GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

It is currently 18 Nov 2018, 16:59

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel
Events & Promotions in November
PrevNext
SuMoTuWeThFrSa
28293031123
45678910
11121314151617
18192021222324
2526272829301
Open Detailed Calendar
  • How to QUICKLY Solve GMAT Questions - GMAT Club Chat

     November 20, 2018

     November 20, 2018

     09:00 AM PST

     10:00 AM PST

    The reward for signing up with the registration form and attending the chat is: 6 free examPAL quizzes to practice your new skills after the chat.
  • The winning strategy for 700+ on the GMAT

     November 20, 2018

     November 20, 2018

     06:00 PM EST

     07:00 PM EST

    What people who reach the high 700's do differently? We're going to share insights, tips and strategies from data we collected on over 50,000 students who used examPAL.

A local school board has passed a measure requiring

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 02 Apr 2013
Posts: 13
A local school board has passed a measure requiring  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post Updated on: 09 Sep 2017, 00:41
1
14
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  55% (hard)

Question Stats:

49% (01:19) correct 51% (00:46) wrong based on 766 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics

A local school board has passed a measure requiring principals provide parents with course materials so as to improve the quality of their children's education.


A) provide parents with course materials so as to

B) to provide parents with course materials so as to

C) provide parents with course materials in order that they

D) to provide parents with course materials so that they can

E) provide parents with course materials and


Spoiler: :: OE
"Explanation: This sentence tests the GMAT taker's comfort with the common idiomatic phrase "require X to Y." In this construction, "required" must be followed by an infinitive verb form ("to" followed by the verb). This eliminates answer choices A, C, and E as possibilities. Answer choices C and D are the only two that make it clear that the principals provide material so that the parents can improve the quality of their children's education: answers A and B seem to indicate that providing the parents with material would be sufficient to improve the quality of their children's education. Answer choice E also implies (through parallel construction) that the principals will be required to "provide... and improve..." which distorts the meaning of the sentence. Hence, answer choice D is the correct choice."

But I think that "they" in answer choice D can refer to parents, or the principal or the the school board itself....
I'm not satisfied with the explanation....
Someone plz help !!!

Originally posted by manugmat123 on 28 May 2013, 05:51.
Last edited by broall on 09 Sep 2017, 00:41, edited 2 times in total.
Reformatted question
Most Helpful Expert Reply
Retired Moderator
User avatar
D
Status: worked for Kaplan's associates, but now on my own, free and flying
Joined: 19 Feb 2007
Posts: 4512
Location: India
WE: Education (Education)
Re: A local school board has passed a measure requiring  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 31 Aug 2016, 16:37
6
Top Contributor
I am afraid we are missing the true ethos of meaning whey we try to allude ‘they’ to the principals.

This is what it will look like if we expand D after replacing ‘they’ with principals

A local school board has passed a measure requiring principals to provide parents with course materials so that they (principals) can improve the quality of their (the principals’) children's education.

How do you like the principals providing parents with course materials to improve the quality of their own children?

We must appreciate that language has life and a sentence is not a jumble of words and is valued for the meaning it conveys.
_________________

you can know a lot about something and not really understand it."-- a quote
No one knows this better than a GMAT student does.
Narendran +9198845 44509

General Discussion
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
User avatar
Joined: 07 Nov 2012
Posts: 280
Schools: LBS '14 (A)
GMAT 1: 770 Q48 V48
Re: A local school board has passed a measure requiring  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 29 May 2013, 00:40
1
Hi,

Interesting. Taken on it's own I can see why you could have some reason for doubt.

I think what clears it up totally later in the sentence is the word 'their' - this makes it clear that the 'they' refers to the people who have children. I.e. the parents.

Make sense?

James
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 23 Mar 2011
Posts: 40
Location: India
Concentration: Marketing, Operations
Schools: Schulich '16 (A)
GMAT 1: 690 Q48 V36
WE: Operations (Telecommunications)
Re: A local school board has passed a measure requiring  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 29 May 2013, 02:26
I want to know the reasons why option choice B is incorrect.

