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# 2 SC Questions

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Manager
Joined: 19 Aug 2007
Posts: 164

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20 Jun 2009, 09:47
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guys i just have a couple of SC questions I would really appreciate explanations for these. more specifically, id like explanations for them vs these in #1 and explanations for why ,which is ok is #2 because I always thought whenever you have ",which" it needs to refer back to the noun right before the comma.

1) George Sand (Aurore Lucile Dupin) was one of the first European writers to consider the rural poor to be legitimate subjects for literature and portray these with sympathy and respect in her novels.

A) to be legitimate subjects for literature and portray these
B) should be legitimate subjects for literature and portray these
C) as being legitimate subjects for literature and portraying them
D) as if they were legitimate subjects for literature and portray them
E) legitimate subjects for literature and to portray them

Link for detailed discussion on the above question is: george-sand-aurore-lucile-dupin-was-one-of-the-first-45578.html

2) Emily Dickinson's letters to Susan Huntington Dickinson were written over a period beginning a few years before Susan's marriage to Emily's brother and ending shortly before Emily's death in 1886, outnumbering her letters to anyone else.

A) Dickinson were written over a period beginning a few years before Susan's marriage to Emily's brother and ending shortly before Emily's death in 1886, outnumbering
B) Dickinson were written over a period that begins a few years before Susan's marriage to Emily's brother and ended shortly before Emily's death in 1886, outnumber
C) Dickinson, written over a period beginning a few years before Susan's marriage to Emily's brother and that ends shortly before Emily's death in 1886 and outnumbering
D) Dickinson, which were written over a period beginning a few years before Susan's marriage to Emily's brother, ending shortly before Emily's death in 1886, and outnumbering
E) Dickinson, which were written over a period beginning a few years before Susan's marriage to Emily's brother and ending shortly before Emily's death in 1886, outnumber

Link for detailed discussion on the above question is: emily-dickinsons-letters-to-susan-huntington-dickinson-were-10142.html
Manager
Joined: 19 Nov 2007
Posts: 164

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20 Jun 2009, 10:36
1) George Sand (Aurore Lucile Dupin) was one of the first European writers to consider the rural poor to be legitimate subjects for literature and portray these with sympathy and respect in her novels.

A) to be legitimate subjects for literature and portray these - 'these' is awkward for rural people
B) should be legitimate subjects for literature and portray these - 'these' is awkward for rural people
C) as being legitimate subjects for literature and portraying them - -ing form avoild being
D) as if they were legitimate subjects for literature and portray them - wordy
E) legitimate subjects for literature and to portray them - concise and parallel... 'to consider' and 'to potray'

E should be the right answer.

2) Emily Dickinson's letters to Susan Huntington Dickinson were written over a period beginning a few years before Susan's marriage to Emily's brother and ending shortly before Emily's death in 1886, outnumbering her letters to anyone else.

A) Dickinson were written over a period beginning a few years before Susan's marriage to Emily's brother and ending shortly before Emily's death in 1886, outnumbering -
B) Dickinson were written over a period that begins a few years before Susan's marriage to Emily's brother and ended shortly before Emily's death in 1886, outnumber - 'begins' and ended not parallel
C) Dickinson, written over a period beginning a few years before Susan's marriage to Emily's brother and that ends shortly before Emily's death in 1886 and outnumbering - beginning and ends not parallel
D) Dickinson, which were written over a period beginning a few years before Susan's marriage to Emily's brother, ending shortly before Emily's death in 1886, and outnumbering - seems awkward.
E) Dickinson, which were written over a period beginning a few years before Susan's marriage to Emily's brother and ending shortly before Emily's death in 1886, outnumber

Between (A) and (E) ..(A) seems correct ..
Manager
Joined: 18 Jun 2009
Posts: 166
Location: Tbilisi, Georgia

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20 Jun 2009, 11:02
1) George Sand (Aurore Lucile Dupin) was one of the first European writers to consider the rural poor to be legitimate subjects for literature and portray these with sympathy and respect in her novels.

A) to be legitimate subjects for literature and portray these
B) should be legitimate subjects for literature and portray these
C) as being legitimate subjects for literature and portraying them
D) as if they were legitimate subjects for literature and portray them
E) legitimate subjects for literature and to portray them

The first question is very simple if you know that the correct idiom is the verb "consider" without 'as' or 'to be' following it. Just one answer choise E remains.

2) Emily Dickinson's letters to Susan Huntington Dickinson were written over a period beginning a few years before Susan's marriage to Emily's brother and ending shortly before Emily's death in 1886, outnumbering her letters to anyone else.

