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# With its plan to create a wildlife sanctuary out of

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VP
Joined: 08 Apr 2009
Posts: 1198
Concentration: General Management, Strategy
Schools: Duke (Fuqua) - Class of 2012
With its plan to create a wildlife sanctuary out of  [#permalink]

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22 Jun 2009, 08:52
2
3
00:00

Difficulty:

35% (medium)

Question Stats:

58% (00:55) correct 42% (01:07) wrong based on 106 sessions

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With its plan to create a wildlife sanctuary out of previously unused landfill, Sweden is but one of a number of industrialized nations that is accepting its responsibility to protect endangered species and promote conservation.

A. is accepting its responsibility to protect endangered species and promote
B. is accepting its responsibility for protecting endangered species and promoting
C. are accepting its responsibility to protect endangered species and promoting
D. are accepting of their responsibility to protect endangered species and to promote
E. are accepting their responsibility to protect endangered species and promote

The OA is E. The book's explanation is that "is" does not agree with "nations." However, the subject should be "a number" which is singular. I think the answer should be A, correct as is
SVP
Joined: 14 Apr 2009
Posts: 2273
Location: New York, NY
Re: With its plan to create a wildlife sanctuary out of  [#permalink]

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22 Jun 2009, 09:16
4
asimov wrote:
With its plan to create a wildlife sanctuary out of previously unused landfill, Sweden is but one of a number of industrialized nations that is accepting its responsibility to protect endangered species and promote conservation.

A. is accepting its responsibility to protect endangered species and promote
B. is accepting its responsibility for protecting endangered species and promoting
C. are accepting its responsibility to protect endangered species and promoting
D. are accepting of their responsibility to protect endangered species and to promote
E. are accepting their responsibility to protect endangered species and promote

The book's explanation's explanation is often inadequate. I can only do so much here, but here's my 2 cents.

Many students have difficulty identifying which is the subject: "one" "a number of" or "industrialized nations"
We know "one" is singular. We know "a number of" is plural (NOT singular as someone mentioned). And of course the word following the phrase "a number of"--which in this case is "industrialized nations" will be plural.

so what do we use? singular or plural?

Well, the keyword here is "that"..By adding the word "that"..you are restricting the scope of industrialized nations you are referring to. You are not referring to ALL industrialized nations, but rather the ones THAT blah blah blah. Therefore, because of the word "that" you must use the plural form.

If the word "that" was not there, then you would use the singular form "is accepting"

But since we do have the word "that" and you are restricting the scope of industrialized nations that you are referring to, you must treat "a number of industrialized nations" as the subject, and use "are accepting"

That leaves us with C, D, and E. Of the three, only "their responsibility" makes sense in the context of "are accepting their responsibility"---you can eliminate C and D. The answer is E.

Again, I can only explain so much in text. This question falls into framework #7 of the GMAT Pill Study Method.
Director
Joined: 23 May 2008
Posts: 523
Re: With its plan to create a wildlife sanctuary out of  [#permalink]

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22 Jun 2009, 11:34
I was thinking that the answer should be A as well, but I agree with E after looking in the Man. SC guide. It states that subjects preceded by the phrase "a number of" should be plural.
Director
Joined: 23 May 2008
Posts: 523
Re: With its plan to create a wildlife sanctuary out of  [#permalink]

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22 Jun 2009, 13:21
just curious...

when the answer choices consist of a 2/3 split such as this SC problem's answer choices does, how often is the correct answer between the 2 or among the 3? Has any one seen any data regarding this?
Manager
Joined: 27 May 2009
Posts: 85
Re: With its plan to create a wildlife sanctuary out of  [#permalink]

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23 Jun 2009, 00:02
The general rule you can apply is:
If there's a singular noun followed by a plural noun then see if the latter can perform the action being described. If yes, then go with a plural verb else singular.
Example. The swarm of bees was dense.
.....................since bees can not be dense the verb must agree with swarm.
And in the given problem case, nations are capable of doing the action stated, hence go with plural verb - 'are'
Intern
Joined: 14 Oct 2012
Posts: 13
Re: With its plan to create a wildlife sanctuary out of  [#permalink]

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14 Dec 2012, 08:26
2
Thanks GMATPill instructor! Your post was really helpful. Just to add my 2 cents: I was really confused as to what is the subject of the sentence. I had thought it was "Sweden" but according to the OA (E) it seemed that "a number of industrial nations" should be the subject instead. (FYI "A number of" is plural vs "The number of" which is singular)

For me, the key to understanding the question was breaking the sentence into 2 parts. The first part is "Sweden is (but) one of a number of industrial nations". Here, the subject is "Sweden" which agrees with the singular verb "is". The second part is "a number of industrial nations that..." The word "that" introduces a relative clause which modifies "a number of industrial nations". Hence, the verb/ pronoun in the relative clause should agree with "a number of industrial nations", and be plural ("are"/ "their") Hope this helps anyone who was as confused as I was!
Senior Manager
Joined: 23 Apr 2015
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Location: United States
WE: Engineering (Consulting)
Re: With its plan to create a wildlife sanctuary out of  [#permalink]

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14 Sep 2016, 15:06
asimov wrote:
With its plan to create a wildlife sanctuary out of previously unused landfill, Sweden is but one of a number of industrialized nations that is accepting its responsibility to protect endangered species and promote conservation.

A. is accepting its responsibility to protect endangered species and promote
B. is accepting its responsibility for protecting endangered species and promoting
C. are accepting its responsibility to protect endangered species and promoting
D. are accepting of their responsibility to protect endangered species and to promote
E. are accepting their responsibility to protect endangered species and promote

The OA is E. The book's explanation is that "is" does not agree with "nations." However, the subject should be "a number" which is singular. I think the answer should be A, correct as is

If there is a confusion about singular or plural, look at the meaning of the complete sentence. If they are talking about just Sweden, then how is Sweden related to Industrialized nations ?
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Re: With its plan to create a wildlife sanctuary out of  [#permalink]

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15 Sep 2016, 09:19
Senthil1981 wrote:
If there is a confusion about singular or plural, look at the meaning of the complete sentence. If they are talking about just Sweden, then how is Sweden related to Industrialized nations ?

Absolutely with you....

With its plan to create a wildlife sanctuary out of previously unused landfill, Sweden is but one of a number of industrialized nations that are accepting their responsibility to protect endangered species and promote conservation

Relevant part is highlighted above, option (E) is correct..

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Thanks and Regards

Abhishek....

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Intern
Joined: 29 Aug 2018
Posts: 22
Re: With its plan to create a wildlife sanctuary out of  [#permalink]

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06 Apr 2019, 06:41
Hi guys , I want to ask about the structure " ....is but one of... "
as I'm not a native speaker , "but" here seems awkward , can anyone give me some more examples of this structure
Thanks ,
Re: With its plan to create a wildlife sanctuary out of   [#permalink] 06 Apr 2019, 06:41
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