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Urban planner: When a city loses population due to migration, property

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Urban planner: When a city loses population due to migration, property  [#permalink]

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New post 30 May 2017, 22:50
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The Official Guide for GMAT Verbal Review 2018

Practice Question
Question No.: CR 173
Page:

Urban planner: When a city loses population due to migration, property taxes in that city tend to rise. This is because there are then fewer residents paying to maintain an infrastructure that was designed to support more people. Rising property taxes, in turn, drive more residents away, compounding the problem. Since the city of Stonebridge is starting to lose population, the city government should therefore refrain from raising property taxes.

Which of the following, if true, would most weaken the urban planner's argument?

(A) If Stonebridge does not raise taxes on its residents to maintain its infrastructure, the city will become much less attractive to live in as that infrastructure decays.
(B) Stonebridge at present benefits from grants provided by the national government to help maintain certain parts of its infrastructure.
(C) If there is a small increase in property taxes in Stonebridge and a slightly larger proportion of total revenue than at present is allocated to infrastructure maintenance, the funding will be adequate for that purpose.
(D) Demographers project that the population of a region that includes Stonebridge will start to increase substantially within the next several years.
(E) The property taxes in Stonebridge are significantly lower than those in many larger cities.

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Re: Urban planner: When a city loses population due to migration, property  [#permalink]

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New post 30 May 2017, 23:03
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Question Type: Weakener

Main Point: Increase in property tax --> People migrate --> So property tax should not be increased.

(A) If Stonebridge does not raise taxes on its residents to maintain its infrastructure, the city will become much less attractive to live in as that infrastructure decays. - Correct. If taxes are not raised, infrastructure decays and people will migrate. So property tax should be increased.

(B) Stonebridge at present benefits from grants provided by the national government to help maintain certain parts of its infrastructure. - Incorrect. Irrelevant.

(C) If there is a small increase in property taxes in Stonebridge and a slightly larger proportion of total revenue than at present is allocated to infrastructure maintenance, the funding will be adequate for that purpose. - Incorrect. Out of scope. We do not know whether a larger proportion of total revenue can be allocated for infrastructure maintainance.

(D) Demographers project that the population of a region that includes Stonebridge will start to increase substantially within the next several years. - Incorrect. Irrelevant.

(E) The property taxes in Stonebridge are significantly lower than those in many larger cities. - Incorrect. Even if the taxes are lower, any increase in taxes may cause the people to migrate.

Answer: A
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Re: Urban planner: When a city loses population due to migration, property  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Jul 2017, 10:18
carcass wrote:
Urban planner: When a city loses population due to migration, property taxes in that city tend to rise. This is because there are then fewer residents paying to maintain an infrastructure that was designed to support more people. Rising property taxes, in turn, drive more residents away, compounding the problem. Since the city of Stonebridge is starting to lose population, the city government should therefore refrain from raising property taxes.

Which of the following, if true, would most weaken the urban planner's argument?

A. If Stonebridge does not raise taxes on its residents to maintain its infrastructure, the city will become much less attractive to live in as that infrastructure decays.

B. Stonebridge at present benefits from grants provided by the national government to help maintain certain parts of its infrastructure.

C. If there is a small increase in property taxes in Stonebridge and a slightly larger proportion of total revenue than at present is allocated to infrastructure maintenance, the funding will be adequate for that purpose.

D. Demographers project that the population of a region that includes Stonebridge will start to increase substantially within the next several years.

E. The property taxes in Stonebridge are significantly lower than those in many larger cities.


will go with A ..
A-- it shows if the city wont inc. taxes, it might further lose population ..
B--grants(kind of fixed amount) are already there ..it is not depending on migration of people...
C-talking about increase in taxes , it can cause further migration ..
D-it talks about future..
E-it does not mean that people will not migrate to other area, where taxes are low.
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Re: Urban planner: When a city loses population due to migration, property  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Aug 2017, 05:16
Cause-Efffect type:
Rise in taxes leads to population migration. In order to prevent the population decrease the country X decided not to raise taxes.
Task:
Need to find a valid reason for country X to increase tax in order to maintain current population level.

A. If taxes are not increased then country X will have to decrease investments and thus will be unable to retain its infrustructure at decent level. Correct.
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Re: Urban planner: When a city loses population due to migration, property  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Aug 2017, 07:58
hazelnut wrote:
The Official Guide for GMAT Verbal Review 2018

Practice Question
Question No.: CR 173
Page:

Urban planner: When a city loses population due to migration, property taxes in that city tend to rise. This is because there are then fewer residents paying to maintain an infrastructure that was designed to support more people. Rising property taxes, in turn, drive more residents away, compounding the problem. Since the city of Stonebridge is starting to lose population, the city government should therefore refrain from raising property taxes.

Which of the following, if true, would most weaken the urban planner's argument?

