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# When Cortez arrived in Mexico in A.D. 1519, he observed the

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Director
Joined: 11 Jun 2007
Posts: 595
When Cortez arrived in Mexico in A.D. 1519, he observed the [#permalink]

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10 Oct 2007, 09:20
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When Cortez arrived in Mexico in A.D. 1519, he observed the inhabitants playing a ceremonial game with a rubber ball. The pre-Columbian inhabitants of Mexico began to use rubber around A.D. 1000. Thus we can be sure that the game must have originated sometime between approximately A.D. 1000 and Cortez arrival.
The conclusion reached above depends on which one of the following assumptions?
(A) The pre-Columbian inhabitants of Mexico played games on all ceremonial occasions.
(B) The making of rubber balls was one of the earliest uses of rubber by the inhabitants of Mexico.
(C) The ceremonial game referred to was popular throughout Mexico.
(D) The game had been played since its inception with a rubber ball.
(E) The dating of the first use of rubber in Mexico was due to Cortez.

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SVP
Joined: 29 Mar 2007
Posts: 2491
Re: When Cortez arrived in Mexico in A.D. 1519, he observed the [#permalink]

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10 Oct 2007, 10:02
eyunni wrote:
When Cortez arrived in Mexico in A.D. 1519, he observed the inhabitants playing a ceremonial game with a rubber ball. The pre-Columbian inhabitants of Mexico began to use rubber around A.D. 1000. Thus we can be sure that the game must have originated sometime between approximately A.D. 1000 and Cortez arrival.
The conclusion reached above depends on which one of the following assumptions?
(A) The pre-Columbian inhabitants of Mexico played games on all ceremonial occasions.
(B) The making of rubber balls was one of the earliest uses of rubber by the inhabitants of Mexico.
(C) The ceremonial game referred to was popular throughout Mexico.
(D) The game had been played since its inception with a rubber ball.
(E) The dating of the first use of rubber in Mexico was due to Cortez.

I say D.

B: just says the making of the rubber balls, but doesn't say anything about using them in a game.
Manager
Joined: 16 May 2007
Posts: 128
Re: When Cortez arrived in Mexico in A.D. 1519, he observed the [#permalink]

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10 Oct 2007, 10:46
Its D.

The game could have begun with a wooden ball for example...
and they switched to rubber once rubber was found..
Director
Joined: 11 Jun 2007
Posts: 891
Re: When Cortez arrived in Mexico in A.D. 1519, he observed the [#permalink]

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10 Oct 2007, 10:55
eyunni wrote:
When Cortez arrived in Mexico in A.D. 1519, he observed the inhabitants playing a ceremonial game with a rubber ball. The pre-Columbian inhabitants of Mexico began to use rubber around A.D. 1000. Thus we can be sure that the game must have originated sometime between approximately A.D. 1000 and Cortez arrival.
The conclusion reached above depends on which one of the following assumptions?
(A) The pre-Columbian inhabitants of Mexico played games on all ceremonial occasions.
(B) The making of rubber balls was one of the earliest uses of rubber by the inhabitants of Mexico.
(C) The ceremonial game referred to was popular throughout Mexico.
(D) The game had been played since its inception with a rubber ball.
(E) The dating of the first use of rubber in Mexico was due to Cortez.

i also got D. the other answer choices are out of scope and have no relevance to the conclusion: game originating between A.D. 1000 and Cortez arrival
Senior Manager
Joined: 06 Aug 2007
Posts: 341
Re: When Cortez arrived in Mexico in A.D. 1519, he observed the [#permalink]

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10 Oct 2007, 11:42
eyunni wrote:
When Cortez arrived in Mexico in A.D. 1519, he observed the inhabitants playing a ceremonial game with a rubber ball. The pre-Columbian inhabitants of Mexico began to use rubber around A.D. 1000. Thus we can be sure that the game must have originated sometime between approximately A.D. 1000 and Cortez arrival.
The conclusion reached above depends on which one of the following assumptions?
(A) The pre-Columbian inhabitants of Mexico played games on all ceremonial occasions.
(B) The making of rubber balls was one of the earliest uses of rubber by the inhabitants of Mexico.
(C) The ceremonial game referred to was popular throughout Mexico.
(D) The game had been played since its inception with a rubber ball.
(E) The dating of the first use of rubber in Mexico was due to Cortez.