A) Dickinson were written over a period beginning a few years before Susan's marriage to Emily's brother and ending shortly before Emily's death in 1886, outnumbering
B) Dickinson were written over a period that begins a few years before Susan's marriage to Emily's brother and ended shortly before Emily's death in 1886, outnumber
C) Dickinson, written over a period beginning a few years before Susan's marriage to Emily's brother and that ends shortly before Emily's death in 1886 and outnumbering
D) Dickinson, which were written over a period beginning a few years before Susan's marriage to Emily's brother, ending shortly before Emily's death in 1886, and outnumbering
E) Dickinson, which were written over a period beginning a few years before Susan's marriage to Emily's brother and ending shortly before Emily's death in 1886, outnumber[/quote]

Didn't quite understand, just excluded E and D as 'which' misleadingly modifies Dickinson. In C 'beginning' and 'ends' are not parallel and in B verbs 'begins' and 'ended' are in different tenses. Remains A. Is it OA?
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Intern
Joined: 04 May 2009
Posts: 13

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20 Jun 2009, 23:16

Even though the phrase 'to Susan Huntington Dickinson' intervenes before the modifying 'which' clause, the construction is correct because the phrase is necessary and cannot be moved anywhere else in the sentence. The modifier rule for 'which' can be broken in these cases. Also, 'outnumber' agrees with 'letters', unlike A.
Manager
Joined: 07 Jun 2009
Posts: 198

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20 Jun 2009, 23:42
Natia wrote:
1) George Sand (Aurore Lucile Dupin) was one of the first European writers to consider the rural poor to be legitimate subjects for literature and portray these with sympathy and respect in her novels.

A) to be legitimate subjects for literature and portray these
B) should be legitimate subjects for literature and portray these
C) as being legitimate subjects for literature and portraying them
D) as if they were legitimate subjects for literature and portray them
E) legitimate subjects for literature and to portray them

The first question is very simple if you know that the correct idiom is the verb "consider" without 'as' or 'to be' following it. Just one answer choise E remains.

2) Emily Dickinson's letters to Susan Huntington Dickinson were written over a period beginning a few years before Susan's marriage to Emily's brother and ending shortly before Emily's death in 1886, outnumbering her letters to anyone else.

A) Dickinson were written over a period beginning a few years before Susan's marriage to Emily's brother and ending shortly before Emily's death in 1886, outnumbering
B) Dickinson were written over a period that begins a few years before Susan's marriage to Emily's brother and ended shortly before Emily's death in 1886, outnumber
C) Dickinson, written over a period beginning a few years before Susan's marriage to Emily's brother and that ends shortly before Emily's death in 1886 and outnumbering
D) Dickinson, which were written over a period beginning a few years before Susan's marriage to Emily's brother, ending shortly before Emily's death in 1886, and outnumbering
E) Dickinson, which were written over a period beginning a few years before Susan's marriage to Emily's brother and ending shortly before Emily's death in 1886, outnumber

Didn't quite understand, just excluded E and D as 'which' misleadingly modifies Dickinson. In C 'beginning' and 'ends' are not parallel and in B verbs 'begins' and 'ended' are in different tenses. Remains A. Is it OA?

I completely agree. A good explanation indeed.
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VP
Joined: 05 Jul 2008
Posts: 1379

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21 Jun 2009, 06:55
Emily Dickinson's letters to Susan Huntington Dickinson were written over a period beginning a few years before Susan's marriage to Emily's brother and ending shortly before Emily's death in 1886, outnumbering her letters to anyone else.

A) Dickinson were written over a period beginning a few years before Susan's marriage to Emily's brother and ending shortly before Emily's death in 1886, outnumbering
B) Dickinson were written over a period that begins a few years before Susan's marriage to Emily's brother and ended shortly before Emily's death in 1886, outnumber
C) Dickinson, written over a period beginning a few years before Susan's marriage to Emily's brother and that ends shortly before Emily's death in 1886 and outnumbering
D) Dickinson, which were written over a period beginning a few years before Susan's marriage to Emily's brother, ending shortly before Emily's death in 1886, and outnumbering
E) Dickinson, which were written over a period beginning a few years before Susan's marriage to Emily's brother and ending shortly before Emily's death in 1886, outnumber

This Q probably is a good example of why we should look at every SC twice. I know we might not have that much time on the exam.

Which generally refers to things and not people and one would strike out E & D and start looking in A/B/C

one would also get rid of B & C for 'that' and say A is correct

Wrong! Just as I did, when i first saw this Q.

Which in most cases is a relative pronoun and needs to be right beside the noun it is referring to. Occasionally, which can refer to the Noun Phrase before it in its entirety.

(1) Cost of shoes, which was very expensive is a valid GMAT'ism if this happens to be the best answer.

(2) Shoe's cost, which was very expensive is a better way

But if you have only (1) in answer choices, take it rather than taking an incorrect choice, which has grammar issues.

Now look at A, it says ED's letters to SH ...., outnumbering her letters to any one else

This is one single event. how ever the comma makes it appear that there are two events

In E, even though which is used in a way that is not it is generally used, it is still valid. Take out the Dependent clause and read it. ED's letters to SH outnumber her letters to any one else.
Re: 2 SC Questions   [#permalink] 21 Jun 2009, 06:55
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