(A) If Stonebridge does not raise taxes on its residents to maintain its infrastructure, the city will become much less attractive to live in as that infrastructure decays.
(B) Stonebridge at present benefits from grants provided by the national government to help maintain certain parts of its infrastructure.
(C) If there is a small increase in property taxes in Stonebridge and a slightly larger proportion of total revenue than at present is allocated to infrastructure maintenance, the funding will be adequate for that purpose.
(D) Demographers project that the population of a region that includes Stonebridge will start to increase substantially within the next several years.
(E) The property taxes in Stonebridge are significantly lower than those in many larger cities.


Premise 1: When a city loses population due to migration, property taxes in that city tend to rise.
Premise 2: This is because there are then fewer residents paying to maintain an infrastructure that was designed to support more people.
Premise 3: Rising property taxes, in turn, drive more residents away, compounding the problem.

Conclusion: Since the city of Stonebridge is starting to lose population, the city government should therefore refrain from raising property taxes.

Assumption : It is assuming that the city will continue to remain good and therefore taxes should not be increased .

Now lets get on with our answer
If suppose the taxes are not increased then the infrastructure of the city will become abysmal and no new population would want to come to the city to live .
So the taxes has to be increased
Only A can be deduced from the argument .


Option C is a trap as it is a consequence of increasing the tax
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Re: Urban planner: When a city loses population due to migration, property  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Oct 2017, 12:07
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Experts, @gmatninja

Why is option B incorrect ?

Would option B be correct if it did not mention "certain" parts of the infra and entire infra

Thanks
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Re: Urban planner: When a city loses population due to migration, property  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Oct 2017, 12:47
Even i had selected option 'b' as answer. Someone please tell me why is option 'b' incorrect.
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Urban planner: When a city loses population due to migration, property  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Oct 2017, 11:38
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Hi,

kunal1608

Quote:
Experts, GMATNinja

Why is option B incorrect ?

Would option B be correct if it did not mention "certain" parts of the infra and entire infra

Thanks

kartzcool

Quote:
Even i had selected option 'b' as answer. Someone please tell me why is option 'b' incorrect.

grants - it does not mean ALL the amount required for ALL the infrastructure maintenance is given to city by the NATIONAL GOVT.
certain parts - yes, there could be various other parts that would need dollars.

consider the scenario. if $100k is the grant and city spend $200k overall per year then city still needs $100K. right? That we the people pay as tax to city. As people leave, city govt needs to increase tax to generate the sum of $100K.

If they do not increase tax then less money available to infrastructure. This would make infrastructure keep on getting a bad shape. who wants to be in bad infrastructure. BUT then who wants to pay higher taxes. so its not good to either increase tax or let the infrastructure go dead. overall, its a bad plan to not increase tax because that will not stop people from going for the reason of bad infrastructure.

choice B does not say all this. it just says hey - some amount and some areas are covered by government. But what about the rest of the areas and rest of the amount. Choice B traps you talking about infrastructure & grant, so that it does not look irrelevant. this choice could be correct if it talked about INCREASE IN GRANT is expected or something like that.
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Re: Urban planner: When a city loses population due to migration, property  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Oct 2017, 13:16
Urban planner: When a city loses population due to migration, property taxes in that city tend to rise. This is because there are then fewer residents paying to maintain an infrastructure that was designed to support more people. Rising property taxes, in turn, drive more residents away, compounding the problem. Since the city of Stonebridge is starting to lose population, the city government should therefore refrain from raising property taxes.

Which of the following, if true, would most weaken the urban planner's argument?

(A) If Stonebridge does not raise taxes on its residents to maintain its infrastructure, the city will become much less attractive to live in as that infrastructure decays. -Correct. If the city becomes inhabitable then there is no point in reducing the tax.
(B) Stonebridge at present benefits from grants provided by the national government to help maintain certain parts of its infrastructure. -This strengthens the argument because if the city receives support from the government then it perhaps it could refrain from increasing the tax.
(C) If there is a small increase in property taxes in Stonebridge and a slightly larger proportion of total revenue than at present is allocated to infrastructure maintenance, the funding will be adequate for that purpose. -No purpose is discussed in the passage.
(D) Demographers project that the population of a region that includes Stonebridge will start to increase substantially within the next several years. -Several years is a long term not discussed in the passage.
(E) The property taxes in Stonebridge are significantly lower than those in many larger cities. -Out of scope
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Re: Urban planner: When a city loses population due to migration, property  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Nov 2017, 15:25
Thanks HKD1710 and gmatexam439 for the explanations!

To post additional questions not already addressed in this thread, feel free to use the request verbal experts' reply button.
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Re: Urban planner: When a city loses population due to migration, property  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Nov 2017, 17:12
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hazelnut wrote:

Urban planner: When a city loses population due to migration, property taxes in that city tend to rise. This is because there are then fewer residents paying to maintain an infrastructure that was designed to support more people. Rising property taxes, in turn, drive more residents away, compounding the problem. Since the city of Stonebridge is starting to lose population, the city government should therefore refrain from raising property taxes.

