GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

It is currently 21 Aug 2018, 13:09

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel

When Cortez arrived in Mexico in A.D. 1519, he observed the inhabitant

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 16 Mar 2014
Posts: 32
Location: Bangladesh
Concentration: Entrepreneurship, Finance
GMAT 1: 550 Q47 V20
GPA: 3.2
GMAT ToolKit User
When Cortez arrived in Mexico in A.D. 1519, he observed the inhabitant  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post Updated on: 22 Sep 2017, 07:57
1
5
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  25% (medium)

Question Stats:

71% (01:19) correct 29% (01:18) wrong based on 426 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics

When Cortez arrived in Mexico in A.D. 1519, he observed the inhabitants playing a ceremonial game with a rubber ball. The pre-Columbian inhabitants of Mexico began to use rubber around A.D. 1000. Thus, we can be sure that the game must have originated sometime between approximately A.D. 1000 and Cortez’ arrival.

The conclusion reached above depends on which one of the following assumptions?

(A) The pre-Columbian inhabitants of Mexico played games on all ceremonial occasions.
(B) The making of rubber balls was one of the earliest uses of rubber by the inhabitants of Mexico.
(C) The ceremonial game referred to was popular throughout Mexico.
(D) The game had been played since its inception with a rubber ball.
(E) The dating of the first use of rubber in Mexico was due to Cortez

Source: LSAT

Originally posted by nahid007 on 28 Jan 2017, 07:15.
Last edited by broall on 22 Sep 2017, 07:57, edited 3 times in total.
Reformatted question
Director
Director
User avatar
D
Joined: 23 Sep 2015
Posts: 814
GMAT ToolKit User Reviews Badge
Re: When Cortez arrived in Mexico in A.D. 1519, he observed the inhabitant  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 28 Jan 2017, 08:16
Conclusion:

Thus,we can be sure that the game must have originated sometime between approximately A.D. 1000 and
A.D 1519.

game happens when ceremony happens.
this is possible that first they discovered game and then aopted it for ceremony.

(A) The pre-Columbian inhabitants of Mexico played games on all ceremonial occasions. - talking about games not rubber ball game.
(B) The making of rubber balls was one of the earliest uses of rubber by the inhabitants of Mexico. -
(C) The ceremonial game referred to was popular throughout Mexico. - but still it is not right assumption.
(D) The game had been played since its inception with a rubber ball.
(E) The dating of the first use of rubber in Mexico was due to Cortez - this is not even possible.

confused b/w B and D.

lets use negetion test. if negeted B, anything happens to conclusion i guess not.
if negeted D conclusion does not hold true.

bingo! D
_________________

Thanks!
Do give some kudos.

Simple strategy:
“Once you’ve eliminated the impossible, whatever remains, however improbable, must be the truth.”

Best Gmat Resource:
GmatPrep CR|GmatPrep SC|GmatPrep RC

Want to improve your Score:
GMAT Ninja YouTube! Series 1| GMAT Ninja YouTube! Series 2

Director
Director
avatar
P
Joined: 14 Nov 2014
Posts: 660
Location: India
Schools: Rotman '20 (S)
GMAT 1: 700 Q50 V34
GPA: 3.76
Re: When Cortez arrived in Mexico in A.D. 1519, he observed the inhabitant  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 28 Jan 2017, 10:10
1
nahid007 wrote:
When Cortez arrived in Mexico in A.D. 1519, he
observed the inhabitants playing a ceremonial game
with a rubber ball. The pre-Columbian inhabitants of
Mexico began to use rubber around A.D. 1000. Thus,
we can be sure that the game must have originated
sometime between approximately A.D. 1000 and
Cortez’ arrival.
The conclusion reached above depends on which one
of the following assumptions?
(A) The pre-Columbian inhabitants of Mexico
played games on all ceremonial occasions.
(B) The making of rubber balls was one of the
earliest uses of rubber by the inhabitants of
Mexico.
(C) The ceremonial game referred to was popular
throughout Mexico.
(D) The game had been played since its inception
with a rubber ball.
(E) The dating of the first use of rubber in Mexico
was due to Cortez


Pre thinking :No other material is used to play the game..only rubber
D is the only answer justify that.
Verbal Forum Moderator
User avatar
V
Status: Greatness begins beyond your comfort zone
Joined: 08 Dec 2013
Posts: 2114
Location: India
Concentration: General Management, Strategy
Schools: Kelley '20, ISB '19
GPA: 3.2
WE: Information Technology (Consulting)
GMAT ToolKit User Reviews Badge CAT Tests
Re: When Cortez arrived in Mexico in A.D. 1519, he observed the inhabitant  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 12 Dec 2017, 23:23
nahid007 wrote:
When Cortez arrived in Mexico in A.D. 1519, he observed the inhabitants playing a ceremonial game with a rubber ball. The pre-Columbian inhabitants of Mexico began to use rubber around A.D. 1000. Thus, we can be sure that the game must have originated sometime between approximately A.D. 1000 and Cortez’ arrival.

