Since we know that mice received bone marrow transplants during experiments, it’s clearer and more concise to say “experiments” than saying they got transplants via “experimentation” or “experimenting," which sounds wishy-washy and vague. Here is why it's clearer to say "experiments:"

In experiments = Full, stand-alone experiments (from start to finish) were dedicated to finding a cure for cancer by giving mice bone marrow
Through experimenting/experimentation = Not clear if done as a stand-alone experiment, or done informally outside of a formal experiment process

This means we can eliminate options A, C, and D because they use words that aren’t as clear and concise as they need to be.

Now we’re left with only options B and E to choose from, which is much more manageable! Let’s move on to #2 on our list: proving / will ultimately prove.

(B) Through experiments designed to provide information ultimately proving

This is INCORRECT because the phrase “ultimately proving” doesn’t convey the meaning we’re going after. The sentence should say that the experiments done in the present will be important in the future. If you really wanted to use it, you would also need to put a comma before "ultimately" for it to work. Also, it’s not idiomatic to say “through experiments.” It’s better to say “in experiments” instead.

(E) In experiments designed to provide information that will ultimately prove

This is CORRECT! It uses the idiomatically correct “In experiments,” and it properly indicates the future tense for “will ultimately prove.”

There you have it! Option E is correct!


Don’t study for the GMAT. Train for it.


this is great explanation. thank you

in experiements means in the whole experiments , the mice receive marrow. the receiving is the main part ,or a focus of the experiments.

" in experimenting/experimentation the mice receive marrow" means that the receiving is not the main part of the experimentation but a minor part of experimentation. also, this receiving happen during a short period of the time of experimentation.

when we see a split between normal noun and process noun, the difference is the length of the action, short period and whole period
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Re: Through experimenting designed to provide information that will ultima   [#permalink] 31 Mar 2019, 02:24
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