Which of the following, if true, would most weaken the urban planner's argument?

(A) If Stonebridge does not raise taxes on its residents to maintain its infrastructure, the city will become much less attractive to live in as that infrastructure decays.
(B) Stonebridge at present benefits from grants provided by the national government to help maintain certain parts of its infrastructure.
(C) If there is a small increase in property taxes in Stonebridge and a slightly larger proportion of total revenue than at present is allocated to infrastructure maintenance, the funding will be adequate for that purpose.
(D) Demographers project that the population of a region that includes Stonebridge will start to increase substantially within the next several years.
(E) The property taxes in Stonebridge are significantly lower than those in many larger cities.


To weaken an argument, you have to be clear regarding what the conclusion of that argument is. The conclusion of this argument is that the city government of Stonebridge should refrain from raising property taxes.

Thus, to weaken the argument, we need a choice that shows that even though tax increases can result in a compounding of a city’s issues related to outmigration, the conclusion that Stonebridge should refrain from raising tax rates does not necessarily follow from the premises.

(A) If Stonebridge does not raise taxes on its residents to maintain its infrastructure, the city will become much less attractive to live in as that infrastructure decays.

While this choice does not counter the idea that raising tax rates could drive people to move away from Stonebridge, it does indicate that refraining from raising rates would lead to a situation in which the attractiveness of living in Stonebridge would be decreased. A decrease in attractiveness of living in Stonebridge could influence people to move away as much as or even more than an increase in taxes would.

Therefore, as it provides a reason to question the idea that refraining from raising tax rates is the way to minimize outmigration from Stonebridge, while this choice does not destroy the argument, it does provide a reason to call the conclusion of the argument into question, and thus this choice is our weakener.

(B) Stonebridge at present benefits from grants provided by the national government to help maintain certain parts of its infrastructure.

This choice provides some indication that Stonebridge can maintain certain parts of its infrastructure without raising tax rates. However, the conclusion of the argument is not that Stonebridge needs to raise tax rates. The conclusion is that raising taxes will have a particular effect. Therefore, this choice does not affect the argument.

(C) If there is a small increase in property taxes in Stonebridge and a slightly larger proportion of total revenue than at present is allocated to infrastructure maintenance, the funding will be adequate for that purpose.

A small tax increase is still a tax increase. Thus, it could still result in people moving away from Stonebridge. Therefore, this choice does not affect the dynamic that the argument uses as evidence supporting the conclusion.

(D) Demographers project that the population of a region that includes Stonebridge will start to increase substantially within the next several years.

The fact that population of the region in which Stonebridge is located will “start to increase… within the next several years” does not clearly counter the idea that by raising tax rates Stonebridge will influence people to move away because:

- the projected population increase may not occur until some years have passed.
- it is not clear that a regional population increase will counteract the effects on Stonebridge’s population of a property tax rate increase.

Therefore, this choice does not clearly weaken the argument.

(E) The property taxes in Stonebridge are significantly lower than those in many larger cities.


This choice seems to present a fact that weakens the conclusion. The fact that property taxes in Stonebridge are significantly lower than those in many larger cities could be perceived as giving Stonebridge room to raise property tax rates without triggering further outmigration, because even if the government of Stonebridge were to increase the tax rates, the rates could still be lower than or equal to the rates of other cities.

However, there are two aspects of this choice that make it such that it does not effectively weaken the argument.

The first aspect is the use of the expression “many … cities.” That Stonebridge’s tax rates are lower than those of many cities does not mean that they are lower than those of all cities or even that they are lower than those of the majority of cities. The “many cities” with higher rates could be a small percentage of the set of all cities.

The second aspect is that regardless of whether Stonebridge’s tax rates are lower than those of other cities, increasing Stonebridge’s rates would make living in Stonebridge less attractive than it is when rates are lower.

Therefore, this choice does not undermine the idea that by increasing tax rates, Stonebridge would influence people to move away.

The correct answer is A.
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Urban planner: When a city loses population due to migration, property  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Sep 2018, 00:55
GMATNinja
Can you pl clarify that how choice c is not a valid weakened.

The qstn stem says that when sufficient money for infrastructure is not their the government increases the tax amount. This increase in tax amount results in cascading effect which in turn results in more people leaving the town because of tax increases.
In option c, if the amount allocated for maintenance of city infrastructure is increased then the amount should be sufficient and the cascading effect can be stopped.
Since cascading effect has stopped hence people would prefer to stay with marginal tax increase.
Can someone please help how this option is incorrect

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Urban planner: When a city loses population due to migration, property &nbs [#permalink] 11 Sep 2018, 00:55
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