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# A prominent investor who holds a large stake in the Burton Tool Compan

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Re: A prominent investor who holds a large stake in the Burton Tool Compan [#permalink]
Confused between A & B, but more inclined towards B
As second statement could not be a clear evidence but a possibility why the above generalisation (in first bold statement) not applicable in Burton's case

Sent from my Lenovo X3a40 using GMAT Club Forum mobile app
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Re: A prominent investor who holds a large stake in the Burton Tool Compan [#permalink]
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mnav wrote:
Confused between A & B, but more inclined towards B
As second statement could not be a clear evidence but a possibility why the above generalisation (in first bold statement) not applicable in Burton's case

Sent from my Lenovo X3a40 using GMAT Club Forum mobile app

Yes, i also believe the answer is A. As per the argument, the first bolded phrase is a general one however it is followed by 'but in Burton's case it indicates no such thing' which is again followed by the explanation of why it is not applicable in the given case.
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Re: A prominent investor who holds a large stake in the Burton Tool Compan [#permalink]
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Analysis:

P1: A prominent investor who holds a large stake in Burton Tool Company has recently claimed that the company is mismanaged, citing as evidence the company's failure to slow down production in response to a recent rise in its inventory of finished product. (Claim made by the investors)
P2: It is doubtful whether an investor's sniping at management can ever be anything other than counterproductive, but in this case, it is clearly not justified. (Main conclusion author's point)
P3: It is true that an increased inventory of finished products often indicates that production is outstripping demand, but in Burton's case it indicates no such thing. (Fact that author + investor agree ; fact that author explains in P4)
P4: Rather, the increase in inventory is entirely attributable to products that have already been assigned to orders received by customers. (Author's point : claims to support main conclusion)

NB.
P4 is an function as alternate explanation to P3 (fact)

Generalization can be fact
Position that the argument as a whole opposes (conclusion made by investors)

ANS: A

Please comment on explanations, as I still pretty weak in these type of questions. Thanks.
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Re: A prominent investor who holds a large stake in the Burton Tool Compan [#permalink]
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hazelnut wrote:
A prominent investor who holds a large stake in the Burton Tool Company has recently claimed that the company is mismanaged, citing as evidence the company's failure to slow down production in response to a recent rise in its inventory of finished products. It is doubtful whether an investor's sniping at management can ever be anything other than counterproductive, but in this case, it is clearly not justified. It is true that an increased inventory of finished products often indicates that production is outstripping demand, but in Burton's case it indicates no such thing. Rather, the increase in inventory is entirely attributable to products that have already been assigned to orders received from customers.

In the argument given, the two boldfaced portions play which of the following roles?

(A) The first states a generalization that underlies the position that the argument as a whole opposes; the second provides evidence to show that the generalization does not apply in the case at issue.

(B) The first states a generalization that underlies the position that the argument as a whole opposes; the second clarifies the meaning of a specific phrase as it is used in that generalization.

(C) The first provides evidence to support the conclusion of the argument as a whole; the second is evidence that has been used to support the position that the argument as a whole opposes.

(D) The first provides evidence to support the conclusion of the argument as a whole; the second states that conclusion.

(E) The first and the second each provide evidence against the position that the argument as a whole opposes.

Question Type: Bold face

Premise 1: An investor has claimed that Burton tool company is mismanaged. The evidence presented by him is failure to slow down production & increasing inventory of finished goods.

Premise 2: The author of the argument says in most cases the investors snipping has a positive effect on the strategy of a company, however in this case the investors claims are not justified. The author as a whole opposes the investors claim & provides a common view applicable for the situation and how it is not applicable in burton tool company's case

Conclusion: The argument as a whole thinks that the Burton tool company has valid reason for the inventory.

Analysis: The company strategy for holding inventory is justified with two supporting reasons by the author. The argument as a whole opposes the investors claims & justifies the case for burton tool company with supporting evidences.