The conclusion reached above depends on which one of the following assumptions?

(A) The pre-Columbian inhabitants of Mexico played games on all ceremonial occasions.
(B) The making of rubber balls was one of the earliest uses of rubber by the inhabitants of Mexico.
(C) The ceremonial game referred to was popular throughout Mexico.
(D) The game had been played since its inception with a rubber ball.
(E) The dating of the first use of rubber in Mexico was due to Cortez

Source: LSAT


The first premise is important because it introduces the 1519 part of the conclusion and it also tells us why we're focused on rubber in connection with the game.

Necessary assumptions can seem out of scope at first. (D) is a classic case of this. Why does it matter whether rubber was the original substance for ball construction?

The argument is dating the invention of the game based on when rubber was invented (or first used). Synthetic materials in modern basketballs were probably invented in the last decade. When was basketball invented? What if the Mexicans played with the heads of their enemies for thousands of years and then switched to rubber when they discovered it in the year 1000 because it bounced better? So the only way this argument can work is if the game was played from the beginning with rubber. (D) removes this "heads of enemies" possibility.

(A) is actually out of scope. We care about when it was invented not why/when it was played.

(B) The conclusion is that the game was invented some time between 1000 and 1519. If it was the very last thing the Mexicans did before Cortez arrived (I'm applying the negation test here), the argument still works. This isn't necessary for the argument.

(C) is also out of scope. We don't care where in Mexico it was popular. We only care when it was invented.

(E) is inviting us to question the premise that rubber was first used in 1000 A.D. (E) tells us that Cortez was the one who determined when the Mexicans started using rubber. For the purposes of the LSAT, Daffy Duck could have been the archeologist who determined when the Mexicans invented rubber. If we're given that as a premise, we can take it to the bank. Remember, we are addressing the gap between the premise and the conclusion---not questioning the premise or the conclusion themselves.
_________________

When everything seems to be going against you, remember that the airplane takes off against the wind, not with it. - Henry Ford
The Moment You Think About Giving Up, Think Of The Reason Why You Held On So Long
+1 Kudos if you find this post helpful

Manager
Manager
User avatar
G
Joined: 27 Dec 2016
Posts: 236
Concentration: Marketing, Social Entrepreneurship
GPA: 3.65
WE: Marketing (Education)
Premium Member Reviews Badge
Re: When Cortez arrived in Mexico in A.D. 1519, he observed the inhabitant  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 22 Dec 2017, 00:06
1
Try to negate D :

The game had NOT been played since its inception with a rubber ball
or maybe
The game had been played BEFORE its inception with a rubber ball.

This argument fails to correlate rubber and game invention.

Wdyt?
_________________

There's an app for that - Steve Jobs.

Director
Director
User avatar
S
Joined: 08 Jun 2015
Posts: 528
Location: India
GMAT 1: 640 Q48 V29
GMAT 2: 700 Q48 V38
Premium Member CAT Tests
Re: When Cortez arrived in Mexico in A.D. 1519, he observed the inhabitant  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 16 Apr 2018, 02:11
+1 for option D.

Premise -
a) The explorer arrived in 1519 AD
b) Rubber was used way back in 1000 AD
c) Explorer observed natives play a game that used rubber ball

Conclusion -
Game was introduced sometime b/w 1000 and 1519.

GAP -
Game was always played using rubber ball.

Only option D fits the bill !
_________________

" The few , the fearless "

Re: When Cortez arrived in Mexico in A.D. 1519, he observed the inhabitant &nbs [#permalink] 16 Apr 2018, 02:11
Display posts from previous: Sort by

When Cortez arrived in Mexico in A.D. 1519, he observed the inhabitant

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  

Events & Promotions

PREV
NEXT


cron

GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Terms and Conditions and Privacy Policy| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.