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George Sand (Aurore Lucile Dupin) was one of the first European writer

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George Sand (Aurore Lucile Dupin) was one of the first European writer  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 16 Nov 2018, 01:29
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A
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E

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George Sand (Aurore Lucile Dupin) was one of the first European writers to consider the rural poor to be legitimate subjects for literature and portray these with sympathy and respect in her novels.


(A) to be legitimate subjects for literature and portray these

(B) should be legitimate subjects for literature and portray these

(C) as being legitimate subjects for literature and portraying them

(D) as if they were legitimate subjects for literature and portray them

(E) legitimate subjects for literature and to portray them


The Official Guide for GMAT Review 2015

Practice Question
Question No.: SC 119
Page: 694


https://www.nytimes.com/1988/07/17/books/more-than-the-sum-of-her-sex-life.html

Beyond this, she was a thinker. She probed the sources of conflict and injustice and isolated one: the need of an elite class of males to dominate all other human beings. Far in advance of her age, she recognized that this need was grounded in lack rather than in power. She created images new to literature, of love between people of different classes and backgrounds, of worthiness in the poor. She was probably the first European writer to consider the rural poor as legitimate subjects for literature and to portray them with sympathy and respect. In fact, these portrayals inspired a wave of revolutionary thought and feeling in the French-speaking culture of Russia. She vividly depicted the oppression of women in marriage and the cruelty and absurdity of religious authority and class domination. She went further: she was deeply involved with the 1848 revolution and, as its unofficial philosopher, produced essays and position papers dealing with socialism, the prejudices and fears of the rich and the need for what we would now term complete participatory democracy.

Originally posted by F75 on 14 May 2007, 07:14.
Last edited by Bunuel on 16 Nov 2018, 01:29, edited 1 time in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
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Re: George Sand (Aurore Lucile Dupin) was one of the first European writer  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Oct 2010, 23:29
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this is a question of idiom. consider can not be accompanied by - to be, as, should. - E is the answer
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Re: George Sand (Aurore Lucile Dupin) was one of the first European writer  [#permalink]

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New post 14 May 2007, 07:24
4
4
George Sand (Aurore Lucile Dupin) was one of the first European writers to consider the rural poor to be legitimate subjects for literature and portray these with sympathy and respect in her novels.

(A) to be legitimate subjects for literature and portray these
'consider to be' is unidiomatic. these sounds awkward
(B) should be legitimate subjects for literature and portray these
' consider X should be' is unidiomatic
(C) as being legitimate subjects for literature and portraying them
'consider as' is unidiomatic. 'to consider... and portraying...' is not parallel
(D) as if they were legitimate subjects for literature and portray them
'consider as' is unidiomatic
(E) legitimate subjects for literature and to portray the
'consider the poor (X) legitimate subjects (Y)' is the correct idiom. furthermore 'George.....was one...to consider....and to portray...' is parallel
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Re: George Sand (Aurore Lucile Dupin) was one of the first European writer  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Oct 2010, 05:47
1
4
A. consider the rural poor to be legitimate subjects
B. consider the rural poor should be legitimate
C. consider the rural poor as being legitimate
D. consider the rural poor as if they were legitimate subjects
E. consider the rural poor legitimate subjects

It may be seen E is the only one that does not use an accompaniment after - consider the rural poor - This is the law of idiom drawn from ages. We can never question its wisdom.

Another word that does not take an accompaniment is “Comprise
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Re: George Sand (Aurore Lucile Dupin) was one of the first European writer  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Oct 2010, 23:12
1
(A) to be legitimate subjects for literature and portray these (to be is unidiomatic + these should be them)
(B) should be legitimate subjects for literature: portray these (should do is unidiomatic + these should be them)
(C) as being legitimate subjects for literature an portraying them (as being is unidiomatic + portraying is not parallel with to consider)
(D) as if they were legitimate subjects for literal; and portray them (as if is unidiomatic + use of semicolon is wrong because a complete sentence should follow a semicolon.)
(E) legitimate subjects for literature and to portray them (correct use of consider A B idiom + parallel structure to consider.... and to portray)
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Re: George Sand (Aurore Lucile Dupin) was one of the first European writer  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Nov 2010, 17:30
Hope it helps:

http://www.manhattangmat.com/forums/idi ... t2758.html

PS. A is wrong because "these" is not correct.
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Re: George Sand (Aurore Lucile Dupin) was one of the first European writer  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Nov 2010, 18:12
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This is about the idiomatic use of the verb ‘consider’. Consider is a special verb that does not take an accompaniment. The template usage in this case is that you consider x something; expressions such as consider x to be something or consider x as something or consider x should be something are all wrong.

