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A society’s infant mortality rate is an accepted indicator of that

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A society’s infant mortality rate is an accepted indicator of that [#permalink]

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New post 24 Sep 2017, 20:54
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Question Stats:

64% (01:41) correct 36% (01:59) wrong based on 72 sessions

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A society’s infant mortality rate is an accepted indicator of that society’s general health status. Even though in some localities in the United States the rate is higher than in many developing countries, in the United States overall the rate has been steadily declining. This decline does not necessarily indicate, however, that babies in the United States are now, on the average, healthier at birth than they were in the past.

Which one of the following reasons, if true, most strongly supports the claim made above about the implications of the decline?

(A) The figure for infant mortality is compiled as an overall rate and thus masks deficiencies in particular localities.

(B) Low birth weight is a contributing factor in more than half of the infant deaths in the United States.

(C) The United States has been developing and has achieved extremely sophisticated technology for saving premature and low-birth-weight babies, most of whom require extended hospital stays.

(D) In eleven states of the United States, the infant mortality rate declined last year.

(E) Babies who do not receive adequate attention from a caregiver fail to thrive and so they gain weight slowly.

Source: LSAT
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: A society’s infant mortality rate is an accepted indicator of that [#permalink]

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New post 24 Sep 2017, 23:33
broall wrote:
A society’s infant mortality rate is an accepted indicator of that society’s general health status. Even though in some localities in the United States the rate is higher than in many developing countries, in the United States overall the rate has been steadily declining. This decline does not necessarily indicate, however, that babies in the United States are now, on the average, healthier at birth than they were in the past.

Which one of the following reasons, if true, most strongly supports the claim made above about the implications of the decline?

(A) The figure for infant mortality is compiled as an overall rate and thus masks deficiencies in particular localities.

(B) Low birth weight is a contributing factor in more than half of the infant deaths in the United States.

(C) The United States has been developing and has achieved extremely sophisticated technology for saving premature and low-birth-weight babies, most of whom require extended hospital stays.

(D) In eleven states of the United States, the infant mortality rate declined last year.

(E) Babies who do not receive adequate attention from a caregiver fail to thrive and so they gain weight slowly.

Source: LSAT


Short Story : 1. S infant mortality rate is an accepted indicator of that S’s general health status
2. In some localities in the United States the rate is higher than in many developing countries
3. Overall the rate has been steadily declining in US.
4. Decline does not necessarily indicate, however, that babies in the United States are now, on the average, healthier at birth than they were in the past.

So, the conclusion is that the decline in infant mortality rate may or may not indicate that the child at birth is healthier than they were in the past.

Now we have to find the argument which strengthens the conclusion.

(A) The figure for infant mortality is compiled as an overall rate and thus masks deficiencies in particular localities.
The figure may be higher for certain region and lower for other regions, and hence overall rate masking deficiencies in particular localities weakens the conclusion.

(B) Low birth weight is a contributing factor in more than half of the infant deaths in the United States.
Though this may be right but it doesn't strengthen or weaken the conclusion.

(C) The United States has been developing and has achieved extremely sophisticated technology for saving premature and low-birth-weight babies, most of whom require extended hospital stays.
Now this one is the right answer which says that US has developed extremely sophisticated technology for saving premature and low birth weight babies. So, even though the babies might now be born healthier, the technology is able to save the life, hence reducing the infant mortality rate.

(D) In eleven states of the United States, the infant mortality rate declined last year.
No idea about other states. Also this doesn't relate to the conclusion.

(E) Babies who do not receive adequate attention from a caregiver fail to thrive and so they gain weight slowly.
No relation with the conclusion.

So, according to me C is correct. Waiting for official answer.
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A society’s infant mortality rate is an accepted indicator of that [#permalink]

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New post 26 Sep 2017, 01:08
IMO Option C which tells that babies may still be born unhealthy and its actually the advances in technology that have brought down the infant mortality rate.

Last edited by krish182 on 26 Sep 2017, 03:46, edited 1 time in total.

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New post 26 Sep 2017, 02:57
C claims that technology has been developed but it is not clear werher this technology has been applied in many hospitals...it could be a clinical esssay not readily available....
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Re: A society’s infant mortality rate is an accepted indicator of that [#permalink]

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New post 30 Sep 2017, 05:06
+C.
Alternate Reasoning.

If is because of the the technology that the doctors are able to save the babies and this does not mean that the babies are safer from past.
If technology would not have been a factor, the health of kids might be same as in the past.
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Re: A society’s infant mortality rate is an accepted indicator of that   [#permalink] 30 Sep 2017, 05:06
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