A local school board has passed a measure requiring principals to provide parents with course materials so as to improve the quality of their children's education.
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
User avatar
Joined: 07 Nov 2012
Posts: 280
Schools: LBS '14 (A)
GMAT 1: 770 Q48 V48
Re: A local school board has passed a measure requiring  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 29 May 2013, 02:51
1
Hi - You have the Official explanation above:

Answers A and B seem to indicate that providing the parents with material would be sufficient to improve the quality of their children's education

I.e. It's not the materials that improve education. It's the parents who with the materials can improve their children's education...

James
VP
VP
User avatar
B
Joined: 24 Aug 2011
Posts: 1400
Location: India
Concentration: Technology, Strategy
GMAT 1: 760 Q50 V42
GPA: 3.35
WE: Consulting (Computer Software)
GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member Reviews Badge
Re: A local school board has passed a measure requiring  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 29 May 2013, 05:36
plumber250 wrote:
Hi - You have the Official explanation above:

Answers A and B seem to indicate that providing the parents with material would be sufficient to improve the quality of their children's education

I.e. It's not the materials that improve education. It's the parents who with the materials can improve their children's education...

James


Hi James,

I do not agree to the OA, "they" can very easily refer to principals, which is a much stronger reason to eleminate D rather than accpet on the reasoning given in the OE
_________________

ISB Preparation Kit | GMAT Debrief

Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
Joined: 21 Jan 2010
Posts: 272
Re: A local school board has passed a measure requiring  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 06 Jun 2013, 17:24
manugmat123 wrote:
A local school board has passed a measure requiring principals provide parents with course materials so as to improve the quality of their children's education.


a) provide parents with course materials so as to

b)to provide parents with course materials so as to

c)provide parents with course materials in order that they

d)to provide parents with course materials so that they can

e) provide parents with course materials and


Spoiler: :: OE
"Explanation: This sentence tests the GMAT taker's comfort with the common idiomatic phrase "require X to Y." In this construction, "required" must be followed by an infinitive verb form ("to" followed by the verb). This eliminates answer choices A, C, and E as possibilities. Answer choices C and D are the only two that make it clear that the principals provide material so that the parents can improve the quality of their children's education: answers A and B seem to indicate that providing the parents with material would be sufficient to improve the quality of their children's education. Answer choice E also implies (through parallel construction) that the principals will be required to "provide... and improve..." which distorts the meaning of the sentence. Hence, answer choice D is the correct choice."

But I think that "they" in answer choice D can refer to parents, or the principal or the the school board itself....
I'm not satisfied with the explanation....
Someone plz help !!!


I didn't think of the idiom while reading the problem (require x to y). I thought of the subjunctive mood, which qualifies B and D as the only options. After that it is the question of meaning. Material can't improve the grades as student's already have the material. It's the parents who have to use that material to help students improve.
VP
VP
User avatar
B
Joined: 24 Aug 2011
Posts: 1400
Location: India
Concentration: Technology, Strategy
GMAT 1: 760 Q50 V42
GPA: 3.35
WE: Consulting (Computer Software)
GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member Reviews Badge
Re: A local school board has passed a measure requiring  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 06 Jun 2013, 21:51
Can somebody help with this?

I believe that the OE can be easily removed because they has to clear antecedent ...
_________________

ISB Preparation Kit | GMAT Debrief

Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
Joined: 21 Jan 2010
Posts: 272
Re: A local school board has passed a measure requiring  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 06 Jun 2013, 22:08
ankurgupta03 wrote:
Can somebody help with this?

I believe that the OE can be easily removed because they has to clear antecedent ...


Please check the above answer by the gmat pill representative.
Current Student
avatar
Joined: 04 Oct 2013
Posts: 76
Location: Brazil
GMAT 1: 660 Q45 V35
GMAT 2: 710 Q49 V38
Reviews Badge
Re: A local school board has passed a measure requiring  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 04 Dec 2013, 09:20
1
Question: "So as" and "so that" are both accepted idioms?
Retired Moderator
User avatar
Joined: 15 Jun 2012
Posts: 1028
Location: United States
Premium Member
A local school board has passed a measure requiring  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 05 Dec 2013, 00:19
5
6
nechets wrote:
Question: "So as" and "so that" are both accepted idioms?


