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Math Expert V
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 53865
A Trussian's weight, in keils, can be calculated by taking the square  [#permalink]

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14 00:00

Difficulty:   55% (hard)

Question Stats: 72% (03:11) correct 28% (02:50) wrong based on 180 sessions

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Tough and Tricky questions: Word Problems.

A Trussian's weight, in keils, can be calculated by taking the square root of his age in years. A Trussian teenager now weighs three keils less than he will seventeen years after he is twice as old as he is now. How old is he now?

(A) 14
(B) 15
(C) 16
(D) 17
(E) 18

Kudos for a correct solution.

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Math Expert V
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 53865
Re: A Trussian's weight, in keils, can be calculated by taking the square  [#permalink]

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Bunuel wrote:

Tough and Tricky questions: Word Problems.

A Trussian's weight, in keils, can be calculated by taking the square root of his age in years. A Trussian teenager now weighs three keils less than he will seventeen years after he is twice as old as he is now. How old is he now?

(A) 14
(B) 15
(C) 16
(D) 17
(E) 18

Kudos for a correct solution.

Check other Age Problems HERE.
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Intern  Joined: 12 May 2013
Posts: 27
Concentration: Finance, Economics
GMAT 1: 700 Q49 V36 Re: A Trussian's weight, in keils, can be calculated by taking the square  [#permalink]

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3
1
Bunuel wrote:

Tough and Tricky questions: Word Problems.

A Trussian's weight, in keils, can be calculated by taking the square root of his age in years. A Trussian teenager now weighs three keils less than he will seventeen years after he is twice as old as he is now. How old is he now?

(A) 14
(B) 15
(C) 16
(D) 17
(E) 18

Kudos for a correct solution.

$$\sqrt{age} + 3 = \sqrt{2*age + 17}$$

Start plugging in numbers, answer choice C would give an integer age. Lets try C

$$\sqrt{16} + 3 = \sqrt{2*16 + 17}$$

$$4 + 3 = \sqrt{49}$$

$$7 = 7$$

Correct answer is C _________________
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Re: A Trussian's weight, in keils, can be calculated by taking the square  [#permalink]

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1
Bunuel wrote:

Tough and Tricky questions: Word Problems.

A Trussian's weight, in keils, can be calculated by taking the square root of his age in years. A Trussian teenager now weighs three keils less than he will seventeen years after he is twice as old as he is now. How old is he now?

(A) 14
(B) 15
(C) 16
(D) 17
(E) 18

Kudos for a correct solution.

Age ..................... Weight

x ............................ $$\sqrt{x}$$ ..................... Current age/weight

2x+17 ......................$$\sqrt{2x+17}$$ ................ (Seventeen years after he is twice as old as he is now age/weight)

$$\sqrt{2x+17} - 3 = \sqrt{x}$$

Only 16 is a perfect square which fits in

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Re: A Trussian's weight, in keils, can be calculated by taking the square  [#permalink]

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I solved this one back solving, Found it was easier by this way.

Let x be the age in years

X = 2x + 17

For back solving I like to start from the middle one
C) (16 x 2) + 17 = 49 (which brings an integer of 7, can be correct, lets check the others)
D) 51 (it will increase by 2 always)
E) 53
B) 47
A) 45

C is the only answer which brings an integer, therefore its the right answer
Manager  Joined: 09 Jul 2013
Posts: 111
Re: A Trussian's weight, in keils, can be calculated by taking the square  [#permalink]

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1
2
As shown above, backsolving can work for this problem. For similar problems where the numbers might not be as friendly to work with, we can also follow an algebraic approach.

Given:
Current weight is 3 less than what his weight will be when his age is doubled plus 17
Let $$a$$ = current age
then current weight is $$\sqrt{a}$$

$$\sqrt{a}+3=\sqrt{2a+17}$$

Square both sides

$$a+6\sqrt{a}+9=2a+17$$

Gather terms on one side

$$a-6\sqrt{a}+8=0$$

To make it look more familiar we can substitute $$\sqrt{a}=x$$, now the equation looks like:

$$x^2-6x+8=0$$

Factor it

$$(x-2)(x-4)=0$$

$$x=2$$ or $$x=4$$

Substituting $$a$$ back in $$(x=\sqrt{a})$$

$$\sqrt{a}=2$$ or $$\sqrt{a}=4$$
$$a=4$$ or $$a=16$$

Looking at the answer choices, only 16 is there.

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Dave de Koos
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Joined: 14 Nov 2016
Posts: 1319
Location: Malaysia
A Trussian's weight, in keils, can be calculated by taking the square  [#permalink]

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Bunuel wrote:

Tough and Tricky questions: Word Problems.

