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# Unlike the people whom settled the Western states after the passage of

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Senior Manager
Joined: 21 Oct 2013
Posts: 408
Unlike the people whom settled the Western states after the passage of  [#permalink]

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30 Jan 2014, 03:59
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Difficulty:

5% (low)

Question Stats:

80% (01:09) correct 20% (01:20) wrong based on 389 sessions

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Unlike the people whom settled the Western states after the passage of the Homestead Act of 1862, the hope of the prospectors and adventurers who came to California during the gold rush was to get rich quickly.

A. the people whom settled the Western states after the passage of the Homestead Act of 1862, the hope of the prospectors and adventurers who came to California during the gold rush was

B. the people who settled the Western states after the passage of the Homestead Act of 1862, the hope of the prospectors and adventurers who came to California during the gold rush was

C. that of the people who settled the Western states after the passage of the Homestead Act of 1862, the prospectors and adventurers who came to California during the gold rush hoped

D. that of the people whom settled the Western states after the passage of the Homestead Act of 1862, the hope of the prospectors and adventurers who came to California during the gold rush was

E. the people who settled the Western states after the passage of the Homestead Act of 1862, the prospectors and adventurers who came to California during the gold rush hoped

Spoiler: :: Official Explanation
"Like" or "unlike" signal comparisons, one of the test makers' favorite places to introduce errors. So when you see a sentence like this, which hits you with "unlike" first thing, make sure that the sentence compares similar things, things that can be logically compared and things that are in the same grammatical form. Here, "the people whom settled the Western states..." and "the hope of the prospectors...." are both nouns, but they can't be logically compared. You can't compare people to "hope," a feeling. You have to compare people to people, and that's what choice (E) does. In (E), "the people who settled the Western states" are compared to "the prospectors and adventurers." Also note that you need "who" instead of "whom."

Hi, I want to know whether we always have to compare people to people, or we can also compare things to things, please.
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Joined: 19 Aug 2013
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Re: Unlike the people whom settled the Western states after the passage of  [#permalink]

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30 Jan 2014, 04:21
goodyear2013 wrote:
Unlike the people whom settled the Western states after the passage of the Homestead Act of 1862, the hope of the prospectors and adventurers who came to California during the gold rush was to get rich quickly.

the people whom settled the Western states after the passage of the Homestead Act of 1862, the hope of the prospectors and adventurers who came to California during the gold rush was
the people who settled the Western states after the passage of the Homestead Act of 1862, the hope of the prospectors and adventurers who came to California during the gold rush was
that of the people who settled the Western states after the passage of the Homestead Act of 1862, the prospectors and adventurers who came to California during the gold rush hoped
that of the people whom settled the Western states after the passage of the Homestead Act of 1862, the hope of the prospectors and adventurers who came to California during the gold rush was
the people who settled the Western states after the passage of the Homestead Act of 1862, the prospectors and adventurers who came to California during the gold rush hoped

OE
"Like" or "unlike" signal comparisons, one of the test makers' favorite places to introduce errors. So when you see a sentence like this, which hits you with "unlike" first thing, make sure that the sentence compares similar things, things that can be logically compared and things that are in the same grammatical form. Here, "the people whom settled the Western states..." and "the hope of the prospectors...." are both nouns, but they can't be logically compared. You can't compare people to "hope," a feeling. You have to compare people to people, and that's what choice (E) does. In (E), "the people who settled the Western states" are compared to "the prospectors and adventurers." Also note that you need "who" instead of "whom."

Hi, I want to know whether we always have to compare people to people, or we can also compare things to things, please.

Your question is a bit confusing. If you're asking whether you can compare dissimilar things, the answer is no. IE in this question you can not compare hope to people. If you meant to ask if you can compare people to things (as in general objects), yes you can as long as its a logical comparison.

For example... "Although my friend is big, that rock is bigger."
Senior Manager
Joined: 21 Oct 2013
Posts: 408
Re: Unlike the people whom settled the Western states after the passage of  [#permalink]

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30 Jan 2014, 04:34
Hi, Thanks for clarification.
Can anyone explain what makes wrong answer choices wrong in this question, please.
Intern
Joined: 22 Jul 2011
Posts: 20
R: K
Re: Unlike the people whom settled the Western states after the passage of  [#permalink]

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30 Jan 2014, 08:02
1
goodyear2013 wrote:
Hi, Thanks for clarification.
Can anyone explain what makes wrong answer choices wrong in this question, please.

Unlike the people whom settled the Western states after the passage of the Homestead Act of 1862, the hope of the prospectors and adventurers who came to California during the gold rush was to get rich quickly.

the people whom settled the Western states after the passage of the Homestead Act of 1862, the hope of the prospectors and adventurers who came to California during the gold rush was

Unlike (the people)....... (the hope) -> Wrong comparison

the people who settled the Western states after the passage of the Homestead Act of 1862, the hope of the prospectors and adventurers who came to California during the gold rush was

Unlike (the people)....... (the hope) -> Wrong comparison

that of the people who settled the Western states after the passage of the Homestead Act of 1862, the prospectors and adventurers who came to California during the gold rush hoped

No clear referent for "that"

that of the people whom settled the Western states after the passage of the Homestead Act of 1862, the hope of the prospectors and adventurers who came to California during the gold rush was

Wrong use of "whom" (IMO - this option solves the problem identified in Option B i.e. referent for "that")

the people who settled the Western states after the passage of the Homestead Act of 1862, the prospectors and adventurers who came to California during the gold rush hoped

Hope this helps
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Joined: 05 Nov 2015
Posts: 23
Location: India
Re: Unlike the people whom settled the Western states after the passage of  [#permalink]

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22 Oct 2016, 02:06
I didn't understand why D is incorrect. Someone plz explain
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Re: Unlike the people whom settled the Western states after the passage of  [#permalink]

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22 Oct 2016, 05:09
1
kunaljubce wrote:
I didn't understand why D is incorrect. Someone plz explain

D is incorrect because

that of the people whom settled the Western states after the passage of the Homestead Act of 1862, the hope of the prospectors and adventurers who came to California during the gold rush was

Here, whom settled conveys the people are not the subject rather the object. So, meaning wise D conveys "Western States settled the people", which is incorrect.

E is much clearer and hence the correct answer.
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Re: Unlike the people whom settled the Western states after the passage of  [#permalink]

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12 Feb 2019, 05:17
This answer can be solved by the method of elimination using the two facts:

1.'Unlike the people whom settled' - here the word whom is wrongly used. 'Whom' here indicates a relation with 'the people', while on reading further we realise that a word which points towards/identifies/highlight the kind of people being talked about. If we analyse, we may conclude that 'whom' should be replaced by 'who'.
Applying it, we are now left with Option B, C & E.

2. Parallel Construction : Since the word 'Unlike' is used (which is used for comparison), the phrase before and after should obey the principles of parallel construction. Let's check each of the left options:

Option B : the phrase before coma talks about 'the people who....' and the one after talks about 'the hope of the prosepectors...'. Clearly, the comparison is made between certain kind of hope and certain kind of people which are not comparable at all (the same way you cannot compare apple and oranges). This breaks the law of parallel construction. Hence incorrect.

Option C : Again 'that of the people' is not any person or set persons, while 'the prospectors...' is a set of people. This is not a correct comparison. Incorrect.

Option E : 'the people who...' and 'the prospectors...' both are sets of people, hence correct comparison following parallelism. Correct Answer.
Re: Unlike the people whom settled the Western states after the passage of   [#permalink] 12 Feb 2019, 05:17
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