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#Top150 SC: There are a few acts of nature

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#Top150 SC: There are a few acts of nature [#permalink]

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New post 05 Oct 2015, 22:28
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There are a few acts of nature, such as a total solar eclipse or a dormant volcano exploding, that are so rare and so dramatic as to seem like metaphors for the virtue of patience itself.

A. a dormant volcano exploding, that are so rare and so dramatic as to seem like metaphors for the virtue of patience itself

B. an explosion of a dormant volcano, that are so rare and dramatic enough that they seem like metaphors for the virtue of patience themselves

C. the explosion of a dormant volcano, that are so rare and so dramatic that it seems like a metaphor for the virtue of patience itself

D. the explosion of a dormant volcano, that are so rare and dramatic enough as to seem like a metaphor for the virtue of patience themselves

E. a dormant volcano exploding, that are so rare and so dramatic that they seem to be a metaphor for the virtue of patience themselves
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: #Top150 SC: There are a few acts of nature [#permalink]

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New post 06 Oct 2015, 01:44
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The reflexive pronoun at the end of the clause stands for 'the virtue' which is singular; therefore 'themselves' is out of the race and we have to take 'itself' . We can safely remove B, D, and E.
Between A and C, we can disregard C for using an unidiomatic expression ‘dramatic enough’ and also for calling the plural ‘acts’ as a singular ‘metaphor. However, the two versions of exploding, and explosion do not impact the outcome of the choice.
So A
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#Top150 SC: There are a few acts of nature [#permalink]

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New post 06 Oct 2015, 07:28
My answer is B.

Reasoning:

There are a few acts of nature, such as a total solar eclipse or a dormant volcano exploding, that are so rare and so dramatic as to seem like metaphors for the virtue of patience itself.

A. a dormant volcano exploding, that are so rare and so dramatic as to seem like metaphors for the virtue of patience itself

B. an explosion of a dormant volcano, that are so rare and dramatic enough that they seem like metaphors for the virtue of patience themselves

C. the explosion of a dormant volcano, that are so rare and so dramatic that it seems like a metaphor for the virtue of patience itself

D. the explosion of a dormant volcano, that are so rare and dramatic enough as to seem like a metaphor for the virtue of patience themselves

E. a dormant volcano exploding, that are so rare and so dramatic that they seem to be a metaphor for the virtue of patience themselves


Essentially what we need to say is: "There are acts, such as [a] and [b], that are [x] and [y] that they seem to be metaphors for patience themselves.

Now notice there are a few splits.

First, we have "a dormant volcano exploding" vs "an/the explosion of a dormant volcano". I could be wrong, but I believe "the explosion of" is more parallel to "a total solar eclipse" than "volcano exploding". While we cannot use this to rule out answers immediately, we should hold this thought.

Secondly, we have the split at the end between itself/themselves. This is where this question becomes hazy due to its quality, since it is not an official GMAC/OG question. Are we referring to "the few acts of nature" or "virtue of patience"?. I believe this is a crucial differentiation that must be used to split the answers. Logically, the referend must be "the few acts of nature" because if "virtue of patience" was intended, you can completely omit the last word - "... seem like metaphors for the virtue of patience" is 100% clear and adding "itself" to the end of that phrase changes nothing. Therefore, we must choose "themselves".

E expresses this clearly, but I do not think the singular tense of "a metaphor" is correct for "they". The only other answer that expresses this clearly is B, which correctly uses the plural "metaphors" and "themselves".

However, my answer changes to A if "itself" references, although redundant in my opinion, "the virtue of patience".

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#Top150 SC: There are a few acts of nature [#permalink]

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New post 06 Oct 2015, 08:45
There are a few acts of nature, such as a total solar eclipse or a dormant volcano exploding, that are so rare and so dramatic as to seem like metaphors for the virtue of patience itself.

solar eclipse needs to be parallel to dormant volcano exploding.
since both are acts, both are compound nouns.
hence A and E can be ruled out.