(A) The first states a generalization that underlies the position that the argument as a whole opposes; the second provides evidence to show that the generalization does not apply in the case at issue. - Correct. The first provides a common view in favor of the opposing argument & the second proves that the first is not applicable in this case.

(B) The first states a generalization that underlies the position that the argument as a whole opposes; the second clarifies the meaning of a specific phrase as it is used in that generalization. - The second does not clarify meaning of first phrase. Incorrect

(C) The first provides evidence to support the conclusion of the argument as a whole; the second is evidence that has been used to support the position that the argument as a whole opposes. Incorrect. The first does not provide support for the conclusion

(D) The first provides evidence to support the conclusion of the argument as a whole; the second states that conclusion. - The second is not the conclusion. Incorrect.

(E) The first and the second each provide evidence against the position that the argument as a whole opposes. - Evidence is not against the position that is opposed. Incorrect.

Thanks,
GyM

Originally posted by GyMrAT on 26 Jun 2018, 01:55.
Last edited by GyMrAT on 26 Jun 2018, 08:49, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: A prominent investor who holds a large stake in the Burton Tool Compan [#permalink]
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hazelnut wrote:
GMAT® Official Guide 2019

Practice Question
Question No.:
Online test bank question number : CR00777

A prominent investor who holds a large stake in the Burton Tool Company has recently claimed that the company is mismanaged, citing as evidence the company's failure to slow down production in response to a recent rise in its inventory of finished products. It is doubtful whether an investor's sniping at management can ever be anything other than counterproductive, but in this case, it is clearly not justified. It is true that an increased inventory of finished products often indicates that production is outstripping demand, but in Burton's case it indicates no such thing. Rather, the increase in inventory is entirely attributable to products that have already been assigned to orders received from customers.

In the argument given, the two boldfaced portions play which of the following roles?

(A) The first states a generalization that underlies the position that the argument as a whole opposes; the second provides evidence to show that the generalization does not apply in the case at issue.

(B) The first states a generalization that underlies the position that the argument as a whole opposes; the second clarifies the meaning of a specific phrase as it is used in that generalization.

(C) The first provides evidence to support the conclusion of the argument as a whole; the second is evidence that has been used to support the position that the argument as a whole opposes.

(D) The first provides evidence to support the conclusion of the argument as a whole; the second states that conclusion.

(E) The first and the second each provide evidence against the position that the argument as a whole opposes.

Similar Boldface from OG : LINK

For boldfaced questions, students must be sure to generically summarize the roles that each part plays BEFORE examining the answer choices. Otherwise, it is much more difficult to determine the correct answer.

So here's my generic summary:
The first boldfaced part describes the TYPICAL cause of a certain situation (i.e., the typical reason for increased inventory).
The second boldfaced part explains that the ACTUAL cause of the current situation is different from the TYPICAL cause.

Once we have used generic language to describe the roles, we need only check the answer choices to locate the answer choice that matches our description of the rules.

When we do that, we see that the only match is answer choice A.

Cheers,
Brent
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Re: A prominent investor who holds a large stake in the Burton Tool Compan [#permalink]
Statement 1 - A prominent investor who holds a large stake in the Burton Tool Company has recently claimed that the company is mismanaged, citing as evidence the company's failure to slow down production in response to a recent rise in its inventory of finished products.
This is just the base of the argument.
Statement 2 - It is doubtful whether an investor's sniping at management can ever be anything other than counterproductive, but in this case, it is clearly not justified.
Author's general take/viewpoint. But this is in opposite direction to investor(opposite to first statement).
Statement 3 - It is true that an increased inventory of finished products often indicates that production is outstripping demand, but in Burton's case it indicates no such thing.
This is similar to statement 2 just that it elaborates directly author's take on for(Burton's) side/viewpoint.
Rather, the increase in inventory is entirely attributable to products that have already been assigned to orders received from customers.
Here Author gives a reasoning that acts as a support to his/her claims(claims that are apposite to Burton's), may be fact.