Not only And B but also C and D are all wrong. E is the correct usage
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Re: George Sand (Aurore Lucile Dupin) was one of the first European writer  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Nov 2010, 06:46
1
ajit257 wrote:
. George Sand (Aurore Lucile Dupin) was one of the first European writers to consider the rural poor to be legitimate subjects for literature and portray these with sympathy and respect in her novels.

(A) to be legitimate subjects for literature and portray these
(B) should be legitimate subjects for literature and portray these
(C) as being legitimate subjects for literature and portraying them.
(D) as if they were legitimate subjects for literature and portray them
(E) legitimate subjects for literature and to portray them


i am confused between A and E. The confusion is ..you consider the rural poor as legitimate or to be legitimate subjects for...
Please could someone throw some light on this ...thanks !


The correct idiom is consider X Y. Only E has the correct idiomatic expression
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Re: George Sand (Aurore Lucile Dupin) was one of the first European writer  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Nov 2010, 08:09
1
IMO E

people are referred to as "them" not these...
from the available options with "them" E is the right one..
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Re: George Sand (Aurore Lucile Dupin) was one of the first European writer  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Nov 2010, 16:15
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Hey vaibhavtripathi:

Great explanation! As many have suggested, the idiom is really "I consider X Y" (omitting the "to be"), but very, very few GMAT questions (if any) will focus on an idiom like that. Here, the "these" vs. "them" distinction is more systematic - it's a pronoun error in conjunction with a structural error.

A) "...to consider the poor to be subjects for literature and portray these..." - "these" could refer to "poor" or "subjects" - it's unclear what the pronoun "these" refers to.

B) "...to consider the poor subjects for literature and to portray them..." - here "them" is set up to clearly refer to "the poor" - partially as a more logical personal pronoun ("these" is more of an adjective...these what?) and also because the "and to portray" is perfectly parallel with "to consider" meaning that the object of both verbs is thus parallel ("to consider the poor _______ and to portray THEM (the poor) ______")


While the idiom may be helpful here, you can definitely attack this one systematically by focusing on common decision points, too - the pronoun and the parallel structure!
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Re: George Sand (Aurore Lucile Dupin) was one of the first European writer  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Apr 2011, 05:21
At first attempt, I was able to get the answer but with a NOT so systematic approach. I took choices out because of the Idiomatic Expression. But with reading several techniques, the order to attack SC is grammar first, meaning then concision.

So, just focusing on Parallel Errors.

George Sand (Aurore Lucile Dupin) was one of the first European writers to consider the rural poor to be legitimate subjects for literature AND TO portray these with sympathy and respect in her novels.

When we see "AND" or "OR", we try to look for elements in parallel. Focusing on this, we can readily eliminate A,B,C and D.

Then we are left with E...


ajit257 wrote:
. George Sand (Aurore Lucile Dupin) was one of the first European writers to consider the rural poor to be legitimate subjects for literature and portray these with sympathy and respect in her novels.

(A) to be legitimate subjects for literature and portray these
(B) should be legitimate subjects for literature and portray these
(C) as being legitimate subjects for literature and portraying them.
(D) as if they were legitimate subjects for literature and portray them
(E) legitimate subjects for literature and to portray them


i am confused between A and E. The confusion is ..you consider the rural poor as legitimate or to be legitimate subjects for...
Please could someone throw some light on this ...thanks !
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Re: George Sand (Aurore Lucile Dupin) was one of the first European writer  [#permalink]

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New post 05 May 2017, 22:31
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F75 wrote:
The Official Guide for GMAT Review 2015

Practice Question
Question No.: SC 119
Page: 694

George Sand (Aurore Lucile Dupin) was one of the first European writers to consider the rural poor to be legitimate subjects for literature and portray these with sympathy and respect in her novels.