Option C can be ruled out for below reasons
so is repeated before dramatic causing redundancy.
also singular noun it cannot refer to few acts(plural noun).

In Option D
as to seem gives a different meaning from that of intended one in the given sentence.
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Last edited by Nevernevergiveup on 06 Oct 2015, 10:14, edited 1 time in total.

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#Top150 SC: There are a few acts of nature [#permalink]

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New post 06 Oct 2015, 09:21
Quote:

There are a few acts of nature, such as a total solar eclipse or a dormant volcano exploding, that are so rare and so dramatic as to seem like metaphors for the virtue of patience itself.

A. a dormant volcano exploding, that are so rare and so dramatic as to seem like metaphors for the virtue of patience itself

B. an explosion of a dormant volcano, that are so rare and dramatic enough that they seem like metaphors for the virtue of patience themselves

C. the explosion of a dormant volcano, that are so rare and so dramatic that it seems like a metaphor for the virtue of patience itself

D. the explosion of a dormant volcano, that are so rare and dramatic enough as to seem like a metaphor for the virtue of patience themselves

E. a dormant volcano exploding, that are so rare and so dramatic that they seem to be a metaphor for the virtue of patience themselves




My decision points when I first saw this was: 1. Total solar eclipse vs. dormant volcano exploding and 2. Virtue of patience itself.

I feel that dormant volcano exploding should be replaced to either "An explosion or The explosion" therefore removing A and E from the answer choice.

Virtue of patience is singular I think so I chose itself instead of themselves.

My answer choice is C.

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Re: #Top150 SC: There are a few acts of nature [#permalink]

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New post 11 Oct 2015, 23:16

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Re: #Top150 SC: There are a few acts of nature [#permalink]

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New post 20 Oct 2016, 07:34
Gonga wrote:
Quote:

There are a few acts of nature, such as a total solar eclipse or a dormant volcano exploding, that are so rare and so dramatic as to seem like metaphors for the virtue of patience itself.

A. a dormant volcano exploding, that are so rare and so dramatic as to seem like metaphors for the virtue of patience itself

B. an explosion of a dormant volcano, that are so rare and dramatic enough that they seem like metaphors for the virtue of patience themselves

C. the explosion of a dormant volcano, that are so rare and so dramatic that it seems like a metaphor for the virtue of patience itself

D. the explosion of a dormant volcano, that are so rare and dramatic enough as to seem like a metaphor for the virtue of patience themselves

E. a dormant volcano exploding, that are so rare and so dramatic that they seem to be a metaphor for the virtue of patience themselves




My decision points when I first saw this was: 1. Total solar eclipse vs. dormant volcano exploding and 2. Virtue of patience itself.

I feel that dormant volcano exploding should be replaced to either "An explosion or The explosion" therefore removing A and E from the answer choice.

Virtue of patience is singular I think so I chose itself instead of themselves.

My answer choice is C.


I believe that the best choice would be:

an explosion of a dormant volcano, that are so rare and dramatic that they seem to be metaphors for the virtue of patience itself

Because
an explosion of a dormant volcano” is parallel to "a total solar eclipse.”
The second so can be omitted in “so rare and so dramatic.”
A relative clause is clearer.
metaphors” must be plural as it refers to “acts.”
Itself” must be singular as it refers to “patience.”

We do not have this choice, so we eliminate the choices that are grammatically wrong.

B, C, and D can be eliminated because “Itself” must be singular as it refers to “patience
C, D, and E can be eliminated because “metaphors” must be plural as it refers to “acts.”
B nonsensically adds the word “enough.”

That leaves choice A. I do not like it, but it is grammatically correct.
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Re: #Top150 SC: There are a few acts of nature [#permalink]

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New post 14 Oct 2017, 06:48
on the mgmat sc guide we read that only complex gerundive can be made parallel w/ action nouns but in this case an action noun is made parallel w/ a simple gerundive.... correct me if i am wrong

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Re: #Top150 SC: There are a few acts of nature   [#permalink] 14 Oct 2017, 06:48
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