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# A hypothesis known as Cetartiodactyla theorizes that whales

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A hypothesis known as Cetartiodactyla theorizes that whales  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 10 Jul 2014, 11:20
3
13
00:00

Difficulty:

75% (hard)

Question Stats:

51% (01:39) correct 49% (01:36) wrong based on 278 sessions

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A hypothesis known as Cetartiodactyla theorizes that whales and hippopotamuses evolved from a common ancestor, therefore the closest living relative of the whale is the hippopotamus and vice versa.

A. A hypothesis known as Cetartiodactyla theorizes that whales and hippopotamuses evolved from a common ancestor, therefore the closest living relative of the whale is the hippopotamus and vice versa.

B. A hypothesis known as Cetartiodactyla theorizes that whales and hippopotamuses evolved from a common ancestor; therefore the closest living relative of the whale is the hippopotamus and the closest living relative of the hippopotamus is the whale.

C. A hypothesis known as Cetartiodactyla theorizes that whales and hippopotamuses evolved from a common ancestor; therefore, they are each other’s closest living relatives.

D. A hypothesis known to be Cetartiodactyla theorizes that whales and hippopotamuses evolved from a common ancestor; therefore the closest living relative of the whale is the hippopotamus and vice versa.

E. A hypothesis known to be Cetartiodactyla theorizes that whales and hippopotamuses evolved from a common ancestor; therefore they are each other’s closest living relatives.

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Originally posted by nitya34 on 16 Mar 2009, 12:22.
Last edited by PiyushK on 10 Jul 2014, 11:20, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: A hypothesis known as Cetartiodactyla theorizes that whales  [#permalink]

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16 Mar 2009, 14:04
1
nitya34 wrote:
A hypothesis known as Cetartiodactyla theorizes that whales and hippopotamuses evolved from a common ancestor, therefore the closest living relative of the whale is the hippopotamus and vice versa.

A. A hypothesis known as Cetartiodactyla theorizes that whales and hippopotamuses evolved from a common ancestor, therefore the closest living relative of the whale is the hippopotamus and vice versa.

B. A hypothesis known as Cetartiodactyla theorizes that whales and hippopotamuses evolved from a common ancestor; therefore the closest living relative of the whale is the hippopotamus and the closest living relative of the hippopotamus is the whale.

C. A hypothesis known as Cetartiodactyla theorizes that whales and hippopotamuses evolved from a common ancestor; therefore, they are each other’s closest living relatives.

D. A hypothesis known to be Cetartiodactyla theorizes that whales and hippopotamuses evolved from a common ancestor; therefore the closest living relative of the whale is the hippopotamus and vice versa.

E. A hypothesis known to be Cetartiodactyla theorizes that whales and hippopotamuses evolved from a common ancestor; therefore they are each other’s closest living relatives.

I have the OE

pls explain.This one is a Good Q

D,E -- "to be" wrong
A --> run on

between B and C

B -- wordy

C is the best
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Re: A hypothesis known as Cetartiodactyla theorizes that whales  [#permalink]

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16 Mar 2009, 14:13
1
nitya34 wrote:
A hypothesis known as Cetartiodactyla theorizes that whales and hippopotamuses evolved from a common ancestor, therefore the closest living relative of the whale is the hippopotamus and vice versa.

A. A hypothesis known as Cetartiodactyla theorizes that whales and hippopotamuses evolved from a common ancestor, therefore the closest living relative of the whale is the hippopotamus and vice versa.

B. A hypothesis known as Cetartiodactyla theorizes that whales and hippopotamuses evolved from a common ancestor; therefore the closest living relative of the whale is the hippopotamus and the closest living relative of the hippopotamus is the whale.

C. A hypothesis known as Cetartiodactyla theorizes that whales and hippopotamuses evolved from a common ancestor; therefore, they are each other’s closest living relatives.

D. A hypothesis known to be Cetartiodactyla theorizes that whales and hippopotamuses evolved from a common ancestor; therefore the closest living relative of the whale is the hippopotamus and vice versa.

E. A hypothesis known to be Cetartiodactyla theorizes that whales and hippopotamuses evolved from a common ancestor; therefore they are each other’s closest living relatives.

I have the OE

pls explain.This one is a Good Q

I think C.