In the argument given, the two boldfaced portions play which of the following roles?

(A) The first states a generalization that underlies the position that the argument as a whole opposes; the second provides evidence to show that the generalization does not apply in the case at issue.

(B) The first states a generalization that underlies the position that the argument as a whole opposes; the second clarifies the meaning of a specific phrase as it is used in that generalization.

(C) The first provides evidence to support the conclusion of the argument as a whole; the second is evidence that has been used to support the position that the argument as a whole opposes.

(D) The first provides evidence to support the conclusion of the argument as a whole; the second states that conclusion.

(E) The first and the second each provide evidence against the position that the argument as a whole opposes.

Since Boldface questions normally take on average take more time POE in vertical scanning manner helps a lot.
Only A says that second boldface statement is against the first boldface statement.

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Re: A prominent investor who holds a large stake in the Burton Tool Compan [#permalink]
Hello Experts,
I chose option B for this question. My reasoning was "Increased in Inventory" doesn't only mean "production is outstripping demand", but it also mean that products have also been assigned to orders received.

I narrowed down options to A and B. I chose B over A.

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Re: A prominent investor who holds a large stake in the Burton Tool Compan [#permalink]
A prominent investor who holds a large stake in the Burton Tool Company has recently claimed that the company is mismanaged, citing as evidence the company's failure to slow down production in response to a recent rise in its inventory of finished products. It is doubtful whether an investor's sniping at management can ever be anything other than counterproductive, but in this case, it is clearly not justified. It is true that an increased inventory of finished products often indicates that production is outstripping demand, but in Burton's case it indicates no such thing. Rather, the increase in inventory is entirely attributable to products that have already been assigned to orders received from customers.

In the argument given, the two boldfaced portions play which of the following roles?

(A) The first states a generalization that underlies the position that the argument as a whole opposes; the second provides evidence to show that the generalization does not apply in the case at issue.

Correct. Words like generalization are sneakily deceptive. I digress. This is the correct choice. The position that the passage opposes is this claim by the investor who thinks Burton is mismanaged. BF1 is the basis of that investor's argument. BF2 tells us that the rise in inventory should not be perceived as the management's inability to recognize the balance in supply and demand, but that it can be attributed to the fact that these are orders which customers have already placed.

(B) The first states a generalization that underlies the position that the argument as a whole opposes; the second clarifies the meaning of a specific phrase as it is used in that generalization.

(C) The first provides evidence to support the conclusion of the argument as a whole; the second is evidence that has been used to support the position that the argument as a whole opposes.

BF1 is not supporting the conclusion of the argument...it's the basis of the position being opposed by the argument.

(D) The first provides evidence to support the conclusion of the argument as a whole; the second states that conclusion.

(E) The first and the second each provide evidence against the position that the argument as a whole opposes.
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A prominent investor who holds a large stake in the Burton Tool Compan [#permalink]
Clear split between (A) and (B).

The first boldface, describes the "General" cause of a certain situation (i.e., rise in inventory with respect to demand).
The second boldface, explains that the "situation at hand" is different from the "General" case. And refutes the investor's claim.

(A) The first states a generalization that underlies the position that the argument as a whole opposes; the second provides evidence to show that the generalization does not apply in the case at issue.
First BF indeed is a generalisation as explained above. Second BF too is providing evidence to prove that the generalisation doesn't apply on case at hand. Correct choice.

(B) The first states a generalization that underlies the position that the argument as a whole opposes; the second clarifies the meaning of a specific phrase as it is used in that generalization.

First BF is correct; but the second BF is not clarifying any phrase in the "generalisation" stated in 1st BF. Incorrect.

Option (A) wins. And is thus correct.
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Re: A prominent investor who holds a large stake in the Burton Tool Compan [#permalink]
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Re: A prominent investor who holds a large stake in the Burton Tool Compan [#permalink]
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