I would go with B. Since D says the game had been playsed since its inception with a rubber ball...How do we know rubber ball was not made in 1519? and the game started just when Cortez arrived
Director
Joined: 17 Sep 2005
Posts: 882
Re: When Cortez arrived in Mexico in A.D. 1519, he observed the [#permalink]

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10 Oct 2007, 11:58
eyunni wrote:
When Cortez arrived in Mexico in A.D. 1519, he observed the inhabitants playing a ceremonial game with a rubber ball. The pre-Columbian inhabitants of Mexico began to use rubber around A.D. 1000. Thus we can be sure that the game must have originated sometime between approximately A.D. 1000 and Cortez arrival.
The conclusion reached above depends on which one of the following assumptions?
(A) The pre-Columbian inhabitants of Mexico played games on all ceremonial occasions.
(B) The making of rubber balls was one of the earliest uses of rubber by the inhabitants of Mexico.
(C) The ceremonial game referred to was popular throughout Mexico.
(D) The game had been played since its inception with a rubber ball.
(E) The dating of the first use of rubber in Mexico was due to Cortez.

Premises:

- Inhabitants playing a ceremonial game with a rubber ball
- The pre-Columbian inhabitants of Mexico began to use rubber around A.D. 1000

Conclusion:

We can be sure that the game must have originated sometime between approximately A.D. 1000 and Cortez arrival.

So the assumption should be:

The game had been played since its inception with a rubber ball.

If this is not the assumption then, game could have been originated before the advent of rubber and then we can not conclude that game must have originated sometime between approximately A.D. 1000 and Cortez arrival.

So D.

- Brajesh
VP
Joined: 09 Jul 2007
Posts: 1082
Location: London
Re: When Cortez arrived in Mexico in A.D. 1519, he observed the [#permalink]

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10 Oct 2007, 12:25
D for me too
Director
Joined: 11 Jun 2007
Posts: 595
Re: When Cortez arrived in Mexico in A.D. 1519, he observed the [#permalink]

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10 Oct 2007, 14:00
eyunni wrote:
When Cortez arrived in Mexico in A.D. 1519, he observed the inhabitants playing a ceremonial game with a rubber ball. The pre-Columbian inhabitants of Mexico began to use rubber around A.D. 1000. Thus we can be sure that the game must have originated sometime between approximately A.D. 1000 and Cortez arrival.
The conclusion reached above depends on which one of the following assumptions?
(A) The pre-Columbian inhabitants of Mexico played games on all ceremonial occasions.
(B) The making of rubber balls was one of the earliest uses of rubber by the inhabitants of Mexico.
(C) The ceremonial game referred to was popular throughout Mexico.
(D) The game had been played since its inception with a rubber ball.
(E) The dating of the first use of rubber in Mexico was due to Cortez.

Oh!! I interpreted the conclusion as : We can be sure that "RUBBER" must have originated sometime between A.D 1000 and Cortez arrival. Even then, my choice is wrong!!! hee hee hee...

Yup, OA is D.
VP
Joined: 10 Jun 2007
Posts: 1397
Re: When Cortez arrived in Mexico in A.D. 1519, he observed the [#permalink]

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10 Oct 2007, 14:10
dood..I picked B because I thought the quetion is asking about rubber.
Stupid me.
Director
Joined: 11 Jun 2007
Posts: 595
Re: When Cortez arrived in Mexico in A.D. 1519, he observed the [#permalink]

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10 Oct 2007, 14:15
bkk145 wrote:
dood..I picked B because I thought the quetion is asking about rubber.
Stupid me.