Hi nechets

Only "so that" is correct. "So as to" is always incorrect in GMAT. The only acceptable/suspect case is: so X as to Y. But in OG 13, idiom "so X as to Y' is considered incorrect.

Hope it's clear.
_________________

Please +1 KUDO if my post helps. Thank you.

"Designing cars consumes you; it has a hold on your spirit which is incredibly powerful. It's not something you can do part time, you have do it with all your heart and soul or you're going to get it wrong."

Chris Bangle - Former BMW Chief of Design.

Manager
Manager
avatar
S
Joined: 21 Apr 2016
Posts: 176
GMAT ToolKit User Reviews Badge
Re: A local school board has passed a measure requiring  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 23 Aug 2016, 17:29
manugmat123 wrote:
A local school board has passed a measure requiring principals provide parents with course materials so as to improve the quality of their children's education.


a) provide parents with course materials so as to

b)to provide parents with course materials so as to

c)provide parents with course materials in order that they

d)to provide parents with course materials so that they can

e) provide parents with course materials and



Isn't "they" in option D ambiguous? If not, can someone explain why?
Senior SC Moderator
User avatar
V
Joined: 14 Nov 2016
Posts: 1317
Location: Malaysia
GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member CAT Tests
Re: A local school board has passed a measure requiring  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 03 Apr 2017, 23:53
1
1
manugmat123 wrote:
A local school board has passed a measure requiring principals provide parents with course materials so as to improve the quality of their children's education.


(A) provide parents with course materials so as to

(B) to provide parents with course materials so as to

(C) provide parents with course materials in order that they

(D) to provide parents with course materials so that they can

(E) provide parents with course materials and


OFFICIAL EXPLANATION


Explanation: This sentence tests the GMAT taker's comfort with the common structure "require X to Y." In this construction, "required" must be followed by an infinitive verb form ("to" followed by the verb). This eliminates answer choices A, C, and E as possibilities. Answer choices C and D are the only two that make it clear that the principals provide material so that the parents can improve the quality of their children's education: answers A and B seem to indicate that providing the parents with material would be sufficient to improve the quality of their children's education. Answer choice E also implies (through parallel construction) that the principals will be required to "provide... and improve..." which distorts the meaning of the sentence. Hence, answer choice D is the correct choice.
_________________

"Be challenged at EVERY MOMENT."

“Strength doesn’t come from what you can do. It comes from overcoming the things you once thought you couldn’t.”

"Each stage of the journey is crucial to attaining new heights of knowledge."

Rules for posting in verbal forum | Please DO NOT post short answer in your post!

Advanced Search : https://gmatclub.com/forum/advanced-search/

Senior Manager
Senior Manager
User avatar
G
Joined: 20 Sep 2016
Posts: 442
GMAT ToolKit User CAT Tests
Re: A local school board has passed a measure requiring  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 11 Sep 2018, 17:48
1
pqhai wrote:
nechets wrote:
Question: "So as" and "so that" are both accepted idioms?


Hi nechets

Only "so that" is correct. "So as to" is always incorrect in GMAT. The only acceptable/suspect case is: so X as to Y. But in OG 13, idiom "so X as to Y' is considered incorrect.

Hope it's clear.



Dude where do u get these rules? There are plenty of official examples where "so as to " is used.

"So as to " means in order to.

Claiming that the idiom is incorrect ALWAYS will mislead many of your followers.

Posted from my mobile device
Manager
Manager
avatar
B
Joined: 22 Sep 2014
Posts: 99
GMAT ToolKit User
Re: A local school board has passed a measure requiring  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 11 Sep 2018, 22:22
when you have their referring to parents ... how could it be possible to use them to refer to someone else in the same sentence ?
clearly them refers to parents

require sb to do sth .... or require that ... be/do
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
User avatar
G
Joined: 20 Sep 2016
Posts: 442
GMAT ToolKit User CAT Tests
A local school board has passed a measure requiring  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 31 Oct 2018, 10:33
1
manugmat123 wrote:
A local school board has passed a measure requiring principals provide parents with course materials so as to improve the quality of their children's education.