A Trussian's weight, in keils, can be calculated by taking the square root of his age in years. A Trussian teenager now weighs three keils less than he will seventeen years after he is twice as old as he is now. How old is he now?

(A) 14
(B) 15
(C) 16
(D) 17
(E) 18

Kudos for a correct solution.

Dear Bunuel, Let us call the Trussian's current age a. Why my equation incorrect? $$17-3\sqrt{a}=2a$$
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Re: A Trussian's weight, in keils, can be calculated by taking the square  [#permalink]

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1
ziyuen wrote:
Bunuel wrote:

Tough and Tricky questions: Word Problems.

A Trussian's weight, in keils, can be calculated by taking the square root of his age in years. A Trussian teenager now weighs three keils less than he will seventeen years after he is twice as old as he is now. How old is he now?

(A) 14
(B) 15
(C) 16
(D) 17
(E) 18

Kudos for a correct solution.

Dear Bunuel, Let us call the Trussian's current age a. Why my equation incorrect? $$17-3\sqrt{a}=2a$$

This is how you form your equation:

$$Weight = \sqrt{Age}$$

We need to find his current age so let's say it is y years.
Then, his current weight is $$\sqrt{y}$$

"seventeen years after he is twice as old as now" is $$(2y + 17)$$.
At that time his weight will be $$\sqrt{(2y + 17)}$$

$$\sqrt{y} + 3 = \sqrt{(2y + 17)}$$

Try out the options now to see which value satisfies the equation.
y = 16 does.

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Joined: 27 May 2012
Posts: 719
A Trussian's weight, in keils, can be calculated by taking the square  [#permalink]

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VeritasPrepKarishma wrote:
ziyuen wrote:
Bunuel wrote:

Tough and Tricky questions: Word Problems.

A Trussian's weight, in keils, can be calculated by taking the square root of his age in years. A Trussian teenager now weighs three keils less than he will seventeen years after he is twice as old as he is now. How old is he now?

(A) 14
(B) 15
(C) 16
(D) 17
(E) 18

Kudos for a correct solution.

Dear Bunuel, Let us call the Trussian's current age a. Why my equation incorrect? $$17-3\sqrt{a}=2a$$

This is how you form your equation:

$$Weight = \sqrt{Age}$$

We need to find his current age so let's say it is y years.
Then, his current weight is $$\sqrt{y}$$

"seventeen years after he is twice as old as now" is $$(2y + 17)$$.
At that time his weight will be $$\sqrt{(2y + 17)}$$

$$\sqrt{y} + 3 = \sqrt{(2y + 17)}$$

Try out the options now to see which value satisfies the equation.
y = 16 does.

Dear Karishma,

Is there any way to solve this equation algebraically ( A is the present age )
$$\sqrt{2A +17} -\sqrt{A}=3$$

I was thinking along the lines of $$\sqrt{2A +17}$$ =$$\sqrt{2A}$$ +$$\sqrt{17}$$obviously this is NOT true. Square root is not distributive over addition.

Is there any other way for simplification ?
Thank you.
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- Stne
Math Expert V
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 53865
Re: A Trussian's weight, in keils, can be calculated by taking the square  [#permalink]

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stne wrote:
Dear Karishma,

Is there any way to solve this equation algebraically ( A is the present age )
$$\sqrt{2A +17} -\sqrt{A}=3$$

I was thinking along the lines of $$\sqrt{2A +17}$$ =$$\sqrt{2A}$$ +$$\sqrt{17}$$obviously this is NOT true. Square root is not distributive over addition.

Is there any other way for simplification ?
Thank you.

Algebraic way is given 3 posts above: https://gmatclub.com/forum/a-trussian-s ... l#p1624365
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Director  D
Joined: 27 May 2012
Posts: 719
Re: A Trussian's weight, in keils, can be calculated by taking the square  [#permalink]

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Bunuel wrote:
stne wrote:
Dear Karishma,

Is there any way to solve this equation algebraically ( A is the present age )
$$\sqrt{2A +17} -\sqrt{A}=3$$

I was thinking along the lines of $$\sqrt{2A +17}$$ =$$\sqrt{2A}$$ +$$\sqrt{17}$$obviously this is NOT true. Square root is not distributive over addition.

Is there any other way for simplification ?
Thank you.

Algebraic way is given 3 posts above: https://gmatclub.com/forum/a-trussian-s ... l#p1624365

Thank you Sir.
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- Stne Re: A Trussian's weight, in keils, can be calculated by taking the square   [#permalink] 16 Dec 2017, 07:58
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# A Trussian's weight, in keils, can be calculated by taking the square

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