For a second, I thought there was a typo in the CR itself..hee hee...I need to read the argument carefully.
Senior Manager
Joined: 06 Aug 2007
Posts: 341
Re: When Cortez arrived in Mexico in A.D. 1519, he observed the [#permalink]

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10 Oct 2007, 14:57
b14kumar wrote:
eyunni wrote:
When Cortez arrived in Mexico in A.D. 1519, he observed the inhabitants playing a ceremonial game with a rubber ball. The pre-Columbian inhabitants of Mexico began to use rubber around A.D. 1000. Thus we can be sure that the game must have originated sometime between approximately A.D. 1000 and Cortez arrival.
The conclusion reached above depends on which one of the following assumptions?
(A) The pre-Columbian inhabitants of Mexico played games on all ceremonial occasions.
(B) The making of rubber balls was one of the earliest uses of rubber by the inhabitants of Mexico.
(C) The ceremonial game referred to was popular throughout Mexico.
(D) The game had been played since its inception with a rubber ball.
(E) The dating of the first use of rubber in Mexico was due to Cortez.

Premises:

- Inhabitants playing a ceremonial game with a rubber ball
- The pre-Columbian inhabitants of Mexico began to use rubber around A.D. 1000

Conclusion:

We can be sure that the game must have originated sometime between approximately A.D. 1000 and Cortez arrival.

So the assumption should be:

The game had been played since its inception with a rubber ball.

If this is not the assumption then, game could have been originated before the advent of rubber and then we can not conclude that game must have originated sometime between approximately A.D. 1000 and Cortez arrival.

So D.

- Brajesh

b14kumar great explanation!! now I see why D
VP
Joined: 28 Dec 2005
Posts: 1483
Re: When Cortez arrived in Mexico in A.D. 1519, he observed the [#permalink]

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10 Oct 2007, 15:57
Gotta be D. I actually thought of it before reading the answer choices, Im glad it was actually a choice in the end !
Manager
Joined: 14 Jun 2007
Posts: 158
Location: Vienna, Austria
Re: When Cortez arrived in Mexico in A.D. 1519, he observed the [#permalink]

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03 Dec 2008, 07:51
guys, can someone tell me why it is not C?
Senior Manager
Joined: 12 Oct 2008
Posts: 488
Re: When Cortez arrived in Mexico in A.D. 1519, he observed the [#permalink]

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03 Dec 2008, 17:47
IMO D...I don't think C is relevent one...it is out of scope....there is nothing to do with the popularity of the game and the invention of the game.
SVP
Joined: 29 Aug 2007
Posts: 2426
Re: When Cortez arrived in Mexico in A.D. 1519, he observed the [#permalink]

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03 Dec 2008, 22:33
eyunni wrote:
When Cortez arrived in Mexico in A.D. 1519, he observed the inhabitants playing a ceremonial game with a rubber ball. The pre-Columbian inhabitants of Mexico began to use rubber around A.D. 1000. Thus we can be sure that the game must have originated sometime between approximately A.D. 1000 and Cortez arrival.

The conclusion reached above depends on which one of the following assumptions?

(A) The pre-Columbian inhabitants of Mexico played games on all ceremonial occasions.
(B) The making of rubber balls was one of the earliest uses of rubber by the inhabitants of Mexico.
(C) The ceremonial game referred to was popular throughout Mexico.
(D) The game had been played since its inception with a rubber ball.
(E) The dating of the first use of rubber in Mexico was due to Cortez.

Premise: The inhabitants were playing a ceremonial game with a rubber ball.
Premise: The pre-Columbian inhabitants of Mexico began to use rubber around A.D. 1000.
Conclusion: Thus we can be sure that the game must have originated sometime between approximately A.D. 1000 and Cortez arrival.

(A) Out of scope: Playing games on all ceremonial occasions doesnot support the conclusion that the game was originated between approx. A.D. 1000 and 1519.

(B) Only making of rubber balls doesnot support that the game was originated between approx. A.D. 1000 and 1519. Though the rubber balls was made but might not be played. If so, then the game might have been originated before or after A.D. 1000 and 1519.

(C) The popularity of the game throughout Mexico has nothing to do with the orgin of the game.

(D) The game had been played since its inception with a rubber ball: yeah. If the game was palyed only when the rubber ball was madfe, then the game was originated between approx. A.D. 1000 and 1519.

(E) Not relavant: The dating of the first use of rubber doesnot tell when the game was originated. The assumption should tell us that there is a co-existance of the game and the rubber ball.

So only D says that.

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Re: When Cortez arrived in Mexico in A.D. 1519, he observed the   [#permalink] 03 Dec 2008, 22:33
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