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Visitors to the park have often looked up into the leafy canopy and

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Visitors to the park have often looked up into the leafy canopy and  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 24 Feb 2020, 23:26
Dear DmitryFarber AnthonyRitz IanStewart GMATGuruNY AjiteshArun egmat,

Q1. Do you think "whose" can jump over "branches" to modify "monkeys"?
Q2. What's wrong with the tense in choice E.?
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Originally posted by varotkorn on 15 Feb 2020, 04:26.
Last edited by varotkorn on 24 Feb 2020, 23:26, edited 2 times in total.
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Visitors to the park have often looked up into the leafy canopy and  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Feb 2020, 10:05
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varotkorn wrote:
Dear AnthonyRitz IanStewart GMATGuruNY AjiteshArun,

Q1. Do you think "whose" can jump over "branches" to modify "monkeys"?
Q2. What's wrong with the tense in choice E.?


"Whose" is the possessive relative pronoun for anything. It is not restricted to modifying people (or animals, or whatever). "whose" can absolutely modify "branches" (not logically in this sentence, but grammatically as a general matter). So "whose" certainly cannot jump over "branches" to modify "monkeys." This is one reason why A, B, and E are 100% incorrect.
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Re: Visitors to the park have often looked up into the leafy canopy and  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Feb 2020, 23:49
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Yeah, we definitely can't jump there. Typically, we only jump over a noun modifier when the whole phrase is referring to one thing: "I brought a bag of food and toys, which I opened for all to see." Since "sleeping on branches" describes what the monkeys are doing, it's not really all one thing in the same way, so we read "whose" as applying to the nearest noun.

As for "have hung," it's fake-out parallelism. Just because we use present perfect in the main core of the sentence, that doesn't mean we need it in our modifier. It implies that the monkeys' arms and legs HAVE HUNG at some time, but not necessarily at the time that people saw the monkeys. Remember that present participles (-ing) are not verbs, but rather time-neutral modifiers. I can say "I saw people leaving the store," "I see people leaving the store," or even "I will see people leaving the store." The -ing form is not an indicator of time; it just makes a modifier, and thus works very well for our purpose here.
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Visitors to the park have often looked up into the leafy canopy and  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Feb 2020, 04:18
Visitors to the park have often looked up into the leafy canopy and saw monkeys sleeping on the branches, whose arms and legs hang like socks on a clothesline.

(A) saw monkeys sleeping on the branches, whose arms and legs hang
(B) saw monkeys sleeping on the branches, whose arms and legs were hanging
(C) saw monkeys sleeping on the branches, with arms and legs hanging
(D) seen monkeys sleeping on the branches, with arms and legs hanging
(E) seen monkeys sleeping on the branches, whose arms and legs have hung

Here "and" triggers parallelism. Do we say Visitors to the park have often saw monkeys or have often seen monkeys? often saw monkeys is clearly wrong.
This eliminates (A), (B), and (C) and leaves us with (D) and (E).
The relative pronoun "whose" should modify monkeys, not branches.
In (E), it seems as if the branches are having their arms and legs hanging like socks, which is absurd.
Thus our answer is (D).

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Visitors to the park have often looked up into the leafy canopy and   [#permalink] 25 Feb 2020, 04:18

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