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Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the world's socia

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Re: Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the world's socia  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Sep 2015, 03:28
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Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the world’s social wasps, wasps living in a highly cooperative and organized society where they consist almost entirely of females--the queen and her sterile female workers.

A. wasps living in a highly cooperative and organized society where they consist almost entirely of
B. wasps that live in a highly cooperative and organized society consisting almost entirely of
C. which means they live in a highly cooperative and organized society, almost all
D. which means that their society is highly cooperative, organized, and it is almost entirely
E. living in a society that is highly cooperative, organized, and it consists of almost all

I chose E, but OG says and it consists violates the parallelism of the three descriptions.how come?i know that both cooperative and organized are parallel(these adjectives modify "society"), but dosen't "comma+and" introduce a new and independent clasue? what's wrong with that?besides, "it" refers clearly to "society". please correct me if im wrong.
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Re: Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the world's socia  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Sep 2015, 03:12
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Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the world’s social wasps, wasps living in a highly cooperative and organized society where they consist almost entirely of females--the queen and her sterile female workers.

A. wasps living in a highly cooperative and organized society where they consist almost entirely of
B. wasps that live in a highly cooperative and organized society consisting almost entirely of
C. which means they live in a highly cooperative and organized society, almost all
D. which means that their society is highly cooperative, organized, and it is almost entirely
E. living in a society that is highly cooperative, organized, and it consists of almost all

Quote:
I chose E, but OG says and it consists violates the parallelism of the three descriptions.how come?i know that both cooperative and organized are parallel(these adjectives modify "society"), but dosen't "comma+and" introduce a new and independent clasue? what's wrong with that?besides, "it" refers clearly to "society". please correct me if im wrong.


Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the world’s social wasps,
living in a society that is
  • highly cooperative,
  • organized, and
  • it consists of almost all females--
the queen and her sterile female workers.

don't u think it is redundant. since 3rd item of the list is not parallel in terms with 1st and 2nd items of the list. even if it is removed that is consists of phrase is still incorrect.

I hope this helps :)
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Re: Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the world's socia  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Feb 2016, 03:50
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The part of the sentence that starts with “wasps living …’ in A and ‘wasps that live…’ in B are both called resumptive modifiers, a legal way of expressing modifiers. Per se, a modifier need not be a full clause with a verb. It can be a noun + a present participle that modifies the noun that it is touching as in A or a noun + a relative clause the touches the noun wasps as in B. Both choices do not pose any grammatical problems as such. The problem lies in the pronoun ‘where’ referring to a non-physical entity such as society.

A is, therefore, suspect. C and D, of course, suffer the relative pronoun touch rule problem. E has the singular pronoun ‘it’ referring to the plural yellow jackets.
B survives the pronoun reference ordeal.
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Re: Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the world's socia  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Sep 2016, 22:54
I am very much depress,I will suicide soon..

I am alone,studying from past 1 year..

I have no future in my company now as I neglect my work in office so that I can get the time
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Re: Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the world's socia  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Sep 2016, 23:07
1
kolheanup wrote:
I am very much depress,I will suicide soon..

I am alone,studying from past 1 year..

I have no future in my company now as I neglect my work in office so that I can get the time


My friend, don't get depressed. If you are not able to prepare well or not improving, I think you MUST change your strategy.

Also, You must first sit and decide whether you need to go for an MBA or not. There are multiple options that you could have other than MBA.

So, its worth deciding that first and then proceed. Being in a dilemma will not take you anywhere and will only have your time wasted.

So, reach out to a counselor and find out what you need in life first.

If you wanna know how to work on MBA part while improving from your past experiences, you should talk to experts. We have so many experts here on the forum. Go ahead and ask anyone. People here are too helpful.

Though, I am not an expert, you can PM me if you need any help. :)

But make sure you have a goal in mind first. Decide your Goal first and then focus only on Fish's eye. :)
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Re: Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the world's socia  [#permalink]

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New post 29 May 2017, 18:08
Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the world's social wasps, wasps living in a highly cooperative and organized society where they consist almost entirely of females—the queen and her sterile female workers.

A. wasps living in a highly cooperative and organized society where they consist almost entirely of
B. wasps that live in a highly cooperative and organized society consisting almost entirely of
C. which means they live in a highly cooperative and organized society, almost all
D. which means that their society is highly cooperative, organized, and it is almost entirely
E. living in a society that is highly cooperative, organized, and it consists of almost all

Quote:
Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the world's social wasps, wasps that live in a highly cooperative and organized society consisting almost entirely of females—the queen and her sterile female workers.


