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# A federal advisory panel proposes expanding a national computerized

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Senior SC Moderator
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21 Jun 2018, 01:57
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GMAT® Official Guide Verbal Review 2019

Practice Question
Question No.: SC
OG Code : SC01600

A federal advisory panel proposes expanding a national computerized file to permit law-enforcement agencies to track people under criminal investigation but have not yet been charged.

(A) under criminal investigation but

(B) under criminal investigation, but who

(C) under criminal investigation, but they

(D) who are under criminal investigation, but they

(E) who are under criminal investigation but

https://www.nytimes.com/1987/06/11/nyregion/news-summary-thursday-june-11-1987.html
https://timesmachine.nytimes.com/timesmachine/1987/06/11/383287.html

A national computerized file would be expanded to permit law-enforcement agencies to track people under criminal investigation but have not been charged, under a tentative decision by a Federal advisory panel.

A Federal advisory committee has tentatively endorsed a major expansion of a national computer file that would permit Federal, state and local law-enforcement agencies to exchange information on people who are suspected of a crime but have not been charged.

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29 Dec 2018, 13:21
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The initial split here (under investigation vs. who are under investigation) is a non-issue. Either one is usable in the right circumstances. This is entirely about parallelism. Since all A-D all use "but" before "have not been charged," we need another verb for "people." That's where "who are" comes in to save the day. D doesn't fit with that fix because it puts a pronoun in front of the verb, spoiling parallelism. We can't say "I like desserts that include lots of chocolate but they are not too sweet."
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##### General Discussion
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21 Jun 2018, 04:56
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A federal advisory panel proposes expanding a national computerized file to permit law-enforcement agencies to track people under criminal investigation but have not yet been charged.

A. under criminal investigation but --> not parallel with "have not yet been charged "

B. under criminal investigation, but who --> same as A

C. under criminal investigation, but they --> same as A

D. who are under criminal investigation, but they --> not parallel

E. who are under criminal investigation but --> correct
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21 Jun 2018, 05:08
A federal advisory panel proposes expanding a national computerized file to permit law-enforcement agencies to track people under criminal investigation but have not yet been charged.

A. under criminal investigation but --> not parallel with "have not yet been charged "

B. under criminal investigation, but who --> same as A

C. under criminal investigation, but they --> same as A

D. who are under criminal investigation, but they --> not parallel

E. who are under criminal investigation but --> correct
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21 Jun 2018, 05:18
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A. under criminal investigation but - what follows but seems to be ambiguous as we don't know who has not been charged - federal government or people ??

B. under criminal investigation, ((but who)) - incorrect structure + ambiguity of "who".

C. under criminal investigation, but ((they)) - incorrect.

D. who are under criminal investigation, ((but they)) - incorrect.

E. who are under criminal investigation but - brings out the correct meaning by using who before the underlined part so as to convey that both the parts are about people. Thus, ambiguity is removed and correct meaning is conveyed.

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21 Jun 2018, 05:20
1
hazelnut wrote:
SC01600
A federal advisory panel proposes expanding a national computerized file to permit law-enforcement agencies to track people under criminal investigation but have not yet been charged.

A. under criminal investigation but

B. under criminal investigation, but who

C. under criminal investigation, but they

D. who are under criminal investigation, but they

E. who are under criminal investigation but

I think E is correct.

Who - is required after "people" as an essential modifier, since it is necessary to emphasize that it is a specific set of people "under criminal investigation"

Who are....but have... seems parallel.

E looks good.

Thanks,
GyM
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21 Jun 2018, 06:39
hazelnut wrote:
SC01600
A federal advisory panel proposes expanding a national computerized file to permit law-enforcement agencies to track people under criminal investigation but have not yet been charged.

A. under criminal investigation but

B. under criminal investigation, but who

C. under criminal investigation, but they

D. who are under criminal investigation, but they

E. who are under criminal investigation but

E is correct as it exactly replicates intended meaning.
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31 Jul 2018, 14:09
Hi folks!

As you can see, the text of the original NYT article is different from GMAT OA. This is one more proof that if you want to learn GMAT's SC logic, don't read NYT, instead read WSJ, especially headline articles, because the rest have lower quality too.
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05 Aug 2018, 12:31
Why D is wrong. "They" can refer to people who are under criminal investigation
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05 Aug 2018, 20:35
1
ammuseeru

0:30 solution, although as in quant you really need to practice to train your mind
to understand small chunks of the sentence as you read along, and then separate different clauses.

expanding a national computerized file to permit law-enforcement agencies
to track people under criminal investigation
but have not yet been charged.

Intended meaning:
FA panel proposes to expand something to do a particular task.
something: a national computerized file

What will these agencies do?
Track people under criminal investigation but have not yet been charged.

Key parallel marker BUT. We are talking about two qualities of people:
1. They are tracked under criminal investigation
2. They have not been charged in past.

Could you see how parallel marker correctly connects both verbs (tracked and charged)
with subject people.

