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# Aaron’s report on the “Persian Immortals” told how a

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Aaron’s report on the “Persian Immortals” told how a  [#permalink]

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13 Mar 2013, 09:00
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Question Stats:

77% (01:13) correct 23% (01:27) wrong based on 98 sessions

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Ultimate GMAT Grammar Q28:

28. Aaron’s report on the “Persian Immortals” told how a powerful army acted as both Imperial Guard and standing army during the expansion of the Persian Empire in the fourth and fifth century B.C.

a) told how a powerful army acted as both
b) said much how a powerful army filled the ranks of both
c) determined that a powerful army acted as such
d) was saying that of a great army which acted as each a
e) did tell how a powerful army carried out the responsibilities of a

Spoiler: OA and my question
A
I`m confused by the use of say vs tell.
According to the Grammar book from which the question was taken:
"Normally, you say something and you tell someone something."
Why is it different for this sentence?

Thx!
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Re: Aaron’s report on the “Persian Immortals”  [#permalink]

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13 Mar 2013, 09:15
2
ale1teixeira wrote:

Ultimate GMAT Grammar Q28:

28. Aaron’s report on the “Persian Immortals” told how a powerful army acted as both Imperial Guard and standing army during the expansion of the Persian Empire in the fourth and fifth century B.C.

a) told how a powerful army acted as both
b) said much how a powerful army filled the ranks of both
c) determined that a powerful army acted as such
d) was saying that of a great army which acted as each a
e) did tell how a powerful army carried out the responsibilities of a

Spoiler: OA and my question
A
I`m confused by the use of say vs tell.
According to the Grammar book from which the question was taken:
"Normally, you say something and you tell someone something."
Why is it different for this sentence?

Thx!

Hi ale1teixeira

Yes, "said" would have been better, but the only answer choice that is using "said" is awkward and not concise. (A) even though uses "told" it is the best of all the answer choices. In sentence correction one has to choose the best among all the five answer choices. In most of the sentence correction questions it is way easier to determine why an answer choice is incorrect than to determine why an answer choice is correct. If you are stuck between two answer choices both of which look bad then choose the one which is the less bad than the other.

Hope this helps,

Vercules
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Re: Aaron’s report on the “Persian Immortals”  [#permalink]

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13 Mar 2013, 09:28
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It doesn’t’ make much of a critical difference whether you say something or you say something to someone or you tell something or you tell someone something. But more importantly, none of the choices other than A carries the original intent of the text.

A) told how a powerful army acted as both --- the best choice. The use of both explains that a single army did two things.

B) said much how a powerful army filled the ranks of both --- filling the ranks is not the same as acting as – shift in meaning

C) determined that a powerful army acted as such --- determined is not the same as told.

d) was saying that of a great army which acted as each a – great army is not the same as a powerful army . was saying is wrong tense; as each a – a weird expression

e) did tell how a powerful army carried out the responsibilities of a --- carried out the responsibilities is not the same as acted as.; did tell is un necessary unless you wish to emphasize about telling; otherwise, the report was a simple narration. Told is good enough for the purpose.
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Re: Aaron’s report on the “Persian Immortals”  [#permalink]

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13 Mar 2013, 14:08
Thank you very much for the answers.
I think I got it.
In this case, since all the other answer choices are really bad and clearly wrong, we take (A) as the answer even though the use of tell isn`t optimal.
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Re: Aaron’s report on the “Persian Immortals”  [#permalink]

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13 Mar 2013, 14:12
ale1teixeira wrote:
Thank you very much for the answers.
I think I got it.
In this case, since all the other answer choices are really bad and clearly wrong, we take (A) as the answer even though the use of tell isn`t optimal.

Yes you got it right, but, usually these are not there with the correct answer choices. The case like this could be rare in actual GMAT, but still possible. So, just make a note of it.

Vercules
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Ultimate GMAT Grammar Book: Practice Test 2: Q28  [#permalink]

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11 Feb 2017, 15:50
4
Friends,

I have a quick question on Q28.

Q28. Aaron’s report on the “Persian Immortals” told how a powerful army acted as both Imperial Guard and standing army during the expansion of the Persian Empire in the fourth and fifth century B.C.
a) told how a powerful army acted as both
b) said much how a powerful army filled the ranks of both
c) determined that a powerful army acted as such
d) was saying that of a great army which acted as each a
e) did tell how a powerful army carried out the responsibilities of a

The book says "told" is always followed by the direct object. However in this example, neither option a) nor e) has an object after told/tell. IF told/tell can go without a following object, then what is the difference between a) and e)? Both options could be right!!

Saurabh
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Re: Aaron’s report on the “Persian Immortals” told how a  [#permalink]

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14 Feb 2017, 16:22
2
chaudhurysr wrote:
Friends,

I have a quick question on Q28.

Q28. Aaron’s report on the “Persian Immortals” told how a powerful army acted as both Imperial Guard and standing army during the expansion of the Persian Empire in the fourth and fifth century B.C.
a) told how a powerful army acted as both
b) said much how a powerful army filled the ranks of both
c) determined that a powerful army acted as such
d) was saying that of a great army which acted as each a
e) did tell how a powerful army carried out the responsibilities of a

The book says "told" is always followed by the direct object. However in this example, neither option a) nor e) has an object after told/tell. IF told/tell can go without a following object, then what is the difference between a) and e)? Both options could be right!!

Saurabh

Dear Saurabh,

I'm happy to respond.

My friend, the grammatical piece you are missing is the idea of a substantive clause (also known as a "noun clause"). This is a full clause that takes the place of a noun. See this lesson:
Substantive Clauses
A substantive clause acts as a noun and can take a variety of noun-roles: subject, direct object, or object of a preposition.

In (A), the object of the verb "told" is the substantive clause that begins at "how" and continues to the end of the sentence. All that is the direct object of the verb--after all, all that is what is "told."

In (E), the construction "did tell" is awkward and incorrect. Everything after the verb is fine, but the verb is flawed.

Does all this make sense?
Mike
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Re: Aaron’s report on the “Persian Immortals” told how a  [#permalink]

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14 Feb 2017, 20:09
a) told how a powerful army acted as both
b) said much how a powerful army filled the ranks of both
c) determined that a powerful army acted as such
d) was saying that of a great army which acted as each a
e) did tell how a powerful army carried out the responsibilities of a
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Re: Aaron’s report on the “Persian Immortals” told how a &nbs [#permalink] 14 Feb 2017, 20:09
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