(A) to be legitimate subjects for literature and portray these
(B) should be legitimate subjects for literature and portray these
(C) as being legitimate subjects for literature and portraying them
(D) as if they were legitimate subjects for literature and portray them
(E) legitimate subjects for literature and to portray them


First Glance

Notice that the first word of the underline changes significantly in the answer choice; there maybe Structure, Meaning, or Idiom issues.

Issues

(A) Idiom: consider XY

The answer choices present you with a wide range of choices for words that follow consider. Which ones are idiomatically legal?

If you want to say that someone believes a certain thing to be true, the proper structure is consider X Y, as in: She considers Anya funny.

The Y portion of this structure should not be introduced with to be or as or any other expression. Answers (A), (B), (C), and (D) all insert unnecessary words between the X (the rural poor) and Y (legitimate subjects). Eliminate all four.

(2) Pronoun: these

The pronoun these is a demonstrative pronoun. A simple example of usage might be: She like these apples. In that example, the pronoun refers to the noun apple. What does these refer to in this sentence?

In the original sentence, these refers to legitimate subjects, a noun within the same clause. When these is used as a subject, though, it is not allowed to refer to another noun within the same clause. Answer (B) repeats the error; answers (C), (D), and (E) all replace these with the object them, an acceptable usage. Eliminate answers (A) and (B).

(3) Parallelism: X and Y

The word and indicates parallelism: to consider and portray. Consider is not underlined, so portray must match that form. Either portray or to portray would be acceptable.

Answer (C) changes portray to portraying. This isn't parallel to the non-underlined construction to consider; eliminate answer (C).

Note: It is actually acceptable not to repeat the word to before portray, but when the two parts of the parallel structure are far apart, it's preferable to repeat the full infinitive structure for both.

The Correct Answer

Correct answer (E) fixes the initial idiom error by removing the extraneous words included in the other choices; it also corrects the initial pronoun error by replacing these with them.
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Re: George Sand (Aurora Lucile Dupin) was one of the first European writer  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Nov 2018, 18:34
gmat101 wrote:
The Official Guide for GMAT Review, 10th Edition, 2003

Practice Question
Question No.: SC 79
Page: 665

George Sand (Aurora Lucile Dupin) was one of the first European writers to consider the rural poor to be legitimate subjects for literature and portray these with sympathy and respect in her novels.

(A) to be legitimate subjects for literature and portray these

(B) should be legitimate subjects for literature and portray these

(C) as being legitimate subjects for literature and portraying them

(D) as if they were legitimate subjects for literature and portray them

(E) legitimate subjects for literature and to portray them

https://www.nytimes.com/1988/07/17/books/more-than-the-sum-of-her-sex-life.html

Beyond this, she was a thinker. She probed the sources of conflict and injustice and isolated one: the need of an elite class of males to dominate all other human beings. Far in advance of her age, she recognized that this need was grounded in lack rather than in power. She created images new to literature, of love between people of different classes and backgrounds, of worthiness in the poor. She was probably the first European writer to consider the rural poor as legitimate subjects for literature and to portray them with sympathy and respect. In fact, these portrayals inspired a wave of revolutionary thought and feeling in the French-speaking culture of Russia. She vividly depicted the oppression of women in marriage and the cruelty and absurdity of religious authority and class domination. She went further: she was deeply involved with the 1848 revolution and, as its unofficial philosopher, produced essays and position papers dealing with socialism, the prejudices and fears of the rich and the need for what we would now term complete participatory democracy.




(A) to be legitimate subjects for literature and portray these

(B) should be legitimate subjects for literature and portray these

(C) as being legitimate subjects for literature and portraying them

(D) as if they were legitimate subjects for literature and portray them

(E) legitimate subjects for literature and to portray them


Main Issues:


1) Correct Idiom is "Consider X Y". All other forms such as "Consider as/to be/should" are incorrect.
2) Them vs these: "these" should always be followed by a noun. Them is the right pronoun to use for objects.
3) "to consider" should be parallel to "portray".
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Re: George Sand (Aurore Lucile Dupin) was one of the first European writer  [#permalink]

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Re: George Sand (Aurore Lucile Dupin) was one of the first European writer &nbs [#permalink] 16 Nov 2018, 01:30
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