There is no need for introducing a separate subject they as in (D)

As generis pointed out here, make pronoun ambiguity your last hope when you have better chances
striking off answer choices with other rules .
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14 Oct 2018, 22:10
GMATNinja or anyone else feel free to correct my analysis:
(A) Parallelism Error:
Form: X BUT Y
Subject: People
X Element: "under criminal investigation" is a prepositional phrase
Y Element: "have not yet been charged" phrase that starts with a verb, but does not contain a subject

(B) Parallelism error (similar to A)
The addition of who corrects the missing Subject the Y element, but we need a form of be (is/was/are/am/be) with "under" as "under" starts a prepositional phrase
We can also eliminate (C) for the same reasons.

(D) who are under criminal investigation, but they
"who are under" - relative pronoun "who" is connected to form of be. Why is this correct? well it can connect with the non-underlined verb in the Y element of the parallelism marker
And, we can clearly see that the antecedent of "who" is "people".

But, "they" forms an independent clause. This is incorrect.
Rule: A relative clause (a clause beginning with a relative pronoun such as that, who, whom, which, whose) is never parallel to an independent clause
Eliminate D

(E) the relative clause "who" has a clear antecedent.
The relative pronoun "who" clearly introduces two parallel verbal phrases that are coordinated by the one-word marker, "but"
"they" is removed, eliminating the previous independent clause error in D
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15 Oct 2018, 00:01
Can u check if my reasoning for eliminating D.

D. who are under criminal investigation, but they : "but" is trying to connect 2 IC so it is correct. But "they" can refer to agencies or people. So eliminate it.
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15 Oct 2018, 08:15
guptakashish02

Quote:
Can u check if my reasoning for eliminating D.

Where is the verb in above sentence?
Would this be more apt:
Can u check if my reasoning for eliminating D is correct

Quote:
D. who are under criminal investigation, but they : "but" is trying to connect 2 IC so it is correct. But "they" can refer to agencies or people. So eliminate it.

I would stick to my earlier explanation of eliminating D based on parallelism issue rather than thinking about pronouns. I personally see no reason to substitute them with agencies. It just does not make sense.
Maybe veterans such as generis aragonn VeritasKarishma sudarshan22 can add more cents.

Happy study prep!
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17 Dec 2018, 11:19
1
Hi Expert,

I am a little confused about who here.

What is the difference between "people under criminal investigation" and "people who are under criminal investigation". Which is correct.

What is the concept tested here? Where can I read about it more?
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29 Dec 2018, 13:24
I also must take a moment to jump to the New York Times's defense. Although they certainly do make errors, this was one of transcription, as the three versions originally cited make clear. The original article is written correctly, and it's only the digital archive version that gets it wrong. You're still much better off with the NYT than with the WSJ, especially given the latter's limited focus.
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04 Mar 2019, 04:39
is it not ",+but" construction required?
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19 Jul 2019, 07:57
Don’t we have to use who both the sides? If I remember correctly in Manhattan sc it’s clearly written that we have to use where who etc in all comparative forms.. am I wrong?

Posted from my mobile device
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01 Aug 2019, 02:51
DmitryFarber wrote:
The initial split here (under investigation vs. who are under investigation) is a non-issue. Either one is usable in the right circumstances. This is entirely about parallelism. Since all A-D all use "but" before "have not been charged," we need another verb for "people." That's where "who are" comes in to save the day. D doesn't fit with that fix because it puts a pronoun in front of the verb, spoiling parallelism. We can't say "I like desserts that include lots of chocolate but they are not too sweet."

Hello DmitryFarber , I correctly answered this question , But just wondering, If in this answer, there would be an option with 'that' to create more difficulty
THAT ARE UNDER CRIMINAL INVESTIGATION but

would this be correct or still some issue. As concept of That i read on forum, it can refer to noun preceeding it, which can be PEOPLE .
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01 Aug 2019, 03:46
Mansi89 wrote:
Don’t we have to use who both the sides? If I remember correctly in Manhattan sc it’s clearly written that we have to use where who etc in all comparative forms.. am I wrong?

Posted from my mobile device

Hi Mansi89, while I am not sure about the exact context in which Manhattan sc says so, I would say that but is more of a contrast indicator than a comparison indicator.

Also, I address the repetition of a relative pronoun (who in this case) here.
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03 Aug 2019, 13:05
rishab0507 wrote:
DmitryFarber wrote:
The initial split here (under investigation vs. who are under investigation) is a non-issue. Either one is usable in the right circumstances. This is entirely about parallelism. Since all A-D all use "but" before "have not been charged," we need another verb for "people." That's where "who are" comes in to save the day. D doesn't fit with that fix because it puts a pronoun in front of the verb, spoiling parallelism. We can't say "I like desserts that include lots of chocolate but they are not too sweet."

Hello DmitryFarber , I correctly answered this question , But just wondering, If in this answer, there would be an option with 'that' to create more difficulty
THAT ARE UNDER CRIMINAL INVESTIGATION but

would this be correct or still some issue. As concept of That i read on forum, it can refer to noun preceeding it, which can be PEOPLE .

Re: A federal advisory panel proposes expanding a national computerized   [#permalink] 03 Aug 2019, 13:05

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