GMATNinja It sounds odd to say social wasps, wasps that live. Could you clarify the modifier in this problem?
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Re: Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the world's socia  [#permalink]

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New post 30 May 2017, 09:43
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hazelnut wrote:

GMATNinja It sounds odd to say social wasps, wasps that live. Could you clarify the modifier in this problem?


Hi hazelnut , "wasps that live in a highly cooperative and organized society consisting almost entirely of" is called an absolute phrase modifier. It is modifying the "social wasps".

Here "wasps" is a noun and "that live .... " is modifier that modifies the noun "wasps".
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Re: Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the world's socia  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Jun 2017, 14:06
Quote:
Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the world's social wasps, wasps living in a highly cooperative and organized society where they consist almost entirely of females—the queen and her sterile female workers.

A. wasps living in a highly cooperative and organized society where they consist almost entirely of
B. wasps that live in a highly cooperative and organized society consisting almost entirely of
C. which means they live in a highly cooperative and organized society, almost all
D. which means that their society is highly cooperative, organized, and it is almost entirely
E. living in a society that is highly cooperative, organized, and it consists of almost all

abhimahna wrote:
hazelnut wrote:

GMATNinja It sounds odd to say social wasps, wasps that live. Could you clarify the modifier in this problem?


Hi hazelnut , "wasps that live in a highly cooperative and organized society consisting almost entirely of" is called an absolute phrase modifier. It is modifying the "social wasps".

Here "wasps" is a noun and "that live .... " is modifier that modifies the noun "wasps".

Thanks abhimahna! As explained earlier in the thread by daagh, choice (B) uses a resumptive modifier--a modifier that repeats a key word and provides additional information or description (just like in this sentence!). Although this might sound awkward to the ear, it is an acceptable construction.

Rather than worry too much about this construction, make sure you understand why the other choices need to be eliminated!
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Re: Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the world's socia  [#permalink]

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New post 31 Jan 2018, 22:33
Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the world's social wasps, wasps living in a highly cooperative and organized society where they consist almost entirely of females—the queen and her sterile female workers.

A. wasps living in a highly cooperative and organized society where they consist almost entirely of
It's the society that consists of females, not "wasps" consist of females.

B. wasps that live in a highly cooperative and organized society consisting almost entirely of
cooperative and organized are parallel
consisting correctly modifies society

E. living in a society that is highly cooperative, organized, and it consists of almost all

Not sure the exact error in (C) & (D) but I'm going to take a shot at them


C. which means they live in a highly cooperative and organized society, almost all
society, almost all females. There are no modifiers describing society. "almost all female" doesn't make sense.

D. which means that their society is highly cooperative, organized, and it is almost entirely

their society: wasps' society or Yellow jackets' society ?
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Re: Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the world's socia  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Apr 2018, 08:08
lary301254M7 wrote:
Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the world's social wasps, wasps living in a highly cooperative and organized society where they consist almost entirely of females—the queen and her sterile female workers.

A. wasps living in a highly cooperative and organized society where they consist almost entirely of
It's the society that consists of females, not "wasps" consist of females.

B. wasps that live in a highly cooperative and organized society consisting almost entirely of
cooperative and organized are parallel
consisting correctly modifies society

E. living in a society that is highly cooperative, organized, and it consists of almost all

Not sure the exact error in (C) & (D) but I'm going to take a shot at them


C. which means they live in a highly cooperative and organized society, almost all
society, almost all females. There are no modifiers describing society. "almost all female" doesn't make sense.

D. which means that their society is highly cooperative, organized, and it is almost entirely

their society: wasps' society or Yellow jackets' society ?



Hello lary301254M7,

I am not sure if your doubt still persists. Here is the explanation nonetheless. :-)

In the original sentence, the second instance of wasps has been used to refer to Yellow jackets.

Hence, in Choice E, the pronoun their can refer to wasps or Yellow jackets because wasps = Yellow jackets per the original sentence.


Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
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Re: Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the world's socia  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Jun 2018, 13:59
Quote:
In addition, a society is gathering and not a physical place; hence society and where cannot go together.