A) provide parents with course materials so as to

B) to provide parents with course materials so as to

C) provide parents with course materials in order that they

D) to provide parents with course materials so that they can

E) provide parents with course materials and


Spoiler: :: OE
"Explanation: This sentence tests the GMAT taker's comfort with the common idiomatic phrase "require X to Y." In this construction, "required" must be followed by an infinitive verb form ("to" followed by the verb). This eliminates answer choices A, C, and E as possibilities. Answer choices C and D are the only two that make it clear that the principals provide material so that the parents can improve the quality of their children's education: answers A and B seem to indicate that providing the parents with material would be sufficient to improve the quality of their children's education. Answer choice E also implies (through parallel construction) that the principals will be required to "provide... and improve..." which distorts the meaning of the sentence. Hence, answer choice D is the correct choice."

But I think that "they" in answer choice D can refer to parents, or the principal or the the school board itself....
I'm not satisfied with the explanation....
Someone plz help !!!



Option D.

A local school board has passed a measure requiring principals provide parents with course materials so as to improve the quality of their children's education.

Meaning-
Local board has passed something.
That something has certain requirements-
Principals should provide parents with something "so as to (in order to) " improve parents' children's education.


NOTE NOTE NOTE: the usage of "so as to " is CORRECT ..it is always a valid idiom - so as to means in order to (purpose)
Please avoid rejecting a choice based on idiom. In addition , there are many official questions where "so as to" is used... Some may say it used in this form - so X as to Y... This idiom has different meaning than "so as to"... So X as to Y means because of X , Y happens.. X is the cause and Y is the result...
"So as to" means "in order to" /purpose... And here there is a mentioned purpose - to improve bla bla bla..

Errors:
1) Pronoun problem: "their"... It can refer back to principals and to parents..why? Because "principals is in the subject place as the law requires "principals" so the doer is "provide parents with..." Is principals... And hence "their" can refer back to principals... Logically it is wrong as we know their has to refer back to parents... So we need a less ambiguous sentence...

2)Idiom- require X to do Y... We need "to " after require .

3) meaning- even if you don't get the pronoun error it's okay... Look for meaning...

"A local school board has passed a measure requiring principals.....so as to improve the quality of their children's education. "
So here if we remove the extra info about the requirements of measure we get the above sentence and this may seem like local board passed a law to improve the principals' kids education...

Eliminate- A C E



B) to provide parents with course materials so as to -
- error of pronoun ambiguity as explained for A.

D) to provide parents with course materials so that they can- here pronoun "they" will refer back to parents as it is relative pronoun and also the subject of "they can improve" and hence can refer back to the subject "parents* in this sentence...

"A local school board has passed a measure requiring principals... So that they can improve the quality of their children's education.

Here the "that" pronoun has to refer back to parents because it is the purpose part of the goal.. and who the goal is focused on ? parent's ... So "that " will refer back to "parents"

Here the ambiguity is less obvious and hence is BETTER than B...
Thank you.

Please note again: "so as to .." Is correct ... Do not inculcate false guidelines... And always be aware of such claims- " something is always wrong on GMAT"... This is definitely not true... Learn something do not mug up ...

Posted from my mobile device
Senior SC Moderator
avatar
V
Joined: 22 May 2016
Posts: 2111
Premium Member CAT Tests
A local school board has passed a measure requiring  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 03 Nov 2018, 08:01
pqhai wrote:
nechets wrote:
Question: "So as" and "so that" are both accepted idioms?


Hi nechets

Only "so that" is correct. "So as to" is always incorrect in GMAT. The only acceptable/suspect case is: so X as to Y. But in OG 13, idiom "so X as to Y' is considered incorrect. [True, but that was GMAC 's mistake. "So X as to Y" has appeared as the correct answer in more recent editions.]

Hope it's clear.

This post is INCORRECT because the OG upon which the answer depends was incorrect.

The assertions in the post derive from a confusion that was created by GMAC itself, a confusion that has now been resolved.

IDIOMS - correct
• X so that Y
• So X as to Y
• So X that Y


1) X so that Y (full clause!) (cause => result)
I changed jobs so that I could earn more money.
The midfielder dropped back so that he could assist the defenders.
-- The result of the midfielder's dropping back was that he could assist the defenders.
-- Because the midfielder dropped back [from the midfield], he could assist the defenders.