I would prefer "known as" over "known to be" and "therrefore" requires a comma after it and there is only one choice C.
but "they" looks ambiguous . I'll pick C. It could have been A if there were a comma after "therefore".
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Re: A hypothesis known as Cetartiodactyla theorizes that whales  [#permalink]

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17 Mar 2009, 03:14
Confused between A and C. After the semicolon, 'they' refers to the subject of the first part of the sentence, which is the 'hypothesis'..so clearly not correct. But A creates a run-on sentence so not entirely sure.

Well..in an exam situation, I would go with C coz it sounds better.

OA?
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Re: A hypothesis known as Cetartiodactyla theorizes that whales  [#permalink]

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05 Nov 2009, 17:31
"B".
A-run-on sentence
C-"they" introduces ambiguity
What is the OA?
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Re: A hypothesis known as Cetartiodactyla theorizes that whales  [#permalink]

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10 Jul 2014, 04:23
OA is C , as B is wordier and longer than C

For C, we can say is sweet and sound

Hope that helps
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Re: A hypothesis known as Cetartiodactyla theorizes that whales  [#permalink]

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10 Jul 2014, 07:56
nitya34 wrote:
A hypothesis known as Cetartiodactyla theorizes that whales and hippopotamuses evolved from a common ancestor, therefore the closest living relative of the whale is the hippopotamus and vice versa.

A. A hypothesis known as Cetartiodactyla theorizes that whales and hippopotamuses evolved from a common ancestor, therefore the closest living relative of the whale is the hippopotamus and vice versa.

B. A hypothesis known as Cetartiodactyla theorizes that whales and hippopotamuses evolved from a common ancestor; therefore the closest living relative of the whale is the hippopotamus and the closest living relative of the hippopotamus is the whale.

C. A hypothesis known as Cetartiodactyla theorizes that whales and hippopotamuses evolved from a common ancestor; therefore, they are each other’s closest living relatives.

D. A hypothesis known to be Cetartiodactyla theorizes that whales and hippopotamuses evolved from a common ancestor; therefore the closest living relative of the whale is the hippopotamus and vice versa.

E. A hypothesis known to be Cetartiodactyla theorizes that whales and hippopotamuses evolved from a common ancestor; therefore they are each other’s closest living relatives.

I have the OE

pls explain.This one is a Good Q

how come A is wrong ?
C has pronoun they, they could refer to either whales or hippopotamuses
i know the meaning will still be correct, but still.

can anyone please explain it in detail.

thanks
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Re: A hypothesis known as Cetartiodactyla theorizes that whales  [#permalink]

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10 Jul 2014, 11:41
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A. A hypothesis known as Cetartiodactyla theorizes that whales and hippopotamuses evolved from a common ancestor, therefore the closest living relative of the whale is the hippopotamus and vice versa.

how come A is wrong ?
C has pronoun they, they could refer to either whales or hippopotamuses
i know the meaning will still be correct, but still.

can anyone please explain it in detail.

thanks

Hi Ady, Let me try to explain why A is wrong ?

I hope you know how we can join two independent clauses. There are 4 conjunctions to fuse two ideas as following :

1. Coordinating conjunction
2. Subordinate conjunction
3. Semicolon
4. Adverbial conjunction (goes with semicolon to join clause)

For more detail refer chapter 10 MGMAT SC guide.

Here in option A. I have marked respective subject verb pairs below. So, they are 2 IC joined by , therefore and comma does not work as conjunction.

Further, therefore is an adverbial conjunction it's role is different. people sometimes mistake adverbial conjunction for subordinate conjunction, but they are completely different types. Main error in A is run-on construction, as we can not join 2 ICs with comma + adverbial conjunction.

A. A hypothesis known as Cetartiodactyla theorizes that whales and hippopotamuses evolved from a common ancestor, therefore the closest living relative of the whale is the hippopotamus and vice versa.

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Re: A hypothesis known as Cetartiodactyla theorizes that whales  [#permalink]

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10 Jul 2014, 11:56
" therefore" is " Conjunctive adverb"

The structure of a sentence that has conjunctive adverb as follows.

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Re: A hypothesis known as Cetartiodactyla theorizes that whales  [#permalink]

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14 Apr 2019, 10:05
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Re: A hypothesis known as Cetartiodactyla theorizes that whales   [#permalink] 14 Apr 2019, 10:05
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