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Math Expert V
Joined: 02 Aug 2009
Posts: 8254
A, B, C and D are points on the circumference of circle with center at  [#permalink]

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Difficulty:   55% (hard)

Question Stats: 67% (03:01) correct 33% (03:03) wrong based on 84 sessions

### HideShow timer Statistics A, B, C and D are points on the circumference of circle with center at O. AC is the diameter of the circle and OD is parallel to BC. If the area of the sector formed by radius OD and OC, shown by blue colour, is $$\frac{1}{6}$$th of area of circle, what is the measure of line DE?

(A) $$\sqrt{3}$$

(B) $$\sqrt{2}$$

(C) 1

(D) $$\frac{\sqrt{3}}{2}$$

(E) $$\frac{1}{2}$$

New question

Attachment: CIRCLE1.png [ 4.82 KiB | Viewed 2181 times ]

_________________

Originally posted by chetan2u on 23 Jul 2018, 22:10.
Last edited by Bunuel on 23 Jul 2018, 23:40, edited 1 time in total.
Edited the question.
Intern  B
Joined: 11 Apr 2018
Posts: 12
Location: India
Concentration: General Management, Strategy
GPA: 3.9
Re: A, B, C and D are points on the circumference of circle with center at  [#permalink]

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1
Hi,

What is the answer to this question?

I calculated as below:

Angle DOC = 60 since sector DOC is 1/6 of area of circle
Angle ABC =90 since angle made by diameter
Now extend DO to meet AB at F
Angle AOF=DOC=60
Since OD is parallel to BC, OF is also parallel to BC
Then triangle AOF and ABC are similar triangles and hence both are 30-60-90 triangles.
From this it can be deduced that AC=2 or radius =1 (calculated using BC=1)
Hence OD=1
Now Triangle ODE is also a 30-60-90 Triangle
Hence DE =sqrt(3)/2
Math Expert V
Joined: 02 Aug 2009
Posts: 8254
Re: A, B, C and D are points on the circumference of circle with center at  [#permalink]

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dprchem wrote:
Hi,

What is the answer to this question?

I calculated as below:

Angle DOC = 60 since sector DOC is 1/6 of area of circle
Angle ABC =90 since angle made by diameter
Now extend DO to meet AB at F
Angle AOF=DOC=60
Since OD is parallel to BC, OF is also parallel to BC
Then triangle AOF and ABC are similar triangles and hence both are 30-60-90 triangles.
From this it can be deduced that AC=2 or radius =1 (calculated using BC=1)
Hence OD=1
Now Triangle ODE is also a 30-60-90 Triangle
Hence DE =sqrt(3)/2

Yes, you are correct. it is all about 30:60:90 triangle and parallel sides..
you can also solve without any further drawing..
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Senior Manager  V
Joined: 22 Feb 2018
Posts: 406
Re: A, B, C and D are points on the circumference of circle with center at  [#permalink]

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chetan2u wrote:
Attachment:
CIRCLE1.png

A, B, C and D are points on the circumference of circle with center at O. AC is the diameter of the circle and OD is parallel to BC. If the area of the sector formed by radius OD and OC, shown by blue colour, is $$\frac{1}{6}$$th of area of circle, what is the measure of line DE?

(A) $$\sqrt{3}$$
(B) $$\sqrt{2}$$
(C) 1
(D) $$\frac{\sqrt{3}}{2}$$
(E) $$\frac{1}{2}$$

New question

OA: D
$$\angle COD = 60^{\circ}$$ as colored sector area is $$\frac{1}{6}$$ of total circle's area
$$\angle COD = \angle BCA = 60^{\circ}$$ (Alternate Opposite angles, $$BC||OD$$)

Both $$\triangle ACB$$ and $$\triangle DOE$$ are $$30^{\circ}-60^{\circ}-90^{\circ} \triangle$$

In $$\triangle ACB$$, Ratio of sides $$BC:AB:AC$$ is $$1:\sqrt{3}:2$$.

As$$BC =1$$, then $$AC$$ would be$$2$$.

$$AC = 2 OD$$(Radius of circle), $$OD = \frac{AC}{2} =\frac{2}{2} =1$$

In $$\triangle DOE$$,Ratio of sides $$OE:ED:OD$$ is $$1:\sqrt{3}:2$$.

As $$OD =1$$, $$ED$$ would be $$\frac{\sqrt{3}}{2}$$
Manager  B
Joined: 29 May 2017
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Location: Pakistan
Concentration: Social Entrepreneurship, Sustainability
Re: A, B, C and D are points on the circumference of circle with center at  [#permalink]

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1
triangles ODE and ABC are similar.
BC corresponds to DE
AC corresponds to OD

thus:

DE/BC equals OD/AC
DE/1 equals r/2r
DE equals 1/2.

where am i going wrong?
Senior Manager  V
Joined: 22 Feb 2018
Posts: 406
Re: A, B, C and D are points on the circumference of circle with center at  [#permalink]

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Mansoor50 wrote:
triangles ODE and ABC are similar.
BC corresponds to DE
AC corresponds to OD

thus:

DE/BC equals OD/AC [this part is wrong]
DE/1 equals r/2r
DE equals 1/2.

where am i going wrong?

$$\triangle$$ ODE and CAB are similar.
$$\frac{OD}{AC}(Opposite \angle=90^{\circ})=\frac{DE}{AB}(Opposite \angle =60^{\circ})=\frac{OE}{BC}(Opposite \angle = 30^{\circ})$$
Manager  B
Joined: 29 May 2017
Posts: 164
Location: Pakistan
Concentration: Social Entrepreneurship, Sustainability
Re: A, B, C and D are points on the circumference of circle with center at  [#permalink]

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Princ wrote:
Mansoor50 wrote:
triangles ODE and ABC are similar.
BC corresponds to DE
AC corresponds to OD

thus:

DE/BC equals OD/AC [this part is wrong]
DE/1 equals r/2r
DE equals 1/2.

where am i going wrong?

$$\triangle$$ ODE and CAB are similar.
$$\frac{OD}{AC}(Opposite \angle=90^{\circ})=\frac{DE}{AB}(Opposite \angle =60^{\circ})=\frac{OE}{BC}(Opposite \angle = 30^{\circ})$$

Thank u!
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Posts: 14131
Re: A, B, C and D are points on the circumference of circle with center at  [#permalink]

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