On the GMAT, where can serve to refer to a society.
An OA in GMATPrep:
Many population studies have shown that in societies where little salt is consumed, blood pressure typically does not rise with age.
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Re: Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the world's socia  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jun 2018, 00:09
the correct relative pronoun here could be 'In-which' ??


daagh wrote:
A. wasps living in a highly cooperative and organized society where they consist almost entirely of---- wrong because, the reference to ---they-- is ambiguous; it could be wasps, or the 900 or so species or yellow jackets; drop it. In addition, a society is gathering and not a physical place; [color=#ff0000]hence society and where cannot go together.[/color] [/color]

[/color]

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Re: Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the world's socia  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jun 2018, 04:15
grsm wrote:
the correct relative pronoun here could be 'In-which' ?]


Sure -- in which can serve to refer to a society.
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Re: Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the world's socia  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jul 2018, 17:25
I agree with answer and explanation. But what my previous knowledge tell me about absolute phrase is as below.
Independent clause, noun + verb-ed/ing.
noun + verb-ed/ing is absolute phrase.
Now with my understanding I rewrite this sentence in following manner.
wasps living in a highly cooperative and organized society consisting almost entirely of

Please appraise my understanding. And let me know where I am wrong to get clarity in concept.
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Re: Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the world's socia  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jul 2018, 21:51
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gvij2017 wrote:
noun + verb-ed/ing is absolute phrase.

Hi gvij2017, this would be taking a slightly narrow view of absolute modifiers. A more holistic way would be:

Noun + Noun modifiers

Since Adjectives modify nouns, Noun modifiers are basically any constructs that act as Adjectives. So, these Noun modifiers could be:

i) Present Participial Phrase
ii) Past Participial Phrase
iii) Relative Clause (that, which etc.)
iv) Pure-play Adjectives

Our book EducationAisle Sentence Correction Nirvana discusses Absolute modifiers, their application and examples in significant detail. If someone is interested, PM me your email-id; I can mail the corresponding section.
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Re: Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the world's socia  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Sep 2018, 08:35
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Quote:
Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the world‘s social wasps, wasps living in a highly cooperative and organized society where they consist almost entirely of females—the queen and her sterile female workers.
The above sentence has the following errors in its underlined part.
The word THEY stands out to me while reading this sentence. "They" being a plural relative pronoun needs to refer to plural antecedent. The plural antecedent existent in the sentence are: wasps, Yellow jackets or species.
None of them make any sense.
2. Where is referring back to Society, which isn't a physical space. Where needs to refer to a physical space, and not to any situation, circumstance et al.

Quote:
A. wasps living in a highly cooperative and organized society where they consist almost entirely of
A goes out because of the above mentioned reason.
Quote:
B. wasps that live in a highly cooperative and organized society consisting almost entirely of
This looks fine. NO pronoun ambiguity. Consisting(Present Participle) adjectival phrase modifies the "society"
The descriptors of the wasp society are in parallel form, and consisting properly modifies society.
Quote:
C. which means they live in a highly cooperative and organized society, almost all
D. which means that their society is highly cooperative, organized, and it is almost entirely
Not the best place to place WHICH. Which can't modify the entire preceding clause. It modifies the most eligible preceding noun. "Wasp" in this case. Not the eligible referent.
Quote:
E. living in a society that is highly cooperative, organized, and it consists of almost all
Two reasons to eliminate this:
1. Parallelism isn't proper. Three parallel elements: highly cooperative (Adjective), organized(Adjective) and it consists of almost all(Clause) Three elements not parallel.
2. living in a society...refers to the entire preceding clause/Subject of the preceding clause. This particular reference isn't at all required here.
B is the best choice, which uses a construction named "Appositives"
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Re: Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the world's socia  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Jan 2019, 03:35
GMATNinja please explain all incorrect options.

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Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the world's socia  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Feb 2019, 18:38
GMATNinja

The usage of relative pronoun 'which' whenever appears to modify incorrectly/ambiguously, has always been highlighted in the official guide explanations.

But while i was going through the explanation of this very question , the official guide didn't not identify the usage as incorrect. (It just didn't address 'which' for options C and D)

The little i have understood about the usage of 'which' is that it modifies preceding Noun or sometimes even far of nouns, but it does not modify the entire clause.

As per me, I would have eliminated 'which means ' on the basis of usage and abiguity.

Could you please Explain for this little finding of mine in regard to the Official Guide?
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Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the world's socia   [#permalink] 13 Feb 2019, 18:38

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