2) So X as to Y (infinitive phrase!) (cause => result)
So (adjective) as to Y
The students were so focused on grammar rules as to forget to check the sentence for meaning.
-- Because the students were so focused on grammar rules, they forgot to check the sentence for meaning.

3) So X that Y (full clause!) (cause => result)
So [adjective] that Y
The hackers were so skilled that they breached five formerly impenetrable firewalls.
Because the hackers were so skilled, they breached many firewalls that had never been breached.

Speech construct:
• X so as to Y
The construction in (B) has experts divided.

The expert on this thread believes that X so as to Y may not be used to express purpose
(that position is at odds with that of the Oxford English Dictionary, below).

This expert calls X so as to Y as
part of a clause of consequence. I concur.

This example mimics that of the second expert.
X so as to Y (infinitive phrase!) (cause => result)
I changed jobs so as to earn more money.
I wanted to earn more money. To do so, I changed jobs.

The Oxford Dictionary online states that "so as to" is equivalent to "in order to."
The entry in the material just linked
so as to do something
-- In order to do something.
-- "She had put her hair up so as to look older."

I do not recall ever having seen the correct answer turn on the issue of the phrase "so as to"
simply because the words say "so as to."

• The problem with option B is connected to meaning and logic;
that problem is not reducible to the mere presence of a phrase

The problem with "so as to" in option B is a meaning issue.

Option B fails at what GMAC tests 40% of the time, namely, logical predication.

The sentence with option B inserted states that
A local school board has passed a measure requiring principals to provide parents
with course materials so as to improve the quality of their children's education.


What is the logical connection between giving parents course materials and
improving the quality of their children's education?
Is that connection supplied at all?
No. We have no idea WHO does this improving or HOW the improvement is accomplished.

Now examine D.
A local school board has passed a measure requiring principals to provide parents
with course materials so that THEY can improve the quality of their children's education.


Logic? Not great, but a lot better than B.
The parents must have the materials because the parents can use the materials
to improve the quality of their children's education.

-- At least now we know WHO uses the materials to improve the quality of education,
and that WHO is sensible. (Parents help with homework, often field questions generally, etc.)

I would never eliminate an answer simply because it uses the phrase "SO AS TO."

Answer B is not incorrect because it contains the phrase "so as to."

Answer B is incorrect because its meaning is unclear and the logical connection between
parents' having materials and an improved education for children is nonexistent.

P.S. For those who assert that "so as to" is wrong on the GMAT,
or wrong most of the time, what is the source of this assertion?
Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 20 Sep 2018
Posts: 30
A local school board has passed a measure requiring  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 03 Nov 2018, 12:58
manugmat123 wrote:
A local school board has passed a measure requiring principals provide parents with course materials so as to improve the quality of their children's education.


A) provide parents with course materials so as to

B) to provide parents with course materials so as to

C) provide parents with course materials in order that they

D) to provide parents with course materials so that they can

E) provide parents with course materials and


Spoiler: :: OE
"Explanation: This sentence tests the GMAT taker's comfort with the common idiomatic phrase "require X to Y." In this construction, "required" must be followed by an infinitive verb form ("to" followed by the verb). This eliminates answer choices A, C, and E as possibilities. Answer choices C and D are the only two that make it clear that the principals provide material so that the parents can improve the quality of their children's education: answers A and B seem to indicate that providing the parents with material would be sufficient to improve the quality of their children's education. Answer choice E also implies (through parallel construction) that the principals will be required to "provide... and improve..." which distorts the meaning of the sentence. Hence, answer choice D is the correct choice."

But I think that "they" in answer choice D can refer to parents, or the principal or the the school board itself....
I'm not satisfied with the explanation....
Someone plz help !!!


"Requiring x to do y" is the correct subjunctive usage. So it's between B and D.
"so as to" is generally incorrect. So B can go.
Nothing wrong with D.
D it should be.
GMAT Club Bot
A local school board has passed a measure requiring &nbs [#permalink] 03 Nov 2018, 12:58
Display posts from previous: Sort by

A local school board has passed a measure requiring

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  


Copyright

GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Terms and Conditions and Privacy Policy| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.