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Intern
Joined: 18 Mar 2017
Posts: 6

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21 Jun 2017, 18:54
Hi everyone! Could you help me with this TOEFL question?

Many types of animals combine the advantages of family association with those conferred by membership in still larger
groups. Bees congregate in hives; some fish move in schools; ants gather in mounds; wolves live in packs; deer
associate in herds. The main advantage of membership in a mass community is the safety that it provides. A large group
of prey may be easier for a predator to find at any given point than is a small one, and a predator may think twice before
taking on such a group; if a predator does decide to challenge a large group, it may merely encounter a confusing mass
of moving bodies and possibly may not succeed in its primary goal.

The word "one” in the passage refers to_____
A) group B) prey
C) predator D) point

Answer: PREY (I thought It was GROUP, why is it PREY?)

The word “those” refers to
a. types
b. animals
d. groups

I thought it was ADVANTAGES, but the answer key said TYPES or ANIMALS (I don´t even remember )

COuld someone explain why i am wrong?

THANKS
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Senior Manager
Joined: 24 Nov 2015
Posts: 473
Location: United States (LA)

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08 Jul 2017, 12:06
try to find the pronoun reference
Pronoun will always represent some noun mentioned in earlier part of the text. It will never happen that a paragraph will directly start with a pronoun without a proper noun reference to it
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